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  Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
 Decade: 1940-1949
 Year: 1942
 Serial/Series Title: NACA Technical Notes
 Collection: Technical Report Archive and Image Library
Beam and torsion tests of aluminum-alloy 615-T tubing

Beam and torsion tests of aluminum-alloy 615-T tubing

Date: October 1, 1942
Creator: Moore, R L & Holt, Marshall
Description: Tests were made to determine the effect of length and the effect of ratios of diameter to wall thickness upon the flexural and torsional moduli of failure of 61S-T aluminum-alloy tubing. The moduli of failure in bending, as determined by tests in which the tubing was loaded on the neutral axis at the one-third points of the span, were found to bear an approximately linear relationship with diameter-thickness ratio and were practically independent of span within the limits investigated. Empirical equations are given describing the relations obtained. The moduli of failure in torsion were found to be dependent upon length as well as upon diameter-thickness ratios. Empirical equations are given for predicting strengths within the range of plastic buckling. Within the elastic range, available torsion theories were found to be satisfactory.
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Bending of Rectangular Plates with Large Deflections

Bending of Rectangular Plates with Large Deflections

Date: May 1, 1942
Creator: Levy, Samuel
Description: The solution of von Karman's fundamental equations for large deflections of plates is presented for the case of a simply supported rectangular plate under combined edge compression and lateral loading. Numerical solutions are given for square plates and for rectangular plates with a width-span ratio of 3:1. The effective widths under edge compression are compared with effective widths according to von Karman, Bengston, Marguerre, and Cox and with experimental results by Ramberg, McPherson, and Levy. The deflections for a square plate under lateral pressure are compared with experimental and theoretical results by Kaiser. It is found that the effective widths agree closely with Marguerre's formula and with the experimentally observed values and that the deflections agree with the experimental results and with Kaiser's work.
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Bending tests of a monocoque box

Bending tests of a monocoque box

Date: January 1, 1942
Creator: Mcpherson, Albert E; Ramberg, Walter & Levy, Samuel
Description: A monocoque box beam consisting of a 24S-T aluminum-alloy sheet reinforced by four bulkheads and by longitudinal stringers and corner posts was subjected to bending loads as follows: pure bending about the lift axis, cantilever bending about the lift axis, and pure bending about both lift and drag axis. Longitudinal strains were measured for loads up to a load at which permanent set became measurable. The loads were sufficient to produce buckling of the sheet between stringers on the compression side of the box. The only noticeable effect of this buckling was a small increase in extreme-fiber strain on the compression side. The measured strains and measured deflections differed less than 10 percent from those computed from the simple beam theory after taking account of the effective width of the buckled sheet. The effect of the bulkheads on the distribution of stringer strain was negligible.
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Bending with large deflection of a clamped rectangular plate with length-width ratio of 1.5 under normal pressure

Bending with large deflection of a clamped rectangular plate with length-width ratio of 1.5 under normal pressure

Date: April 14, 1942
Creator: Levy, Samuel & Greenman, Samuel
Description: The Von Karman equations for a thin flat plate with large deflections are solved for the special case of a plate with clamped edges having a ratio of length to width of 1.5 and loaded by uniform normal pressure. Center deflections, membrane stresses, and extreme-fiber bending stresses are given as a function of pressure for center deflections up to twice the thickness of the plate. For small deflections the results coincide with those obtained by Hencky from the linear theory. The maximum stresses and center deflection at high pressures differ less than 3 percent from those derived by Bostnov for an infinitely long plate with clamped edges. This agreement suggests that clamped plates with a length-to-width ratio greater than 1.5 may be reared as infinitely long plates for purposes of design.
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Column strength of magnesium alloy AM-57S

Column strength of magnesium alloy AM-57S

Date: July 1, 1942
Creator: Holt, M
Description: Tests were made to determine the column strength of extruded magnesium alloy AM-57S. Column specimens were tested with round ends and with flat ends. It was found that the compressive properties should be used in computations for column strengths rather than the tensile properties because the compressive yield strength was approximately one-half the tensile yield strength. A formula for the column strength of magnesium alloy AM-57S is given.
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A comparison of the results from general tank tests of 1/6- and 1/12-full-size models of the British Singapore IIC flying boat

A comparison of the results from general tank tests of 1/6- and 1/12-full-size models of the British Singapore IIC flying boat

Date: August 1, 1942
Creator: Truscott, Starr & Dawson, John R
Description: A 1/6-full-size model of the hull of the British Singapore IIC flying boat was tested in the NACA tank. The results are given in the form of charts and are compared with the results of previous tests made in the NACA tank of a 1/12-full-size model, published in NACA T.N. No. 580, and with the results of tests made in the British R.A.E. tank of another 1/6-full-size model of the same hull. When the data from the tests of the 1/6- and 1/12-full-size models were compared on the basis of Froude's law of comparison, differences were found. This fact supported the belief that the small scale of the model and the use of a model that was too small to suit the equipment of the NACA tank had caused the results of the tests of the 1/12-full-size model to be less reliable than the results of the tests of the 1/6-full-size model. The results of the tests of the two models agreed sufficiently well to show that test of a small model, if made meticulously and with suitable equipment, may give useable results, but that a larger model should be used whenever feasible. The results of the NACA tests of ...
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The critical compression load for a universal testing machine when the specimen is loaded through knife edges

The critical compression load for a universal testing machine when the specimen is loaded through knife edges

Date: September 1, 1942
Creator: Lundquist, Eugene E & Schwartz, Edward B
Description: The results of a theoretical and experimental investigation to determine the critical compression load for a universal testing machine are presented for specimens loaded through knife edges. The critical load for the testing machine is the load at which one of the loading heads becomes laterally instable in relation to the other. For very short specimens the critical load was found to be less than the rated capacity given by the manufacturer for the machine. A load-length diagram is proposed for defining the safe limits of the test region for the machine. Although this report is particularly concerned with a universal testing machine of a certain type, the basic theory which led to the derivation of the general equation for the critical load, P (sub cr) = alpha L can be applied to any testing machine operated in compression where the specimen is loaded through knife edges. In this equation, L is the length of the specimen between knife edges and alpha is the force necessary to displace the upper end of the specimen unit horizontal distance relative to the lower end of the specimen in a direction normal to the knife edges through which the specimen is loaded.
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Curing of resin-wood combinations by high-frequency heating

Curing of resin-wood combinations by high-frequency heating

Date: December 1, 1942
Creator: Von Hippel, Arthur R & Dietz, A G H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Design of tools for press-countersinking or dimpling 0.040-inch-thick-24S-T sheet

Design of tools for press-countersinking or dimpling 0.040-inch-thick-24S-T sheet

Date: August 1, 1942
Creator: Templin, R L & Fogwell, J W
Description: A set of dimpling tools was designed for 0.040-inch 24S-T sheet and flush-type rivets 1/8 inch in diameter with 100 degree countersunk heads. The dimples produced under different conditions of pressure, sheet thickness, and drill diameter are presented as cross-sectional photographs magnified 20 times. The most satisfactory values for the dimpling tools were found to be: maximum punch diameter, 0.231 inch; maximum die diameter, 0.223 inch; maximum mandrel diameter, 0.128 inch; dimple angle, 100 degree; punch springback angle, 1 1/2 degree; and die springback angle, 2 degree.
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The direct-stress fatigue strength of 17S-T aluminum alloy throughout the range from 1/2 to 500,000,000 cycles of stress

The direct-stress fatigue strength of 17S-T aluminum alloy throughout the range from 1/2 to 500,000,000 cycles of stress

Date: September 1, 1942
Creator: Hartmann, E C & Stickley, G W
Description: Fatigue-test were conducted on six specimens made from 3/4-inch-diameter 17S-T rolled-and-drawn rod for the purpose of obtaining additional data on the fatigue life of the material at stresses up to the static strength. The specimens were tested in direct tension using a stress range from zero to a maximum in tension. A static testing machine was used to apply repeated loads in the case of the first three specimens; the other three specimens were tested in a direct tension-compression fatigue machine. The direct-stress fatigue curve obtained for the material indicates that, in the range of stresses above about two-thirds the tensile strength, the fatigue strength is higher than might be expected by simply extrapolating the ordinary curve of stress plotted against the number of cycles determined at lower stresses.
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