Date: June 21, 2007
Creator: Bianco, Simone; Ignaccolo, Massimiliano; Rider, Mark S.; Ross, Mary J.; Winsor, Phil & Grigolini, Paolo
Description: This article discusses brain, music, and non-Poisson renewal processes. Abstract: In this paper we show that both music composition and brain function, as revealed by the electroencephalogram (EEG) analysis, are renewal non-Poisson processes living in the nonergodic dominion. To reach this important conclusion the authors process the data with the minimum spanning tree method, so as to detect significant events, thereby building a sequence of times, which is the time series to analyze. The the authors show that in both cases, EEG and music composition, these significant events are the signature of a non-Poisson renewal process. This conclusion is reached using a technique of statistical analysis recently developed by the authors' group, the aging experiment (AE). First, the authors find that in both cases the distances between two consecutive events are described by nonexponential histograms, thereby proving the non-Poisson nature of these processes. The corresponding survival probabilities ψ(t) are well fitted by stretched exponentials [ψ(t) ∝ exp (-(yt)a), with 0.5<a<1.] The second step rests on the adoption of AE, which shows that these are renewal processes. The authors show that the stretched exponential, due to its renewal character, is the emerging tip of an iceberg, whose underwater part has slow ...
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