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  Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
 Decade: 1940-1949
 Serial/Series Title: NACA Technical Notes
Some Recent Contributions to the Study of Transition and Turbulent Boundary Layers

Some Recent Contributions to the Study of Transition and Turbulent Boundary Layers

Date: April 1947
Creator: Dryden, Hugh L.
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Considerations of the Total Drag of Supersonic Airfoil Sections

Considerations of the Total Drag of Supersonic Airfoil Sections

Date: July 1947
Creator: Ivey, H. Reese & Klunker, E. Bernard
Description: The results of calculations of the viscous and pressure drags of some two-dimensional supersonic airfoils at zero lift are presented. The results indicate that inclusion of viscous drag alters many previous results regarding the desirability of certain airfoil shapes for securing low drags at supersonic speeds. At certain Reynolds and Mach numbers, for instance, a circular-arc airfoil may theoretically have less drag than the previously advocated symmetrical wedge-shape profile; although under different conditions, the circular-arc airfoil may have a higher drag.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tables and Charts of Flow Parameters Across Oblique Shocks

Tables and Charts of Flow Parameters Across Oblique Shocks

Date: August 1948
Creator: Neice, Mary M.
Description: Shock-wave equations have been evaluated for a range of Mach number in front of the shock from 1.05 to 4.0. Mach number behind the shock, pressure ratio, derivation of flow, and angle of shock are presented on charts. Values are also included for density ratio and change in entropy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Two-Dimensional Irrotational Transonic Flows of a Compressible Fluid

Two-Dimensional Irrotational Transonic Flows of a Compressible Fluid

Date: June 1948
Creator: Kuo, Yung-Huai
Description: The methods of NACA TN No. 995 have been slightly modified and extended in include flows with circulation by considering the alteration of the singularities of the incompressible solution due to the presence of the hypergeometric functions in the analytic continuation of the solution. It was found that for finite Mach numbers the only case in which the nature of the singularity can remain unchanged is for a ratio of specific heats equal to -1. From a study of two particular flows it seems that the effect of geometry cannot be neglected, and the conventional "pressure-correction" formulas are not valid, even in the subsonic region if the body is thick, especially if there is a supersonic region in the flow.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Charts for the Computation of Equilibrium Composition of Chemical Reactions in the Carbon-Hydrogen-Nitrogen System at Temperatures from 2000 to 5000 Degrees K

Charts for the Computation of Equilibrium Composition of Chemical Reactions in the Carbon-Hydrogen-Nitrogen System at Temperatures from 2000 to 5000 Degrees K

Date: July 1948
Creator: Huff, Vearl N. & Calvert, Clyde S.
Description: Charts are provided for the estimation and progressive adjustment of two independent variables on which the calculations are based. Additional charts are provided for the graphical calculation of the composition.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Comparison of Vee-Type and Conventional Tail Surfaces in Combination with Fuselage and Wing in the Variable-Density Tunnel

Comparison of Vee-Type and Conventional Tail Surfaces in Combination with Fuselage and Wing in the Variable-Density Tunnel

Date: July 1, 1941
Creator: Greenberg, Harry
Description: The pitching and the yawing moments of a vee-type and a conventional type of tail surface were measured. The tests were made in the presence of a fuselage and a wing-fuselage combination in such a way as to determine the moments contributed by the tail surfaces. The results showed that the vee-type tail tested, with a dihedral angle of 35.3 deg, was about 71 percent as effective in pitch as the conventional tail and had a yawing-moment to pitching-moment ratio of 0.3. The conventional tail, the panels of which were all congruent to those of the vee-type tail, had a yawing-moment to pitching-moment ratio of 0.48. These ratios are in fair agreement with values calculated by methods shown in this and previous reports. The values of the measured moments were reduced from 15 to 25 percent of the calculated value by fuselage interference.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Effects of some present-day airplane design trends on requirements for lateral stability

Effects of some present-day airplane design trends on requirements for lateral stability

Date: June 1, 1941
Creator: Bamber, Millard J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Methods of analyzing wind-tunnel data for dynamic flight conditions

Methods of analyzing wind-tunnel data for dynamic flight conditions

Date: October 1, 1941
Creator: Donlan, C J & Recant, I G
Description: The effects of power on the stability and the control characteristics of an airplane are discussed and methods of analysis are given for evaluating certain dynamic characteristics of the airplane that are not directly discernible from wind-tunnel tests alone. Data are presented to show how the characteristics of a model tested in a wind tunnel are affected by power. The response of an airplane to a rolling and a yawing disturbance is discussed, particularly in regard to changes in wing dihedral and fin area. Solutions of the lateral equations of motion are given in a form suitable for direct computations. An approximate formula is developed that permits the rapid estimation of the accelerations produced during pull-up maneuvers involving abrupt elevator deflections.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Spin tests of two models of a low-wing monoplane to investigate scale effect in the model test range

Spin tests of two models of a low-wing monoplane to investigate scale effect in the model test range

Date: May 1, 1941
Creator: Donlan, Charles C
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The calculation of span LCAD distributions of swept-back wings

The calculation of span LCAD distributions of swept-back wings

Date: December 1, 1941
Creator: Mutterperl, William
Description: Span load distributions of swept-back wings have been calculated. The method used was to replace the wing with a bound vortex at the quarter-chord line and to calculate the downwash due to the system of bound and trailing vortices to conform at the three-quarter-chord line to the slope of the flat-plate wing surface. Results are given for constant-chord and 5:1 tapered plan forms, for sweep-back angles of 0 degrees, 30 degrees, and 45 degrees, and for aspect ratios of 3, 6, and 9. Some comments on the stalling of swept-back wings are included.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Analysis of circular shell-supported frames

Analysis of circular shell-supported frames

Date: May 1944
Creator: Combs, Henry; Mignot, J E & Ensrud, A F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Aerodynamic heating and the deflection of drops by an obstacle in an air stream in relation to aircraft icing

Aerodynamic heating and the deflection of drops by an obstacle in an air stream in relation to aircraft icing

Date: October 1940
Creator: Kantrowitz, Arthur
Description: Two topics of interest to persons attempting to apply the heat method of preventing ice formation on aircraft are considered. Surfaces moving through air at high speed are shown, both theoretically and experimentally, to be subject to important aerodynamic heating effects that will materially reduce the heat required to prevent ice. Numerical calculations of the path of water drops in an air stream around a circular cylinder are given. From these calculations, information is obtained on the percentage of the swept area cleared of drops.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Stress distribution in and equivalent width of flanges of wide, thin-wall steel beams

Stress distribution in and equivalent width of flanges of wide, thin-wall steel beams

Date: January 1, 1940
Creator: Winter, George
Description: The use of different forms of wide-flange, thin-wall steel beams is becoming increasingly widespread. Part of the information necessary for a national design of such members is the knowledge of the stress distribution in and the equivalent width of the flanges of such beams. This problem is analyzed in this paper on the basis of the theory of plane stress. As a result, tables and curves are given from which the equivalent width of any given beam can be read directly for use in practical design. An investigation is given of the limitations of this analysis due to the fact that extremely wide and thin flanges tend to curve out of their plane toward the neutral axis. A summary of test data confirms very satisfactorily the analytical results.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Wind-tunnel investigation of boundary-layer control by suction on the NACA 653-418, a = 1.0 airfoil section with a 0.29-airfoil-chord double slotted flap

Wind-tunnel investigation of boundary-layer control by suction on the NACA 653-418, a = 1.0 airfoil section with a 0.29-airfoil-chord double slotted flap

Date: June 1, 1946
Creator: Quinn, John H , Jr
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Two dimensional wind-tunnel investigation of low drag vertical-tail,horizontal-tail, and wing sections equipped with sealed internally balanced control surfaces

Two dimensional wind-tunnel investigation of low drag vertical-tail,horizontal-tail, and wing sections equipped with sealed internally balanced control surfaces

Date: April 1, 1946
Creator: Braslow, Albert L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Wind-tunnel investigation of an NACA 23012 airfoil with several arrangements of slotted flaps with extended lips

Wind-tunnel investigation of an NACA 23012 airfoil with several arrangements of slotted flaps with extended lips

Date: January 1, 1941
Creator: Lowry, John G
Description: An investigation was made in the NACA 7- by 10-foot wind tunnel to determine the effect of slot-lip location on the aerodynamic section characteristics of an NACA 23012 airfoil with a 30-percent-chord slotted flap. Tests were made with slot lips located at 90 and 100 percent of the airfoil chord and with two different flap shapes. The results are compared with a slotted flap previously developed by the National advisory Committee for Aeronautics with a slot lip located at 83 percent of the airfoil chord. The extension of the slot lip to the rear increased the section lift and pitching-moment coefficients. Comparisons made on a basis of pitching moment for a given tail length show that the Fowler type flap, lip extended to trailing edge of the airfoil, has the greatest section lift coefficient. For moderate tail lengths, 2 to 3 chord lengths, there was only a slight difference between the previously developed slotted flap and the slotted flap with slot lip extended to 90 percent of the airfoil chord. Of the three flaps tested, the Fowler flap had the lowest drag coefficient at high lift coefficients. The extension of the lower surface at the leading edge of the slot ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Flight tests of experimental beveled-trailing-edge Frise ailerons on a fighter airplane

Flight tests of experimental beveled-trailing-edge Frise ailerons on a fighter airplane

Date: July 1, 1946
Creator: Goranson, R Fabian
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Wind-tunnel investigation of the effect of vertical position of the wing on the side flow in the region of the vertical tail

Wind-tunnel investigation of the effect of vertical position of the wing on the side flow in the region of the vertical tail

Date: April 1, 1941
Creator: Recant, Isidore G & Wallace, Arthur R
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tensile tests of round-head, flat-head, and brazier-head rivets

Tensile tests of round-head, flat-head, and brazier-head rivets

Date: March 1, 1944
Creator: Schuette, Evan H; Bartone, Leonard M & Mandel, Merven W
Description: An investigation was conducted to determine the tensile strength of round-head (AN43C), flat-head(AN442), and brazier-head (AN4556) aluminum-alloy rivets because of the scarcity of information on the tensile strength of rivets. The results of the investigation are presented as curves that show the variation of the ratio of the tensile strength of the rivet to the tensile strength of the rivet crank with the ratio of the sheet thickness to the rivet diameter for the different types of rivet.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Wind-tunnel investigation of end-plate effects of horizontal tails on a vertical tail compared with available theory

Wind-tunnel investigation of end-plate effects of horizontal tails on a vertical tail compared with available theory

Date: January 21, 1946
Creator: Murray, Harry E
Description: A vertical-tail model with stub fuselage was tested in combination with various simulated horizontal tails to determine the effect of horizontal-tail span and location on the aerodynamic characteristics of the vertical tail. Available theoretical data on end-plate effects were collected and presented in the form most suitable for design purposes. Reasonable agreement was obtained between the measured and theoretical end-plate effects of horizontal tails on vertical tails, and the data indicated that the end-plate effect was determined more by the location of the horizontal tail than by the span of the horizontal tail. The horizontal tail gave most end-plate effect when located near either tip of the vertical tail and, when located near the base of the vertical tail, the end-plate effect was increased by moving the horizontal tail rearward.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Investigation of the dynamic response of airplane wings to gusts

Investigation of the dynamic response of airplane wings to gusts

Date: June 1, 1947
Creator: Pierce, Harold B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Properties of low-aspect-ratio pointed wings at speeds below and above the speed of sound

Properties of low-aspect-ratio pointed wings at speeds below and above the speed of sound

Date: January 1, 1946
Creator: Jones, Robert T
Description: Low-aspect-ratio wings having pointed plan forms are treated on the assumption that the flow potentials in planes at right angles to the long axis of the airfoils are similar to the corresponding two-dimensional potentials. For the limiting case of small angles of attack and low aspect ratios the theory brings out the following significant properties: (1) The lift of a slender, pointed airfoil moving in the direction of its long axis depends on the increase in width of the sections in a downstream direction. Sections behind the section of maximum width develop no lift. (2) The spanwise loading of such an airfoil is independent of the plan form and approaches the distribution giving a minimum induced drag. (3) The lift distribution of a pointed airfoil travelling point-foremost is relatively unaffected by the compressibility of the air below or above the speed of sound. A best of a triangular airfoil at a Mach number of 1.75 verified the theoretical values of lift and center of pressure.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Plate method of ground representation for wind-tunnel determination of elevator effectiveness in landing

Plate method of ground representation for wind-tunnel determination of elevator effectiveness in landing

Date: September 1, 1941
Creator: Recant, I G
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Flow over a slender body of revolution at supersonic velocities

Flow over a slender body of revolution at supersonic velocities

Date: July 8, 1946
Creator: Jones, Robert T & Margolis, Kenneth
Description: The theory of small disturbances is applied to the calculation of the pressure distribution and drag of a closed body of revolution traveling at supersonic speeds. It is shown that toward the rear of the body the shape of the pressure distribution is similar to that for subsonic flow. For fineness ratios between 10 and 15 the theoretical wave drag is of the same order as probable values of the frictional drag.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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