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  Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
 Resource Type: Report
 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Energy Policy: 114th Congress Issues

Energy Policy: 114th Congress Issues

Date: September 30, 2016
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D.
Description: This report begins by providing background on the economic rationale for energy market interventions; it highlights various market failures production and consumption of energy, and discusses possible interventions. The report concludes with an analysis of the current status of energy tax policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A New Aid Package for Israel

A New Aid Package for Israel

Date: August 4, 2016
Creator: Sharp, Jeremy M.
Description: This report discusses potential legislation that could impact the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) on U.S. assistance to Israel as the countries continue to negotiate terms for the period FY2019-FY2028.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Acquisition Reform in the House and Senate Versions of the FY2017 National Defense Authorization Act

Acquisition Reform in the House and Senate Versions of the FY2017 National Defense Authorization Act

Date: July 13, 2016
Creator: Schwartz, Moshe
Description: This report focuses on the sections of the House and Senate versions of the Fiscal Year 2017 National Defense Authorization Act (H.R. 4909 and S. 2943, respectively) that appear closely linked to the respective armed services committees' stated efforts to reform the acquisition system. For purposes of this analysis, CRS selected 31 sections of the House bill and 67 sections of the Senate bill.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Retirement: Background and Recent Developments

Military Retirement: Background and Recent Developments

Date: September 12, 2016
Creator: Kamarck, Kristy N.
Description: This report discusses the military retirement system. The system currently includes monthly compensation for qualified active and reserve retirees, disability benefits for those deemed medically unfit to serve, and a survivor annuity program for the eligible survivors of deceased retirees.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
2016 Rio Games: Anti-Doping Testing

2016 Rio Games: Anti-Doping Testing

Date: August 3, 2016
Creator: Halchin, L. E.
Description: This report discusses the the anti-doping testing program during the 2016 Summer Olympics. Responsibility for the rests with the International Olympic Committee (IOC). The testing period began July 24, 2016, when the Olympic village opened, and continues through August 21, 2016, the date of the closing ceremony.
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Sea-Level Rise and U.S. Coasts: Science and Policy Considerations

Sea-Level Rise and U.S. Coasts: Science and Policy Considerations

Date: September 12, 2016
Creator: Folger, Peter & Carter, Nicole T.
Description: This report provides information for policymakers that are interested in sea-level rise because of the risk to coastal populations and infrastructure and the consequences for coastal species and ecosystems.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Date: September 8, 2016
Creator: Dilger, Robert J. & Beth, Richard S.
Description: This report examines debates over what constitutes an unfunded federal mandate and the Unfunded Mandate Reform Act's (UMRA's) implementation. It also discusses particular mandates and procedures associated with UMRA, and assesses UMRA's impact on federal mandates and arguments concerning UMRA's future, focusing on UMRA's definitions, exclusions, and exceptions that currently exempt many federal actions with potentially significant financial impacts on nonfederal entities.
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Immigration Legislation and Issues in the 114th Congress

Immigration Legislation and Issues in the 114th Congress

Date: September 9, 2016
Creator: Bruno, Andorra; Argueta, Carla N.; Bjelopera, Jerome P.; Garcia, Michael John; Kandel, William A. & Siskin, Alison
Description: This report discusses border security, interior enforcement, visa security, asylum, and other immigration-related issues that have received legislative action or are of significant congressional interest in the 114th Congress.
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Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV): Background and Issues for Congress

Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV): Background and Issues for Congress

Date: September 9, 2016
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Description: This report discusses the Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV), which is an Army-led, multi-service initiative to develop a family of light tactical vehicles as a successor to the High Mobility, Multi-Wheeled Vehicles (HMMWVs). It includes background information; a description of the JLTV program, program history, and program activities; information about the JLTV contract, Lockheed Martin's protest to the program, budgetary issues, and potential issues for Congress.
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Clean Power Plan: Legal Background and Pending Litigation in West Virginia v. EPA

Clean Power Plan: Legal Background and Pending Litigation in West Virginia v. EPA

Date: August 8, 2016
Creator: Wyatt, Alexandra M.
Description: This report provides legal background on the Clean Power Plan rule (CPP or Rule) to regulate emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs), its Clean Air Act (CAA) framework under Section 111, and climate-related lawsuits that have preceded the present litigation over the CPP. It then gives an overview of the participants in the current litigation, including two groups of Members of Congress, who have offered briefs in support of the petitioners and the respondents, respectively.
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Federal Advisory Committees: An Introduction and Overview

Federal Advisory Committees: An Introduction and Overview

Date: October 27, 2016
Creator: Ginsberg, Wendy & Burga, Casey
Description: This report offers a history of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (FACA), examines its current requirements, and provides data on federal advisory committees' operations and costs.
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The Terrorist Screening Database and Preventing Terrorist Travel

The Terrorist Screening Database and Preventing Terrorist Travel

Date: November 7, 2016
Creator: Bjelopera, Jerome P.; Elias, Bart & Siskin, Alison
Description: This report briefly discusses how the U.S. government fashions and uses the Terrorist Screening Database (TSDB). It also discusses how the federal government engages in two travel-related screening processes--visa screening and air passenger screening. Both processes involve subsets of the Terrorist Screening Database.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Army's Armored Multi-Purpose Vehicle (AMPV): Background and Issues for Congress

The Army's Armored Multi-Purpose Vehicle (AMPV): Background and Issues for Congress

Date: September 14, 2016
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Description: This report provides background information on the Armored Multi-Purpose Vehicle (AMPV), which is the Army's proposed replacement to the Vietnam-era M-113 personnel carriers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
How a National Infrastructure Bank Might Work

How a National Infrastructure Bank Might Work

Date: September 15, 2016
Creator: Mallett, William J.
Description: This report discusses the national infrastructure and ways to provide low-cost, long-term loans for the propose of increasing federal infrastructure investment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
How Much Slack Remains in the Labor Market?

How Much Slack Remains in the Labor Market?

Date: August 5, 2016
Creator: Labonte, Marc & Stupak, Jeffrey M.
Description: The amount of "slack" in the labor market--jobless or underemployed workers--has consequences for the appropriate stance of monetary policy, the future path of the budget deficit, and counter-cyclical spending on programs such as unemployment insurance. This report briefly examines this concept in the context of the current economy.
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Treasury's Recent Report on Foreign Exchange Rate Policies

Treasury's Recent Report on Foreign Exchange Rate Policies

Date: November 3, 2016
Creator: Nelson, Rebecca M.
Description: This report responds to the new reporting requirements on exchange rates mandated in the Trade Facilitation and Enforcement Act of 2015 (P.L. 114-125), passed by Congress and signed by the President in February 2016.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Security Cooperation: Comparison of Proposed Provisions for the FY2017 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA)

Security Cooperation: Comparison of Proposed Provisions for the FY2017 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA)

Date: November 1, 2016
Creator: Rosen, Liana W.; McInnis, Kathleen J.; Skorupski, Bolko J. & Blanchard, Lauren P.
Description: This report discusses the FY2017 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) that could significantly alter the way in which the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) engages and partners with foreign security forces.
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The Social Security Retirement Age

The Social Security Retirement Age

Date: October 28, 2016
Creator: Liou, Wayne
Description: This report discusses the two important ages that may affect a worker's plans to claim Social Security retired-worker benefits. Workers may claim full Social Security benefits at the full retirement age (FRA), which is rising gradually to age 67 for workers who were born in 1960 or later. Retired workers may claim benefits as early as age 62, which is known as the early eligibility age (EEA). Social Security benefits are reduced, however, for every month that retired worker benefits are claimed before the FRA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State Challenges to Federal Enforcement of Immigration Law: From the Mid-1990s to the Present

State Challenges to Federal Enforcement of Immigration Law: From the Mid-1990s to the Present

Date: August 1, 2016
Creator: Manuel, Kate M.
Description: This report provides an overview of challenges by states to federal officials' alleged failure to enforce provisions of immigration law. It begins by discussing (1) the lawsuits filed by six states in the mid-1990s; (2) Arizona's counterclaims to the federal government's suit to enjoin enforcement of S.B. 1070; and (3) Mississippi's challenge to the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) initiative. It then describes the challenge brought by over 25 states or state officials in December 2014 to the Obama Administration's proposal to expand DACA and create a similar program for unauthorized aliens whose children are U.S. citizens or lawful permanent resident aliens (LPRs) (commonly known as DAPA).
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Brazil in Crisis

Brazil in Crisis

Date: September 14, 2016
Creator: Meyer, Peter J.
Description: This report briefly examines the political situation and discusses public opinion regarding the Rousseff Administration.
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Contingent Election of the President and Vice President by Congress: Perspectives and Contemporary Analysis

Contingent Election of the President and Vice President by Congress: Perspectives and Contemporary Analysis

Date: November 3, 2016
Creator: Neale, Thomas H.
Description: This report provides an examination of constitutional requirements and historical precedents associated with contingent elections. It also identifies and evaluates contemporary issues that might emerge in the modern context.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congress's Early Organization Meetings

Congress's Early Organization Meetings

Date: November 2, 2016
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Description: This report discusses Congress's early organization meetings. The purposes of these meetings are both educational and organizational. Educational sessions range from legislative procedures and staff hiring to current issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Digital Searches and Seizures: Overview of Proposed Amendments to Rule 41 of the Rules of Criminal Procedure

Digital Searches and Seizures: Overview of Proposed Amendments to Rule 41 of the Rules of Criminal Procedure

Date: September 8, 2016
Creator: Thompson, Richard M., II
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the proposed amendment to Rule 41, which would amend the federal search and seizure rules to permit the government to remotely access electronic devices although the location of the device may be unknown. First, the report provides a background on the origin of, and rationale underlying, the proposed amendment and a description of the rule as currently written. Second, it reviews the potential changes made by the proposed amendment and will survey various concerns commenters have raised with the proposal. Lastly, this report addresses efforts being made in Congress to alter, delay, or stop this rule change.
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Medicare: Part B Premiums

Medicare: Part B Premiums

Date: August 4, 2016
Creator: Davis, Patricia A.
Description: This report provides an overview of Medicare Part B premiums, including information on Part B eligibility and enrollment, late-enrollment penalties, collection of premiums, determination of annual premium amounts, premiums for high-income enrollees, premium assistance for low-income enrollees, protections for Social Security recipients from rising Part B premiums, and historical Medicare Part B premium trends. This report also provides a summary of various premium-related issues that may be of interest to Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department