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  Partner: UNT College of Information
 Resource Type: Article
Analysis of Management and Employee Job Satisfaction
This article describes an analysis of management and employee job satisfaction. Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate the perceptions of job satisfaction as defined by both nonmanagement and management employees. This study suggests that little difference exists in the perceptions of job satisfaction importance between management and nonmanagement employees.
Applying Technology to Online Counseling: Suggestions for the Beginning E-Therapist
This article discusses e-therapy. Abstract: This article briefly outlines online counseling for readers who may be interested in delivering therapy via the internet. The article should very much be understood to be a beginner's primer based upon research literature and the personal recommendations of the authors. Readers will also benefit from several online resources for counselors mentioned throughout the article.
Book Jacket as Access Mechanism: An Attribute Rich Resource for Functional Access to Academic Books
This article discusses book jackets as access mechanisms. Abstract: Book jackets provide a model for access to documents on the World Wide Web. They demonstrate a means for making available many of the representational attributes important to making relevance judgements. Such attributes have been posited for retrieval models for some time, but have not been implemented in most formal access systems. Even in the Web environment physical availability is not the same as accessibility. The attribute categories discussed here emerged from 228 book jackets for non-fiction works in a medium size academic library. Models of document searching and book jacket design are discussed in relation to the individual scholarly searcher and new modes of document searching.
Campus Chaplains: Cult Training and Perceptions
Abstract: This article examines the perception of 43 college chaplains across the United States with regard to cult training and perceptions of college and university cult activity. Campus chaplains are in a unique and challenging position on college campuses to assist students and confront cult issues. The results of the survey indicated that most campus chaplains have had surprisingly little formal training with regard to cultic groups and often perceive faculty, staff, and students as requiring additional education regarding cult issues on college campuses.
The Challenges of Training and Retraining Mature Learners
This article discusses challenges in training mature learners. Abstract: By 2005, older workers are projected to comprise 20 percent of the workforce (Barber, Crouch, & Merker, 1992). AT&T, General Electric, McDonalds, Traveler's Insurance, and Days Inn are just a few of the many companies that have already implemented older worker training programs to better utilize this growing older workforce (Hale, 1990; McNaught, 1994). Moloney and Paul (1992) suggest that updating older workers' skills cost less than hiring new graduates. Inter-generational secondary classroom and other retraining facilities must begin to prepare for the expected workforce of the future. In addition, vocational special needs educators must be aware of the special needs of the older learner associated with the aging process. This article explores the aging process from physical, cognitive, social and psychological perspectives, accommodations for age related changes, retraining mature learners, adaptations of the classroom environment, training technology issues, and successful corporate retraining programs to better prepare vocational educators for the workforce of the new millennium.
Collaboration and Crowdsourcing: The Cases of Multilingual Digital Libraries
Article discussing research on collaboration and crowdsourcing. The purpose of the study is to understand existing multilingual digital libraries and to suggest strategies for building and sustaining multilingual digital libraries.
Competencies Required for Digital Curation: An Analysis of Job Advertisements
Article discussing competencies required for digital curation. Abstract: With digital curation's increasingly important role in the fast-paced and data-intensive information environment, there is a need to identify a set of competencies for professionals in this growing field. As part of a curriculum development project funded by the U.S. Institute of Museum and Library Services, a total of 173 job advertisements posted between October 2011 and April 2012 were collected from various sources to take into account varying types of professionals in the field of digital curation across North America. Position title, institution types and location, educational background, experience, knowledge and skills, and duties were examined and analyzed. The results of the analysis show that digital curation jobs are characterized by a complex interplay of various skills and knowledge. The findings of this study present emerging requirements for a qualified workforce in the field of digital curation.
Contextual Metadata in Digital Aggregations: Application of Collection-Level Subject Metadata and its Role in User Interactions and Information Retrieval
Article discussing a study of contextual metadata in digital aggregations. Results of this study prove importance of provision of collection-level metadata in general and subject metadata in particular to enhance user experiences and information retrieval in digital libraries.
Copyright and Fair Use: An Issue of Ethics in a Changing Learning Environment
This article discusses copyright issues. Abstract: Copyright infringement is one of the most talked about, yet most misunderstood topics in the curriculum and instructional development areas. The field of copyright protection is fraught with gray areas that undermine an individual's honest ability to discern what might be lawful uses of copyrighted materials. This article begins with a brief history of copyright law in the U.S. and provides examples, references, and discussion of "fair use." Additionally, issues related to the Internet are addressed, including: Web Linking, Framing, Plagiarism, Web-based referencing. Finally, considerations and suggestions for teaching and using ethical practices in the industrial and educational classroom are discussed. Fair use and copyright in educational institutions is largely an ethical issue. Ethics are not dependent on individual's actions. All parties involved must contribute to the ethical nature of an event and must accept both the responsibility for their actions or their non-actions.
Cross-Cultural Training and Success Versus Failure of Expatriates
This article discusses cross-cultural training (CCT) and success versus failure of expatriates. Abstract: The past few decades has seen an explosion in research on expatriates and CCT. There has been controversy and an unending debate on the goals, effectiveness, implementation, and processes of CCT. There are very few reviews that have condensed literature detailing the best practices of CCT. This review also details the success and failure of expatriates. The antecedents or moderators that play a role in the evaluation of success and failure have been outlined in this literature review. It also brings to light certain solutions that will make CCT more effective and provides directions for future research.
Cross-language search: The case of Google Language Tools
This article discusses cross-language search. Abstract: This paper presents a case study of Google Language Tools, especially its cross-language search service. Cross-language search integrates machine translation (MT) and cross-language information retrieval (CLIR) technologies and allows Web users to search and read pages written in languages different from their search terms. In addition to cross-language search, Google Language Tools provides various language support services to multilingual information access. Our study examines the functions of Google Language Tools and the performance of its cross-language search. The results and analysis show that Google Language Tools are useful for Web users. Its cross-language search service provides quality query translation while the automatic translation of result pages needs further improvement. The paper suggests that cross-language search could be used by different types of Web users. The authors also discuss the strategies and important issues with regard to implementing multilingual information access services for information systems.
The Development and Assessment of an Instrument for Measuring Mental Model Styles in Korea
This article discusses a research study on the development and assessment of an instrument for measuring mental model styles in Korea. Abstract: This research study documents the development and validation of a new instrument for measuring individual mental model styles. In particular, the instrument is developed for use in organizational performance and change settings. Existing approaches to accessing and assessing mental models are reviewed, and the conclusion is drawn that none are survey-based, quantitative measures useful in organizational settings. Instrument development procedures with an expert panel are described, as well as data collection and analysis. The resulting instrument is provided along with exploratory factor analysis, and confirmatory factor analysis results. Recommendations for further research and establishing continued validity are provided.
Educators', Administrators' and Students' Perceptions of Principles of Technology Programs in Pennsylvania
This article discusses educators', administrators' and students' perceptions of principles of technology programs in Pennsylvania. Abstract: This study assesses the Principles of Technology Applied Science high school courses taught in Pennsylvania. Specifically, this study determines: 1) the number of Level I and II Principle of Technology courses taught; 2) teachers', administrators' and students' perceptions toward the Principle of Technology high school curriculum; 3) Principle of Technology teachers' perceptions of student achievement on state outcomes in science and technology; and 4) how Principle of Technology courses are being infused into the existing curriculum. Findings from this study indicate that both administrators, teachers, and students react favorably to the Principle of Technology Applied Science high school courses.
Enhancing Assignment Completion in Academically Diverse Vocational Classes
Abstract: This article describes methods and procedures for (a) planning assignments in vocational settings that will meet the special learning needs of all students in the class and (b) teaching students a self-checking process to evaluate their own work for quality before turning it in to the teacher. In cooperation with Individual Education Plans, the planning component of The Quality Assignment Routine provides vocational special needs educators an additional tool to better facilitate learning in diverse vocational classrooms.
Examining MARC Records as Artifacts That Reflect Metadata Utilization Decisions
This article examines MARC records as artifacts that reflect metadata utilization decisions. The Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS) awarded a National Leadership Grant to the Texas Center for Digital Knowledge at the University of North Texas (UNT) to investigate the coding of information and metadata utilization in a large set of machine-readable catalog (MARC) records. The project, Examining Present Practices to Inform Future Metadata Use: An Empirical Analysis of MARC Content Designation Utilization, is investigating the extent of catalogers' use of MARC 21, the markup language used by catalogers worldwide to create catalog records.
Exploring Learner to Content Interaction as a Success Factor in Online Courses
This article discusses exploring learner to content interaction as a success factor in online courses. Abstract: Interaction plays a critical role in the learning process. For online course participants, interaction with the course content (learner-content interaction) is especially important because it can contribute to successful learning outcomes and course completion. This study aims to examine the relationship between learner-content interaction and course grade to determine if this interaction type is a contributing success factor. Data related to student interaction with course content, including time spent reviewing online course materials, such as module PowerPoint presentations and course videos and time spent completing weekly quizzes, were collected for students in three sections of an online course (N = 139). The data were then correlated against grades achieved in the course to determine if there was any relationship. Findings indicate statistically significant relationships between the amount of time the learner spent with the content and weekly quiz grades (r = .-72). The study concludes that learners who spent more time interacting with course content achieve higher grades than those who spent less time with the content.
A Fixed Effects Panel Data Model: Mathematics Achievement in the U.S.
This article discusses a fixed effects panel data model. Abstract: Statistical models that combine cross section and time series data offer analysis and interpretation advantages over separate cross section or time series data analyses (Matyas & Severstre, 1996). Time series and cross section designs have not been commonplace in the research community until the last 25 years (Tieslau, 1999). In this study, a fixed effects panel data model is applied to the National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988 (NELS:88) data to determine if educational process variables, teacher emphasis, student self-concept, and socio-economic status can account for variance in student mathematical achievement. A model that includes seven independent variables accounted for 25% of the variance in student mathematical achievement test score. The study provides educational researchers with an applied model for panel data analysis.
"Genomics and Translational Medicine for Information Professionals:" an innovative course to educate the next generation of librarians
This article discusses an innovative course to educate the next generation of librarians and meet the demands of the changing health information environment.
Investigating the Screwdriver: 25 Years of Technology Change
This article discusses changes in technology. Abstract: Technology can be defined as the utilization of theory, processes, information, and materials to improve the knowledge, skills, and attitudes of a society. Since 1973 there have been many technological changes in the field of vocational education. This article offers a broad look at some of the technology changes in the last 25 years, as well as strategies for implementation and planning in the new millennium.
Leadership, Training, Mentoring, and Instructional Design
Editorial article for the second issue of Learning and Performance Quarterly. In this piece, the author describes the second issue and the overall focus on leadership, training, mentoring and instructional design.
The Metadata Education and Research Information Commons (MERIC): A Collaborative Teaching and Research Initiative
This article discusses the Metadata Education and Research Information Commons (MERIC).
Metadata Records Translation: The Case of The Portal to Texas History
Article discussing metadata records and translation. Abstract: In this paper, performance of online translation systems including Google, Systran and Bing on translating metadata records derived from the digital library- Portal to Texas History- is manually evaluated using four measures: Fluency, Adequacy, Incorrect Translation, and Missing Translation. The authors propose exploring multi-engine machine translation for improving the quality of translation and point out three possible strategies of implementing multilingual information access in digital libraries applying machine translation of metadata records.
Miles to go before we sleep: education, technology, and the changing paradigms in health information
This article discusses education, technology, and the changing paradigms in health information. Abstract: Purpose: This lecture discusses a philosophy of educating health information professionals in a rapidly changing health care and information environment. Discussion: Education for health information professionals must be based upon a solid foundation of the changing paradigms and trends in health care and health information, as well as technological advances, to produce a well-prepared information workforce to meet the demands of health-related environments. Educational programs should begin with the core principles of library and information sciences and expand in interdisciplinary collaborations. A model of the health care environment is presented to serve as a framework for developing educational programs for health information professionals. Conclusion: Interdisciplinary and collaborative relationships-which merge health care, library and information sciences, and other information-related disciplines-should form the basis of education for health information professionals.
Modeling Utilization of Planned Information Technology
Article from the proceedings of the 1998 American Medical Informatics Association (AMIA) Annual Symposium. This article discusses modeling utilization of planned information technology.
Photography Changes Our Environmental Awareness
This article is part of a series by the Smithsonian Photography Initiative called Click! Photography Changes Everything. The authors work on new media and relations to the environment. They write about how photography and increased visibility can bridge the gap between the natural world and human interaction.
A preliminary evaluation of metadata records machine translation
Article discussing a preliminary evaluation study of metadata records machine translation. The purpose of this study is to evaluate freely available machine translation (MT) services' performance in translating metadata records. This study is partially supported by the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS) grant LG-06-10-0162-10.
Quality Health Information on the Internet: Developing a Diabetes Pathfinder for the Chinese Population
Article discussing quality health information on the Internet. Abstract: A Web-based bilingual diabetes information pathfinder was created to help the Chinese population access quality health information on the Internet as part of a collaborative outreach project in the Dallas-Fort Worth area. A survey was conducted to identify the demographics, Internet usage, health information needs, and preferences for training sessions of the Chinese population. Breast cancer, diabetes, and hepatitis B were the top three diseases of interest. The process of developing the pathfinder is described from start to finish, and it can serve as a model for the development of others. Pathfinder training sessions also were held.
Reconstructing Bellour: Automating the Semiotic Analysis of Film
This article discusses automating the semiotic analysis of film, including visual representation, search and retrieval, and ways of seeing.
Resident Assistant Training: A Southwestern Perspective
The position of resident assistant (RAs) on college campuses is one of the great responsibility. RAs are often the first person students will seek out when needing emotional support. Training issues are complex and time consuming. Yet there has been little recently published addressing the issue of RA training. This study examines the similarities and differences public and private institutions train resident assistants in the southwest United States.
Retrospective Pretest: A Practical Technique for Professional Development Evaluation
The purpose of this study was to field test an instrument incorporating a retrospective pretest to determine whether it could reliably be used as an evaluation tool for a professional development conference. Based on a prominent evaluation taxonomy, the instrument provides a practical, low-cost approach to evaluating the quality of professional development interventions across a wide variety of disciplines. The instrument includes not only the questions typically associated with measuring participants' reactions but also includes a set of questions to gauge whether and how much learning occurred. Results indicate that the data produced from the instrument were reliable.
[Review] Collaborate: The Art of We
This book review discusses 'Collaborate: The Art of We' by Dan Sanker. The phenomenon of collaboration is getting popular in organizations; however while it is not a new buzzword, it is gaining more mileage because of the changes we see around us. In his book 'Collaborate: The Art of We' (2012), author Dan Sanker makes the case for social Darwinism - the constant battle for survival - by stating that in the coming decades, the fittest will be the ones who know how to collaborate. In today's global economy, time is of essence, as is quality. The book is timely because in the light of the present economy, collaboration is not just a best practice, but an essential practice for performance.
[Review] Social Media for Educators: Strategies and Best Practices
This book review discusses 'Social Media for Educators: Strategies and Best Practices' by Tanya Joosten. 'Social Media for Educators' is an excellent book that interweaves theory, applications, and current pedagogical experiences for learning environments. For those in the learning and performance industry, this book provides insights and ideas to help guide social media use for both educators and learners. Joosten provides current examples, benefits, and considerations throughout each chapter. Whether educators are beginning to design their learning curriculum or learners are considering social media for organizational development, this book presents helpful insights and experiences that will potentially influence and shape effective engagement and learning with social media.
Strategic Planning of Technology for Education: A Beginning Framework
This article discusses a beginning framework for the strategic planning of technology in education. The strategic planning of technology framework introduced in this paper is broken into five distinct parts: student technology, teacher technology, teacher training, technology planning cycle, and technology cost. This framework is designed to assist technology planners, teachers (academic and vocational), and administrators as they begin planning for future technology implementation in their school district.
The Subject of Learning and Performance
This editorial article discusses the inaugural issue of the Learning and Performance Quarterly (LPQ) open access journal. This editorial offers a welcome and introduction to the first issue.
Technology in Secondary Career and Technical Education: Issues for the New Millennium
This article discusses technology in secondary career and technical education. Today, school districts continually struggle with the following questions pertaining to career and technical education programs: How does career and technical education fit the secondary curriculum? What is the magic mixture of knowledge, skills, and attitudes needed to ensure that American students have the competitive edge in the workplace? How should school districts train teachers of career and technical education to teach in the information age? How will the efficacy of technology implementation in career and technical education be measured? What trends should drive changes in career and technical education? The authors state that as we move deeper into the information age, we must seek to resolve these issues. This article addresses each of these concerns by exploring the use of technology in the secondary career and technical education classroom.
Training Employees With Disabilities: Strategies from Corporate Training
This article focuses on the strategies used by corporate trainers to effectively teach populations with disabilities in their corporate workplace. Specifically, training strategies, both methods and training aids, for individuals with physical or mental disabilities are investigated. Both educators and trainers strive to effectively teach all learners. Corporate trainers have challenges that are similar to the challenges seen by educators. This article offers a different perspective for career and technology educators who are looking for new strategies to increase the impact of teaching methods in their classroom.
Training Older Workers: Implications for HRD/HPT Professionals
This article discusses training older workers. In corporations across America, a race is on to find new ways to maximize human capital. An emphasis on lifelong learning will be vital for the success of our future workforce. As demographic shifts occur, the "older worker" will emerge as a primary target for this human development effort. This article explores the implications of this demographic shift for the human resource development and human performance technology (HRD/HPT) professional and recommends strategies for meeting this business need. First, the authors discuss the realities of this demographic shift and compare our current workforce demographics to those of the future. Next, the authors examine the common myths about the "older worker", as well as what current research reports about this special population. Finally, the authors examine the impact of this trend on our profession. The authors discuss strategies for modifying the workplace environment, reassessing workforce motivational strategies, and altering training practices in order to serve this older worker population. In conclusion, the authors look at the implications for the future in HRD/HPT research.
Utilization of Technology-Enhanced Delphi Techniques
This article discusses the Delphi consensus-building technique. Also discussed are the Delphi Technique's history, the process, and some advantages and disadvantages found in the literature. Finally, this article examines a technology-enhanced version of the process. The study provides researchers interested in using the Delphi Technique in conjunction with technology with a process that is easily duplicated. Nine university professors/instructors agreed to address one question: "What information should the student be aware of when working on a team project?" The question is unimportant. However, the results of the Delphi consensus regarding this single question are provided, along with a framework for conducting future Delphi studies, using computer technology. Cost savings and time reduction are important advantages to be considered when conducting a Technology-Enhanced Delphi study using computer technology.
Virtual Libraries: A Service-Based Approach for Virtual Libraries
This article discusses virtual libraries. Much of the expectation surrounding the emerging 21st century library is based on the opportunities presented by enhanced access to information resources through the use of networked information technologies. Existing libraries are a product of an intersection and an interaction of people, resources, and procedures. Libraries are defined by a range of services developed for internal and external consumption. The provision of services to patrons and other users, including library staff, is built upon the collective personnel, information, and technological resources that constitute the library.