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The European Parliament

The European Parliament

Date: July 22, 2009
Creator: Archick, Kristin & Mix, Derek E.
Description: The European Parliament (EP) is one of the three key institutions of the European Union (EU), and the only EU institution whose members are directly elected. This report discusses the construction and history of the EP, its role in functions of the EU as well as internationally, various international supports and criticisms of the EP, and the EP's ties with the U.S. Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The European Parliament

The European Parliament

Date: July 3, 2008
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: The 785-member, directly elected European Parliament (EP) is a key institution of the 27-member European Union (EU). Once limited to being a consultative assembly, the EP has accumulated more power over time. Currently, it plays a role in the EU's legislative and budgeting processes, and exercises general supervision over other EU bodies. Ties between the EP and the U.S. Congress are long-standing, and EPCongressional exchanges are expected to continue in the second session of the 110th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The European Union's Reform Process: The Lisbon Treaty

The European Union's Reform Process: The Lisbon Treaty

Date: July 3, 2008
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: In December 2007, leaders of the European Union (EU) signed the Lisbon Treaty, which seeks to reform the EU's governing institutions and decisionmaking processes to enable a larger EU to operate more effectively. This new treaty represents the latest stage in a reform process begun in 2002 and essentially replaces the proposed EU "constitution" that foundered after French and Dutch voters rejected it in referendums in 2005. In June 2008, Irish voters rejected the Lisbon Treaty, and have thrown its future into doubt. This report provides background information on EU reform efforts and possible implications for U.S.-EU relations that may be of interest in the second session of the 110th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
European Union Englargement

European Union Englargement

Date: July 3, 2008
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: The European Union (EU) views the enlargement process as a historic opportunity to promote stability and prosperity in Europe. Although the EU maintains that the enlargement door remains open, "enlargement fatigue" has become a serious issue in Europe and some experts believe that EU enlargement may be reaching its limits. The status of EU enlargement is one of many transatlantic issues likely to be of interest to the second session of the 110th Congress. This report lists the various nations admitted to the European Union within the past several years and analyzes the enlargement issue in general.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The European Union: Questions and Answers

The European Union: Questions and Answers

Date: July 3, 2008
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: This report describes the European Union (EU), its evolution, governing institutions, trade policy, and efforts to forge common foreign and defense policies. The report also addresses the EU-U.S. and EU-NATO relationships, which may be of interest to the second session of the 110th Congress. It will be updated as events warrant. For more information, see CRS Report RS21344, European Union Enlargement, by Kristin Archick, and CRS Report RL34381, European Union-U.S. Trade and Investment Relations: Key Issues, coordinated by Raymond Ahearn.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Climate Change: The European Union's Emissions Trading System (EU-ETS)

Climate Change: The European Union's Emissions Trading System (EU-ETS)

Date: July 31, 2006
Creator: Parker, Larry
Description: The European Union’s (EU’s) Emissions Trading System (ETS) is a cornerstone of the EU’s efforts to meet its obligation under the Kyoto Protocol. It covers more than 11,500 energy intensive facilities across the 25 EU member countries, including oil refineries, power plants over 20 megawatts (MW) in capacity, coke ovens, and iron and steel plants, along with cement, glass, lime, brick, ceramics, and pulp and paper installations. Covered entities emit about 45% of the EU’s carbon dioxide emissions. The trading program does not cover emissions of non-CO2 greenhouse gases, which account for about 20% of the EU’s total greenhouse gas emissions. A final consideration for the ETS is its suitability for directing long-term investment toward a low-carbon future — the ultimate goal of any climate change program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Newsmap for the Armed Forces : Operation Crossroads

Newsmap for the Armed Forces : Operation Crossroads

Date: February 4, 1946
Creator: [United States.] Army Information Branch
Description: Front: The text and illustrations highlight the issues in the atomic age, that humanity was perhaps at its most fateful crossroads. Photographs: Labor, industry sign wage agreements -- Radar reaches the Moon -- Pacific rendezvous -- Felix Gouin leads France -- Hans goes to the polls. Back: Highlights of 45 years (1901 - 1945) service of the Army Nurse Corps. Includes three photographs: U.S. nurses in Britain in 1918 -- Nurses in evacuation hospital, Sicily, 1943 -- Anzio : first nurses to receive Silver Star.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 293rd week of the war, 175th week of U.S. participation

Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 293rd week of the war, 175th week of U.S. participation

Date: April 23, 1945
Creator: [United States.] Army Service Forces. Army Information Branch
Description: Front: Maps: Okinawa Battle rages; Vienna taken; Europe; Germany; Italian offensive; Insets: Okinawa. Back: WAC: 3rd anniversary. Includes 8 photographs along with text descriptions and one cartoon by Sgt. Herblock.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 249th week of the war, 131st week of U.S. participation

Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 249th week of the war, 131st week of U.S. participation

Date: June 19, 1944
Creator: [United States.] Army Service Forces. Army Information Branch
Description: Front: Text highlights action on various war fronts: France ; Italy ; Pacific ; Eastern Front ; Balkans. Inset maps: The advance beyond Rome ; Europe ; The Normandy coast ; China. Photographs: American assault troops move ashore in northern France ; Canadians with bicycles disembark from an infantry landing craft. Back: Map of Germany and adjacent areas shows railroads, superhighways, rivers, and mountains.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 248th week of the war, 130th week of U.S. participation

Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 248th week of the war, 130th week of U.S. participation

Date: June 12, 1944
Creator: [United States.] Army Service Forces. Army Information Branch
Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: France, Eastern front, Italy, Pacific, China, Southeast Asia. Maps: Schouten Islands; Channel Coast; Italy. Back: "The battle-line is where the Infantry is"... Large photograph of infantryman with text describing the importance of the infantry.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department