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  Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
 Resource Type: Report
 Serial/Series Title: Background paper
The Menopause, Hormone Therapy, and Women's Health

The Menopause, Hormone Therapy, and Women's Health

Date: May 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper describes what is known about the natural progression of the menopause and its effect on women’s health, hormone treatment and prescribing practices, alternative approaches, and research needs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Impact of Legal Reforms on Medical Malpractice Costs

Impact of Legal Reforms on Medical Malpractice Costs

Date: September 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report discusses the indirect cost of medical malpractice, commonly referred to as “defensive medicine,” that may add to overall health care costs. The cost of defensive medicine remains unknown and is subject to much speculation because there are no sound empirical data.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
New Opportunities for U.S. Universities in Development Assistance: Agriculture, Natural Resources, and Environment

New Opportunities for U.S. Universities in Development Assistance: Agriculture, Natural Resources, and Environment

Date: September 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper discusses the legacy of 40 years of U.S. university/AID collaboration, and examines new opportunities for U.S. university participation in development assistance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Hazards Ahead: Managing Cleanup Worker Health and Safety at the Nuclear Weapons Complex

Hazards Ahead: Managing Cleanup Worker Health and Safety at the Nuclear Weapons Complex

Date: February 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This paper concludes that, thus far, Department of Energy has (DOE) and its contractors have devoted little attention to cleanup worker health and safety. They have not convinced workers and managers that a “new culture” of accountability in environment, safety, and health is truly ascendent.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medical Monitoring and Screening in the Workplace: Results of a Survey

Medical Monitoring and Screening in the Workplace: Results of a Survey

Date: September 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This OTA Background Paper presents the results of a survey of 1,500 U.S. companies, the 50 largest utilities, and the largest unions. The survey was designed to obtain information about the types of medical monitoring and screening done in the United States and the extent of their use. OTA finds that virtually all large U.S. employers use some of these tests.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Biomedical Ethics in U.S. Public Policy

Biomedical Ethics in U.S. Public Policy

Date: June 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report reviews the history of four Federal bioethics initiatives: the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research, the Ethics Advisory Board, the President’s Commission for the Study of Ethical Problems in Medicine and Biomedical and Behavioral Research, and the Biomedical Ethics Advisory Committee.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Biopolymers: Making Materials Nature's Way

Biopolymers: Making Materials Nature's Way

Date: September 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report discusses a study that provides a basic introduction to biopolymer technology; profiles some of the more promising polymer materials; reviews research activities in the United States, Europe, and Japan; and describes the principal technical challenges and regulatory issues that may affect biopolymer commercialization efforts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Benefit Design in Health Care Reform: Patient Cost-Sharing

Benefit Design in Health Care Reform: Patient Cost-Sharing

Date: September 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This paper examines the health services and economics literature to learn what is known about the effects of patient cost-sharing (that is, annual deductibles, coinsurance, copayments, and out-of-pocket maximurns) on patients’ use of health care services, on plan expenditures, and on patients’ health outcomes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Big Picture: HDTV and High-Resolution Systems

The Big Picture: HDTV and High-Resolution Systems

Date: June 1990
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: A report on High Definition Television (HDTV. During 1989, HDTV moved from obscurity to center stage in the ongoing debate over the role of the Federal Government in U.S. industrial competitiveness. HDTV and related High-Resolution System (HRS) technologies in the computer and communications sectors may significantly impact U.S. electronics manufacturing, accelerate fundamental restructuring of the U.S. communications infrastructure, and provide a host of valuable services.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Biological Components of Substance Abuse and Addiction

Biological Components of Substance Abuse and Addiction

Date: September 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This paper describes biological contributing factors to substance abuse and addiction. The second document being produced by this study will discuss the complex interactions of biochemical, physiological, psychological, and sociological factors leading to substance abuse and addiction.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Using Desalination Technologies for Water Treatment

Using Desalination Technologies for Water Treatment

Date: March 1988
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This study provides a technical assessment of traditional desalination techniques that can be used for water treatment. These techniques include distillation, as well as more recently developed membrane processes. As part of this effort OTA held a one-day workshop on July 29, 1987, with desalination and water treatment experts to review the initial draft of this background paper and to discuss other areas of interest. The conclusions of these discussions are included in this background report.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Adolescent Health Insurance Status: Analyses of Trends in Coverage and Preliminary Estimates of the Effects of an Employer Mandate and Medicaid Expansion on the Uninsured

Adolescent Health Insurance Status: Analyses of Trends in Coverage and Preliminary Estimates of the Effects of an Employer Mandate and Medicaid Expansion on the Uninsured

Date: June 1989
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report examines the health insurance status of adolescents (10 to 18 years of age) based on census data. It considers the reasons that some adolescents are insured and others are not, changes in the number of uninsured adolescents over time, and the effects of various approaches to ensure that more adolescents have insurance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 1992 World Administrative Radio Conference: Issues for U.S. International Spectrum Policy

The 1992 World Administrative Radio Conference: Issues for U.S. International Spectrum Policy

Date: November 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report examines the U.S. preparations process for WARC-92, highlighting efforts to integrate the needs and concerns of various interest groups. It also reviews the forces and trends affecting the United States as it approaches WARC-92, and is intended to inform future congressional oversight of the domestic and international radio communication policy process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Testing and Assessment in Vocational Education

Testing and Assessment in Vocational Education

Date: March 1994
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: The paper has six major purposes, in order to analyze the uses of tests used in vocational programs, particularly those designed to measure broad technical skills, identify trends in vocational assessment, and identify policy issues relevant to improving test development and quality.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade and Environment: Conflicts and Opportunities

Trade and Environment: Conflicts and Opportunities

Date: May 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper describes what appears to be an enlarging potential for conflict between the two, as reflected in disputes about the trade impacts of environmental laws and about the environmental impacts arising from efforts to liberalize trade and investment. The paper explores some trade and environment questions, especially from the context of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, which provides a framework of rules governing most of the world’s trade.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Banks and International Telecommunications

U.S. Banks and International Telecommunications

Date: October 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper on U.S. banks is one of several case studies prepared as part of a huger assessment of International Telecommunications Networks and U.S.-European Trade in Services.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Identifying and Controlling Immunotoxic Substances

Identifying and Controlling Immunotoxic Substances

Date: April 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper, which describes the state-of the- art of identifying substances that can harm the immune system, represents one response to the committee’s request. Chapter 2 provides basic information about the principal components of the immune system and the general consequences that stem from perturbations to it. Chapter 3 describes methods for evaluating chemical immunotoxicity and reports on some known or suspected immunotoxicants. Chapter 4 summarizes Federal research and regulatory activities related to immunotoxicity.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Identifying and Controlling Pulmonary Toxicants

Identifying and Controlling Pulmonary Toxicants

Date: June 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This Background Paper examines whether the agencies responsible for administering Federal environmental and health and safety laws have taken this concern for respiratory health to heart. This paper provides a partial response to the committees’ request for an assessment of noncancer health risks in the environment and follows OTA’s previous work on carcinogenic, neurotoxic, and immunotoxic substances.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nonferrous Metals: Industry Structure

Nonferrous Metals: Industry Structure

Date: September 1990
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report profiles the structures of four domestic nonferrous metals industries (copper, aluminurn, lead, and zinc) and the changes they have undergone since 1980. The study also outlines the U.S. position in the world markets.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Orbiting Debris: A Space Environmental Problem

Orbiting Debris: A Space Environmental Problem

Date: October 1990
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper, OTA sought the contributions of abroad spectrum of knowledgeable individuals and organizations. Some provided information, others reviewed drafts. OTA gratefully acknowledges their contributions of time and intellectual effort. As with all OTA studies, the content of this background paper is the sole responsibility of the Office of Technology Assessment and does not necessarily represent the views of our advisors or reviewers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Genetic Counseling and Cystic Fibrosis Carrier Screening: Results of a Survey

Genetic Counseling and Cystic Fibrosis Carrier Screening: Results of a Survey

Date: October 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This paper presents results from a 1991 OTA survey of 431 genetic counselors and nurse geneticists. It was conducted to better understand the environment in which the average genetic counselor or nurse in genetics works, to describe the infrastructure and tools available to these professionals, to assess the state of practice in the provision of cystic fibrosis (CF) carrier screening, and to evaluate their attitudes regarding CF carrier screening.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Genetic Tests and Health Insurance: Results of a Survey

Genetic Tests and Health Insurance: Results of a Survey

Date: October 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper describes results from a 1991 OTA survey of U.S. health insurers’ attitudes toward genetic tests and genetic information— both how they currently view information from various sources (e.g., genetic tests, other medical tests, or family histories) in underwriting decisions and how they might reimburse consumers for genetic tests. It also reports data on the role health insurers expect genetic tests and genetic information will play in their business practices over the coming decade.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Development Assistance, Export Promotion, and Environmental Technology

Development Assistance, Export Promotion, and Environmental Technology

Date: August 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper provides an overview of developing country environmental problems and markets for environmental technologies and services. It discusses preliminary estimates on the amount and purposes of environmental aid provided by donor countries in 1991. The paper discusses the commercial implications of other countries’ aid for U.S. environmental firms, and the Helsinki package adopted by the OECD in late 1991 to limit commercial advantage from use of tied aid credits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Dioxin Treatment Technologies

Dioxin Treatment Technologies

Date: November 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This paper presents the status of national efforts to cleanup dioxin-contaminated sites and the technologies that have been used, proposed, and researched. It covers thermal and nonthermal treatment techniques as well as approaches such as stabilization and storage. It discusses the development of these technologies as well as advantages and disadvantages of their use.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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