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  Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
 Decade: 1940-1949
 Year: 1940
 Month: July
Apple growing east of the Mississippi River.

Apple growing east of the Mississippi River.

Date: July 1940
Creator: Gould, H. P.
Description: Describes the various factors that should be taken into consideration when developing and maintaining apple orchards, including: types of soil, climate conditions, the selecting and handling of young trees, the use of fertilizers, methods of pruning and spraying, and methods of repelling pests.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Correlation of knocking characteristics of fuels in an engine having a hemispherical combustion chamber

Correlation of knocking characteristics of fuels in an engine having a hemispherical combustion chamber

Date: July 1, 1940
Creator: Rothrock, A M & Biermann, Arnold E
Description: Data are presented to show the effects of inlet-air pressure, inlet-air temperature, and compression ratio on the maximum permissible performance obtained with having a hemispherical-dome combustion chamber. The five aircraft-engine fuels used have octane numbers varying from 90 to 100 plus 2 ml of tetraethyl lead per gallon. The data were obtained on a 5 1/4-inch by 4 3/4-inch liquid-cooled engine operating at 2,500 r.p.m. The compression ratio was varied from 6.0 to 8.9. The inlet-air temperature was varied from 110 to 310 F. For each set of conditions, the inlet-air pressure was increased until audible knock occurred and then reduced 2 inches of mercury before data were recorded. The results for each fuel can be correlated by plotting the calculated end-gas density factor against the calculated end-gas temperature. Measurements of spark-plugs, cutting off the switch to one spark plug lowered the electrode temperature of that plug from a value of 1,365 F to a value of 957 F. The results indicate that the surface temperatures of combustion-chamber areas which become new sources of ignition markedly increase after ignition.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The effects of engine speed and mixture temperature on the knocking characteristics of several fuels

The effects of engine speed and mixture temperature on the knocking characteristics of several fuels

Date: July 1, 1940
Creator: Lee, Dana W
Description: Six 100-octane and two 87-octane aviation engine fuels were tested in a modified C.F.R. variable-compression engine at 1,500, 2,000 and 2,500 rpm. The mixture temperature was raised from 50 to 300 F in approximately 50 degree steps and, at each temperature, the compression ratio was adjusted to give incipient knock as shown by a cathode ray indicator. The results are presented in tabular form. The results are analyzed on the assumption that the conditions which determine whether a given fuel will knock are the maximum values of density and temperature reached by the burning gases. A maximum permissible density factor, proportional to the maximum density of the burning gases just prior to incipient knock, and the temperature of the burning gases at that time were computed for each of the test conditions. Values of the density factors were plotted against the corresponding end-gas temperatures for the three engine speeds and also against engine speed for several and end-gas temperatures. The maximum permissible density factor varied only slightly with engine speed but decreased rapidly with an increase in the end-gas temperature. The effect of changing the mixture temperature was different for fuels of different types. The results emphasize the desirability of ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Experimental investigation to determine the relative magnitude of vertical and horizontal gusts in the atmosphere

Experimental investigation to determine the relative magnitude of vertical and horizontal gusts in the atmosphere

Date: July 1, 1940
Creator: Donely, Philip
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Experimental results with airfoils tested in the high-speed tunnel at Guidonia

Experimental results with airfoils tested in the high-speed tunnel at Guidonia

Date: July 1, 1940
Creator: Ferri, Antonio
Description: The results are presented of a triple series of tests using force measurements, pressure-distribution measurements, and air flow photographs on airfoil sections suitably selected so that comparison could be made between the experimental and theoretical results. The comparison with existing theory is followed by a discussion of the divergences found, and an attempt is made to find their explanation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Experiments on ball and roller bearings under conditions of high speed and small oil supply

Experiments on ball and roller bearings under conditions of high speed and small oil supply

Date: July 1, 1940
Creator: Getzlaff, Gunter
Description: This report describes a testing machine on which 35 millimeter bearings (bore) can be run at speeds of the order of 21,000 rpm, while the following factors are recorded: 1) oil circulation through bearing and oil temperature. 2) maximum temperature of outer bearing ring, 3) radial and axial load on bearing, 4) radial, axial, and angular clearance of bearing, 5) power consumption of bearing. The experiments show that the lubrication was most reliable and oil consumption lowest when the oil was introduced through a hole in the outer or inner ring of the bearing.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Heat transfer tests of a steel cylinder barrel with aluminum fins with improved bonding between steel barrel and aluminum base

Heat transfer tests of a steel cylinder barrel with aluminum fins with improved bonding between steel barrel and aluminum base

Date: July 1, 1940
Creator: Ellerbrock, Herman H , Jr
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
New equipment for testing the fatigue strength of riveted and welded joints

New equipment for testing the fatigue strength of riveted and welded joints

Date: July 1, 1940
Creator: Muller, W
Description: The mechanical and electrical construction of a new experimental instrument for fatigue testing riveted and welded joints is described. This experimental device has the advantage of being able to stress, even with comparatively low magnetic exciter force, structural components in alternate bending by resonance vibrations up to incipient fatigue failure.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ordnance maintenance : 3-inch antiaircraft gun matériel, M2A2, M2A1, M1A2, M1A1, T1A2, and T1A1

Ordnance maintenance : 3-inch antiaircraft gun matériel, M2A2, M2A1, M1A2, M1A1, T1A2, and T1A1

Date: July 25, 1940
Creator: United States. War Department.
Description: Provides instructions for inspection, disassembly and assembly, and maintenance and repair of 3-inch antiaircraft gun matériel, including the use of special repair tools.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Preparing wool for market.

Preparing wool for market.

Date: July 1940
Creator: Buck, Warner M. (Warner Mays), 1892-
Description: Provides instructions for shearing a sheep and preparing the wool for market.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Production of peppers

Production of peppers

Date: July 1940
Creator: Beattie, James H. (James Herbert), b. 1882; Doolittle, S. P. (Sears Polydore), 1890-1961; Beattie, W. R. (William Renwick), b. 1870 & Magruder, Roy, 1900-
Description: Describes the characteristics of peppers, lists the different varieties, and the steps necessary to successfully produce quality peppers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Requirements for unit fuel-injection systems

Requirements for unit fuel-injection systems

Date: July 1, 1940
Creator: Marsh, Edred T
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Spin tests of a low-lying monoplane in flight and in the free-spinning wind tunnel

Spin tests of a low-lying monoplane in flight and in the free-spinning wind tunnel

Date: July 1, 1940
Creator: Seidman, Oscar & Mcavoy, William H
Description: Comparative full-scale and model spin tests were made with a low-lying monoplane in order to extend the available information as to the utility of the free-spinning wind tunnel as an aid in predicting full-scale spin characteristics. For a given control disposition the model indicated steeper spins than were actually obtained with the airplane, the difference being most pronounced for spins with elevators up. Recovery characteristics for the model, on the whole, agreed with those for the airplane, but a disagreement was noted for the case of recovery with elevators held full up. Free-spinning wind-tunnel tests are a useful aid in estimating spin characteristics of airplanes, but it must be appreciated that model results can give only general indications of full-scale behavior.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A study of the air movement in two aircraft-engine cylinders

A study of the air movement in two aircraft-engine cylinders

Date: July 1, 1940
Creator: Lee, Dana W
Description: Studies were made of the air movements in the NACA glass-cylinder apparatus using cylinder heads similar to those on the Wright R-1820-G engine and the Pratt & Whitney Wasp engine as modified by the Eclipse Aviation Corporation to use fuel-injection equipment. The air movements were made visible by mixing small feathers with the air; high-speed motion pictures were than taken of the feathers as they swirled about the inside the glass cylinder. The test engine speeds were 350, 500, and 1,000 r.p.m. Motion pictures were also taken of gasoline sprays injected into the cylinder during the intake stroke. The air flow produced by each cylinder head is described and some results of the velocity measurements of feathers are presented. The apparent time intervals required for vaporization of the gasoline sprays are also given.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. graded and stamped meat.

U.S. graded and stamped meat.

Date: July 1940
Creator: United States. Agricultural Marketing Service.
Description: Describes the official grades for beef, lamb and mutton, and veal and calf. Provides charts of meat cuts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department