You limited your search to:

  Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
 Decade: 1970-1979
 Year: 1976
 Collection: Technical Report Archive and Image Library
Air Pollution and the Siting of Fossil Fuel Power Plants

Air Pollution and the Siting of Fossil Fuel Power Plants

Date: 1976
Creator: Fishelson, Gordon; Rausser, Gordon C. & Cohen, Alan S.
Description: The decision to locate a fossil-fueled electrical power plant on a particular site involves trade-offs among the costs of: (1) land acquisition, (2) plant construction, operation, and maintenance, (3) power transmission, and (4) air pollution damage to humans, animals, plants and materials. The fourth of these, pollution costs, has been of great concern in recent years. But seldom, if ever, are the specific dollar trade-offs between the environmental and the other costs associated with site selection taken into account. The sum of the costs of power generation (land, construction, operation, maintenance), power transmission, and air pollution damages (from sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, and particulates) is the total social cost of a fossil-fuel plant; this total cost will generally vary by site. This paper presents an analysis of the total social cost, and the trade-offs between generation/transmission and air pollution costs, for various types of fossil plants at different sites in northern Illinois. The analysis identifies the combinations of site, fossil fuel, and sulfur dioxide (SO2) control technology that minimize total social costs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
America Joins a Metric World

America Joins a Metric World

Date: February 1976
Creator: United States. National Bureau of Standards.
Description: Pamphlet issued by the United States National Bureau of Standards discussing the Metric Conversion Act of 1975, the work of the U.S. Metric Board, and how government agencies are facilitating a switch to the metric system.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Analysis of a Cylindrical Shell Vibrating in a Cylindrical Fluid Region

Analysis of a Cylindrical Shell Vibrating in a Cylindrical Fluid Region

Date: August 1976
Creator: Chung, Ho; Mulcahy, T. M.; Turula, P. & Jendrzeczyk, J. A.
Description: Analytical and experimental methods are presented for evaluating the vibration characteristics of cylindrical shells such as the thermal liner of the Fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF) reactor vessel. The NASTRAN computer program is used to calculate the natural frequencies, mode shapes, and response to a harmonic loading of a thin, circular cylindrical shell situated inside a fluid-filled rigid circular cylinder. Solutions in a vacuum are verified with an exact solution method and the SAP IV computer code. Comparisons between analysis and experiment are made, and the accuracy and utility of the fluid-solid interaction package of NASTRAN is assessed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Analysis of Factors Influencing the Reliability of Retrievable Storage Canisters for Containment of Solid High-Level Radioactive Waste

An Analysis of Factors Influencing the Reliability of Retrievable Storage Canisters for Containment of Solid High-Level Radioactive Waste

Date: August 1976
Creator: Mecham, W. J.; Seefeldt, Waldemar B. & Steindler, M. J.
Description: The reliability of stainless steel type 304L canisters for the containment of solidified high-level radioactive wastes in the glass and calcine forms was studied. A reference system, drawn largely from information furnished by Battelle Northwest Laboratories and Atlantic Richfield Hanford Company is described. Operations include filling the canister with the appropriate waste form, interim storage at a reprocessing plant, shipment in water to a Retrievable Surface Storage Facility (RSSF), interim storage at the RSSF, and shipment to a final disposal facility.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Analytical Investigation of Certain Aspects of LMFBR Subassembly-Failure Propagation

Analytical Investigation of Certain Aspects of LMFBR Subassembly-Failure Propagation

Date: February 1976
Creator: Marr, William W.; Wang, P. Y.; Misra, B.; Padilla, A. & Crawford, R. M.
Description: An analytical investigation of certain problems in the area of subassembly-to-subassembly failure propagation in LMFBR's is described. Existing analyses of the response of the adjacent subassembly duct to mechanical loads are reviewed and summarized, and major uncertainties are identified. Additional analyses of the response of the adjacent subassembly to certain thermal loads are presented in two parts. In the first part, the effect of an external heat flux on duct melting and thermal stresses is considered. The external heat fluxes required to produce duct melting or excessive thermal stresses are compared with the heat fluxes that might be expected from the molten fuel deposited on the duct wall. In the second part, a thermal-hydraulic study is performed to investigate the effect of the external heat flux on the coolant temperature distribution in the adjacent subassembly. Both normal subassembly geometry and distorted subassembly geometry are considered. A detailed model of the coolant region formed by the heated duct wall and the displaced fuel pins is also analyzed to determine whether there are severe temperature gradients.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
ANL/HIWAY: an Air Pollution Evaluation Model for Roadways

ANL/HIWAY: an Air Pollution Evaluation Model for Roadways

Date: December 1976
Creator: Concaildi, George A.; Cohen, Alan S. & King, Richard F.
Description: This report describes a computer program, called ANL/HIWAY, for estimating air quality levels of nonreactive pollutants produced by vehicular sources. It is valid for receptors at distances of tens to hundreds of meters, at an angle, downwind of the roadway, in relatively uncomplicated terrain. It may be used by planners to analyze the effects of a proposed roadway on adjacent air quality. The ANL/HIWAY model expands the evaluation capabilities of the EPA/HIWAY dispersion model. This report also serves as a user's manual for running the ANL/HIWAY PROGRAM. All command structures are described in detail, with sample problems exemplifying their use.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Application of Frequency-Modified Life Approach to the Low-Cycle Fatigue Behavior of Type 304 Stainless Steel

Application of Frequency-Modified Life Approach to the Low-Cycle Fatigue Behavior of Type 304 Stainless Steel

Date: May 1976
Creator: Maiya, P. S. & Majumdar, S.
Description: The application of the frequency-modified life equation to fatigue life prediction has been critically examined using the extensive fatigue data generated for Type 304 stainless steel at 1100 degrees F under a variety of cyclic-loading conditions. The parameters that enter into the frequency-modified life equation vary with strain rate and show a transition coinciding with the frequency of cycling at which a change in the fracture appearance from predominantly transgranular to predominantly intergranular failure mode or vice versa occurs. The accuracy in life prediction is improved when the effect of strain rate on life-predictive parameters is considered. It is shown how the effect of compressive and symmetric hold time on fatigue life can be taken into account. A comparison between the frequency-modified life approach of Coffin and the damage-rate approach recently developed by Majumdar and Maiya is also made to show the importance of wave-shape on low-cycle fatigue life.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An approximate spin design criterion for monoplanes, 1 May 1939

An approximate spin design criterion for monoplanes, 1 May 1939

Date: January 1, 1976
Creator: Seidman, O. & Donlan, C. J.
Description: An approximate empirical criterion, based on the projected side area and the mass distribution of the airplane, was formulated. The British results were analyzed and applied to American designs. A simpler design criterion, based solely on the type and the dimensions of the tail, was developed; it is useful in a rapid estimation of whether a new design is likely to comply with the minimum requirements for safety in spinning.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Argonne National Laboratory Division of Biological and Medical Research, Annual Report: 1976

Argonne National Laboratory Division of Biological and Medical Research, Annual Report: 1976

Date: 1976?
Creator: Rosenthal, M. W.
Description: Annual report of the Argonne National Laboratory Division of Biological and Medical Research summarizing research an other activities. This report includes the exploration of the toxicological effects of effluents from various forms of energy production with a view to defining hazards and risk assessments for man.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Argonne National Laboratory Patent Portfolio

Argonne National Laboratory Patent Portfolio

Date: 1976
Creator: Huguelet, B. C.
Description: This booklet contains the abstracts of all active U. S. patents on technology items that originated at ANL, the applicability of which is not limited to nuclear reactors. Also listed are the titles of all ANL-originated nuclear-related U. S. patents that are still in force. Selected technology items for which patent applications have been filed and are available for licensing are included in several categories. Categories included in this booklet are as follows: atmospheric and earth sciences; biological and medical sciences; chemistry and chemical engineering; cryogenics and superconductivity; electronics and electrical engineering; energy conversion; measurements and controls; methods and devices; materials and fabrication; physics, accelerators and fusion; and selected nuclear-related technology.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Atomic Spectrum of Neptunium

The Atomic Spectrum of Neptunium

Date: May 1976
Creator: Fred, Mark; Tompkins, Frank S.; Blaise, Jean E.; Camus, Pierre & Verges, Jean
Description: A description and interpretation of the atomic spectrum of neptunium are given. Wavelengths were measured for 6096 spectrum lines in the range 3793 to 38,812 cm⁻¹ (26,353 to 2575 A), of which 2526 were classified as transitions between 329 odd levels and 130 even levels of neutral neptunium (Np I). The data are presented in five tables.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Automated Approach to Quantitative Error Analysis in Neutron Transport Calculations

Automated Approach to Quantitative Error Analysis in Neutron Transport Calculations

Date: September 1976
Creator: Bareiss, Erwin H. & Derstine, Keith L.
Description: A method is described how a quantitative measure for the robustness of a given transport theory code for coarse network calculations can be obtained. A code, that performs this task automatically and at only nominal cost, is described and has been implemented for slab geometry. This code generates also user oriented benchmark problems which exhibit the analytic behavior at interfaces.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Automatic Measurement of Network Parameters: A Survey

Automatic Measurement of Network Parameters: A Survey

Date: June 1976
Creator: Beatty, Robert William
Description: Report issued by the Bureau of Standards over a survey conducted on measurement methods of network parameters. As stated in the introduction, "this paper is concerned with the development of automatic methods of measuring basically the magnitudes and phase differences, or the complex ratio of two sinusoidal voltages, and applications of this capability to determining complex reflection coefficients and transmission coefficients and group delay times of electrical networks" (p. 1). This report includes tables, and illustrations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Baseline Energy Consumption Forecasts for Transportation: A Review and Evaluation

Baseline Energy Consumption Forecasts for Transportation: A Review and Evaluation

Date: May 1976
Creator: Koppelman, Frank; O'Sullivan, Pat & Collum, Tom
Description: A baseline projection of energy consumption is needed to estimate the potential energy savings from proposed transport technology and operational improvements. The Reference Energy System projection by Brookhaven National Laboratories and that which Stanford Research Institute produced for Gulf Oil are reviewed here. Attention is focused on the growth rate assumptions of the forecasts and the allowances made for the sensitivity of transport demand and technological efficiency to fuel price changes. The alternative trajectories of energy use are examined for automobile, bus and intercity air and rail passenger travel, and also for freight movement. Little, if any, justification can be found for many of the assumptions used to estimate transport demand and energy intensiveness. The assumptions underlying the Brookhaven National Laboratories projections are more explicit on changes in energy efficiency and energy price and shifts in transport patterns. However, the relationship of automobile travel, the largest component, to energy price is not specified clearly. The Stanford projection is based on seemingly arbitrary assumptions about changes in travel patterns and energy efficiency with no reference to the market process which must bring them about. It is concluded that the Brookhaven projection is a reasonable interim benchmark. Its structure should improve by ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Benchmark Testing of the Finite-Strain Version of the LIFE-III Fast-Reactor-Element Code

Benchmark Testing of the Finite-Strain Version of the LIFE-III Fast-Reactor-Element Code

Date: November 1976
Creator: Shack, W. J.; Jankus, V. Z. & Billone, Michael C.
Description: A collection of benchmark problems is used to test the finite-strain formulation of the LIFE-III fast-reactor fuel-element code. Analytical solutions for thick-wall cylinders loaded by internal and external pressure, valid for arbitrarily large strains, are presented for a linear viscous material. Similar problems are formulated for a nonlinear material, and numerical solutions are obtained using the Runge-Kutta method for the integration of an ordinary differential equation. These solutions are then compared with the corresponding solutions obtained using the LIFE-III code. With a proper choice of the number of spatial regions and time steps, good agreement is obtained between the two sets of solutions. The results indicate that the structural-analysis portion of the revised LIFE-III is valid for large strains.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bibliography for Transportation Energy Conservation

Bibliography for Transportation Energy Conservation

Date: May 1976
Creator: Northwestern University (Evanston, Ill.). Transportation Center. Library.
Description: A listing is given of 578 reports, books, articles, and conference papers on transportation and energy. Coverage is primarily on U. S. developments and research from 1970 to 1975. Following a section of citations of general works on energy, the bibliography contains two main parts: ''Energy for Transportation'' and ''Transportation of Energy.'' Within each of these topics the arrangement is multimodal (at the urban, regional, national, or international level), then by mode. Selected information sources are listed in the last part. Within each section, entries are arranged alphabetically by author or, lacking an author, by title. References were drawn from the Transportation Center Library collection and other libraries in the Northwestern University system. An earlier bibliography, Transportation and Energy, compiled by the Transportation Center Library in March 1974, forms the basis for the arrangement and provides coverage from 1970 to 1973.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Brief History of Measurement Systems: with a Chart of the Modernized Metric System

Brief History of Measurement Systems: with a Chart of the Modernized Metric System

Date: August 1976
Creator: United States. National Bureau of Standards.
Description: Pamphlet issued by the United States National Bureau of Standards providing an overview of the English system of measurement used in the United States and of the metric system. The internal pages of the pamphlet contain a chart labeled "The Modernized Metric System" which includes tables of common conversions and a chart of the seven base units: meter/length, kilogram/mass, second/time, ampere/electric current, kelvin/temperature, mole/amount of substance, and candela/luminous intensity, as well as two supplementary units: radian/plane angle and steradian/solid angle. There is also a graphic representation of yards versus meters in ruler form at the bottom.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Calculated Burnups and Fluences for Experimental Fuel Elements Irradiated in EBR-II Runs 5-55B

Calculated Burnups and Fluences for Experimental Fuel Elements Irradiated in EBR-II Runs 5-55B

Date: October 1976
Creator: Kucera, D. A. & Meneghetti, D.
Description: A procedure is described for calculation of burnups and fluences at any point in a subassembly in EBR-II runs 5-55B. The calculations are performed by the BRN program package and require data generated for any element in the highly inhomogeneous fueled experimental subassemblies is the most important application of the pointwise capability. Tables allow calculation of burnup and fluences for any element in such a subassembly.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Capsizing/Swamping Accident Investigations for 1975 Season

Capsizing/Swamping Accident Investigations for 1975 Season

Date: September 1976
Creator: Sautkulis, C.; Smith, Betty & Bowman, J.
Description: Abstract: This report summarizes the criteria for selection of those to be investigated, the investigation procedures, and the accident data obtained for the 33 in-depth investigations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ceramic Coatings for Components Exposed to Coal-Gas Environments : a Review

Ceramic Coatings for Components Exposed to Coal-Gas Environments : a Review

Date: December 1976
Creator: Swaroop, Robert
Description: The corrosive and erosive environments at high temperatures and pressures in coal gasifiers impose severe requirements on the alloys of fabrication. A concise review of the application of ceramic coatings to resist coal-gas environments has been conducted. The purpose of this review is to explore suitable ceramic or cermet materials that may resist or retard the degradation of metal components and to summarize the state of the art of various methods of producing such coatings.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Changeable Interaction between Soils and Pressure Cells: Tests and Reviews at the Waterways Experiment Station

The Changeable Interaction between Soils and Pressure Cells: Tests and Reviews at the Waterways Experiment Station

Date: June 1976
Creator: Hvorslev, Mikael Juul
Description: Partial abstract: "The principal subjects of the report are the often neglected changes in the interaction of soil and pressure cells with consequent changes in relative errors in cell registrations. The report contains (a) a brief account of the development and use of soil pressure cells; (b) a review of proposed theories for soil-cell interaction; (c) a delayed account of tests with Waterways Experiment Station pressure cells placed in a large triaxial device; and (d) tentative conclusions plus suggestions for calibration, installation, and measuring procedures."
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Chemical Engineering Division Environmental Chemistry Annual Report: July 1975-June 1976

Chemical Engineering Division Environmental Chemistry Annual Report: July 1975-June 1976

Date: 1976?
Creator: Cunningham, P. T.; Kumar, R.; Holt, B. D.; Hubble, B. R.; Johnson, S. A.; Nielsen, E. et al.
Description: The chemistry of airborne particulate matter is being investigated by means of laboratory and field studies. Experiments were conducted using the flow reactor to identify the reaction conditions under which detectable amounts of sulfate particles could be formed under gaseous sulfur dioxide. A procedure was developed for the analysis of acidic and neutral ammonium sulfate in filter-collected samples of atmospheric particulate matter.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Chemical Engineering Division Fast-Neutron Dosimetry, Annual Report: July 1975-June 1976

Chemical Engineering Division Fast-Neutron Dosimetry, Annual Report: July 1975-June 1976

Date: 1976?
Creator: Heinrich, R. R.; Greenwood, L. R.; Kennerley, R. J.; Chellew, N. R.; Popek, R. J.; Malewicki, Russell et al.
Description: One of the objectives of the Dosimetry and Damage Analysis Center is to provide standardized dosimetry technology for materials-study programs within the ERDA Division of Magnetic Fusion Energy. Current efforts have included characterization of neutron environments in terms of fluence and spectral distribution for materials experiments conducted at the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory's (LLL) Rotating Target Neutron Source and at the LLL-Davis Cyclograaff. Environment characterization efforts at Brookhaven National Laboratory's High Flux Beam Reactor and those pertaining to an enriched-uranium converter for the ANL CP-5 reactor are also described. The capability of calculating material radiation damage parameters associated with these neutron environments is demonstrated. Average fission yields determined from two fast-neutron irradiations and one thermal-neutron irradiation are compiled for laboratories participating in the inter-laboratory Reaction Rate program. These results are in excellent agreement with literature values. Progress on the development of boron-10 and lithium-6-loaded liquid scintillation detectors for detecting very low intensity neutrons is presented. Material purification tests and performance tests of scintillation mixtures are described.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Chemical Engineering Division Fuels and Materials Chemistry Annual Report: July 1975-June 1976

Chemical Engineering Division Fuels and Materials Chemistry Annual Report: July 1975-June 1976

Date: 1976?
Creator: Johnson, C. E.; Blackburn, P. E.; Carroll, K.; Fee, D. C.; Fischer, A. K.; Johnson, I. et al.
Description: Annual report of the Argonne National Laboratory Chemical Engineering Division regarding activities related to properties and handling of radioactive materials, operation of nuclear reactors, and other relevant research.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FIRST PREV 1 2 3 4 5 NEXT LAST