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  Partner: UNT Archives
[AIDS Resource Center PSA]
Flyer for the AIDS Resource Center advertising services that the organization provides as part of its community outreach and educational programming. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc304802/
AIDS Update, Volume 3, Number 3, March 1988
Newsletter of the AIDS Resource Center containing news updates, articles, opinion pieces, and advertisements related to the work of the organization. Cover: photo of a memorial event for Terry Tebedo, sponsored by the Dallas Gay Alliance; his loss in 1988 raised the number of AIDS deaths in Dallas County to 641. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc304832/
AIDS Update, Volume 3, Number 5, May 1988
Newsletter of the AIDS Resource Center containing news updates, articles, opinion pieces, and advertisements related to the work of the organization. Cover: photo of the AIDS Memorial Quilt, advertising a display of the quilt in May, 1988. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc304807/
The Gay Plague: Homosexuality and Disease
A pamphlet produced by the Alert Citizens of Texas opposing homosexuality with the headings: Gay Sex, Gay Disease, AIDS, Gay Sociology, Gay Psychology, The Gay Game Plan, Gay Legal Victories, Get Involved, and References. The text includes statistics and statements on each of the topics. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc276217/
[Letter from H. Clem Mueller, M.D. of Alert Citizens of Texas, Inc. to "Concerned Texan"]
Letter from H. Clem Mueller, M.D. of Alert Citizens of Texas, Inc. to supporters of the corporation "who are concerned about the various threats posed by homosexual conduct to the normal citizens of this State" (p. 3). "BEWARE" is written in red ink on the first page of the letter. In the letter, Mueller cites various studies and statistics about the "Gay Plague" (i.e., AIDS) and includes other warnings about how "homosexuality is extremely dangerous from a public health standpoint" (p. 2). The letter encourages readers to express their concerns about the "Gay Plague" to the Texas Legislature, and asks for financial contributions from the organization's supporters. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc177453/
The Homosexual Plague
A pamphlet produced by the Christian Voice Foundation containing statistics and anti-homosexual statements, with references and Bible verses. It includes topic headings for Gay Disease -- Gay Death, Gay Politics -- Gay Power, Gay Pride - Gay Pity, and Gay Surrender. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc276163/
[Clipping: "Unusual habit: gay men dressed as nuns poke fun at Falwell, Schlafly", Dallas Times Herald]
Photocopy of a newspaper clipping from the Dallas Times Herald, originally published by the Associated Press, dated July 14, 1984. The article discusses a satirical demonstration by a group of gay men in San Francisco against the Rev. Jerry Falwell and "anti-feminist" Phyllis Schlafly. The article includes an Associated Press photograph depicting satirical "Ladies Against Women" demonstrators with signs reading "Men Rule!" and "Ladies Against Women". A handwritten note to the left of the article reads, "Democrat Convention". Below the article on the right, another handwritten note reads "Sisters of Perpetual Indulgence". digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc177438/
[Political cartoon of Jerry Falwell]
This document includes a political cartoon featuring Jerry Falwell, published in the Austin American-Statesman. The cartoon depicts Falwell in pajamas praying at his bed. "Jerry Falwell" is written on the headboard of the bed; a portrait of Falwell hangs above the headboard. A lamp, a Mickey Mouse doll, and a copy of the Bible are on the nightstand beside the bed. The cartoon's caption (Falwell's prayer) reads, "We thank thee for the gifts of thy bountiful herpes and thine blessed AIDS, O, Lord...Now send us something for all the other weirdos." To the right of the kneeling Falwell, the speech balloon of a character with an elongated nose reads, "Our cup runneth over". An unknown artist's signature is included in the upper right of the cartoon. "19 July 83- Austin American Statesman - Falwell" is printed vertically to the right of the cartoon. The following is printed below the cartoon: "Please return this cartoon to the Dallas Gay/Lesbian Historic Archives. 6146 St. Moritz, Dallas, Texas 75214". digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc177433/
I'm Gay . . . O.K.?
Pamphlet or tract published by Last Days Ministries of Lindale, Texas, intended for questioning or homosexual readers. The tract lays out the Christian case against homosexuality based on biblical sources and encourages readers to turn and/or keep away from homosexuality. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc177448/
[Architectural Model of University Union at North Texas State University]
Photograph of the architectural model representing the exterior of the proposed University Union building at North Texas State University. Handwritten notes on the back of the photograph read: "Student Union Building", "Photo by Roy Bray", and "University Union @ 1973". digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc177482/
[Letter to the Editor from Ann Brown - 1983]
Letter from Ann Brown to members of the Dallas Gay Alliance concerning issues during 1983 centering around the AIDS epidemic and the Texas Freedom Festival. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc304774/
[Close up of Journal of Hugh Callaway]
Close-up view of a page in Hugh Callaway's journal. The entry contains an account of an attack in which Callaway was attacked and severely beaten as part of a hate crime which targeted gays in Dallas; Callaway's friend was murdered during the incident. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc277283/
[Close up of Journal of Hugh Callaway]
Close-up view of a page in Hugh Callaway's journal. The entry contains an account of an attack in which Callaway was attacked and severely beaten as part of a hate crime which targeted gays in Dallas; Callaway's friend was murdered during the incident. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc277262/
[Close up of Journal of Hugh Callaway]
Close-up view of a page in Hugh Callaway's journal. The entry contains an account of an attack in which Callaway was attacked and severely beaten as part of a hate crime which targeted gays in Dallas; Callaway's friend was murdered during the incident. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc277259/
[Journal of Hugh Callaway]
View of two pages in Hugh Callaway's journal, containing part of an account of an attack. Callaway was severely beaten during a hate crime which targeted gays in Dallas; Callaway's friend was murdered during the incident. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc277256/
[Upright view of Journal of Hugh Callaway]
Upright view of two pages in Hugh Callaway's journal. The entry contains an account of an attack in which Callaway was attacked and severely beaten as part of a hate crime which targeted gays in Dallas; Callaway's friend was murdered during the incident. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc277279/
[Journal of Hugh Burns Callaway]
Journal kept by Hugh Callaway from October 12th, 1991 to March 12th, 1993. Some of the entries discuss the murder of his significant other. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc304796/
[Letter from Hugh Callaway to Frederick Kirby - February 3, 1994]
Letter from Hugh Callaway to one of the killers of his friend, Thanh "Tom" expressing his anger about Kirby's actions. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc304794/
Social Psychological Aspects of the Judeo-Christian Stance Toward Homosexuality
A report discussing the research and findings of the social and psychological aspects of the Judeo-Christian stance toward homosexuality. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc276194/
[Cathedral of Hope Campaign Brochure]
Brochure for a fundraising campaign designed to build a new Cathedral of Hope. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc304809/
[Cathedral of Hope Campaign Pamphlet]
Brochure for a campaign to build a new Cathedral of Hope church. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc304789/
[Pamphlet: Let Us Build a Cathedral]
Brochure for a campaign to build a new Cathedral of Hope church. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc304823/
Teaching Sheet : Subject: Homosexuality
Pamphlet distributed by the Christian Broadcasting Network aiming to persuade readers to turn and/or keep away from homosexuality, based on Christian teachings. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc177447/
Circle of Friends: Constitution and By-Laws
Constitution and by-laws of the Circle of Friends, a group organized "to establish and promote communication, understanding and harmony between the homophile community and the general public, to better the common welfare and secure the blessing of equality and justice to all" (para. 1). The document outlines the various governing articles of the organization. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc304801/
[Aunt Georgia]
Narrative by Junebug Clark: Hamtramck, Michigan is a small town and Polish community surrounded by the city of Detroit. This photo was taken in the late 1930s. The girl in this photo is “Aunt Georgia.” A honorary title because she moved in and lived with our family in the years before I was born. Photo by: Bernice Clark. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc303393/
[Bill Krent and Friend]
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc303249/
[Ed Krent and automobile]
Narrative by Junebug Clark: This photo was taken in the late 1930s. Hamtramck, Michigan is a small town and Polish community surrounded by the city of Detroit. On top of the automobile is Ed Krent. He was the youngest brother on my mother's side, the Polish side, of the family. Photo by: Bernice Clark digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc303233/
[Helen Krent]
Narrative by Junebug Clark: Photograph is from the 1930s and is shot in Hamtramck, Michigan. Helen Krent is the younger sister of my mother Bernice. Helen married Steve Werner and the two lived together in Detroit and in Troy, Michigan. They never had children, but were the aunt and uncle that you always loved to visit. Their basement was always filled with toys. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc303269/
[Helen Krent inside an Automobile]
Narrative by Junebug Clark: This photo was taken in the late 1930s. Hamtramck, Michigan is a small town and Polish community surrounded by the city of Detroit. Helen Krent sits in an automobile. Photo by: Bernice Clark digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc303391/
[Helen Krent Watches Woman Pull Weeds]
Narrative by Junebug Clark: This photo was taken during the late 1930s in St. Claire, Michigan. Unknown woman pulls weeds in her lawn as Helen Krent watches. Photo by: Bernice Clark digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc303352/
[Three Girls on a Beach]
Narrative by Junebug Clark: This photo was taken during the late 1930s in St. Clair, Michigan. It is a photo of three girls on a Lake St.Clair beach: Virl Gregg (married name), Unknown girl, and Helen Krent. Virl was a long time family friend. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc303434/
[Unknown Friend and Ed Krent]
Narrative by Junebug Clark: Hamtramck, Michigan is a small town and Polish community surrounded by the city of Detroit. This photo was taken in the late 1930s. Standing in the car's doorway is an unknown friend. Sitting on the fender is Ed Krent. He was the youngest brother on my mother's side of the family. Photo by: Bernice Krent. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc303312/
[Unknown girl]
Narrative by Junebug Clark: This photo was taken during the late 1930s. Hamtramck, Michigan is a small town and Polish community surrounded by the city of Detroit. The girl in this photo is unknown to me, but the neighborhood is definitely Hamtramck. Photo by: Bernice Clark digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc303461/
[Virl and Helen]
Narrative by Junebug Clark: This photo was taken during the late 1930s in St. Claire, Michigan. Virl Gregg and Helen Krent stand in Virl's backyard. Gregg is Virl's married name. I don't know what her maiden name was when this photo was taken. Helen was Bernice's younger sister. Photo by: Bernice Clark digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc303320/
[Woman standing by a tree]
Narrative by Junebug Clark: This photo was taken during the late 1930s in St. Claire, Michigan. It is an image of an unknown woman standing by a tree. Photo by: Bernice Clark digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc303263/
[Air Conditioned]
Narrative by Junebug Clark: Image is from the 1940s and is shot in Cumberland Gap, Tennessee. The image title is Air Conditioned and it is an outtake. A similar photo appears on the cover of the Joe Clark's soft-cover book "Photojournalism" which was published in the mid 60's. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc303660/
[Air Conditioned]
Narrative by Junebug Clark: Image is from the 1940s and is shot in Cumberland Gap, Tennessee. The image title is Air Conditioned and it is an outtake. A similar photo appears on the cover of the Joe Clark's soft-cover book "Photojournalism" which was published in the mid 60's. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc303605/
[Air Conditioned]
Narrative by Junebug Clark: Image is from the 1940s and is shot in Cumberland Gap, Tennessee. The image title is Air Conditioned and it is an outtake. A similar photo appears on the cover of the Joe Clark's soft-cover book "Photojournalism" which was published in the mid-60's. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc303474/
[Alone at Last]
Narrative by Junebug Clark in the summer of 2014: Away from the crowd and the prying eyes of the younger children, these couple take time to catch up on some courting and socializing in the semi-private atmosphere of darkness. Kissing games at Stir-off gatherings are a favorite pastime. Looks like a few girls in the background are jealous and looking for a beau. The kissing game usually started with single boys and girls forming a circle. A girl would run around the circle and tag a boy and he would then chase her around the circle. The idea being that if she beat him back to the spot he vacated - she was safe. If he caught her - a kiss was the prize. It's been said it was amazing how many girls got their feet tangled running around that circle. People watching the molasses syrup as it boils down use short pieces of sorghum cane stalk to make “sop sticks” used to dip into the molasses syrup for a taste. This was the height of the fall social season. Harvesting the sorghum, extracting the juice, boiling it down into molasses could take days and weeks going round the clock to finish. Overall Background:These Molasses Making Stir-off photos were shot by Joe Clark HBSS in the early to mid-1940s. Either on the farm of Fred Whitaker about four miles southwest of Cumberland Gap, or in Cumberland Gap on the farm of Baptist preacher the Rev. Hugh Vancel. More information about these images can be found in scrapbooks in the Clark Family Collection at the University of North Texas Special Collections Library. Specifically in a Detroit news pictorial article published December 13, 1942 titles "stir-off party" where mountaineers make molasses and merriment. Also in life magazine published November 13, 1950 [page 156] titled “Stir-off Time in Tennessee, Fun Starts in Hills as Molasses Boils.’ Also in the library is the NBC Today Show story on Joe Clark HBSS by Bob Dotson. It features Joe Clark returning to Cumberland Gap Tennessee to photograph a molasses stir off taking place in the same location as some of these photographs and attended by some of the same people in the early 1980s. Let me briefly set the scene of the time and era that these photos were made. World War II was raging. Television did not exist. Radio reception sporadic in this mountain country. School was held only three months a year mostly during the winter months. Most news of the changes in the outside world was learned, they say, “By looking at pictures in the Sears catalogs.” They farmed steep and rolling hillsides of very poor land. In most of America, to help in the war effort, the rationing of food and other essentials was prevalent. Very few of these Tennessee mountaineers and hill folk had homes with electricity. None with indoor plumbing. Water came from wells which was diverted from nearby streams. Heat in the winter months from a single fireplace. It is where Joe Clark, HBSS was born and raised. Now living in Detroit Michigan, he returned to photograph and capture the memories and the good times of the people he knew so well so well and to document their lives which he saw changing. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc286313/
[Arriving at the Stir-off]
Narrative by Junebug Clark in the summer of 2014 Friends and neighbors come from miles around to participate in the Molasses Making Stir-off. Overall Background: These Molasses Making Stir-off photos were shot by Joe Clark HBSS in the early to mid-1940s. Either on the farm of Fred Whitaker about four miles southwest of Cumberland Gap, or in Cumberland Gap on the farm of Baptist preacher the Rev. Hugh Vancel. More information about these images can be found in scrapbooks in the Clark Family Collection at the University of North Texas Special Collections Library. Specifically in a Detroit news pictorial article published December 13, 1942 titles "stir-off party" where mountaineers make molasses and merriment. Also in life magazine published November 13, 1950 [page 156] titled “Stir-off Time in Tennessee, Fun Starts in Hills as Molasses Boils.’ Also in the library is the NBC Today Show story on Joe Clark HBSS by Bob Dotson. It features Joe Clark returning to Cumberland Gap Tennessee to photograph a molasses stir off taking place in the same location as some of these photographs and attended by some of the same people in the early 1980s. Let me briefly set the scene of the time and era that these photos were made. World War II was raging. Television did not exist. Radio reception sporadic in this mountain country. School was held only three months a year mostly during the winter months. Most news of the changes in the outside world was learned, they say, “By looking at pictures in the Sears catalogs.” They farmed steep and rolling hillsides of very poor land. In most of America, to help in the war effort, the rationing of food and other essentials was prevalent. Very few of these Tennessee mountaineers and hill folk had homes with electricity. None with indoor plumbing. Water came from wells which was diverted from nearby streams. Heat in the winter months from a single fireplace. It is where Joe Clark, HBSS was born and raised. Now living in Detroit Michigan, he returned to photograph and capture the memories and the good times of the people he knew so well so well and to document their lives which he saw changing. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc286458/
[Arriving at the Stir-off]
Narrative by Junebug Clark in the summer of 2014 Friends and neighbors come from miles around to participate in the Molasses Making Stir-off. Overall Background: These Molasses Making Stir-off photos were shot by Joe Clark HBSS in the early to mid-1940s. Either on the farm of Fred Whitaker about four miles southwest of Cumberland Gap, or in Cumberland Gap on the farm of Baptist preacher the Rev. Hugh Vancel. More information about these images can be found in scrapbooks in the Clark Family Collection at the University of North Texas Special Collections Library. Specifically in a Detroit news pictorial article published December 13, 1942 titles "stir-off party" where mountaineers make molasses and merriment. Also in life magazine published November 13, 1950 [page 156] titled “Stir-off Time in Tennessee, Fun Starts in Hills as Molasses Boils.’ Also in the library is the NBC Today Show story on Joe Clark HBSS by Bob Dotson. It features Joe Clark returning to Cumberland Gap Tennessee to photograph a molasses stir off taking place in the same location as some of these photographs and attended by some of the same people in the early 1980s. Let me briefly set the scene of the time and era that these photos were made. World War II was raging. Television did not exist. Radio reception sporadic in this mountain country. School was held only three months a year mostly during the winter months. Most news of the changes in the outside world was learned, they say, “By looking at pictures in the Sears catalogs.” They farmed steep and rolling hillsides of very poor land. In most of America, to help in the war effort, the rationing of food and other essentials was prevalent. Very few of these Tennessee mountaineers and hill folk had homes with electricity. None with indoor plumbing. Water came from wells which was diverted from nearby streams. Heat in the winter months from a single fireplace. It is where Joe Clark, HBSS was born and raised. Now living in Detroit Michigan, he returned to photograph and capture the memories and the good times of the people he knew so well so well and to document their lives which he saw changing. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc286479/
[Arriving at the Stir-off]
Narrative by Junebug Clark in the summer of 2014 Friends and neighbors come from miles around to participate in the Molasses Making Stir-off. Overall Background: These Molasses Making Stir-off photos were shot by Joe Clark HBSS in the early to mid-1940s. Either on the farm of Fred Whitaker about four miles southwest of Cumberland Gap, or in Cumberland Gap on the farm of Baptist preacher the Rev. Hugh Vancel. More information about these images can be found in scrapbooks in the Clark Family Collection at the University of North Texas Special Collections Library. Specifically in a Detroit news pictorial article published December 13, 1942 titles "stir-off party" where mountaineers make molasses and merriment. Also in life magazine published November 13, 1950 [page 156] titled “Stir-off Time in Tennessee, Fun Starts in Hills as Molasses Boils.’ Also in the library is the NBC Today Show story on Joe Clark HBSS by Bob Dotson. It features Joe Clark returning to Cumberland Gap Tennessee to photograph a molasses stir off taking place in the same location as some of these photographs and attended by some of the same people in the early 1980s. Let me briefly set the scene of the time and era that these photos were made. World War II was raging. Television did not exist. Radio reception sporadic in this mountain country. School was held only three months a year mostly during the winter months. Most news of the changes in the outside world was learned, they say, “By looking at pictures in the Sears catalogs.” They farmed steep and rolling hillsides of very poor land. In most of America, to help in the war effort, the rationing of food and other essentials was prevalent. Very few of these Tennessee mountaineers and hill folk had homes with electricity. None with indoor plumbing. Water came from wells which was diverted from nearby streams. Heat in the winter months from a single fireplace. It is where Joe Clark, HBSS was born and raised. Now living in Detroit Michigan, he returned to photograph and capture the memories and the good times of the people he knew so well so well and to document their lives which he saw changing. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc286576/
[Aunt Esther at the Kitchen Table]
Narrative by Junebug Clark: This photo was taken during the late 1930s in Hamtramck, Michigan. Hamtramck is a small town and Polish community surrounded by the city of Detroit. My Aunt Esther (can’t recall her maiden name at this time) is featured at the kitchen table. She would eventually marry Bill Krent and have 4 children: Jackie, David, Marsha and Claudia. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc303463/
[Aunt Nora Treece and Iris Clark Quilting]
Narrative by Junebug Clark: Aunt Nora Treece and my grandmother, Iris Clark, working on a quilt in Cumberland Gap, Tennessee. Clark Photofile: 0010-7 digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc286343/
[Aunt Tilda]
Narrative by Junebug Clark: Photograph is of Aunt Tilda from the early 1940s taken in Cumberland Gap, Tennessee. Not an aunt related by blood, but one earned by age and respect. This photo appears in the Joe Clark, HBSS books, "Back Home" and "Photojournalism." The following poem accompanies the image in the publications: AUNT TILDA In her heart there glowed a fire That filled her eyes with radiant light Though unlearned and poor she was She lived with all her might hbss digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc303503/
[Aunt Tilda]
Narrative by Junebug Clark: Photograph is of Aunt Tilda from the early 1940s taken in Cumberland Gap, Tennessee. Not an aunt related by blood, but one earned by age and respect. This photo appears in the Joe Clark, HBSS books, "Back Home" and "Photojournalism." The following poem accompanies the image in the publications: AUNT TILDA In her heart there glowed a fire That filled her eyes with radiant light Though unlearned and poor she was She lived with all her might hbss digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc303524/
[Aunt Tilda]
Narrative by Junebug Clark: Photograph is of Aunt Tilda from the early 1940s taken in Cumberland Gap, Tennessee. Not an aunt related by blood, but one earned by age and respect. This photo appears in the Joe Clark, HBSS books, "Back Home" and "Photojournalism." The following poem accompanies the image in the publications: AUNT TILDA In her heart there glowed a fire That filled her eyes with radiant light Though unlearned and poor she was She lived with all her might hbss digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc303566/
[Aunt Tilda]
Narrative by Junebug Clark: Photograph is of Aunt Tilda from the early 1940s taken in Cumberland Gap, Tennessee. Not an aunt related by blood, but one earned by age and respect. This photo appears in the Joe Clark, HBSS books, "Back Home" and "Photojournalism." The following poem accompanies the image in the publications: AUNT TILDA In her heart there glowed a fire That filled her eyes with radiant light Though unlearned and poor she was She lived with all her might. hbss digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc303635/
[Aunt Tilda's Hands]
Narrative by Junebug Clark: Photograph is of Aunt Tilda's hands from the early 1940s taken in Cumberland Gap, Tennessee. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc303699/
[Away from the Crowd]
Narrative by Junebug Clark in the summer of 2014: "Away from the Crowd" and prying eyes, in the cover of darkness, couples take the opportunity to catch up on time spent away from each other. Kissing games at Stir-off gatherings are a favorite pastime. Looks like a few girls in the background are jealous and looking for a beau. The kissing game usually started with single boys and girls forming a circle. A girl would run around the circle and tag a boy and he would then chase her around the circle. The idea being that if she beat him back to the spot he vacated - she was safe. If he caught her - a kiss was the prize. It's been said it was amazing how many girls got their feet tangled running around that circle. People watching the molasses syrup as it boils down use short pieces of sorghum cane stalk to make “sop sticks” used to dip into the molasses syrup for a taste. This was the height of the fall social season. Harvesting the sorghum, extracting the juice, boiling it down into molasses could take days and weeks going round the clock to finish. Overall Background:These Molasses Making Stir-off photos were shot by Joe Clark HBSS in the early to mid-1940s. Either on the farm of Fred Whitaker about four miles southwest of Cumberland Gap, or in Cumberland Gap on the farm of Baptist preacher the Rev. Hugh Vancel. More information about these images can be found in scrapbooks in the Clark Family Collection at the University of North Texas Special Collections Library. Specifically in a Detroit news pictorial article published December 13, 1942 titles "stir-off party" where mountaineers make molasses and merriment. Also in life magazine published November 13, 1950 [page 156] titled “Stir-off Time in Tennessee, Fun Starts in Hills as Molasses Boils.’ Also in the library is the NBC Today Show story on Joe Clark HBSS by Bob Dotson. It features Joe Clark returning to Cumberland Gap Tennessee to photograph a molasses stir off taking place in the same location as some of these photographs and attended by some of the same people in the early 1980s. Let me briefly set the scene of the time and era that these photos were made. World War II was raging. Television did not exist. Radio reception sporadic in this mountain country. School was held only three months a year mostly during the winter months. Most news of the changes in the outside world was learned, they say, “By looking at pictures in the Sears catalogs.” They farmed steep and rolling hillsides of very poor land. In most of America, to help in the war effort, the rationing of food and other essentials was prevalent. Very few of these Tennessee mountaineers and hill folk had homes with electricity. None with indoor plumbing. Water came from wells which was diverted from nearby streams. Heat in the winter months from a single fireplace. It is where Joe Clark, HBSS was born and raised. Now living in Detroit Michigan, he returned to photograph and capture the memories and the good times of the people he knew so well so well and to document their lives which he saw changing. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc286365/
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