Date: April 2004
Creator: Ignaccolo, Massimiliano; Grigolini, Paolo & Gross, Guenter W.
Description: Article discussing the timely detection of toxicants. Abstract: We address the problem of enhancing the sensitivity of biosensors to the influence of toxicants, with an entropy method of analysis, denoted as CASSANDRA, recently invented for the specific purpose of studying non-stationary time series. The authors study the specific case where the toxicant is tetrodotoxin. This is a very poisonous substance that yields an abrupt drop of the rate of spike production at t approximately 170 minutes when the concentration of toxicant is 4 nanomoles. The CASSANDRA algorithm reveals the influence of toxicants thirty minutes prior to the drop in rate at a concentration of toxicant equal to 2 nanomoles. We argue that the success of this method of analysis rests on the adoption of a new perspective of complexity, interpreted as a condition intermediate between the dynamic and the thermodynamic state.
Contributing Partner: UNT College of Arts and Sciences