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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
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FY2014 Appropriations: District of Columbia

FY2014 Appropriations: District of Columbia

Date: October 15, 2013
Creator: Boyd, Eugene
Description: This report discusses the FY2014 budget request, general provisions and key policy issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Government Shutdown: Operations of the Department of Defense During a Lapse in Appropriations

Government Shutdown: Operations of the Department of Defense During a Lapse in Appropriations

Date: October 7, 2013
Creator: Towell, Pat & Belasco, Amy
Description: This report provides an overview of guidelines that have governed planning for Department of Defense (DOD) operations over the last 30 years in the event of a funding lapse. It also discusses the implications of the guidelines for a possible impending shutdown and briefly reviews what is known about current DOD planning for a shutdown.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Postsecondary Education Issues in the 113th Congress

Postsecondary Education Issues in the 113th Congress

Date: November 7, 2013
Creator: Smole, David P.
Description: This report identifies and briefly examines several postsecondary education policy issue areas that may be of general interest. For each of these broader issue areas, the report provides a brief background summary and an introduction to and discussion of various aspects of the issue. Varied policy options are also identified for further consideration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
American Jihadist Terrorism: Combating a Complex Threat

American Jihadist Terrorism: Combating a Complex Threat

Date: September 20, 2013
Creator: Bjelopera, Jerome P.
Description: This report describes homegrown violent jihadists and the plots and attacks that have occurred since 9/11. For this report, "homegrown" and "domestic" are terms that describe terrorist activity or plots perpetrated within the United States or abroad by American citizens, legal permanent residents, or visitors radicalized largely within the United States. The report also discusses the radicalization process and the forces driving violent extremist activity. It analyzes post-9/11 domestic jihadist terrorism and describes law enforcement and intelligence efforts to combat terrorism and the challenges associated with those efforts. It also outlines actions underway to build trust and partnership between community groups and government agencies and the tensions that may occur between law enforcement and engagement activities.
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U.S.-Mexico Water Sharing: Background and Recent Developments

U.S.-Mexico Water Sharing: Background and Recent Developments

Date: November 19, 2013
Creator: Carter, Nicole T.; Seelke, Clare Ribando & Shedd, Daniel T.
Description: This report is a primer on U.S. and Mexican water-sharing topics. It focuses on surface water quantity sharing and recent developments, including drought conditions. Due to Mexico's recent below-target deliveries of Rio Grande water to the United States, particular attention is given to the status, underlying causes, and responses to the Rio Grande water debt. This report describes: legal obligations and processes under the 1944 Water Treaty; drought conditions from 2010 to 2013; water sharing and developments in the Colorado River Basin; water sharing in the Rio Grande Basin and Mexico's water debt; and stakeholder, diplomatic, and legislative responses to Mexico's Rio Grande water debt.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran Sanctions

Iran Sanctions

Date: October 11, 2013
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report analyzes U.S. and international sanctions against Iran and provides examples of companies and countries that conduct business with Iran, based on a wide range of open-source reporting.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Presidential Permits for Border Crossing Energy Facilities

Presidential Permits for Border Crossing Energy Facilities

Date: October 29, 2013
Creator: Vann, Adam & Parfomak, Paul W.
Description: This report discusses the executive orders regarding the construction, operation, and maintenance of facilities that cross the U.S.-Mexico or U.S.- Canada border, including the source of the executive branch authority to issue the orders, the standards set forth in the orders, and the projects approved pursuant to the orders.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: November 8, 2013
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and presents potential issues for Congress concerning the Navy's ship force-structure goals and shipbuilding plans. The planned size of the Navy, the rate of Navy ship procurement, and the prospective affordability of the Navy's shipbuilding plans have been matters of concern for the congressional defense committees for the past several years. Decisions that Congress makes on Navy shipbuilding programs can substantially affect Navy capabilities and funding requirements, and the U.S. shipbuilding industrial base.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Ohio Replacement (SSBN[X]) Ballistic Missile Submarine Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Ohio Replacement (SSBN[X]) Ballistic Missile Submarine Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: October 22, 2013
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and potential oversight issues for Congress on the Ohio replacement program (ORP), a program to design and build a new class of 12 ballistic missile submarines (SSBNs) to replace the Navy's current force of 14 Ohio-class SSBNs. This report focuses on the Ohio replacement program as a Navy shipbuilding program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Promoting Global Internet Freedom: Policy and Technology

Promoting Global Internet Freedom: Policy and Technology

Date: October 22, 2013
Creator: Figliola, Patricia Moloney
Description: This report provides information about federal and private sector efforts to promote and support global Internet freedom and a description of Internet freedom legislation and hearings from the 113th and 112th Congresses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Multiyear Procurement (MYP) and Block Buy Contracting in Defense Acquisition: Background and Issues for Congress

Multiyear Procurement (MYP) and Block Buy Contracting in Defense Acquisition: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: October 29, 2013
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald & Schwartz, Moshe
Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on multiyear procurement (MYP) and block buy contracting (BBC),1 which are special contracting mechanisms that Congress permits the Department of Defense (DOD) to use for a limited number of defense acquisition programs. Compared to the standard or default approach of annual contracting, MYP and BBC have the potential for reducing weapon procurement costs by several percent.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Sanctions on Burma: Issues for the 113th Congress

U.S. Sanctions on Burma: Issues for the 113th Congress

Date: September 13, 2013
Creator: Martin, Michael F.
Description: This report provides a brief history of U.S. policy towards Burma and the development of U.S. sanctions, a topical summary of those sanctions, and an overview of actions taken to waive or ease those sanctions by the Obama Administration. The report concludes with a discussion of actions taken by the 112th Congress and options for the 113th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Iran Hostages: Efforts to Obtain Compensation

The Iran Hostages: Efforts to Obtain Compensation

Date: November 1, 2013
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K.
Description: This report provides background information regarding the 1979-1981 Iran Hostage Crisis, and discusses the Hostage Relief Act.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Senate Committee Expenditures Resolutions, 113th Congress, and Funding Authorizations Since 1999

Senate Committee Expenditures Resolutions, 113th Congress, and Funding Authorizations Since 1999

Date: October 17, 2013
Creator: Glassman, Matthew Eric
Description: This report provides committee funding requests and authorizations for Senate committees in the 106th through 113th Congresses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sovereign Debt in Advanced Economies: Overview and Issues for Congress

Sovereign Debt in Advanced Economies: Overview and Issues for Congress

Date: October 28, 2013
Creator: Nelson, Rebecca M.
Description: This report discusses sovereign debt, which is also called public debt or government debt, and refers to debt incurred by governments. The first section provides background information on sovereign debt, including why governments borrow, how sovereign debt differs from private debt, why governments repay their debt (or not), and how sovereign debt is measured. The second section examines the shift of concerns over sovereign debt sustainability from emerging markets in the 1990s and 2000s to advanced economies following the global financial crisis of 2008-2009, and the challenges posed by high debt levels. The third section analyzes the different policy options governments have for lowering debt levels. It also discusses the current strategy being used by most advanced economies -- fiscal austerity -- and concerns that have been raised about its global impact. Finally, the fourth section analyzes issues of particular interest to Congress, including comparisons between U.S. and European debt levels, how efforts to reduce debt levels could impact the U.S. economy, and policy options available to Congress for engaging on this issue.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Oil and Natural Gas Industry Tax Issues in the FY2014 Budget Proposal

Oil and Natural Gas Industry Tax Issues in the FY2014 Budget Proposal

Date: October 30, 2013
Creator: Pirog, Robert
Description: This report discusses the FY2014 budget proposal that outlines a set of proposals, framed as the termination of tax preferences, that would potentially increase the taxes paid by the oil and natural gas industries, especially those of the independent producers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Government Shutdown: Operations of the Department of Defense During a Lapse in Appropriations

Government Shutdown: Operations of the Department of Defense During a Lapse in Appropriations

Date: October 15, 2013
Creator: Belasco, Amy & Towell, Pat
Description: This report provides an overview of guidelines that have governed planning for Department of Defense (DOD) operations over the last 30 years in the event of a funding lapse. It also discusses the implications of the guidelines for a possible impending shutdown and briefly reviews what is known about current DOD planning for a shutdown.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases

The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases

Date: October 15, 2013
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew & Levit, Mindy R.
Description: This report discusses how the total debt of the federal government can increase, an historical overview of debt limits, and how the current economic slowdown has led to higher deficits and thereby a series of debt limit increases, as well as legislation related to these increases.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Women in the United States Congress: Historical Overview, Tables, and Discussion

Women in the United States Congress: Historical Overview, Tables, and Discussion

Date: September 26, 2013
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E.; Shogan, Colleen J. & Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report includes a discussion of the impact of women in Congress as well as historical information, including the number and percentage of women in Congress over time, means of entry to Congress, comparisons to international and state legislatures, records for tenure, firsts for women in Congress, women in leadership, and African American and Asian Pacific American women in Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Oman: Reform, Security, and U.S. Policy

Oman: Reform, Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: September 24, 2013
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report describes the relationship between the United States and the Sultanate of Oman, especially with respect to Oman's support of U.S. efforts toward peace in the Middle East, the U.S. free trade agreement with Oman, and Oman's relatively close relations with Iran, the last of which seems incongruous with the other positive aspects of Oman's relationship with the U.S.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Army Corps of Engineers: Water Resource Authorizations, Appropriations, and Activities

Army Corps of Engineers: Water Resource Authorizations, Appropriations, and Activities

Date: October 18, 2013
Creator: Carter, Nicole T. & Stern, Charles V.
Description: This report summarizes congressional authorization and appropriations processes for the Corps. It also discusses agency activities under general authorities. Congress directs the Corps through authorizations, appropriations, and oversight of its studies, construction projects, and other activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Employees Health Benefits Program (FEHBP): Available Health Insurance Options

Federal Employees Health Benefits Program (FEHBP): Available Health Insurance Options

Date: November 13, 2013
Creator: Mach, Annie L. & Cornell, Ada S.
Description: This report discusses the Federal Employees Health Benefits Program (FEHBP), a program administered by the Office of Personnel Management (OPM), which is statutorily given the authority to contract with qualified carriers offering plans and to prescribe regulations necessary to carry out the statute, among other duties.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Workforce Investment Act (WIA) Reauthorization Proposals in the 113th Congress: Comparison of Major Features of Current Law and S.1356

Workforce Investment Act (WIA) Reauthorization Proposals in the 113th Congress: Comparison of Major Features of Current Law and S.1356

Date: October 29, 2013
Creator: Bradley, David H. & Collins, Benjamin
Description: This report summarizes each of the WIA titles and highlights the major features of S. 1356, as ordered reported, pertaining to each title. The report also compares the proposed provisions of S. 1356 to current law
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Amendments on the House Floor: Summary of Major Restrictions

Amendments on the House Floor: Summary of Major Restrictions

Date: September 23, 2013
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Description: This report discusses the opportunities for Representatives to offer floor amendments to a bill or resolution procedures by which the House considers the measure.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department