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  Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
 Decade: 1990-1999
 Year: 1992
33rd Annual Report
The ACIR Library is composed of publications that study the interactions between different levels of government. This document is an annual report. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1299/
After the Cold War: Living With Lower Defense Spending
This report focuses on ways to handle the dislocation of workers and communities that is, to some degree, inevitable in the defense cutback. It opens a discussion of how defense technologies might be converted to commercial applications. The second and final report of the assessment will continue that discussion and will concentrate on opportunities to channel human and technological resources into building a stronger civilian economy. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc40006/
Annual Report to the Congress: Fiscal Year 1991
This report describes the activities of the Office in Fiscal Year 1991 within the context of the legislative agenda of the 101st Congress and the events in the United States and the world during 1991. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc39843/
Basic Questions on U.S. Citizenship and Naturalization
U.S. citizenship is conferred at birth under the principle of jus soli (nationality of place of birth) and the principle of jus sanguinis (nationality of parents). The U.S. Constitution states as a fundamental rule of jus soli citizenship that "all persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside." The exceptions to universal citizenship comprehended by the requirement that a person be born "subject to the jurisdiction thereof" include: (1) children born to a foreign sovereign or accredited diplomatic official; (2) children born on a foreign public vessel, such as a warship; (3) children born to an alien enemy in hostile occupation; and (4) native Indians. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc26024/
The Biology of Mental Disorders
This report presents a summary of research into the biological factors associated with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, major depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and panic disorder. The report also discusses support for this research and the social context in which it moves forward. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc40031/
Building Energy Efficiency
This report focuses on energy use in buildings, which account for over one-third of all energy used in the United States. Significant energy savings in buildings are possible through the use of commercially available, cost-effective, energy efficient technologies; yet adoption rates for these technologies are often low. Interviews with industry, property managers, homeowners, and others were used to explore why technology adoption rates are so low. Past Federal efforts to encourage energy efficiency are reviewed, and policy options for encouraging the adoption of energy efficient technologies are discussed. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc40007/
Building Future Security: Strategies for Restructuring the Defense Technology and Industrial Base
This report elaborates on the findings of the earlier OTA publications and examines in greater detail the specific policy choices involved in restructuring the defense technology and industrial base (DTIB) over the next decade. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc40008/
Changing public attitudes on governments and taxes, 1992
The ACIR Library is composed of publications that study the interactions between different levels of government. This document addresses changing public attitudes on governments and taxes. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1092/
Characteristics of federal grant-in-aid programs to state and local governments : grants funded FY 1991
The ACIR Library is composed of publications that study the interactions between different levels of government. This document addresses characteristics of federal grant-in-aid programs to state and local governments. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1209/
China/Asia Broadcasting: Proposals for New U.S. Surrogate Services
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs33/
Clearcutting in the National Forests
Congressional interest in clearcutting has increased in the past few years. Several bills have been introduced in the current and preceding Congresses to ban the use of clearcutting and/or all even-aged management systems in the national forests. The issue, however, transcends the use of clearcutting and focuses on how to assure the choice of a silvicultural system and the implementation of the management practices that will achieve the stated goals for public land and resource management. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs34/
Combined Summaries: Technologies To Sustain Tropical Forest Resources and Biological Diversity
This report discusses how the loss of tropical forests and reduction in the Earth’s biological diversity has grown from development assistance concerns to themes of global debate during the last decade. At the same time that the value of biological resources to local communities and individual nations has become more fully appreciated, the connections between these resources and global environmental stability and economic development potential have been uncovered. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc40009/
Commercial Relations with Russia: Prospects for a Common United States-Japanese Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs30/
Congress and Trade Policy Toward Japan
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs38/
Cystic Fibrosis and DNA Tests: Implications of Carrier Screening
This report concludes that the value of the cystic fibrosis (CF) carrier test is the information it provides. No one can estimate in common terms what it means to an individual to possess information about his or her genetic status, especially when the value concerns reproductive decision-making. As our knowledge of the human genome increases, what we do with information such as CF carrier status will depend on the perceptions and beliefs of all Americans. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc40010/
Deforestation: An Overview of Global Programs and Agreements
In recent years, global environmental concerns have figured prominently on the American political agenda. In particular, tropical deforestation and its implications for global climate change and biological diversity loss have prompted public outcry. Concerns have since grown to include other forest types as well. The Congress has considered a variety of legislation to stem the tide of increasing deforestation and the United States has supported a number of bilateral and multilateral initiatives to assist other countries in managing their forest resources. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs35/
The Delaney Clause: The Dilemma of Regulating Health Risk for Pesticide Residues
Under the authority of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA), the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is responsible for establishing tolerances for pesticide residues in or on foods and feeds. Tolerances are legal limits to the amount of pesticide residues that can be found on a raw agricultural commodity at the farm gate or in a processed food. The FFDCA has two sections, 408 and 409, which set up different and inconsistent criteria for setting tolerances for pesticide residues in foods. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs27/
Difficult-To-Reuse Needles for the Prevention of HIV Infection Among Injecting Drug Abusers
This paper reviews various possibilities of using non-reusable injection technologies for reducing HIV transmission among injecting drug users in the United States. It does not put forth the redesign of injection equipment as a policy option for congressional consideration; it merely examines some of the implications of a proposal put forth by some health experts. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc39695/
Disposal of Chemical Weapons: Alternative Technologies
This background paper briefly describes the Army’s chemical weapons destruction program, discusses the factors that could affect a decision to develop alternatives, discusses the alternatives, and illustrates the difficulty of gaining public acceptance of complex technical systems. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc40011/
Do Medicaid and Medicare Patients Sue More Often Than Other Patients?
This background paper also responds to the request of the Congressional Sunbelt Caucus that OTA examine and judge the available evidence on whether Medicaid and Medicare patients, particularly obstetrics patients, are more litigious than other patients. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc39696/
Does Health Insurance Make a Difference?
This background paper reviews and evaluates the available literature linking health insurance coverage with the utilization and process of health care services and with individual health outcomes. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc40012/
The Economics of Agricultural Policy
An English Act of 1663 imposed a duty on grain imported from abroad whenever the domestic price was below a legislatively set price floor. The English farmer enjoyed a virtual monopoly in the domestic market. By the same token, he was allowed to export grain whenever the domestic price exceeded the price floor, and, after 1673, was granted a bounty (subsidy) on grain exports. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs21/
Environmental Equity
More than 20 years of Federal pollution control programs notwithstanding, growing perception that minority and low-income communities remain at disproportionately high risk of exposure to toxic pollutants is focusing attention on "environmental equity" issues. Federal legislation has been introduced to ensure equal protection of environmental quality and public health. Equity legislation is opposed by people who are skeptical of its long-term prospects and believe that there is insufficient evidence of discrimination and that some inequities are inevitable in a free-market economy. Both sides agree there is a need to collect and analyze data on public health and exposure to environmental hazards and to compare health risks among racial and socio-economic groups. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs26/
The European Community - Japan Automobile Agreement
The European Community (EC) and Japan reached an agreement on trade in automobiles in July 1991. The agreement restricts exports of automobiles from Japan to the EC to 1.23 million cars per year until the end of 1999. The Commission of the European Communities estimates that Japanese transplant production in the EC will amount to 1.2 million cars per year in 1999. The Japanese appear to concur with this estimate but do not agree that it constitutes a cap on transplant investment or production. Whether the agreement covers the export of U.S.-built Japanese transplants to the EC is unclear. If the agreement covers, or has the effect of discouraging, such exports, it would be a cause for concern for U.S. policymakers. U.S. trade officials have reportedly discussed the issue with Japanese counterparts. It is unknown whether U.S. concerns have been addressed to European Community (EC) officials. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs40/
Evaluation of the Oregon Medicaid Proposal
This report discusses the Oregon legislature that passed the Oregon Basic Health Services Act in 1989, which established three mechanisms for increasing access to health insurance. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc40013/
FCC Record, Volume 07, No. 01, Pages 1 to 399, December 30, 1991-January 10, 1992
Biweekly, comprehensive compilation of decisions, reports, public notices, and other documents of the U.S. Federal Communications Commission. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1883/
FCC Record, Volume 07, No. 02, Pages 400 to 797, January 13-January 24, 1992
Biweekly, comprehensive compilation of decisions, reports, public notices, and other documents of the U.S. Federal Communications Commission. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1882/
FCC Record, Volume 07, No. 03, Pages 798 to 1295, January 27-February 7, 1992
Biweekly, comprehensive compilation of decisions, reports, public notices, and other documents of the U.S. Federal Communications Commission. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1881/
FCC Record, Volume 07, No. 04, Pages 1296 to 1571, February 10-February 21, 1992
Biweekly, comprehensive compilation of decisions, reports, public notices, and other documents of the U.S. Federal Communications Commission. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1880/
FCC Record, Volume 07, No. 05, Pages 1572 to 1825, February 24-March 6, 1992
Biweekly, comprehensive compilation of decisions, reports, public notices, and other documents of the U.S. Federal Communications Commission. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1879/
FCC Record, Volume 07, No. 06, Pages 1826 to 2073, March 9-March 20, 1992
Biweekly, comprehensive compilation of decisions, reports, public notices, and other documents of the U.S. Federal Communications Commission. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1878/
FCC Record, Volume 07, No. 07, Pages 2074 to 2248, March 23-April 3, 1992
Biweekly, comprehensive compilation of decisions, reports, public notices, and other documents of the U.S. Federal Communications Commission. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1877/
FCC Record, Volume 07, No. 08, Pages 2249 to 2467, April 6-April 17, 1992
Biweekly, comprehensive compilation of decisions, reports, public notices, and other documents of the U.S. Federal Communications Commission. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1876/
FCC Record, Volume 07, No. 09, Pages 2468 to 2843, April 20-May 1, 1992
Biweekly, comprehensive compilation of decisions, reports, public notices, and other documents of the U.S. Federal Communications Commission. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1875/
FCC Record, Volume 07, No. 10, Pages 2844 to 3097, May 4-May 15, 1992
Biweekly, comprehensive compilation of decisions, reports, public notices, and other documents of the U.S. Federal Communications Commission. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1874/
FCC Record, Volume 07, No. 11, Pages 3098 to 3372, May 18-May 29, 1992
Biweekly, comprehensive compilation of decisions, reports, public notices, and other documents of the U.S. Federal Communications Commission. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1873/
FCC Record, Volume 07, No. 12, Pages 3373 to 3754, June 1-June 12, 1992
Biweekly, comprehensive compilation of decisions, reports, public notices, and other documents of the U.S. Federal Communications Commission. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1872/
FCC Record, Volume 07, No. 13, Pages 3755 to 4131, June 15-June 26, 1992
Biweekly, comprehensive compilation of decisions, reports, public notices, and other documents of the U.S. Federal Communications Commission. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1871/
FCC Record, Volume 07, No. 14, Pages 4132 to 4397, June 29-July 10, 1992
Biweekly, comprehensive compilation of decisions, reports, public notices, and other documents of the U.S. Federal Communications Commission. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1870/
FCC Record, Volume 07, No. 15, Pages 4398 to 4833, July 13-July 24, 1992
Biweekly, comprehensive compilation of decisions, reports, public notices, and other documents of the U.S. Federal Communications Commission. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1869/
FCC Record, Volume 07, No. 16, Pages 4834 to 5068, July 27-August 7, 1992
Biweekly, comprehensive compilation of decisions, reports, public notices, and other documents of the U.S. Federal Communications Commission. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1868/
FCC Record, Volume 07, No. 17, Pages 5069 to 5438, August 10-August 21, 1992
Biweekly, comprehensive compilation of decisions, reports, public notices, and other documents of the U.S. Federal Communications Commission. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1867/
FCC Record, Volume 07, No. 18, Pages 5439 to 589, August 24-September 4, 1992
Biweekly, comprehensive compilation of decisions, reports, public notices, and other documents of the U.S. Federal Communications Commission. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1866/
Federal and Private Roles in the Development and Provision of Alglucerase Therapy for Gaucher Disease
This background paper describes the development of alglucerase, illustrates the role that both the Federal Government and private sector can have in making new therapies available for orphan diseases, and lays out some of the tradeoffs that can exist between developing new medical technologies and controlling health care costs. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc39697/
Federal statutory preemption of state and local authority : history, inventory, and issues
The ACIR Library is composed of publications that study the interactions between different levels of government. This document addresses federal statutory preemption of state and local authority. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1433/
Finding a Balance: Computer Software, Intellectual Property and the Challenge of Technological Change
The report identifies three policy issues: 1) the appropriate scope of copyright protection for computer software; 2) patent protection for software-related inventions and algorithms, and how the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office will handle these types of applications; and 3) complications facing libraries and commercial and private producers and users of digital information, including computer-based mixed media products. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc40014/
Finding a balance: computer software, intellectual property and the challenge of technological change
This report identifies three policy issues; 1) the appropriate scope of copyright protection for computer software; 2) patent protection for software-related inventions and algorithms, and how the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office will handle these types of applications; and 3) complications facing librar4ies and commercial and private producers and users of digital information, including computer-based mixed media products. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc97331/
Forest Service Planning: Accommodating Uses, Producing Outputs, and Sustaining Ecosystems
This report on forest planning evaluates technological, biological, social, economic, and organizational dimensions of national forest planning. It discusses the agency’s planning technologies, the appeals and litigation processes, and the relationship between national planning under Rangeland Renewable Resources Planning Act (RPA) and forest-level planning under National Forest Management Act (NFMA). digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc40015/
Fueling Development: Energy Technologies for Developing Countries
This report examines the delivery of energy services in developing countries and how the United States can help to improve these energy services while minimizing environmental impacts, OTA examines the technologies and policies that will enable more efficient use of energy and the most promising new sources of energy supply. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc40016/
Fueling development: energy technologies for developing countries: summary
This report discusses the issues surrounding energy efficiency in developing countries. Explores the way in which developing countries meet their energy needs, and how that affects the political stability and broad-based economic growth. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc97332/
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