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  Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
 Resource Type: Report
 Serial/Series Title: Background paper
Hazards Ahead: Managing Cleanup Worker Health and Safety at the Nuclear Weapons Complex

Hazards Ahead: Managing Cleanup Worker Health and Safety at the Nuclear Weapons Complex

Date: February 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This paper concludes that, thus far, Department of Energy has (DOE) and its contractors have devoted little attention to cleanup worker health and safety. They have not convinced workers and managers that a “new culture” of accountability in environment, safety, and health is truly ascendent.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Health Care Technology and Its Assessment in Eight Countries

Health Care Technology and Its Assessment in Eight Countries

Date: February 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This paper discusses the experiences of Australia, Canada, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Sweden, and the United Kingdom—technology assessment with six technologies (or sets of technologies) including evaluation and management efforts and how the technologies diffused— are presented and compared.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
High Performance Computing and Networking for Science

High Performance Computing and Networking for Science

Date: September 1989
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper explores key issues concerning the Federal role in supporting national high performance computing facilities and in developing a national research and education network.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hip Fracture Outcomes in People Age 50 and Over

Hip Fracture Outcomes in People Age 50 and Over

Date: September 1994
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper is one of four documents resulting from OTA’s study of policy issues in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A History of the Department of Defense Federally Funded Research and Development Centers

A History of the Department of Defense Federally Funded Research and Development Centers

Date: June 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: The focus of this paper is the history of Department of Defense (DoD) Federally Funded Research and Development Centers (FFRDCs) over the past 50 years, which forms part of the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) study of defense modeling and simulation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hospital Financing in Seven Countries

Hospital Financing in Seven Countries

Date: May 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report discusses a seven-country study of hospital financing is an attempt to find lessons for the United States. The individual experiences over the past decade of the United States and six of its international peers—Canada, England, France, Germany, the Netherlands, and Sweden—in hospital financing and payment systems are reviewed by experts in each country.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Identifying and Controlling Immunotoxic Substances

Identifying and Controlling Immunotoxic Substances

Date: April 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper, which describes the state-of the- art of identifying substances that can harm the immune system, represents one response to the committee’s request. Chapter 2 provides basic information about the principal components of the immune system and the general consequences that stem from perturbations to it. Chapter 3 describes methods for evaluating chemical immunotoxicity and reports on some known or suspected immunotoxicants. Chapter 4 summarizes Federal research and regulatory activities related to immunotoxicity.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Identifying and Controlling Pulmonary Toxicants

Identifying and Controlling Pulmonary Toxicants

Date: June 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This Background Paper examines whether the agencies responsible for administering Federal environmental and health and safety laws have taken this concern for respiratory health to heart. This paper provides a partial response to the committees’ request for an assessment of noncancer health risks in the environment and follows OTA’s previous work on carcinogenic, neurotoxic, and immunotoxic substances.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Impact of Legal Reforms on Medical Malpractice Costs

Impact of Legal Reforms on Medical Malpractice Costs

Date: September 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report discusses the indirect cost of medical malpractice, commonly referred to as “defensive medicine,” that may add to overall health care costs. The cost of defensive medicine remains unknown and is subject to much speculation because there are no sound empirical data.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Improving the Prospects for Future International Peace Operations: Workshop Proceedings

Improving the Prospects for Future International Peace Operations: Workshop Proceedings

Date: September 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: In June 1995, OTA convened a workshop that brought together some of the world’s leading practitioners, academic experts, experienced diplomats, and leading technologists in order to study and discuss this issue. This report contains a summary of the results of the workshop, along with the original papers presented.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Comparisons of Administrative Costs in Health Care

International Comparisons of Administrative Costs in Health Care

Date: September 1994
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This paper examines what is known about administrative costs in the health care systems of the United States and several other countries. In addition to exploring the types of activities that constitute health care administration, it reviews studies that measure and compare these activities in different countries, and it explores the potential usefulness of such comparisons.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Health Statistics: What the Numbers Mean for the United States

International Health Statistics: What the Numbers Mean for the United States

Date: September 1994
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This paper reviews how the United States compares with other developed countries on available health status measures, evaluates the validity of the data used to make such comparisons, and describes how international comparisons might be interpreted in the context of health care reform.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Issues in Medical Waste Management

Issues in Medical Waste Management

Date: October 1988
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: The paper examines the adequacy of current medical waste disposal practices and the potential for human health impacts to occur as a result of such practices. It also addresses the need for additional research and databases, and discusses probable trends in future costs and capacity as new regulations are adopted around the country. Finally, the paper considers the possible need for further Federal involvement in regulating the handling, treatment, storage, and disposal of medical wastes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Lessons in Restructuring Defense Industry: The French Experience

Lessons in Restructuring Defense Industry: The French Experience

Date: June 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper first describes the structure and management of the French defense-industrial base and then reviews a variety of strategies the French Government and industry are pursuing to rationalize the base, while preserving key technological assets and strengthening the competitive position of French defense contractors in world markets.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Long-Lived Legacy: Managing High-Level and Transuranic Waste at the DOE Nuclear Weapons Complex

Long-Lived Legacy: Managing High-Level and Transuranic Waste at the DOE Nuclear Weapons Complex

Date: May 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report describes, documents, and analyzes available data about two key waste management problems at the Department of Energy Weapons Complex—those of high-level radioactive waste and transuranic waste. The paper is organized in two chapters—” Chapter 1: Managing High Level Waste’ and ‘Chapter 2: Managing Transuranic Waste. ” Each chapter contains a summary overview followed by a discussion and analysis of important areas in the waste management problem that the DOE faces at present and in its future operations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Lower Tiers of the Space Transportation Industrial Base

The Lower Tiers of the Space Transportation Industrial Base

Date: August 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper was prompted by a workshop held at OTA in early March 1995, at which a small group, representing a broad cross-section of lower-tier firms, discussed their views of the space transportation industry.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Managing Industrial Solid Wastes From Manufacturing, Mining, Oil and Gas Production, and Utility Coal Combustion

Managing Industrial Solid Wastes From Manufacturing, Mining, Oil and Gas Production, and Utility Coal Combustion

Date: March 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper examines wastes generated by industrial activities that play a dominant role in our national economy-oil and gas production, mining and mineral processing, coal combustion, and manufacturing. In previous reports on municipal solid waste and medical waste, OTA examined other solid wastes not classified as hazardous.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medical Monitoring and Screening in the Workplace: Results of a Survey

Medical Monitoring and Screening in the Workplace: Results of a Survey

Date: September 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This OTA Background Paper presents the results of a survey of 1,500 U.S. companies, the 50 largest utilities, and the largest unions. The survey was designed to obtain information about the types of medical monitoring and screening done in the United States and the extent of their use. OTA finds that virtually all large U.S. employers use some of these tests.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Menopause, Hormone Therapy, and Women's Health

The Menopause, Hormone Therapy, and Women's Health

Date: May 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper describes what is known about the natural progression of the menopause and its effect on women’s health, hormone treatment and prescribing practices, alternative approaches, and research needs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mental Disorders and Genetics: Bridging the Gap Between Research and Society

Mental Disorders and Genetics: Bridging the Gap Between Research and Society

Date: September 1994
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: The report reviews data concerning the contribution of genetic factors to several severe mental disorders; described methodologies used in the studies, and broached several policy issues relevant to this area of research.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
New Opportunities for U.S. Universities in Development Assistance: Agriculture, Natural Resources, and Environment

New Opportunities for U.S. Universities in Development Assistance: Agriculture, Natural Resources, and Environment

Date: September 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper discusses the legacy of 40 years of U.S. university/AID collaboration, and examines new opportunities for U.S. university participation in development assistance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nonferrous Metals: Industry Structure

Nonferrous Metals: Industry Structure

Date: September 1990
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report profiles the structures of four domestic nonferrous metals industries (copper, aluminurn, lead, and zinc) and the changes they have undergone since 1980. The study also outlines the U.S. position in the world markets.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Orbiting Debris: A Space Environmental Problem

Orbiting Debris: A Space Environmental Problem

Date: October 1990
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper, OTA sought the contributions of abroad spectrum of knowledgeable individuals and organizations. Some provided information, others reviewed drafts. OTA gratefully acknowledges their contributions of time and intellectual effort. As with all OTA studies, the content of this background paper is the sole responsibility of the Office of Technology Assessment and does not necessarily represent the views of our advisors or reviewers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Other Approaches to Civil-Military Integration: The Chinese and Japanese Arms Industries

Other Approaches to Civil-Military Integration: The Chinese and Japanese Arms Industries

Date: March 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: The paper is divided into two sections, one on the PRC and one on Japan. Each section describes the structure and management of the respective defense industrial base and then compares it with its U.S. counterpart. The paper then assesses the degree to which lessons from the PRC and Japanese cases can be applied to the U.S. defense technology and industrial base (DTIB).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department