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**Partner:**UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

**Decade:**1950-1959

**Serial/Series Title:**NACA Technical Memorandums

### NACA Conference on Aircraft Loads, Structures, and Flutter

**Date:**March 5, 1957

**Creator:**unknown

**Description:**This document contains reproductions of technical papers on some of the most recent research results on aircraft loads, flutter, and structures from the NACA laboratories. These papers were presented by members of the staff of the NACA laboratories at the Conference held at the Langley Aeronautical Laboratory March 5, 6, and 7, 1957. The primary purpose of this Conference was to convey to contractors of the military services and others concerned with the design of aircraft these recent research results and to provide those attending an opportunity to discuss the results. The papers in this document are in the same form in which they were presented at the Conference in order to facilitate their prompt distribution. The original presentation and this record are considered as complementary to, rather than as substitutes for, the Committee?s more complete and formal reports. Accordingly, if information from this document is utilized it is requested that this document not be listed as a reference. Individual reports dealing with most of the information presented at the Conference will subsequently be published by NACA and will therefore be suitable as reference material.

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### NACA Conference on Aerodynamics of High Speed Aircraft

**Date:**November 1, 1955

**Creator:**unknown

**Description:**This document contains reproductions of technical papers presented by staff members of the NACA Laboratories at the NACA Conference on Aerodynamics of High-Speed Aircraft held at the Langley Aeronautical Laboratory November 1, 2, and 3, 1955. The primary purpose of the conference was to convey to contractors of the military services and others concerned with the design of aircraft the results of recent research and to provide those attending with an opportunity to discuss these results. The papers in this document are in the same form in which they were orally presented at the conference to facilitate their prompt distribution. The original presentation and this record are considered as complementary to, rather than as substitutes for, the Committee's more complete and formal reports.

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### NACA Conference on engine stall and surge

**Date:**February 3, 1955

**Creator:**unknown

**Description:**None

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### Development of a laminar boundary layer behind a suction point

**Date:**March 1, 1952

**Creator:**Wuest, W.

**Description:**None

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### On the three-dimensional instability of laminar boundary layers on concave walls, Ph.D. Thesis - Goettingen Univ.

**Date:**June 1, 1954

**Creator:**Goertler, H.

**Description:**None

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### Flight experiences and tests on two airplanes with suction slots

**Date:**January 1, 1950

**Creator:**Stueper, BY

**Description:**None

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### Investigation of an Afterburning Ramjet Using Gaseous Hydrogen as Fuel at Mach Number of 3.0

**Date:**June 17, 1957

**Creator:**Wasserbauer, J. F.

**Description:**Afterburning ramjet using hydrogen at mach 3.0.

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### On the design of airfoils in which the transition of the boundary layer is delayed

**Date:**October 1, 1952

**Creator:**Tani, I.

**Description:**None

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### NACA Conference on High-Speed Aerodynamics A compilation of papers presented

**Date:**January 1, 1958

**Creator:**unknown

**Description:**None

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### On the Instability of Methods for the Integration of Ordinary Differential Equations

**Date:**April 1, 1956

**Creator:**Rutishauser, Heinz

**Description:**Examples and a criterion for stability of integration methods is provided. The criterion is applied to well-known integration formulas.

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### Free Convection Under the Conditions of the Internal Problem

**Date:**April 1, 1958

**Creator:**Ostroumov, G. A.

**Description:**Convection is called free is the stresses (including the normal pressure) to which the fluid is subjected at its boundaries do not perform mechanical work, that is, if all the boundaries of the fluid are stationary. The case where this is not true is termed forced convection. It corresponds to the action on the fluid of some mechanical suction pumping the fluid.

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### Evaporation, Heat Transfer, and Velocity Distribution in Two-Dimensional and Rotationally Symmetrical Laminar Boundary-Layer Flow

**Date:**February 1, 1958

**Creator:**Froessling, Nils

**Description:**The fundamental boundary layer equations for the flow, temperature and concentration fields are presented. Two dimensional symmetrical and unsymmetrical and rotationally symmetrical steady boundary layer flows are treated as well as the transfer boundary layer. Approximation methods for the calculation of the transfer layer are discussed and a brief survey of an investigation into the validity of the law that the Nusselt number is proportional to the cube root of the Prandtl number is presented.

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### The Turbulent Boundary Layer on a Rough Curvilinear Surface

**Date:**September 1, 1958

**Creator:**Droblenkov, V. F.

**Description:**A number of semiempirical approximate methods exist for determining the characteristics of the turbulent boundary layer on a curvilinear surface. At present, among these methods, the one proposed by L. G. Loitsianskii is given frequent practical application. This method is sufficiently effective and permits, in the case of wing profiles with technically smooth surfaces, calculating the basic characteristics of the boundary layer and the values of the overall drag with an accuracy which suffices for practical purposes. The idea of making use of the basic integral momentum equation ((d delta(sup xx))/dx) + ((V' delta(sup xx))/V) (2 + H) = (tau(sub 0))/(rho V(exp 2)) proves to be fruitful also for the solution of the problems in the determination of the characteristics of the turbulent boundary layer on a rough surface.

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### Stability of Cylindrical and Conical Shells of Circular Cross Section, with Simultaneous Action of Axial Compression and External Normal Pressure

**Date:**April 1, 1958

**Creator:**Mushtari, K. M. & Sachenkov, A. V.

**Description:**We consider in this report the determination of the upper limit of critical loads in the case of simultaneous action of a compressive force, uniformly distributed over plane cross sections, and of isotropic external normal pressure on cylindrical or conical shells of circular cross section. As a starting point we use the differential equations for neutral equilibrium of conical shells which have been used for the solution of the problem of stability of conical shells under torsion and under axial compression; upon solution of the problem it is possible to satisfy all boundary conditions, in contrast to the report where no attention is paid to the fulfillment of the boundary conditions, and to the report where only part of the boundary conditions are satisfied by solution of the problem according to Galerkin's method. Approximate formulas are used for the determination of the critical external normal pressure with simultaneous action of longituninal compression. Let us note that the formulas suggested in reference 5 are not well founded and may lead, in a number of cases, to a substantial mistake in the magnitude of the critical load.

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### On Possible Similarity Solutions for Three-Dimensional Incompressible Laminar Boundary-Layer Flows Over Developable Surfaces and with Proportional Mainstream Velocity Components

**Date:**September 1, 1958

**Creator:**Hansen, Arthur G.

**Description:**Analysis is presented on the possible similarity solutions of the three-dimensional, laminar, incompressible, boundary-layer equations referred to orthogonal, curvilinear coordinate systems. Requirements of the existence of similarity solutions are obtained for the following: flow over developable surface and flow over non-developable surfaces with proportional mainstream velocity components.

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### On the Contribution of Turbulent Boundary Layers to the Noise Inside a Fuselage

**Date:**December 1, 1956

**Creator:**Corcos, G. M. & Liepmann, H. W.

**Description:**The following report deals in preliminary fashion with the transmission through a fuselage of random noise generated on the fuselage skin by a turbulent boundary layer. The concept of attenuation is abandoned and instead the problem is formulated as a sequence of two linear couplings: the turbulent boundary layer fluctuations excite the fuselage skin in lateral vibrations and the skin vibrations induce sound inside the fuselage. The techniques used are those required to determine the response of linear systems to random forcing functions of several variables. A certain degree of idealization has been resorted to. Thus the boundary layer is assumed locally homogeneous, the fuselage skin is assumed flat, unlined and free from axial loads and the 'cabin' air is bounded only by the vibrating plate so that only outgoing waves are considered. Some of the details of the statistical description have been simplified in order to reveal the basic features of the problem. The results, strictly applicable only to the limiting case of thin boundary layers, show that the sound pressure intensity is proportional to the square of the free stream density, the square of cabin air density and inversely proportional to the first power of the damping constant ...

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### Application of the Method of Coordinate Perturbation to Unsteady Duct Flow

**Date:**September 1, 1958

**Creator:**Himmel, Seymour C.

**Description:**The method of coordinate perturbation is applied to the unsteady flow of a compressible fluid in ducts of variable cross section. Solutions, in the form of perturbation series, are obtained for unsteady flows in ducts for which the logarithmic derivative of area variation with respect to the space coordinate is a function of the 'smallness' parameter of the perturbation series. This technique is applied to the problem of the interaction of a disturbance and a shock wave in a diffuser flow. It is found that, for a special choice of the function describing the disturbance, the path of the shock wave can be expressed in closed form to first order. The method is then applied to the determination of the flow field behind a shock wave moving on a prescribed path in the x,t-plane. Perturbation series solutions for quite general paths are developed. The perturbation series solutions are compared with the more exact solutions obtained by the application of the method of characteristics. The approximate solutions are shown to be in reasonably accurate agreement with the solutions obtained by the method of characteristics.

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### Statistical Study of Turbulence: Spectral Functions and Correlation Coefficients

**Date:**July 1, 1958

**Creator:**Frenkiel, Francois N.

**Description:**In reading the publications on turbulence of different authors, one often runs the risk of confusing the various correlation coefficients and turbulence spectra. We have made a point of defining, by appropriate concepts, the differences which exist between these functions. Besides, we introduce in the symbols a few new characteristics of turbulence. In the first chapter, we study some relations between the correlation coefficients and the different turbulence spectra. Certain relations are given by means of demonstrations which could be called intuitive rather than mathematical. In this way we demonstrate that the correlation coefficients between the simultaneous turbulent velocities at two points are identical, whether studied in Lagrange's or in Euler's systems. We then consider new spectra of turbulence, obtained by study of the simultaneous velocities along a straight line of given direction. We determine some relations between these spectra and the correlation coefficients. Examining the relation between the spectrum of the turbulence measured at a fixed point and the longitudinal-correlation curve given by G. I. Taylor, we find that this equation is exact only when the coefficient is very small.

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### A Theoretical Investigation of the Drag of Generalized Aircraft Configurations in Supersonic Flow

**Date:**January 1, 1957

**Creator:**Graham, E. W.; Lagerstrom, P. A.; Licher, R. M. & Beane, B. J.

**Description:**It seems possible that, in supersonic flight, unconventional arrangements of wings and bodies may offer advantages in the form of drag reduction. It is the purpose of this report to consider the methods for determining the pressure drag for such unconventional configurations, and to consider a few of the possibilities for drag reduction in highly idealized aircraft. The idealized aircraft are defined by distributions of lift and volume in three-dimensional space, and Hayes' method of drag evaluation, which is well adapted to such problems, is the fundamental tool employed. Other methods of drag evaluation are considered also wherever they appear to offer amplifications. The basic singularities such as sources, dipoles, lifting elements and volume elements are discussed, and some of the useful inter-relations between these elements are presented. Hayes' method of drag evaluation is derived in detail starting with the general momentum theorem. In going from planar systems to spatial systems certain new problems arise. For example, interference between lift and thickness distributions generally appears, and such effects are used to explain the difference between the non-zero wave drag of Sears-Haack bodies and the zero wave drag of Ferrari's ring wing plus central body. Another new feature of the spatial ...

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### Effect of Fatigue Crack on Static Strength: 2014-T6, 2024-T4, 6061-T6, 7075-T6 Open-Hole Monobloc Specimens

**Date:**May 1, 1957

**Creator:**Nordmark, Glenn E. & Eaton, Ian D.

**Description:**Static tensile test results are presented for specimens of 2014-T6, 2024-T4, 6061-T6, and 7075-T6 aluminum alloy containing fatigue cracks. The results are found to be in good agreement with the results reported for similar tests from other sources. The results indicate that the presence of a fatigue crack reduced the static strength, in all cases, by an amount larger than the corresponding reduction in net area; the 6061-T6 alloy specimens were least susceptible to the crack and the 7075-T6 alloy specimens were most susceptible. It is indicated that a 7075-T6 specimen may develop as little as one-third of the expected static tensile strength when the fatigue crack was consumed only one-fourth of the original area. It was found that the static strength was substantially higher for specimens which had stop holes drilled at the end of the fatigue crack.

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### Effects of Intermittent Versus Continuous Heating upon the Tensile Properties of 2024-T4, 6061-T6 and 7075-T6 Alloys

**Date:**August 1, 1956

**Creator:**Stickley, G. W. & Anerson, H. L.

**Description:**In some applications, aluminum alloys are subjected to intermittent heating at elevated temperature. It is generally considered that the effects of such intermittent heating are cumulative, and therefore are the same as if the heating had been continuous for the same total length of time. The object of these tests was to determine the effects of intermittent and continuous heating at 300 and 400 F, for total periods of 100 and 200 hr, upon the tensile properties of 2024-T4 and 6061-T6 alloy rolled-and-drawn rod and 7075-T6 alloy extrusions, at room temperature and at the temperature of heating.

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### Turbulence in the Wake of a Thin Airfoil at Low Speeds

**Date:**January 1, 1957

**Creator:**Campbell, George S.

**Description:**Experiments have been made to determine the nature of turbulence in the wake of a two-dimensional airfoil at low speeds. The experiments were motivated by the need for data which can be used for analysis of the tail-buffeting problem in aircraft design. Turbulent intensity and power spectra of the velocity fluctuations were measured at a Reynolds number of 1.6 x 10(exp 5) for several angles of attack. Total-head measurements were also obtained in an attempt to relate steady and fluctuating wake properties. Mean-square downwash was found to have nearly the same dependence on vertical position in the wake as that shown by total-head loss. For this particular wing, turbulent intensity, integrated across the wake, increased roughly as the 3/2 power of the drag coefficient. Power-spectrum measurements indicated a decrease in frequency as wing angle of attack was increased. The average frequency in the wake was proportional to the ratio of mean wake velocity to wake width.

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### Theoretical Investigations on the Efficiency and the Conditions for the Realization of Jet Engines

**Date:**June 1, 1950

**Creator:**Roy, Maurice

**Description:**Contents: Preliminary notes on the efficiency of propulsion systems; Part I: Propulsion systems with direct axial reaction rockets and rockets with thrust augmentation; Part II: Helicoidal reaction propulsion systems; Appendix I: Steady flow of viscous gases; Appendix II: On the theory of viscous fluids in nozzles; and Appendix III: On the thrusts augmenters, and particularly of gas augmenters.

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### Study of the Micro-Nonuniformity of the Plastic Deformation of Steel

**Date:**August 1, 1957

**Creator:**Chechulin, B. B.

**Description:**The plastic flow during deformation of real polycrystalline metals has specific characteristics which distinguish the plastic deformation of metals from the deformation of ordinary isotropic bodies. One of these characteristics is the marked micro-nonuniformity of the plastic deformation of metals. P.O. Pashkov demonstrated the presence of a considerable micro-nonuniformity of the plastic deformation of coarse-grained steel wit medium or low carbon content. Analogous results in the case of tension of coarse-grained aluminum were obtained by W. Boas, who paid particular attention to the role of the grain boundaries in plastic flow. The nonuniformit of the plastic deformation in microvolumes was also recorded by T.N. Gudkova and others, on the alloy KhN80T. N.F. Lashko pointed out the nonuniformity of the plastic deformation for a series of pure polycrystalline metals and one-phase alloys. In his later reports, P.O. Pashkov arrives at he conclusion that the nonuniformity of the distribution of the deformation along the individual grains has a significant effect on the strength and plastic characteristics of polycrystalline metals in the process of plastic flow. However, until now there has not existed any systematic investigation of the general rules of the microscopic nonuniformit of plastic deformation even though the real polycrystalline metals ...

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