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  Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
 Serial/Series Title: Background paper
The 1992 World Administrative Radio Conference: Issues for U.S. International Spectrum Policy

The 1992 World Administrative Radio Conference: Issues for U.S. International Spectrum Policy

Date: November 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report examines the U.S. preparations process for WARC-92, highlighting efforts to integrate the needs and concerns of various interest groups. It also reviews the forces and trends affecting the United States as it approaches WARC-92, and is intended to inform future congressional oversight of the domestic and international radio communication policy process.
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Adjusting to a New Security Environment: The Defense Technology and Industrial Base Challenge

Adjusting to a New Security Environment: The Defense Technology and Industrial Base Challenge

Date: February 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper, OTA sought information and advice from a broad spectrum of knowledgeable individuals and organizations whose contributions are gratefully acknowledged. As with all OTA studies, the content of this background paper is the sole responsibility of the Office of Technology Assessment and does not necessarily represent the views of our advisers and reviewers.
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Adolescent Health Insurance Status: Analyses of Trends in Coverage and Preliminary Estimates of the Effects of an Employer Mandate and Medicaid Expansion on the Uninsured

Adolescent Health Insurance Status: Analyses of Trends in Coverage and Preliminary Estimates of the Effects of an Employer Mandate and Medicaid Expansion on the Uninsured

Date: June 1989
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report examines the health insurance status of adolescents (10 to 18 years of age) based on census data. It considers the reasons that some adolescents are insured and others are not, changes in the number of uninsured adolescents over time, and the effects of various approaches to ensure that more adolescents have insurance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Adult Literacy and New Technologies: Tools for a Lifetime

Adult Literacy and New Technologies: Tools for a Lifetime

Date: July 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: Adult education needs are difficult to define and difficult to meet; what constitutes adequate literacy changes continually as the demands facing individuals grow more complex. This report is an attempt to identify those capabilities, along with limitations, and outline how new information technologies can be marshaled to meet the goal of a fully literate citizenry.
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Advanced Network Technology

Advanced Network Technology

Date: June 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper analyzes technologies for tomorrow’s information superhighways. Advanced networks will first be used to support scientists in their work, linking researchers to supercomputers, databases, and scientific instruments. The paper also describes six test networks that are being funded as part of the High Performance Computing and Communications Program.
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Adverse Reactions to HIV Vaccines: Medical, Ethical, and Legal Issues

Adverse Reactions to HIV Vaccines: Medical, Ethical, and Legal Issues

Date: September 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: The purpose of this background paper is to describe the current state of development of HIV vaccines, and to discuss what is known about adverse reactions that may occur. The background paper provides an overview of ethical issues that arise in the conduct of HIV vaccine trials. The report also discusses alternatives to the current product liability system to encourage the development of HIV vaccines and to fairly compensate those who are harmed as a result of adverse reactions to the vaccine.
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Affordable Spacecraft: Design and Launch Alternatives

Affordable Spacecraft: Design and Launch Alternatives

Date: January 1990
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper examines several proposals for reducing the costs of spacecraft and other payloads and describes launch systems for implementing them. It is one of a series of products of a broad assessment of space transportation technologies undertaken by OTA at the request of the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, and the House Committee on Science, Space, and Technology.
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Alaskan Water for California?: The Subsea Pipeline Option

Alaskan Water for California?: The Subsea Pipeline Option

Date: January 1990
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper focuses on one technological option for increasing the supply of fresh water to the Southwest-that of building a freshwater subsea pipeline to transport water from Alaska to California. Originally a suggestion by Governor Walter Hickel of Alaska, the proposal has recently attracted attention in southern California.
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American Military Power: Future Needs, Future Choices

American Military Power: Future Needs, Future Choices

Date: October 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper outlines some of the issues of importance for making choices about the future nature and role of U.S. armed forces, and suggests how these choices will affect defense base requirements. The final report of the assessment, to be delivered in the spring of 1992, will address specific policy options arising from the strategic choices and tactical decisions discussed here.
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Artificial insemination: practice in the United States: summary of a 1987 survey

Artificial insemination: practice in the United States: summary of a 1987 survey

Date: August 1988
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper presents the results of a study of physician and sperm bank practice of artificial insemination in the United States. It documents the number of women undergoing artificial insemination each year, the annual cost, medical and social screening criteria for women seeking artificial insemination and men who donate semen, the genealogical recordkeeping available to the resulting children, and physician attitudes toward possible changes in artificial insemination practice.
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Benefit Design in Health Care Reform: Patient Cost-Sharing

Benefit Design in Health Care Reform: Patient Cost-Sharing

Date: September 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This paper examines the health services and economics literature to learn what is known about the effects of patient cost-sharing (that is, annual deductibles, coinsurance, copayments, and out-of-pocket maximurns) on patients’ use of health care services, on plan expenditures, and on patients’ health outcomes.
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The Big Picture: HDTV and High-Resolution Systems

The Big Picture: HDTV and High-Resolution Systems

Date: June 1990
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: A report on High Definition Television (HDTV. During 1989, HDTV moved from obscurity to center stage in the ongoing debate over the role of the Federal Government in U.S. industrial competitiveness. HDTV and related High-Resolution System (HRS) technologies in the computer and communications sectors may significantly impact U.S. electronics manufacturing, accelerate fundamental restructuring of the U.S. communications infrastructure, and provide a host of valuable services.
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Biological Components of Substance Abuse and Addiction

Biological Components of Substance Abuse and Addiction

Date: September 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This paper describes biological contributing factors to substance abuse and addiction. The second document being produced by this study will discuss the complex interactions of biochemical, physiological, psychological, and sociological factors leading to substance abuse and addiction.
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Biological Effects of Power Frequency Electric and Magnetic Fields

Biological Effects of Power Frequency Electric and Magnetic Fields

Date: May 1989
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background report responds to a request by the Subcommittee on Water and Power Resources of the House Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs. The subcommittee asked that OTA review the health effects of high-voltage transmission lines. To provide background information for its assessment on electric power wheeling, OTA contracted with the Carnegie-Mellon University.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Biomedical Ethics in U.S. Public Policy

Biomedical Ethics in U.S. Public Policy

Date: June 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report reviews the history of four Federal bioethics initiatives: the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research, the Ethics Advisory Board, the President’s Commission for the Study of Ethical Problems in Medicine and Biomedical and Behavioral Research, and the Biomedical Ethics Advisory Committee.
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Biopolymers: Making Materials Nature's Way

Biopolymers: Making Materials Nature's Way

Date: September 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report discusses a study that provides a basic introduction to biopolymer technology; profiles some of the more promising polymer materials; reviews research activities in the United States, Europe, and Japan; and describes the principal technical challenges and regulatory issues that may affect biopolymer commercialization efforts.
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Bioremediation for Marine Oil Spills

Bioremediation for Marine Oil Spills

Date: May 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This OTA background paper evaluates the current state of knowledge and assesses the potential of bioremediation for responding to marine oil spills. Our basic message is a dual one: we caution that there are still many uncertainties about the use of bioremediation as a practical oil spill response technology; nevertheless, it could be appropriate in certain circumstances, and further research and development of bioremediation technologies could lead to enhancing the Nation’s capability to fight marine oil spills.
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Children's Dental Services Under the Medicaid Program

Children's Dental Services Under the Medicaid Program

Date: September 1990
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: The report discusses the oral health of children eligible for Medicaid, the House Committee on Energy and Commerce and its Subcommittee on Health and the Environment requested OTA to determine whether children eligible for Medicaid are provided at least a minimum level of dental care. This study compares the dental manuals of seven State Medicaid programs with a set of “basic’ dental services (which comprise shared components of various well-accepted dental guidelines) to see if States allow these particular services.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cleaning Up Contaminated Wood-Treating Sites

Cleaning Up Contaminated Wood-Treating Sites

Date: September 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This report reviews technologies available for hazardous waste cleanup at wood-treating sites throughout the United States. OTA found that there are many Superfund wood-treatment sites located in this country that are very similar in terms of the contaminants present and the options selected for cleanup.
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Climate Treaties and Models: Issues in the International Management of Climate Change

Climate Treaties and Models: Issues in the International Management of Climate Change

Date: June 1994
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This paper seeks to place the issue of climate change within an international context. Specifically, it addresses the feasibility of forging treaty agreements among countries to achieve significant worldwide reductions in emissions of greenhouse gases.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Computer Software and Intellectual Property

Computer Software and Intellectual Property

Date: March 1990
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper examines existing intellectual-property protection for computer software-copyrights, patents, and trade secrets—and provides an overview of the often conflicting views and concerns of various stakeholders. It was prepared in response to a request from the Subcommittee on Courts, Intellectual Property, and the Administration of Justice of the House Committee on the Judiciary.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coping With an Oiled Sea

Coping With an Oiled Sea

Date: March 1990
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: In the aftermath of the Exxon Valdez oil spill in Alaska in March, 1989, a myriad of investigations were initiated to evaluate the causes of that accident and to propose remedies. The Office of Technology Assessment was asked to study the Nation’s oil spill clean-up capabilities and to assess the technologies for responding to such catastrophic spills in the future.
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The Department of Defense Kuwait Oil Health Fire Risk Assessment (The "Persian Gulf Veterans' Registry")

The Department of Defense Kuwait Oil Health Fire Risk Assessment (The "Persian Gulf Veterans' Registry")

Date: September 1994
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This paper describes briefly the work on DoD’s Kuwait Oil Fire Health Risk Assessment to date, including the results of a pilot study of health risks, and then answers the questions addressed to OTA in PL 102-585.
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Development Assistance, Export Promotion, and Environmental Technology

Development Assistance, Export Promotion, and Environmental Technology

Date: August 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Description: This background paper provides an overview of developing country environmental problems and markets for environmental technologies and services. It discusses preliminary estimates on the amount and purposes of environmental aid provided by donor countries in 1991. The paper discusses the commercial implications of other countries’ aid for U.S. environmental firms, and the Helsinki package adopted by the OECD in late 1991 to limit commercial advantage from use of tied aid credits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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