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  Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
 Decade: 1990-1999
 Language: English
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The 1995 Farm Bill: Research, Education, and Extension Issues

The 1995 Farm Bill: Research, Education, and Extension Issues

Date: November 30, 1996
Creator: Rawson, Jean M.
Description: The House Agriculture Committee has proposed extending Title XVI of the 1990 farm act (P.L. 101-624) for two years. Currently, the title will expire at the end of 1995. The title includes funding authority for the U.s. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) in-house research programs, as well as federal support for cooperative research, higher education, extension programs in the States, and several research grant programs. This report discusses efforts underway to extend this title and reform future legislation. It also outlines federal spending in these areas.
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The 1995 Japan-U.S. Auto and Parts Trade Dispute: Terms of the Settlement and Implications

The 1995 Japan-U.S. Auto and Parts Trade Dispute: Terms of the Settlement and Implications

Date: August 9, 1995
Creator: Nanto, Dick K. & Bass, Gwenell L.
Description: On June 28, 1995, the United States and Japan reached a settlement in a long-running dispute over access to Japan's market for automobiles and parts. 100-percent tariffs by the United States on imports of luxury cars from Japan had been threatened under a Section 301 unfair trade practices case dealing with the aftermarket for autoparts in Japan. This report describes the dispute, the settlement, and questions and issues that still remain.
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The 1996 Farm Bill: Comparisons of Selected Provisions with Previous Law

The 1996 Farm Bill: Comparisons of Selected Provisions with Previous Law

Date: April 4, 1996
Creator: Food and Agriculture Section
Description: Final congressional approval was given to H.R. 2854, the Federal Agricultural Improvement and Reform (FAIR) Act, otherwise known as the "1996 farm bill," on March 28, 1996. President Clinton signed the bill into law on April 4, 1996 (P.L. 104-127). In tabular format, this CRS report lays out in descriptive, rather than legislative language, the major provisions of the new farm bill in contrast to preceding law.
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S. 2271: The Property Rights Implementation Act of 1998

S. 2271: The Property Rights Implementation Act of 1998

Date: July 10, 1998
Creator: unknown
Description: None
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The Abandoned Mine Land Fund: Grants Distribution and Issues

The Abandoned Mine Land Fund: Grants Distribution and Issues

Date: March 26, 1997
Creator: Bamberger, Robert L.
Description: The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA, P.L. 95-87), enacted in 1977, established reclamation standards for all coal surface mining operations, and for the surface effects of underground mining. It also established the Abandoned Mine Land (AML) program to promote the reclamation of sites mined and abandoned prior to the enactment of SMCRA. To finance reclamation of abandoned mine sites, the legislation established fees on coal production. These collections are divided into federal and state shares; subject to annual appropriation, AML funds are distributed annually to states with approved reclamation programs. This report describes the distribution of these funds and the various issues that arise from said distribution.
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Abortion Procedures

Abortion Procedures

Date: November 17, 1997
Creator: unknown
Description: None
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Abortion Procedures

Abortion Procedures

Date: November 17, 1997
Creator: Stith-Coleman, Irene
Description: The Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act of 1997, H.R. 1122 was vetoed by President Clinton on October 10, 1997. This legislation would have made it a federal crime, punishable by fine and/or incarceration, for a physician to perform a partial birth abortion unless it was necessary to save the life of a mother whose life is endangered by a physical disorder, illness, or injury. The partial-birth abortion legislation has stimulated a great deal of controversy. This report provides a brief overview of the abortion methods currently in use for which data have been published and some positions on the partial birth abortion legislation.
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Access to Medical Records Under Federal Law

Access to Medical Records Under Federal Law

Date: August 3, 1993
Creator: unknown
Description: None
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Accident Prevention under the Clean Air Act Section 112(r): Risk Management Planning by Propane Users and Internet Access to Worst-Case Accident Scenarios

Accident Prevention under the Clean Air Act Section 112(r): Risk Management Planning by Propane Users and Internet Access to Worst-Case Accident Scenarios

Date: June 10, 1999
Creator: Schierow, Linda-Jo
Description: This report briefly describes two issues associated with EPA implementation of risk management planning requirements in the Clean Air Act Section 112(r): whether dealers and distributors of propane and other flammable fuels should be covered by the law, and whether electronic access to off-site consequence analyses (OCA), and especially worst-case analyses, should be restricted to avoid misuse by terrorists or criminals. These issues are addressed by S. 880, as reported, and H.R. 1301 in the 106th Congress. The statutory requrrements and EPA implementation to date also are described. Covered facilities must submit risk management plans by June 21, 1999. This product will be updated when events warrant. For information on the status of legislation, see CRS Issue Brief lB10004, Clean Air Act Issues in the 106th Congress.
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Acoustic Thermometry of Ocean Climate: Marine Mammal Issues

Acoustic Thermometry of Ocean Climate: Marine Mammal Issues

Date: May 12, 1995
Creator: Buck, Eugene H.
Description: After global warming became a concern in the mid-1950s, researchers proposed measuring deep ocean temperatures to reveal any significant trends in core ocean warming. Acoustic thermometry can detect changes in ocean temperature by receiving low-frequency sounds transmitted across an ocean basin because the speed of sound is proportional to water temperature. Acoustic Thermometry of Ocean Climate, or ATOC, is an international program involving 11 institutions in seven nations. It is designed as a 30-month "proof-of-concept" project to provide data on possible global climate change, with funding provided by the U.S. Department of Defense. A debate has arisen over ATOC's impact on marine mammals versus the benefits of better global warming information derived from ATOC. This report dicusses the ATOC program and related concerns.
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Adoption: Interethnic Placement Legislation In the 104th Congress

Adoption: Interethnic Placement Legislation In the 104th Congress

Date: October 14, 1996
Creator: unknown
Description: None
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Adoption Promotion Legislation in the 105th Congress

Adoption Promotion Legislation in the 105th Congress

Date: November 24, 1997
Creator: Spar, Karen
Description: President Clinton signed the Adoption and Safe Families Act into law on November 19, 1997, after the House and Senate approved final versions of the legislation on November 13. The new law (P.L. 105-89) is intended to promote adoption or other permanent arrangements for foster children who are unable to return home, and to make general improvements in the nation’s child welfare system. The House initially passed legislation (H.R. 867) on April 30 by a vote of 416-5, and the Senate passed an amended version on November 8. A compromise version was passed on November 13, by a vote of 406-7 in the House and by unanimous consent in the Senate. This report discusses the final version of the legislation, as enacted into law.
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Adoption Promotion Legislation in the 105th Congress

Adoption Promotion Legislation in the 105th Congress

Date: November 24, 1997
Creator: unknown
Description: None
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Adult Education and Family Literacy Act, Title II of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998, P.L. 105-220

Adult Education and Family Literacy Act, Title II of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998, P.L. 105-220

Date: March 25, 1999
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Adult Education and Literacy: Current Programs and Legislative Proposals in the 105th Congress

Adult Education and Literacy: Current Programs and Legislative Proposals in the 105th Congress

Date: June 17, 1998
Creator: Irwin, Paul M.
Description: This report summarizes current programs for adult education and literacy, provides a funding history, and analyzes major provisions of the legislative proposals being considered by the 105th Congress for amending adult education and literacy programs. Specifically, the report examines the provisions of H.R. 1385, the Employment, Training, and Literacy Enhancement Act of 1997, as passed by the House, and H.R. 1385, the Workforce Investment Partnership Act of 1998, as amended by the Senate (originally considered as S. 1186). Key issues include state and local administration issues, comprehensive state plan requirements, integration with other federal training and employment programs, and program performance standards. The report will be updated as legislative action occurs.
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Adult Education and Literacy: Current Programs and Legislative Proposals in the 105th Congress

Adult Education and Literacy: Current Programs and Legislative Proposals in the 105th Congress

Date: June 17, 1998
Creator: unknown
Description: None
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The Advanced Technology Program

The Advanced Technology Program

Date: August 10, 1999
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: The Advanced Technology Program (ATP) was created by P.L. 100-418, the Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act of 1988, to encourage public-private cooperation in the development of pre-competitive technologies with broad application across industries. This activity has been targeted for elimination as a means to cut federal spending. This report discusses the ATP and related issues of federal appropriations (or the lack thereof).
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Affirmative Action: Recent Congressional and Presidential Activity

Affirmative Action: Recent Congressional and Presidential Activity

Date: May 27, 1998
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: In recent years, the U.S. Congress and the President have been reevaluating, and proposing changes to, existing affirmative action policies. Multiple bills to restrict affirmative action were introduced in the 104th Congress, but only one limited measure was enacted. Some anti-preference legislation is currently before the 105th Congress. The Clinton Administration has generally opposed efforts to terminate affirmative action programs and, instead, has proposed various reforms.
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Affirmative Action: Recent Congressional and Presidential Activity

Affirmative Action: Recent Congressional and Presidential Activity

Date: May 27, 1998
Creator: unknown
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Afghanistan: Connections to Islamic Movements In Central and South Asia and Southern Russia

Afghanistan: Connections to Islamic Movements In Central and South Asia and Southern Russia

Date: December 7, 1999
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: After several years of relative peace in Central Asia and southern Russia, Islamic extremist movements have become more active in Russia and in Central and South Asia, threatening stability in the region. Although numerous factors might account for the upsurge in activity, several of these movements appear to have connections to the Islamic fundamentalist Taliban regime in Afghanistan. These linkages raise questions about whether the United States, as part of a broader effort to promote peace and stability in the region, should continue to engage the Taliban regime, or strongly confront it. This report will be updated as events warrant.
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Africa: Trade and Development Initiatives by the Clinton Administration and Congress

Africa: Trade and Development Initiatives by the Clinton Administration and Congress

Date: March 2, 1998
Creator: Dagne, Theodore S.
Description: In February 1997, the Clinton Administration submitted the second of five annual reports on the Administration's Comprehensive Trade and Development Policy for Africa as required by section 134 of the Uruguay Round Agreements Act (House Document 103-3415, Vol. 1.). On April 24, 1997, members of the African Trade and Investment Caucus introduced a bill, H.R. 1432, on U.S.-Africa trade and investment issues. In his State of the Union address in January 1998, President Clinton called on Congress to pass the trade legislation.
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Africa: Trade and Development Initiatives by the Clinton Administration and Congress

Africa: Trade and Development Initiatives by the Clinton Administration and Congress

Date: March 2, 1998
Creator: unknown
Description: None
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African-American Participation At The United Nations

African-American Participation At The United Nations

Date: October 20, 1995
Creator: unknown
Description: None
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African Elephant Issues: CITES and CAMPFIRE

African Elephant Issues: CITES and CAMPFIRE

Date: August 5, 1997
Creator: Corn, M. Lynne & Fletcher, Susan R.
Description: The conservation of African elephants has been controversial recently on two fronts: the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES, to which the United States is a party), and a Zimbabwean program for sustainable development called CAMPFIRE, which is partially funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). Two controversies have sprung up recently about the African elephant. One is the changing status of this species under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES), of which the United States is a signatory. The other is over a program in Zimbabwe called "CAMPFIRE." The partial funding of this program by the U.S. Agency for International Development has been criticized by animal welfare groups and some conservation groups, though it has been supported by other conservation groups as well as many hunting organizations.
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