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  Partner: UNT College of Information
 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: UNT Scholarly Works
The 21st Century Library: Collaborative Services, Standards, and Interoperability
This presentation discusses the collaborative services, standards and interoperability of libraries in the 21st century. The topics include information about the emerging library environment, interoperability, key standards, and designing services for the networked library. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc38881/
Adding a User Developed Vocabulary in DSpace
Poster presented at the 2008 ALISE Annual Conference. This poster discusses adding a user developed vocabulary in DSpace. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc39321/
An Alternative Approach to Interoperability Testing
This presentation discusses an alternative approach to interoperability testing and the use of special diagnostic records in the context of Z39.50 and online library catalogs. This research is part of Z-Interop, an Institute of Museum and Library Sciences' (IMLS) National Leadership Grant funded project. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc111014/
Analysis Logic and Procedures for Creating a Test Dataset of MARC 21 Records for the Z39.50 Interoperability Testbed: Phase 1 Testing
Report on the logic and procedures to create a test dataset of more than 400,000 (400K) MARC 21 records from the OCLC WorldCat database. This test dataset (hereafter referred to as the dataset) provides a controlled set of data for use in the Z39.50 Interoperability Testbed Project (hereafter referred to as Z-Interop). OCLC selected a 1% weighted sample from its WorldCat database, which contains approximately 45 million records. This document focuses on the analysis procedures used to prepare for Phase 1 Testing in Spring 2002. A subsequent version of this document will address the additional procedures for Phase 2 Testing scheduled for Summer 2002. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc110994/
Analysis of Management and Employee Job Satisfaction
This article describes an analysis of management and employee job satisfaction. Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate the perceptions of job satisfaction as defined by both nonmanagement and management employees. This study suggests that little difference exists in the perceptions of job satisfaction importance between management and nonmanagement employees. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31078/
The Apiary Project: High-Throughput Workflow for Computer-Assisted Human Parsing of Biological Specimen Label Data
This presentation discusses research on high-throughput workflow for computer-assisted human parsing of biological specimen label data. This is part of the Apiary Project, a collaboration of the Texas Center for Digital Knowledge at the University of North Texas and the Botanical Research Institute of Texas. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc81372/
An Application Profile Using Darwin Core Rendered in the New Dublin Core Application Profile Framework
Poster presented at the 2009 Taxonomic Database Working Group Annual Conference. This poster discusses an application profile using Darwin Core rendered in the new Dublin Core application profile framework. This is part of the Apiary Project, a collaboration of the Texas Center for Digital Knowledge at the University of North Texas and the Botanical Research Institute of Texas. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc81371/
Applying Technology to Online Counseling: Suggestions for the Beginning E-Therapist
This article discusses e-therapy. Abstract: This article briefly outlines online counseling for readers who may be interested in delivering therapy via the internet. The article should very much be understood to be a beginner's primer based upon research literature and the personal recommendations of the authors. Readers will also benefit from several online resources for counselors mentioned throughout the article. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31079/
Are you Ready? Resource Description and Access (RDA)
This presentation was given at the School of Library and Information Sciences at the University of North Texas. The author discusses Resource Description and Access (RDA), what it is, the intention, functionality, structure, and implementation strategies, debates and issues, and recommendations. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc84311/
Assessing Descriptive Substance in Free-Text Collection-Level Metadata
This presentation discusses free-text collection-level metadata. When many collections are brought together in a federation or aggregation, the attributes of the original collections can get lost. Collection-level metadata has the potential to provide important context about the purpose and features of individual collections, but these qualitative aspects are difficult to describe in a systematic way. This presentation reports on a content analysis of collection records in the IMLS Digital Collections and Content Collection Registry, conducted to analyze the kinds of substantive and purposeful information provided about 202 cultural heritage collections. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc67600/
Assessing Descriptive Substance in Free-Text Collection-Level Metadata
This paper discusses assessing descriptive substance in free-text collection-level metadata. Abstract: Collection-level metadata has the potential to provide important information about the features and purpose of individual collections. This paper reports on a content analysis of collection records in an aggregation of cultural heritage collections. The findings show that the free-text Description field often provides more accurate and complete representation of subjects and object types than the specified fields. Properties such as importance, uniqueness, comprehensiveness, provenance, and creator are articulated, as well as other vital contextual information about the intentions of a collector and the value of a collection, as a whole, for scholarly users. The results demonstrate that the semantically rich free-text Description field is essential to understanding the context of collections in large aggregations and can serve as a source of data for enhancing and customizing controlled vocabularies. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc83321/
Assessing Interoperability in the Networked Environment: Standards, Evaluation, and Testbeds in the Context of Z39.50
This book chapter discusses interoperability in the networked environment. An underlying assumption of any network is that various components and processes will work together to produce desired results (e.g., data transmission, data interchange, reliability of services, etc.). The term interoperability has been used to characterize this working together, especially, the workings of lower level data communication components. Usage of the term has evolved to refer more generally to the extent to which different types of computers, networks, operating systems, and applications work together effectively to exchange information in a useful and meaningful manner. Miller (2000) suggests a perspective That is even more encompassing: he says that to be interoperable means "one should actively be engaged in the ongoing process of ensuring that the systems, procedures and culture of an organisation are managed in such a way as to maximize opportunities for exchange and re-use of information, whether internally or externally." digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc102281/
Assessing Metadata Utilization: An Analysis of MARC Content Designation Use
This paper discusses metadata utilization. Abstract: Metadata schemes emerge to meet community and user requirements, and they evolve over time to meet changing requirements. This paper reports results of an analysis of a large sample of MARC 21 bibliographic records. MARC 21 is an encoding scheme related closely to metadata elements occurring in library bibliographic records. The records were analyzed for the utilization of content designation available in MARC 21. Results indicate that less than 5% of available content designation accounts for over 80% of occurrences. The implications of these findings affect indexing policies, system design, and can inform setting requirements for extending a metadata scheme based on a threshold of community requirements. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc36303/
Campus Chaplains: Cult Training and Perceptions
Abstract: This article examines the perception of 43 college chaplains across the United States with regard to cult training and perceptions of college and university cult activity. Campus chaplains are in a unique and challenging position on college campuses to assist students and confront cult issues. The results of the survey indicated that most campus chaplains have had surprisingly little formal training with regard to cultic groups and often perceive faculty, staff, and students as requiring additional education regarding cult issues on college campuses. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31080/
Chinese Information Retrieval Using Lemur: NTCIR-5 CIR Experiments at UNT
This paper discusses Chinese information retrieval using Lemur. Abstract: This paper describes our participation in NTCIR-5 Chinese Information Retrieval (IR) evaluation. The main purpose is to evaluate Lemur, a freely available information retrieval toolkit. Our results showed that Lemur could provide above average performance on most of the runs. We also compared manual queries vs. automatic queries for Chinese IR. The results show that manually generated queries did not have much effect on IR performance. More analysis will be carried out to discover causes behind hard topics and ways to improve the overall retrieval performance. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc96829/
Chinese QA and CLQA: NTCIR-5 QA Experiments at UNT
Abstract: This paper describes our participation in the NTCIR-5 CLQA task. Three runs were officially submitted for three subtasks: Chinese Question Answering, English-Chinese Question Answering, and Chinese-English Question Answering. We expanded their TREC experimental QA system EagleQA this year to include Chinese QA and Cross-Language QA capabilities. Various information retrieval and natural language processing tools were incorporated with their home-built programs such as Answer Type Identification, Sentence Extraction, and Answer Finding to find answers to the test questions. Future development will focus on investigating effective question translation and answer finding solutions. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc96830/
Copyright and Fair Use: An Issue of Ethics in a Changing Learning Environment
This article discusses copyright issues. Abstract: Copyright infringement is one of the most talked about, yet most misunderstood topics in the curriculum and instructional development areas. The field of copyright protection is fraught with gray areas that undermine an individual's honest ability to discern what might be lawful uses of copyrighted materials. This article begins with a brief history of copyright law in the U.S. and provides examples, references, and discussion of "fair use." Additionally, issues related to the Internet are addressed, including: Web Linking, Framing, Plagiarism, Web-based referencing. Finally, considerations and suggestions for teaching and using ethical practices in the industrial and educational classroom are discussed. Fair use and copyright in educational institutions is largely an ethical issue. Ethics are not dependent on individual's actions. All parties involved must contribute to the ethical nature of an event and must accept both the responsibility for their actions or their non-actions. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31081/
Creating Radioactive MARC Records and Z Queries Using the MARCdocs Database
This document describes how the authors can extend a relational database of MARC documentation to store the appropriate information that will support the automatic generation of the special, diagnostic MARC records the authors will call radioactive MARC (RadMARC) records. The information contained in the database will also support the generation of the Z queries used in the interoperability testing. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc111003/
Cross-language search: The case of Google Language Tools
This article discusses cross-language search. Abstract: This paper presents a case study of Google Language Tools, especially its cross-language search service. Cross-language search integrates machine translation (MT) and cross-language information retrieval (CLIR) technologies and allows Web users to search and read pages written in languages different from their search terms. In addition to cross-language search, Google Language Tools provides various language support services to multilingual information access. Our study examines the functions of Google Language Tools and the performance of its cross-language search. The results and analysis show that Google Language Tools are useful for Web users. Its cross-language search service provides quality query translation while the automatic translation of result pages needs further improvement. The paper suggests that cross-language search could be used by different types of Web users. The authors also discuss the strategies and important issues with regard to implementing multilingual information access services for information systems. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc96824/
CTR-NT: A Survey of Local Cataloging Tool and Resource Utilization
This presentation discusses a grant project on Cataloging Tools and Resource: North Texas (CTR-NT). The study aimed to discover the extent and utilization of cataloging tools and resources within technical service departments in the public libraries of the North Texas Regional Library System (NTRLS) and the North East Texas Library System (NETLS). digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc83787/
Data Normalization Procedures on Decomposed MARC 21 Records
In this document, the authors present some aspects of data normalization of the decomposed records to improve the results of analysis. The data normalization processes use pattern-matching techniques to eliminate and/or generalize anomalous characters and terms. Since the unit of analysis in preparing the test dataset of 400,000 MARC 21 records is a "word," there was a need for data normalization to provide reliability in the subsequent analysis. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc111005/
Decomposing MARC 21 Records for Analysis
This document discusses decomposing MARC 21 records for analysis. To prepare the test dataset of the 1% sample of MARC 21 records from the WorldCat database for use in the Z39.50 Interoperability Testbed, the authors need to be able to efficiently analyze the records to determine relevant records to be returned for a set of test searches. The first step in that analysis is to determine the occurrence of test search terms in specific records. This document describes the general approach for this analysis and identifies specifications for the analysis. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc110995/
Developing an Alternative Approach for Interoperability Testing of Library Z39.50 Servers
Paper describing a plan of work to develop and test an alternative approach for interoperability testing. This approach builds on the conceptual and technical infrastructure developed during the Z-Interop Project. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc111279/
A DSpace Foundation for a Teaching and Research Commons: The Metadata Education and Research Information Commons
Poster presented at the 2007 International Conference on Open Repositories. This poster discusses the Metadata Education and Research Information Commons (MERIC). MERIC originated from an action plan of the Library of Congress and addresses the need to prepare future information professionals to organize and provide access to digital resources. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc111008/
Examining MARC Records as Artifacts Reflecting Metadata Utilization Decisions
This presentation discusses the MARC Content Designation Utilization (MCDU) Project. It presents information about the goals and scope of the project, the methodology and information about the process, and the implications of this project. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc36282/
Examining MARC Records as Artifacts That Reflect Metadata Utilization Decisions
This article examines MARC records as artifacts that reflect metadata utilization decisions. The Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS) awarded a National Leadership Grant to the Texas Center for Digital Knowledge at the University of North Texas (UNT) to investigate the coding of information and metadata utilization in a large set of machine-readable catalog (MARC) records. The project, Examining Present Practices to Inform Future Metadata Use: An Empirical Analysis of MARC Content Designation Utilization, is investigating the extent of catalogers' use of MARC 21, the markup language used by catalogers worldwide to create catalog records. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc102279/
An Extensible Approach to Interoperability Testing: The Use of Special Diagnostic Records in the Context of Z39.50 and Online Library Catalogs
Presentation discussing the use of special diagnostic records in the context of Z39.50 and online library catalogs. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc36271/
An Extensible Approach to Interoperability Testing: The Use of Special Diagnostic Records in the Context of Z39.50 and Online Library Catalogs
Paper discussing the use of special diagnostic records in the context of Z39.50 and online library catalogs. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc102276/
Final Report for The Z39.50 Interoperability Testbed Project Phase 2: Developing an Alternative Approach for Interoperability Testing of Library Z39.50 Servers
Final report for the Z39.50 interoperability testbed project, phase 2. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc111287/
Findings Pertaining to the Framework of Guidance for Building Good Digital Collections
This paper discusses the findings pertaining to the framework for building good digital collections. This paper is part of the three-year interim project report for the IMLS Digital Collections & Content Project, summarizing major findings October 2002 through September 2005. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc77124/
A Fixed Effects Panel Data Model: Mathematics Achievement in the U.S.
This article discusses a fixed effects panel data model. Abstract: Statistical models that combine cross section and time series data offer analysis and interpretation advantages over separate cross section or time series data analyses (Matyas & Severstre, 1996). Time series and cross section designs have not been commonplace in the research community until the last 25 years (Tieslau, 1999). In this study, a fixed effects panel data model is applied to the National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988 (NELS:88) data to determine if educational process variables, teacher emphasis, student self-concept, and socio-economic status can account for variance in student mathematical achievement. A model that includes seven independent variables accounted for 25% of the variance in student mathematical achievement test score. The study provides educational researchers with an applied model for panel data analysis. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31075/
The Functional Ontology of Filmic Documents
This book chapter discusses the functional ontology of filmic documents. The authors examine a few phases of probing of filmic documents, and the relationship between structure and meaning. The authors have taken the liberty of sketching the earlier phases and of presenting the most recent in somewhat more detail. Considerations of the early phases, among other issues of document use, led to the functional ontology construction as a foundation for this probing and for wider concerns within the arena of messages, meanings, and uses. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc83796/
Hello RDA, Goodbye AACR2!
This presentation is part of the pre-conference for the Texas Library Association Annual Conference. This presentation introduces the conference and offers information on the agenda. The presentation also discusses talking points and issues relating to the Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules (AACR2), Resource Description and Access (RDA), Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR), and Functional Requirements for Authority Data (FRAD). digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc86157/
High-Throughput Workflow for Computer-Assisted Human Parsing of Biological Specimen Label Data
This grant proposal is for the United States Institute of Museum and Library Services National Leadership Grant. Abstract: The University of North Texas's Texas Center for Digital Knowledge (TxCDK) and the Botanical Research Institute of Texas (BRIT) will conduct fundamental research with the goal of identifying how human intelligence can be combined with machine processes for effective and efficient transformation of textual museum specimen label information into high-quality machine-processible parsed data. This two-year project will advance understanding of the workflow and processes best able to increase access to and use of digitized biological collection metadata within the stakeholder communities comprised of biologists, natural history museum collections managers, biodiversity standards groups, and the library and information science community. A key challenge faced by all natural history collections is determining a transformation process that yields high-quality results in a cost- and time-efficient manner. The results of this research will yield a new workflow model for effective and efficient label data transformation, correction, and enhancement that can be replicated, adapted, and transferred to herbaria and other natural history collections. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc81387/
Hunting and Gathering on the Information Savanna
In this book, the authors offer three different arenas of nontrivial information seeking for our consideration: "Submarine Chasing" explores the thoughts of a highly decorated Cold War submarine hunter. "Bounty Hunting" involves a long and convoluted search for a reported bond skipper. "Engineering Design" presents a content analysis of the few works in epistemological foundations of engineering design activity. These stories, told at great length and in considerable detail, are framed within a foundational model that links the simple act of document seeking to the broader issue of making one's way through life in the physical world. In each case, the authors ramble, mull, and stumble upon ideas without the least prior constraint, developing some threads quite fully and leaving others to tease us, but never ever throwing us to the lions. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc83323/
Improving Z39.50 Interoperability: Z39.50 Profiles and Testbeds for Library Applications
This paper discusses Z39.50 interoperability. Abstract: An operating assumption for the networked environment is that many different information systems need to interoperate for users to successfully discover and retrieve distributed resources. Meaningful interoperability is often elusive. In the library community, the Z39.50 standard protocol (ISO 23950/ANSI/NISO Z39.50) for information retrieval promised seamless and transparent networked access to library resources. Too often, the reality has not lived up to the promise. This paper discusses two efforts that offer solution paths to Z39.50 interoperability. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc36283/
Indexing Guidelines to Support Z39.50 Profile Searches
This document provides guidelines for indexing MARC 21 records to support a set of searches using Z39.50. The Z39.50 Interoperability Testbed Project (Z-Interop) uses these guidelines to index the 400,000 MARC 21 records that comprise the Z-Interop reference implementation of the Z39.50 server and online catalog. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc111000/
An Innovative Partnership to Recruit and Educate Biomedical Information Professionals
Article on an innovative partnership to recruit and educate biomedical information professionals. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc279714/
Interim Report for the Z-Interop Project The Z39.50 Interoperability Testbed
This report discusses the Z39.50 interoperability testbed and serves as an interim report for the Z-Interop Project as of December 31, 2003. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc111001/
Interim Report to The Institute of Museum and Library Services
This document serves as an interim report on the Z39.50 Interoperability Testbed Project, Phase 2 (Z-Interop2), covering the period of January 1, 2005 through June 30, 2005. This document highlights activities and accomplishments to communicate to IMLS progress about the project since the interim report on January 1, 2005. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc111017/
Interim Report to The Institute of Museum and Library Services January 1 through June 30, 2003
This report discusses the Z39.50 interoperability testbed and provides an interim report of the Z-Interop Project covering the period of January 1, 2003 through June 30, 2003. This document highlights activities and accomplishments to communicate to IMLS progress on this project since the interim report on January 1, 2004. Given the date of approval for the extension, this report primarily reflects activities during the latter half of June 2004. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc111021/
Interim Report to The Institute of Museum and Library Services July 1 through December 31, 2004
This document serves as an interim report on the Z39.50 interoperability testbed, Phase 2 of the Z-Interop Project. This report covers the period of July 1, 2004 through December 31, 2004. This document highlights activities and accomplishments to communicate to IMLS progress on the project since the interim report on July 1, 2004. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc111282/
An Issue of Granularity: Decomposing Redesigned Courses on Different Levels of Details
This paper discusses a project to redesign courses on different levels of details. The Texas Course Redesign Project initiated by the Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board (THECB) aims to develop and distribute instructional resources to improve student learning outcomes and lower the costs of higher education. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc38886/
Leadership in Career and Technical Education: Beginning the 21st Century
Leadership in Career and Technical Education: Beginning the 21st Century is the third edited book published by the University Council of Workforce and Human Resource Education (UCWHRE), formerly the University Council of Vocational Education (UCVE). The previous books, Beyond Tradition: Preparing the Teachers of Tomorrow's Workforce (Hartley & Wentling, 1996) and Beyond Tradition: Preparing Human Resource Development Educators for Tomorrow's Workforce (Stewart & Hall, 1998) reported trends in their respective fields and also addressed issues that are perennial to workforce education. This publication is somewhat different in that it represents a collaborative effort among members of the UCWHRE, the National Research Center for Career and Technical Education and the National Dissemination Center for Career and Technical Education. This collaboration symbolizes efforts to link theory and research to practice and practice to theory and research. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31082/
Learning from Artifacts: Metadata Utilization Analysis
This paper describes the MARC Content Designation Utilization Project, which is examining a very large set of metadata records as artifacts of the library cataloging enterprise. This is the first large-scale examination of descriptive metadata utilization. Presents an overview of study activities and suggests the study's significance to the broader use of metadata in digital libraries. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc36318/
Mapping the Interoperability Landscape for Networked Information Retrieval
This paper discusses interoperability of networked information. Interoperability is a fundamental challenge for networked information discovery and retrieval. Often treated monolithically in the literature, interoperability is multifaceted and can be analyzed into different types and levels. This paper discusses an approach to map the interoperability landscape for networked information retrieval as part of an interoperability assessment research project. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc36320/
MARCdocs: The MARC 21 Bibliographic Format Database
Report on the MARC 21 bibliographic format database. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc111004/
Metadata: A Networked Information Strategy to Improve Access to and Management of Government Information
This document is part of a Government Information Quarterly Special Issue. The author serves as the editor of this issue focusing on the use of metadata as a strategy to improve access to and management of electronic government information. Contributions by writers address federal and state metadata activities and issues. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc102300/
The Metadata Education and Research Information Commons (MERIC): A Collaborative Teaching and Research Initiative
This article discusses the Metadata Education and Research Information Commons (MERIC). digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc36288/
Open Access: A New Paradigm for Knowledge Creation, Dissemination, and Access
Paper discussing open access as a new paradigm for knowledge creation, dissemination, and access. Abstract: The notion of open access to scholarly information is not new. In recent years, however, it has taken on prominence within the broader context of scholarly work, communication, and publishing. This brief paper intends to highlight and clarify key aspects of open access to assist UNTs initial discussions of the utility of open access for UNT researchers and scholars. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc32975/
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