Creator: Satterthwait, A. F.
Description: Revised edition. "Billbugs destroy or injure corn, wheat, rye, barley, oats, timothy, blue grass, Bermuda grass, Johnson grass, rice, sugar cane, peanuts and chufa. The most conspicuous damage by the adult billbugs is done to young corn plants. The most costly damage is undoubtedly that done by the larvae or grubs in cutting the underground portions of plants, especially those grown for hay and pasture. Billbugs have only one generation yearly and are generally dependent on grass sods or wild sedges and rushes. Corn, sugarcane, chufa, and timothy probably are the only crops in which they can perpetuate themselves within the plant tissues. The other host plants admit of inside feeding only during the early part of the grub stage, after which feeding is completed among the fibrous roots. Parasites are valuable natural checks, but their work follows, rather than prevents, crop loss. Clean cultivation, especially the complete elimination of wild sedges and rushes; suitable crop rotations; summer or early fall breaking of cultivated or infested wild sods; early planting of crops menaced by billbugs; and the protection of birds, especially ground feeders, including the bobwhite and the shore birds, are efficient means of preventing crop losses from billbugs. Hand ...
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