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  Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
U.S. Periods of War and Dates of Recent Conflicts

U.S. Periods of War and Dates of Recent Conflicts

Date: September 29, 2016
Creator: Salazar Torreon, Barbara
Description: This report lists the beginning and ending dates for "periods of war" found in Title 38 of the Code of Federal Regulations, dealing with the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). It also lists and differentiates other beginning dates given in declarations of war, as well as termination of hostilities dates and armistice and ending dates given in proclamations, laws, or treaties.
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Human-Induced Earthquakes from Deep-Well Injection: A Brief Overview

Human-Induced Earthquakes from Deep-Well Injection: A Brief Overview

Date: September 30, 2016
Creator: Folger, Peter & Tiemann, Mary
Description: This report reviews the current scientific understanding of induced seismicity, primarily in the context of Class II oil and gas wastewater disposal wells. The report also outlines the regulatory framework for these injection wells, and identifies several federal and state initiatives responding to recent events of induced seismicity associated with Class II disposal.
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The European Union's Small Business Act: A Different Approach

The European Union's Small Business Act: A Different Approach

Date: September 1, 2016
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay
Description: This report provides information and analysis useful to Congress as it crafts small business policy for the United States. The Small Business Act for Europe (2008) is not an act, per se, as understood in the United States.
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How Big Should the Army Be? Considerations for Congress

How Big Should the Army Be? Considerations for Congress

Date: September 2, 2016
Creator: Kapp, Lawrence; Feickert, Andrew; McInnis, Kathleen J. & Williams, Lynn M.
Description: This report provides an overview of active duty Army personnel strength changes in recent years, outlines the different end strength authorizations in the House and Senate versions of the FY2017 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA), highlights the perspectives which have contributed to these diverging approaches in the respective NDAAs, and outlines some factors which Congress may consider as it determines the appropriate size for the Army.
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The Puerto Rico Oversight, Management, and Economic Stability Act (PROMESA; H.R. 5278, S. 2328)

The Puerto Rico Oversight, Management, and Economic Stability Act (PROMESA; H.R. 5278, S. 2328)

Date: July 1, 2016
Creator: Austin, D. A.
Description: The report presents a brief description of Puerto Rico, its relationship with the federal government, and its fiscal challenges. The body of the report provides a section-by-section description of H.R. 5278, including a short overview of the bill, along with a comparison with previous legislation involving control boards.
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Russian Compliance with the Intermediate Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty: Background and Issues for Congress

Russian Compliance with the Intermediate Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: October 20, 2016
Creator: Woolf, Amy F.
Description: This report describes the current status of the INF Treaty and highlights issues that Congress may address as the United States pursues its compliance concerns with Russia. It includes a historical overview and summary of the provisions of the INF Treaty and Russia's concerns with U.S. compliance with the treaty and concludes with a discussion of options that the United States might pursue to address its concerns with Russia's activities and options that it might pursue if Russia deploys new INF-range missiles.
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Cuba: Issues for the 114th Congress

Cuba: Issues for the 114th Congress

Date: August 1, 2016
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: This report is divided into three major sections analyzing Cuba's political and economic environment, U.S. policy, and selected issues in U.S.-Cuban relations. Legislative initiatives in the 114th Congress are noted throughout the report, and four appendixes provide a listing of enacted measures (Appendix A), bills receiving some action in 2015 (Appendix B), bills seeing action in 2016 (Appendix C), and additional bills and resolution this Congress (Appendix D).
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Orlando Shooting Revives Debate over Restricting Blood Donations by Gay Men

Orlando Shooting Revives Debate over Restricting Blood Donations by Gay Men

Date: August 1, 2016
Creator: Redhead, C. S.
Description: This report discusses new FDA guidance regarding blood donations from sexually-active gay men. Since the 1980s, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has recommended that men who have sex with men (MSM) be indefinitely deferred (i.e., permanently banned) from donating blood. This action was taken to help control the spread of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) through the blood supply.
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Poverty in the United States in 2015: In Brief

Poverty in the United States in 2015: In Brief

Date: October 4, 2016
Creator: Dalaker, Joseph
Description: This report presents information on poverty for demographic groups (by family structure, age, race and Hispanic origin, and work status) and for states. In this report, the numbers and percentages of those in poverty are based on the Census Bureau's estimates
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Department of Veterans Affairs FY2017 Appropriations

Department of Veterans Affairs FY2017 Appropriations

Date: September 8, 2016
Creator: Viranga Panangala, Sidath
Description: This report provides and overview of department of Veterans Affairs (VA) and range of benefits and services to veterans. The report discusses VA budget and the President's budget request for FY2017 and congressional action
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Ex-Im Bank: No Quorum, No Problem?

Ex-Im Bank: No Quorum, No Problem?

Date: September 15, 2016
Creator: Akhtar, Shayerah Ilias
Description: This report discusses the operation on a limited basis of the Export-Import Bank (Ex-Im Bank) despite a renewal of its general statutory charter through FY2019 (P.L. 114-94,
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Navy Lasers, Railgun, and Hypervelocity Projectile: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Lasers, Railgun, and Hypervelocity Projectile: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: October 21, 2016
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on three potential new weapons that could improve the ability of Navy surface ships to defend themselves against enemy missiles--solid state lasers (SSLs), the electromagnetic railgun (EMRG), and the hypervelocity projectile (HVP).
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DHS Appropriations FY2017: Research and Development, Training, and Services

DHS Appropriations FY2017: Research and Development, Training, and Services

Date: October 20, 2016
Creator: Painter, William L.; Kandel, William A.; Morgan, Daniel & Gottron, Frank
Description: This report discuss appropriations for the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) for FY2017. It specifically discusses appropriations for the components of DHS included in the fourth title of the homeland security appropriations bill--in past years, this has comprised U.S. Citizenship and Naturalization Services, the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center, the Science and Technology Directorate, and the Domestic Nuclear Detection Office (DNDO). In FY2017, the Administration proposed moving the Domestic Nuclear Detection office into a new Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, and Explosives Office, along with several other parts of DHS. Congress has labeled this title of the bill in recent years as "Research and Development, Training, and Services."
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Climate Change: Frequently Asked Questions about the 2015 Paris Agreement

Climate Change: Frequently Asked Questions about the 2015 Paris Agreement

Date: September 1, 2016
Creator: Leggett, Jane A. & Lattanzio, Richard K.
Description: This report discusses the frequently asked questions about the 2015 Paris Agreement (PA). The PA opened for signature by Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) on April 22, 2016, at U.N. headquarters in New York City.
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Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty: Background and Current Developments

Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty: Background and Current Developments

Date: September 1, 2016
Creator: Nikitin, Mary Beth D.
Description: This report discusses the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT), as well as the Obama Administration's stated goal of pursuing U.S. ratification of the CTBT, although the Administration has mainly focused on securing Senate consent to ratification of the New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (New START).
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Recent State Election Law Challenges: In Brief

Recent State Election Law Challenges: In Brief

Date: November 2, 2016
Creator: Whitaker, L. P.
Description: This report begins by setting forth key constitutional provisions relevant to recent state election law challenges. Next, it discusses federal statutory provisions contained in the Voting Rights Act and the National Voter Registration Act and briefly examines pertinent Supreme Court precedent. Then, based on that legal framework, it provides an overview of several recent challenges to state election laws in Michigan, North Carolina, Ohio, and Texas that resulted in major decisions by the various federal courts of appeals as illustrative examples of the types of challenges that have been playing out in the courts. Finally, the report discusses some potential implications of these challenges.
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Judiciary Appropriations, FY2017

Judiciary Appropriations, FY2017

Date: August 3, 2016
Creator: Glassman, Matthew E.
Description: The first section of this report provides an overview of the consideration of FY2017 judiciary appropriations, followed by a section on prior-year actions and funding. The report then provides an overview of judiciary accounts.
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OPM Announces Premium Increase in the Federal Long-Term Care Insurance Program

OPM Announces Premium Increase in the Federal Long-Term Care Insurance Program

Date: September 1, 2016
Creator: Colello, Kirsten J.
Description: This report discusses the U.S. Office of Personnel Management (OPM) announcement regarding premium rate increase for long-term care insurance policies purchased through the Federal Long Term Care Insurance Program (FLTCIP).
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U.S. Foreign Assistance as Colombia's Peace Talks on Cusp of Completion

U.S. Foreign Assistance as Colombia's Peace Talks on Cusp of Completion

Date: July 20, 2016
Creator: Beittel, June S.
Description: This report discusses the ongoing peace process in Colombia and the potential effects for U.S. policy. On July 18, 2016, the Colombian Constitutional Court approved a plebiscite to allow Colombian voters to decide the fate of the peace accord under negotiation between the government of President Juan Manuel Santos and the country's largest insurgent group, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC).
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Foreign Aid and the Education Sector: Programs and Priorities

Foreign Aid and the Education Sector: Programs and Priorities

Date: November 2, 2016
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: This report is a descriptive profile of recent U.S. foreign aid education sector activities; it outlines actors, policy, funding levels, and programs.
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Women in Congress, 1917-2016: Biographical and Committee Assignment Information, and Listings by State and Congress

Women in Congress, 1917-2016: Biographical and Committee Assignment Information, and Listings by State and Congress

Date: November 7, 2016
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E. & Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report includes biographical information for the 313 women who have been elected or appointed to Congress including names, committee assignments, dates of service, listings by Congress and state, and (for Representatives) congressional districts.
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Did a Thermostat Break the Internet?

Did a Thermostat Break the Internet?

Date: October 26, 2016
Creator: Jaikaran, Chris
Description: This report discusses cyber security and the challenges the new form of hacking poses -- specifically, the attacks by a common malicious botnet named Mirai.
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Federal Assistance for Victims of Terrorism or Mass Violence: In Brief

Federal Assistance for Victims of Terrorism or Mass Violence: In Brief

Date: August 3, 2016
Creator: Sacco, Lisa N.
Description: This report focuses solely on assistance available from Department of Justice's (DOJ's) Office for Victims of Crime (OVC)--the primary federal assistance available to victims of terrorism or mass violence. Jurisdictions and individuals may be eligible to receive various types of victim assistance both directly from the Department of Justice (DOJ) and indirectly from DOJ through their respective state victim assistance agencies or other programs following incidents of terrorism or mass violence in the United States.
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Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues

Date: October 27, 2016
Creator: Dilger, Robert J. & Beth, Richard S.
Description: This report examines debates over what constitutes an unfunded federal mandate and the Unfunded Mandate Reform Act's (UMRA's) implementation. It also discusses particular mandates and procedures associated with UMRA, and assesses UMRA's impact on federal mandates and arguments concerning UMRA's future, focusing on UMRA's definitions, exclusions, and exceptions that currently exempt many federal actions with potentially significant financial impacts on nonfederal entities.
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