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  Partner: UNT College of Information
 Collection: UNT Scholarly Works
Counterfactual Image of Don and Marge 1946
This photograph depicts a couple standing on the sidewalk next to a street. There are buildings in the background and snow along the ground. The couple appears in black and white and the surroundings appear in color. The photographer placed the black and white photograph of the couple taken in 1946 and put it on top of a photograph of the same location taken over 50 years later. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc83785/
EXIF and Electric Boat
This photograph shows a Nikon camera on a tripod in the middle of a an electric boat. The electric boat is sitting on the edge of the water. Over the image, photographic information is listed in white font. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc83782/
Iris Studio Brightened
Photograph of several irises grouped together. The irises are varying colors including purple, orange, yellow and white. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc83316/
Bibliographical Control of Afro-American Literature, Volume 1: Papers Presented at a Conference
These papers are a compilation presented at a conference on bibliographic control of Afro-American literature. The papers discuss issues in cataloging and archiving African-American literature including relevant subject headings, sources of texts, and collection development. Index starts on page 293. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31167/
Bibliographical Control of Afro-American Literature, Volume 2: Presentations and Discussions
These papers are a compilation of presentations at a conference on bibliographic control of Afro-American literature. The text includes speeches and discusses regarding the topics as well as a summary of conference recommendations. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31168/
Bibliographical Control of Afro-American Literature, Volume 3: Evaluation of the Conference
These papers offer discussions and conclusions regarding a conference on bibliographic control of Afro-American literature. The text includes a summary of the reasons for the conference, a report from a conference evaluator, and evaluation forms, as well as minutes and letters regarding the proceedings. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31169/
Access to Film and Video Works: Surrogates for Moving Image Documents
This doctoral dissertation discusses access to film and video works. Physical and intellectual access to moving image documents is insufficient, often insignificant, at the level of the individual user. Existing access tools suffer from a lack of recognition of the differences between linguistic text communication and image communication. Browsing and relevance judgements are made difficult by the physical realities of film and video documents - one cannot flip through them - and by the habits of serial and passive viewing. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc77222/
Strategic Planning of Technology for Education: A Beginning Framework
Article discussing strategic planning of technology for education and a beginning framework for future technology implementation in school districts. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31066/
Training Employees With Disabilities: Strategies from Corporate Training
Article discussing strategies used by corporate trainers to effectively teach populations with disabilities in their corporate workplace. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31065/
The Role of Content Analysis in Evaluating Metadata for the U.S. Government Information Locator Service (GILS): Results from an Exploratory Study
This paper discusses application of qualitative and quantitative content analysis techniques to assess metadata records from 42 Federal agencies' implementation of the Government Information Locator Service (GILS). digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc36312/
An Evaluation of the Federal Government's Implementation of the Government Information Locator Service (GILS): Final Report
This document reports the results of the evaluation study commissioned in response to the Government Information Locator Service (GILS) Board's request for an assessment of GILS. The study began in September 1996, data collection ended in March 1997, and the final report was completed in June 1997. The goal of the study was to understand how: GILS serves various user groups, GILS improves public access to government information, agencies are progressing with their implementations, and GILS works as a tool for information resources management. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc275783/
The Challenges of Training and Retraining Mature Learners
Article discussing research on the aging process from physical, cognitive, and social and psychological perspectives, accommodations for age related changes, retraining mature learners, adaptations of the classroom environment, training technology issues, and successful corporate retraining programs to better prepare vocational educators for the workforce of the new millennium. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31070/
Educators', Administrators' and Students' Perceptions of Principles of Technology Programs in Pennsylvania
This study assesses the Principles of Technology Applied Science high school courses taught in Pennsylvania. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31067/
Enhancing Assignment Completion in Academically Diverse Vocational Classes
Article on enhancing assignment completion in academically diverse vocational classes. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31068/
Investigating the Screwdriver: 25 Years of Technology Change
Article broadly discussing some of the technological changes in vocational education over the last 25 years, as well as strategies for implementation and planning in the new millennium. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31069/
The Journal for Vocational Special Needs Education
This issue of the Journal for Vocational Special Needs focuses on the aging process and its effects on society and the workforce. Aging is the one experience that we all have in common. Individuals are expected to live longer in the future. Many will undoubtedly work beyond the traditional retirement age. This means that the composition of workers will be a blend of people, both young and old. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31071/
Training Older Workers: Implications for HRD/HPT Professionals
Article discussing training older workers and implications for human resource development (HRD) and human performance technology (HPT). digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31072/
CIMI's Z39.50 Interoperability Testbed: Search and Retrieval of Distributed Cultural Heritage Information
This paper discusses the Consortium for the Computer Interchange of Museum Information (CIMI)'s international effort to provide distributed search and retrieval of cultural heritage information. A primary aspect of CIMI's work utilizes ANSI/NISO Z39.50-1995, and American National Standard protocol for information retrieval. The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) recently approved Z39.50 as ISO 23950. CIMI chose Z39.50 to enable uniform access to existing and emerging digital collections and the vast repositories of cultural heritage information resources. These resources include a variety of physical and digital objects--physical artifacts and digital derivatives of those artifacts, descriptive records designed for collection management, bibliographic records, full-text documents, online tools such as thesauri and authoritative lists of artists' names, and more. CIMI's application Z39.50 in the networked cultural heritage information environment is breaking new ground in distributed and integrated access to textual and non-textual digital collections. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc36295/
The CIMI Profile: Z39.50 Application Profile for Cultural Heritage Information
This document describes an application profile for the use of 'ANSI/NISO Z39.50-1995, Information Retrieval (Z39.50): Application Service Definition and Protocol Specification' [10] for search and retrieval of cultural heritage information. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc109700/
Book Jacket as Access Mechanism: An Attribute Rich Resource for Functional Access to Academic Books
Article discussing book jackets as access mechanisms. Models of document searching and book jacket design are discussed in relation to the individual scholarly searcher and new modes of document searching. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc71803/
Modeling Utilization of Planned Information Technology
Article from the proceedings of the 1998 American Medical Informatics Association (AMIA) Annual Symposium. This article discusses modeling utilization of planned information technology. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc279712/
Technology in Secondary Career and Technical Education: Issues for the New Millennium
Article discussing the use of technology in the secondary career and technical education classroom and the number of issues concerned with efficacy of career and technical education. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31074/
A Fixed Effects Panel Data Model: Mathematics Achievement in the U.S.
Article discussing a study on a fixed effects panel data model and mathematics achievement in the United States. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31075/
A Study of State Library Agencies' Information Technology Standards Policies and Practices
This study, undertaken in 1998, attempted to bridge the gap of information and understanding about the current situation of state library agencies' use, opportunities and issues related to technical standards. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc102301/
A Study of State Library Agencies' Information Technology Standards Policies and Practices
This report discusses standards in state library agencies. Little is known about state library agencies' policies for standards adoption and use. This study, undertaken in 1998, attempted to bridge the gap of information and understanding about the current situation of state library agencies' use, opportunities and issues related to technical standards. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc36310/
A Study of State Library Agencies' Information Technology Standards Policies and Practices: Final Report
This report is on a study of state library agencies' information technology standards policies and practices. The study provides the National Information Standards Organization with detailed information about the current use of standards by state library agencies and a set of recommendations to better serve the standards needs of state library agencies. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc109719/
Resource Discovery Using Z39.50: Promise and Reality
This paper discusses the Z39.50 protocol. The ANSI/NISO Z39.50 protocol for information retrieval addresses the complex challenges of intersystem communication. Original uses envisioned for the protocol look very little like current implementations and uses. In the 1980s, users on one library catalog system would search and retrieve bibliographic records on a remote system. By the late 1990s, there was a need for discovering networked resources and integrating access to them. Yet, the Z39.50 protocol has addressed both these scenarios. This paper provides a portrayal of Z39.50 that explains its flexibility in response to a variety of information retrieval requirements in the networked environment. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc36297/
Assessing Interoperability in the Networked Environment: Standards, Evaluation, and Testbeds in the Context of Z39.50
This book chapter discusses interoperability in the networked environment. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc102281/
Metadata: A Networked Information Strategy to Improve Access to and Management of Government Information
This document is part of a Government Information Quarterly Special Issue. The author serves as the editor of this issue focusing on the use of metadata as a strategy to improve access to and management of electronic government information. Contributions by writers address federal and state metadata activities and issues. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc102300/
Six Month Status Report to The Institute of Museum and Library Services
This document provides a status report on the Z39.50 Interoperability Testbed Project (Z-Interop) covering the period of December 1, 2000 through April 30, 2001. The authors highlight activities and accomplishments to communicate to IMLS progress on their project. This period can be considered a project startup period. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc111018/
Mapping the Interoperability Landscape for Networked Information Retrieval
This paper discusses interoperability of networked information. Interoperability is a fundamental challenge for networked information discovery and retrieval. Often treated monolithically in the literature, interoperability is multifaceted and can be analyzed into different types and levels. This paper discusses an approach to map the interoperability landscape for networked information retrieval as part of an interoperability assessment research project. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc36320/
Improving Z39.50 Interoperability: Z39.50 Profiles and Testbeds for Library Applications
An operating assumption for the networked environment is that many different information systems need to interoperate for users to successfully discover and retrieve distributed resources. Meaningful interoperability is often elusive. In the library community, the Z39.50 standard protocol (ISO 23950/ANSI/NISO Z39.50) for information retrieval promised seamless and transparent networked access to library resources. Too often, the reality has not lived up to the promise. This paper discusses two efforts that offer solution paths to Z39.50 interoperability. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc36283/
SQL Data Analysis Procedures to Create Aggregate and Candidate Record Groups on Sample of Decomposed MARC Records Phase 1 Testing
This document describes the data analysis procedures developed to create the Aggregate and Candidate Record Groups using SQL statements. This is the preliminary version of these procedures tested and validated on a sample of decomposed MARC records. (For a description of how the MARC records were decomposed see the Z-Interop document, Decomposing MARC 21 Records for Analysis. A subsequent version may be necessary as the authors move to the procedures for the entire file of decomposed records. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc111016/
Data Normalization Procedures on Decomposed MARC 21 Records
In this document, the authors present some aspects of data normalization of the decomposed records to improve the results of analysis. The data normalization processes use pattern-matching techniques to eliminate and/or generalize anomalous characters and terms. Since the unit of analysis in preparing the test dataset of 400,000 MARC 21 records is a "word," there was a need for data normalization to provide reliability in the subsequent analysis. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc111005/
ZDoctor Report of SIRSI Indexing Policies for Interoperability Testing: Phase 1 Testing
This document discusses phase 1 of interoperability testing as part of the Z-Interop project. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc111286/
Resident Assistant Training: A Southwestern Perspective
Article discussing a study on the similarities and differences in public and private institutions training of resident assistants in the southwest United States. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31076/
Analysis Logic and Procedures for Creating a Test Dataset of MARC 21 Records for the Z39.50 Interoperability Testbed: Phase 1 Testing
Report on the logic and procedures to create a test dataset of more than 400,000 (400K) MARC 21 records from the OCLC WorldCat database. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc110994/
Utilization of Technology-Enhanced Delphi Techniques
This article discusses the Delphi consensus-building technique. Also discussed are the Delphi Technique's history, the process, and some advantages and disadvantages found in the literature. Finally, this article examines a technology-enhanced version of the process. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31077/
Indexing Guidelines to Support Z39.50 Profile Searches
This document provides guidelines for indexing MARC 21 records to support a set of searches using Z39.50. The Z39.50 Interoperability Testbed Project (Z-Interop) uses these guidelines to index the 400,000 MARC 21 records that comprise the Z-Interop reference implementation of the Z39.50 server and online catalog. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc111000/
Z-Interop Interoperability Testing Policies and Procedures: Phase 1 Testing
This document provides an overview and the details of policies and procedures of the Z39.50 Interoperability Testbed Project (referred to as Z-Interop). Specifically, the document lays out the responsibilities and obligations of the Z-Interop testbed and the organizations that participate in interoperability testing. For purposes of this document, Z-Interop staff refers to all members of the Z39.50 Interoperability Testbed Project. Z-Interop participant refers to an individual or organization who tests its Z39.50 client or Z39.50 server through the Z39.50 Interoperability Testbed. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc111010/
Ten Month Status Report to The Institute of Museum and Library Services May 1, 2001 through March 31, 2002
This document provides a status report on the Z39.50 Interoperability Testbed Project (Z-Interop) covering the period of May 1, 2000 through March 31, 2002. Due to a family medical emergency, the Principal Investigator was not able to complete the six-month status report that was due December 1, 2001. The Principal Investigator (PI) communicated with the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS) staff about this situation, and had sent via email in November 2001 information about the progress of the project. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc111283/
Status Report to The Institute of Museum and Library Services April 1 through June 30, 2002
This document provides a status report on the Z39.50 Interoperability Testbed Project (Z-Interop) covering the period of April 1, 2002 through June 30, 2002. The previous status report covered a ten-month period from May 1, 2001 through March 31, 2002. The Principal Investigator (PI) requested a no-cost extension for this project, which the Institute of Museum and Library Services approved. With the letter of approval, IMLS set a revised schedule for project status reports. Beginning July 1, 2002, status reports are due every six months. To respond to the revised schedule of status reports, this document highlights activities and accomplishments to communicate to IMLS progress on this project since the last status report. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc111019/
Decomposing MARC 21 Records for Analysis
This document discusses decomposing MARC 21 records for analysis. To prepare the test dataset of the 1% sample of MARC 21 records from the WorldCat database for use in the Z39.50 Interoperability Testbed, the authors need to be able to efficiently analyze the records to determine relevant records to be returned for a set of test searches. The first step in that analysis is to determine the occurrence of test search terms in specific records. This document describes the general approach for this analysis and identifies specifications for the analysis. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc110995/
Procedures for Issuing Test Searches from Z-Interop Testbed Participant's Z-Client: Phase 1
This document describes the procedures that participants in the Z39.50 Interoperability Testbed (Z-Interop Participant) are to use when testing Z39.50 client (Z-client) applications. The testing of a Z-Interop reference implementation Z39.50 server. Specifically, the attribute combination and other query components (e.g., Boolean operators) are reviewed, and a report of the results will be prepared for each Z-Interop participant. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc111011/
Z39.50 for Finding It All
This presentation discusses using Z39.50. The topics include framing the "finding it all" question, a resource discovery service project, and update on Z39.50 profiles, and the next generation of Z39.50. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc39322/
The 21st Century Library: Collaborative Services, Standards, and Interoperability
Presentation for the 2002 Netspeed Annual Conference. This presentation discusses the collaborative services, standards and interoperability of libraries in the 21st century. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc38881/
Assessing Metadata Utilization: An Analysis of MARC Content Designation Use
This paper discusses metadata utilization. This paper reports results of an analysis of a large sample of MARC 21 bibliographic records. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc36303/
Hunting and Gathering on the Information Savanna
In this book, the authors offer three different arenas of nontrivial information seeking for our consideration: "Submarine Chasing" explores the thoughts of a highly decorated Cold War submarine hunter. "Bounty Hunting" involves a long and convoluted search for a reported bond skipper. "Engineering Design" presents a content analysis of the few works in epistemological foundations of engineering design activity. These stories, told at great length and in considerable detail, are framed within a foundational model that links the simple act of document seeking to the broader issue of making one's way through life in the physical world. In each case, the authors ramble, mull, and stumble upon ideas without the least prior constraint, developing some threads quite fully and leaving others to tease us, but never ever throwing us to the lions. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc83323/
Status Report to The Institute of Museum and Library Services July 1 through December 31, 2002
This document provides a status report on the Z39.50 Interoperability Testbed Project (Z-Interop) covering the period of July 1, 2002 through December 31, 2002. The previous status report covered a three-month period from April 1, 2002 through June 30, 2002. This document highlights activities and accomplishments to communicate to IMLS progress on this project since the last status report. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc111281/
Status Report to The Institute of Museum and Library Services January 1 through June 30, 2003
This document provides a status report on the Z39.50 Interoperability Testbed Project (Z-Interop) covering the period of January 1, 2003 through June 30, 2003. This document highlights activities and accomplishments to communicate to IMLS progress on this project since the last status report on January 1, 2003. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc111020/
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