Date: August 2000
Creator: Bologna, Mauro; Tsallis, Constantino & Grigolini, Paolo
Description: This article discusses anomalous diffusion associated with nonlinear fractional derivative Fokker-Planck-like equation. Abstract: We consider the d=1 nonlinear Fokker-Planck-like equation with fractional derivatives (∂/∂t)P(x,t) = D(∂ƴ/∂xƴ)[P(x,t]v. Exact time-dependent solutions are found for v = (2 - y)/(1 + y)(-∞ < y ⩽ 2). By considering the long-distance asymptotic behavior of these solutions, a connection is established, namely, q = (y + 3)/(Y + 1)(0 < y ⩽ 2), with the solutions optimizing the nonextensive entropy characterized by index q. Interestingly enough, this relation coincides with the only already known for Lévy-like superdiffusion (i.e., v = 1 and 0 < y ⩽ 2). Finally, for (y,v) = (2,0) the authors obtain q=5/3, which differs from the value q = 2 corresponding to the y = 2 solutions available in the literature (v < 1 porous medium equation), thus exhibiting nonuniform convergence.
Contributing Partner: UNT College of Arts and Sciences