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Amygdala involvement in human avoidance, escape and approach behavior
This article discusses amygdala involvement in human avoidance, escape and approach behavior. The authors examined amygdala reactivity to threatening cues when avoidance responding consistently prevented contact with an upcoming aversive event (money loss).
The Cosmic Dance of Obama-Raja on Newsweek
This article discusses an image that appears on the front cover of Newsweek magazine that depicts President Barack Obama in the cosmic dance pose of the Hindu deity Lord Nataraja (some have called it the Obama-Raja posture). Within a matter of hours after Newsweek depicted this image on its website, several Hindu organizations, Hindu websites, Hindus on social media sites, started reacting to this portrayal of one of their major gods.
Three Important Things to Consider When Starting Intervention for a Child Diagnosed with Autism
This article discusses important things to consider when starting an intervention for a child diagnosed with autism. The authors discuss questions that one should ask before beginning such an undertaking and important things to consider after the first year of intervention.
Ten Key Hindu Environmental Teachings
This article discusses diverse theologies in Hinduism and describes ten important Hindu teachings on the environment.
The Dharmic Method to Save the Planet
This article discusses environmentalism and ways in which dharmic methods can help save the planet. While most Americans are familiar with the terms such as "yoga" and "Bollywood," Indian perspectives toward the ecology seem to be largely unknown.
Irony and the 'yoga wars'
This article discusses the debated topic of whether yoga is a Hindu or Secular practice. It discusses the word Hindu and and some misconceptions about Hinduism, the root of yoga, and the potential causes and impacts of how and why this subject is being debated.
Indology and Marxist Hermeneutics
This article discusses Indology and Marxist Hermeneutics. Although Indian civilization has been one of the most extensively researched fields in the Western Humanities departments, it remains one of the most misinterpreted subjects. Scholars have applied various theories and methods to study this ancient field. However, often their analyses and interpretations fail to do justice to this complex tradition. In the name of "scientific objectivity", they have often applied their own subjective bias. In this paper, I endeavor to demonstrate how the theories of Marx have misinterpreted Indian culture.
Inter-organizational digital divide: Civic groups' media strategies in the Trinity River Corridor Project
This article discusses a study on civic groups' media strategies in the Trinity River Corridor project. Drawing from theory and empirical research on the social effects of new media, the authors focus on whether new media is used in a way that lowers barriers to ordinary citizens' participation in local politics, or else contributes to a "digital divide" between elite and non-elite civic groups.
Generalized anxiety modulates frontal and limbic activation in major depression
This article explores how generalized anxiety modulates frontal and limbic activation in major depression. The authors' findings highlight frontal and limbic hypoactivation in patients with depression and comorbid anxiety and indicate that anxiety level may modulate frontal and limbic activation depending upon the emotional context.
Public Libraries and Democratization in Three Developing Countries: Exploring the Role of Social Capital
This article explores the role of social capital. The authors develop a theoretical framework intended to facilitate systematic investigation of the contributions public libraries may make to democratization.
Nothing to fear? Neural systems supporting avoidance behavior in healthy youths
This article discusses neural systems supporting avoidance behavior in healthy youths. Presently our understanding of the neural systems supporting human avoidance is largely based on nonhuman research. Establishing the generality of nonhuman findings to healthy children is a needed first step towards advancing developmental affective neuroscience research on avoidance in childhood anxiety. Accordingly, this investigation examined brain activation patterns to threatening cues that prompted avoidance in healthy youths.
This encyclopedia entry describes Interpol, the International Criminal Police Organization. Interpol facilitates cross-border police cooperation and assists all organizations, authorities, and services with a mission to prevent or combat international crime.
Teaching and Learning Technologies in Higher Education: Applied Behaviour Analysis and Autism: "Necessity is the Mother of Invention"
This article discusses applied behavior analysis and autism. Professionals on both international and national levels who work with children with autism are expressing the need for graduate-level training in applied behaviour analysis. The implementation of effective instruction in higher education for professionals working with children with autism and their families is a complex undertaking: the learner needs to acquire an understanding of the principles and procedures of applied behaviour analysis and also adopt this knowledge to the learning prerequisites of individuals with autism. In this paper, the authors outline some current thinking about adult education and blended learning technologies and then describe and illustrate with examples emerging possibilities of multimedia technology in the development of teaching materials. We conclude that synergies between graduate-level curriculum requirements, knowledge of adult learning, and communication technology are necessary to establish comprehensive learning environments for professionals who specialize in autism intervention.
The Hindu Method to Save the Planet
This paper discusses the Hindu religion and elements of ecology that relate to this religion. It describes some of the principles of Mahatma Gandhi and describes how these are important spiritually and ecologically.
Jainism, Dharma, and Environmental Ethics
This article discusses the absence of a formal category of environmental ethics in Jainism and explores Jainism's historical relationship to environmental ethics. It also compares Jainist perspectives on the consumption of natural resources with other lifestyles. From the few examples of Jain "environmentalism", this article also seeks to redefine the categories such as "religion" and "environmental ethics", especially as they are applied to the non-Western parts of the world such as the Jains in India.
Occipitoparietal contributions to recognition memory: stimulus encoding prompted by verbal instructions and operant contingencies
This article discusses occipitoparietal contributions to recognition memory and stimulus encoding prompted by verbal instructions and operant contingencies.
Bollywood and Beyond: Hinduism Changing the World
This article discusses Hinduism. The ideals of Hinduism, such as pluralism, dharma, ritam, and nonviolence hold important lessons for the future of Hinduism in particular and for humanity in general.
Reinterpreting Yaj├▒a as Vedic Sacrifice
This paper is about reinterpreting yajna as Vedic sacrifice. Vedic rituals, yajnas, were one of the most important socio-religious activities in Vedic India. In this article, the author endeavors to problematize the term "sacrifice," which is often used to translate the word yajna in Indological writings. Although Monier-Williams (MW) dictionary defines yajnas as - "worship, devotion, prayer, praise; act of worship or devotion, offering, oblation, sacrifice (the former meanings prevailing in Veda, the latter in post-Vedic literature)", some of the primary meanings of the word yajna seem to have been sidelined with the scholarly emphasis on "sacrifice" as the chief interpretation. Several Vedicists have already expressed their disapprovals with equating yajna with sacrifice.
[Review] Biodivinity and Biodiversity: The Limits to Religious Environmentalism
This book review discusses 'Biodivinity and Biodiversity: The Limits to Religious Environmentalism' by Emma Tomalin, a book about religion and ecology.
Improving Student Success: Researching How Students Use Electronic Library Resources
This paper presents a research study conducted at UNT. The UNT Libraries partnered with the Department of Anthropology at UNT to conduct ethnographic research of how UNT students use the electronic library services.
Improving Student Success: Researching How Students Use Electronic Library Resources
This paper presents a research study conducted at UNT. The UNT Libraries partnered with the Department of Anthropology at UNT to conduct ethnographic research of how UNT students use the electronic library services.
Improving Student Success: Researching How Students Use Electronic Library Resources
This presentation presents a research study conducted at UNT. The UNT Libraries partnered with the Department of Anthropology at UNT to conduct ethnographic research of how UNT students use the electronic library services.
Improving Student Success: Researching How Students Use Electronic Library Resources
This presentation presents a research study conducted at UNT. The UNT Libraries partnered with the Department of Anthropology at UNT to conduct ethnographic research of how UNT students use the electronic library services.
Behavioral Measures of Play
This paper discusses measuring play. Children with autism frequently display deficits in play skills, such as pretend play and object manipulation. This is described both in the diagnostic criteria for autism (American Psychiatric Association, 1994) and in descriptive studies on children's play (Jarrold, 2003; Williams, 2003). However, the nature of these deficits and the degree to which the play of children with autism differs in complexity and variety from the play of typically developing children is unclear (Vig, 2007). The purpose of this article is to review the importance of play in a young child's life and to discuss the importance of measuring play when designing interventions for children with autism. Furthermore, this paper will present an example of a consistent and reliable observation system that assesses the complexity and variety of play on children with autism and with typically developing children.
[Review] Mourning the Nation: Indian Cinema in the Wake of Partition
This book review discusses 'Mourning the Nation: Indian Cinema in the Wake of Partition' by Bhaskar Sarkar. The book examines the political truncation of India at the end of British colonial rule in 1947.
Swadhyaya's Dharmic Ecology
This paper is a summary of an essay by the author titled "Dharmic Ecology: Perspectives from the Swadhyaya Practitioners". It discusses the Swadhyayis and their Vrksamandiras, or tree-temples, and dharmic ecology.
HIV and AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa
This presentation is part of the faculty lecture series UNT Speaks Out on HIV/AIDS. This presentation discusses HIV and AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa.
Cultural Memory and Heirloom Seeds: The Foundation of Local Food Systems
This presentation is part of the faculty lecture series UNT Speaks Out on the Food We Eat. This presentation discusses heirloom seeds and covers information about the Foundation of Local Food Systems.
[Review] Habits of the Heartland: Small-Town Life in Modern America
This article reviews the book Habits of the Heartland: Small-Town Life in Modern America by Lyn C. MacGregor. Based on Lyn C. MacGregor's dissertation at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, Habits of the Heartland is an ethnographic study of Viroqua, a small town approximately 4,000 residents in southwestern Wisconsin. MacGregor's two years living in Viroqua was time well spent: she collected a great deal of ethnographic and interview data, and her arguments regarding the town's social divisions are generally convincing and well supported as a result. MacGregor comes across as a trustworthy guide to Viroqua, and the book is well written and genuinely edifying.
Renunciation and Non-Renunciation in Indian Films
This article reviews the renunciation and non-renunciation in Indian films. Renunciation is one of the most widely studied subjects among Indic traditions. The image of a half-naked ascetic with a stick in one hand and a begging bowl in other has captured the attention of scholars more often than the mundane householder. Whereas the ascetic captured the imagination with his (and sometimes her) individualistic spirit rebelling against the maligned caste hierarchy, the householder has been seen as a poor creature living a routine life according to the rules dictated by the caste (varna) and the stage in life (ashrama). The author reviews several films to analyze the portrayal of ascetics and householders, but cannot claim that the review is encyclopedic because there are so many films with variations on this theme. All of the films introduced here were made by Indian filmmakers except for two Hollywood films, the Householder (1963) and Siddhartha (1972), that were filmed in India with an Indian cast and story.
Design of District Emergency Operations Centres, and the Case Study of Indian Oil Corporation Jaipur Depot Explosion
Abstract: The author of this paper was appointed by the Government of Rajasthan state in India to design Emergency Operations Centers (EOC) at district level. The assignment was to submit an implementable practical report of district level EOCs design for equipment, personnel and training. This paper describes the process used for this design. A list of priority equipment, staffing pattern and specific training programs were suggested. On the basis of the recommendations, EOCs have been set up in all 33 districts of Rajasthan. The case study of the explosion at the Indian Oil Corporation's Jaipur depot illustrates the use of alternative field EOC in responding to the explosion and the relevance of the EOC consultant's recommendations in responding to the disasters. The objectives of this paper are to share the experiences of designing EOCs in a developing country, and the methods of optimisation for meeting objectives under resource constraints.
Consequences of Empowered CNA Teams in Nursing Home Settings: A Longitudinal Assessment
Article on a longitudinal assessment and the consequences of empowered CAN teams in nursing home settings.
Nurse Aide Decision Making in Nursing Homes: Factors Affecting Empowerment
Article on nurse aide decision making in nursing homes and the factors affecting empowerment.
Bhopal Chemical Disaster
This encyclopedia article describes the devastating effects of a chemical disaster that took place in Bhopal, India in 1984. It describes the effects of the chemical disaster and the events that followed.
Village Characteristics and Health of Rural Chinese Older Adults: Examining the CHARLS Pilot Study of a Rich and Poor Province
Article on the village characteristics and health of rural Chinese older adults and an examination of the CHARLS pilot study of a rich and poor province.
The Perception of "Training Availbility" Among Certified Nurse Aides: Relationship to CNA Performance, Turnover, Attitudes, Burnout, and Empowerment
Article on the perception of "training availability" among certified nurse aides (CNAs) and the relationship to CNA performance, turnover, attitudes, burnout, and empowerment.
Older Poor Parents who Lost an Adult Child to AIDS in Togo, West Africa: A Qualitative Study
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Article on a qualitative study exploring older poor parents who lost an adult child to AIDS in Togo, West Africa.
Geographic Distance, Contact, and Family Perceptions of Quality Nursing Home Care
Article on the geographic distance, contact and family perceptions of quality nursing home care.
Social Capital and Self-Rated Health among Older Adults in China: A Multilevel Analysis
Article on social capital and self-rated health among middle-aged and older adults in China.
The Effects of a Supportive Communication Training Workshop on the Verbal Behavior of Behavior Analysis
Article on the effects of a supportive communication training workshop on the verbal behavior of behavior analysts.
Financing Geriatric Programs in Community Health Centers
Article on financing geriatric programs in community health centers.
Functional Analysis and Treatment of Self-Injury in a Captive Olive Baboon
Article on the functional analysis and treatment of self-injury in a captive olive baboon.
Loading the Problem Loader: The Effects of Target Training and Shaping on Trailer-Loading Behavior of Horses
Article on the effects of target training and shaping on trailer-loading behavior of horses.
Behavioral Cusps: A Developmental and Pragmatic Concept for Behavior Analysis
Article on behavioral cusps and a developmental and pragmatic concept for behavior analysis.
Malnutrition And Food Aid Programs: A Case Study From Guatemala
This report is on a case study from Guatemala on malnutrition and food aid programs. The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of food aid and/or food aid programs on the nutritional status of its recipients in two regions of Guatemala. From this investigation, empirically-based programmatic statements as to the role of food aid and its impact on human society will be presented.
Breast Implants for Graduation: A Sociological Examination of Daughter and Mother Narratives
Article on a sociological examination of daughter and mother narratives.
Emerging Opportunities in Higher Education: Applied Behavior Analysis and Autism
This article discusses applying behavior analysis to autism.
Disclosure of Children's Positive Serostatus to Family and Nonfamily Members: Informal Caregivers in Togo, West Africa
Article on the disclosure of children's positive serostatus to family and nonfamily members.
The Development of Interests in Children with Autism: A Method to Establish Baselines for Analyses and Evaluation
This article discusses development of interests in children with autism.
Dharmic Ecology: Perspectives from the Swadhyaya Practitioners
This article discusses dharmic ecology.