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  Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
 Resource Type: Report
 Serial/Series Title: Background paper
Identifying and Controlling Pulmonary Toxicants

Identifying and Controlling Pulmonary Toxicants

Date: June 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This Background Paper examines whether the agencies responsible for administering Federal environmental and health and safety laws have taken this concern for respiratory health to heart. This paper provides a partial response to the committees’ request for an assessment of noncancer health risks in the environment and follows OTA’s previous work on carcinogenic, neurotoxic, and immunotoxic substances.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Managing Industrial Solid Wastes From Manufacturing, Mining, Oil and Gas Production, and Utility Coal Combustion

Managing Industrial Solid Wastes From Manufacturing, Mining, Oil and Gas Production, and Utility Coal Combustion

Date: March 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper examines wastes generated by industrial activities that play a dominant role in our national economy-oil and gas production, mining and mineral processing, coal combustion, and manufacturing. In previous reports on municipal solid waste and medical waste, OTA examined other solid wastes not classified as hazardous.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Lessons in Restructuring Defense Industry: The French Experience

Lessons in Restructuring Defense Industry: The French Experience

Date: June 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper first describes the structure and management of the French defense-industrial base and then reviews a variety of strategies the French Government and industry are pursuing to rationalize the base, while preserving key technological assets and strengthening the competitive position of French defense contractors in world markets.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hazards Ahead: Managing Cleanup Worker Health and Safety at the Nuclear Weapons Complex

Hazards Ahead: Managing Cleanup Worker Health and Safety at the Nuclear Weapons Complex

Date: February 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This paper concludes that, thus far, Department of Energy has (DOE) and its contractors have devoted little attention to cleanup worker health and safety. They have not convinced workers and managers that a “new culture” of accountability in environment, safety, and health is truly ascendent.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Development Assistance, Export Promotion, and Environmental Technology

Development Assistance, Export Promotion, and Environmental Technology

Date: August 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper provides an overview of developing country environmental problems and markets for environmental technologies and services. It discusses preliminary estimates on the amount and purposes of environmental aid provided by donor countries in 1991. The paper discusses the commercial implications of other countries’ aid for U.S. environmental firms, and the Helsinki package adopted by the OECD in late 1991 to limit commercial advantage from use of tied aid credits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Impact of Legal Reforms on Medical Malpractice Costs

Impact of Legal Reforms on Medical Malpractice Costs

Date: September 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report discusses the indirect cost of medical malpractice, commonly referred to as “defensive medicine,” that may add to overall health care costs. The cost of defensive medicine remains unknown and is subject to much speculation because there are no sound empirical data.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Long-Lived Legacy: Managing High-Level and Transuranic Waste at the DOE Nuclear Weapons Complex

Long-Lived Legacy: Managing High-Level and Transuranic Waste at the DOE Nuclear Weapons Complex

Date: May 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report describes, documents, and analyzes available data about two key waste management problems at the Department of Energy Weapons Complex—those of high-level radioactive waste and transuranic waste. The paper is organized in two chapters—” Chapter 1: Managing High Level Waste’ and ‘Chapter 2: Managing Transuranic Waste. ” Each chapter contains a summary overview followed by a discussion and analysis of important areas in the waste management problem that the DOE faces at present and in its future operations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Identifying and Controlling Immunotoxic Substances

Identifying and Controlling Immunotoxic Substances

Date: April 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper, which describes the state-of the- art of identifying substances that can harm the immune system, represents one response to the committee’s request. Chapter 2 provides basic information about the principal components of the immune system and the general consequences that stem from perturbations to it. Chapter 3 describes methods for evaluating chemical immunotoxicity and reports on some known or suspected immunotoxicants. Chapter 4 summarizes Federal research and regulatory activities related to immunotoxicity.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Technologies for Reducing Dioxin in the Manufacture of Bleached Wood Pulp

Technologies for Reducing Dioxin in the Manufacture of Bleached Wood Pulp

Date: May 1989
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: As analytical technology improves, we are discovering dioxins associated with many products commonly found in the home and workplace. This report provides an assessment of these technologies; it does not address the policy issues related to regulating dioxin in paper products and controlling environmental release.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
New Opportunities for U.S. Universities in Development Assistance: Agriculture, Natural Resources, and Environment

New Opportunities for U.S. Universities in Development Assistance: Agriculture, Natural Resources, and Environment

Date: September 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper discusses the legacy of 40 years of U.S. university/AID collaboration, and examines new opportunities for U.S. university participation in development assistance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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