Date: June 1977
Creator: Acree, William E. (William Eugene) & Bertrand, Gary L.
Description: This article discusses thermochemical investigations of nearly ideal binary solvents. Abstract: The simple model which has previously led to successful predictive equations for the partial molar excess enthalpy of a solute in nearly ideal binary solvents has been slightly modified for application to the partial molar excess Gibbs free energy (excess chemical potential) of the solute in these systems. Three predictive equations are derived and tested for their ability to predict solubility in mixed solvents from measurements in the pure solvents. The most successful equation involves volumetrically weighted interaction parameters for the excess Gibbs free energy relative to the Flory-Huggins entropy of mixing, and predicts solubility in 22 systems containing naphthalene, iodine, and stannic iodide as solutes with an average deviation of 1.5% and a maximum deviation of 4%, using no adjustable parameters.
Contributing Partner: UNT College of Arts and Sciences