Creator: Akl, Robert G.; Pasupathy, Karthik & Haidar, Mohamad
Description: This paper discusses anchor nodes placement for effective passive localization. Abstract: In many applications, the exact location of the sensor nodes is unknown after deployment. Localization is a process used to locate sensor nodes' positional coordinates, which is vital information. The localization is generally assisted by anchor nodes that are also sensor nodes but with known locations. Anchor nodes generally are expensive and need to be optimally placed for effective localization. Passive localization is one of the localization techniques where the sensor nodes silently listen to the global events like thunder sounds, seismic waves, lighting, etc. According to previous studies, the ideal location to place anchor nodes was on the perimeter of the sensor network. This may not be the case in passive localization, since the function of anchor nodes here is different than the anchor nodes used in other localization systems. The authors do extensive studies on positioning anchor nodes for effective localization. Several simulations are run in dense and sparse networks for proper positioning of anchor nodes. The authors show that, for effective passive localization, the optimal placement of the anchor nodes is at the center of the network in such a way that no three anchor nodes ...
Contributing Partner: UNT College of Engineering