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An Experimental Analysis of the Efficacy of Anxiety-Relief Conditioning

An Experimental Analysis of the Efficacy of Anxiety-Relief Conditioning

Date: December 1973
Creator: Vance, Ivan Noel
Description: One of the newer techniques to be utilized in the treatment of a variety of behavioral disorders is anxiety-relief conditioning (Thorpe, Schmidt, Brown, and Castell, 1964; Solyom and Miller, 1967; Wolpe and Lazarus, 1966). In its theoretical formulation, reciprocal inhibition by anxiety-relief is similar to Wolpe's reciprocal inhibition by progressive relaxation (Solyom and Miller, 1967). Whereas Wolpe's method utilizes Jacobsonian relaxation principles to provide the medium through which anxiety is reciprocally inhibited, the procedure employed in anxiety-relief conditioning utilizes the relief following termination of an aversive stimulus to set an occasion which will permit reciprocal inhibition to take place. Many of the problems encountered in relaxation induction and control are thus avoided (Wolpe, 1958; Thorpe et al., 1964). Anxiety-relief conditioning appears to have been successful in patients that previously had been unsuccessfully treated by psychotherapy and chemotherapy for as long as 20 years (Myers, 1957; Thorpe et al., 1964; Solyom and Miller, 1967). Solyom and Miller reported successfully treating six of seven phobic patients who complained of severe depression, difficulty in interpersonal relationships and anxiety attacks when meeting people, as well as excessive fear of crowded places. These patients had an average length of illness of 11.1 years, ranging from ...
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Experimental and Theoretical Studies of Polycarbocyclic Compounds

Experimental and Theoretical Studies of Polycarbocyclic Compounds

Date: May 1998
Creator: Shukla, Rajesh, 1964-
Description: Part I. Diels-Alder cycloadditions of 1,2,3,4,9,9-hexachloro-1α,4α,4aα,8aβ-tetrahydro-l,4-methanonaphthalene (32) and 1,2,3,4,9,9-hexachloro-lα,4α,6,7- tetrahydro-l,4-methanonaphthalene (33) to 4-methyl- and 4-phenyl-l,2,4-triazoline-3,5-dione [MTAD and PTAD, respectively] and to N-methylmaleimide (NMM) have been studied. The structures of several of the resulting cycloadducts were determined by X-ray crystallographic methods. The observed stereoselectivity of each of these Diels-Alder reactions was further investigated via application of theoretical methods. Thus, semiempirical (AMI) and ab initio molecular orbital calculations were used to calculate relative energies. Ab initio calculations were employed to perform frontier molecular orbital analyses of diene-dienophile interactions.
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Experimental and Theoretical Study of Electronic Transitions in Phosphorus, Phosphoryl, and Thiophosphoryl Trichlorofluorides

Experimental and Theoretical Study of Electronic Transitions in Phosphorus, Phosphoryl, and Thiophosphoryl Trichlorofluorides

Date: May 1973
Creator: McAdams, Mary Jane
Description: This thesis is an investigation of the vacuum uv spectra of the phosphorus, phosphoryl, and thiophosphoryl trichlorofluorides in the region 1250 to 3000A. Assignments for absorption bands are made utilizing results from photoelectron spectra and ab initio calculations, oscillator strengths for absorption bands, and CNDO/2 molecular orbital calculations. Results from CNDO/2 calculations are compared with theoretical calculations, and experimental data are discussed with regard to the bonding in the compounds.
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An Experimental and Theoretical Study of the Reaction Between NH(X3Σ-) + SO(X3Σ-)

An Experimental and Theoretical Study of the Reaction Between NH(X3Σ-) + SO(X3Σ-)

Date: August 3, 2010
Creator: Blitz, Mark A.; Shannon, Robin J.; Marshall, Paul & Pilling, Michael J.
Description: Article on an experimental and theoretical study of the reaction between NH(X3Σ–) + SO(X3Σ–).
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An Experimental Comparison of Pupil Progress in Reading and Language Skills in Two Fourth Grades on the Basis of the Regular and Remedial Teaching Procedures

An Experimental Comparison of Pupil Progress in Reading and Language Skills in Two Fourth Grades on the Basis of the Regular and Remedial Teaching Procedures

Date: 1949
Creator: Fletcher, Irma Crowder
Description: The purpose of this experimental study is to make a comparison of the progress made in reading and language skills by the regular teaching procedure and the remedial teaching procedure to see whether any significant differences would be manifested in pupil progress when taught by the remedial teaching procedure.
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An Experimental Comparison of Pupil Progress in Seventh-Grade Arithmetic on the Basis of the Formal and the Activity Programs of Teaching Procedure

An Experimental Comparison of Pupil Progress in Seventh-Grade Arithmetic on the Basis of the Formal and the Activity Programs of Teaching Procedure

Date: 1941
Creator: Graham, Esta Willine
Description: This thesis describes the experiment made by the author in two of her seventh-grade arithmetic classes comparing the effectiveness of the formal and activity methods of teaching on the progress of the students.
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An Experimental Course in Elementary Science for the Intermediate Grades

An Experimental Course in Elementary Science for the Intermediate Grades

Date: 1940
Creator: Copeland, Robert H.
Description: It is the purpose of this thesis to show as nearly as possible how a course in elementary science was worked out and carried on to meet the interests and needs of the pupils in a small rural school.
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An Experimental Course in Movement Preparation for Beginning Performers

An Experimental Course in Movement Preparation for Beginning Performers

Date: August 1977
Creator: Murphy, Martha F.
Description: This is a course outline for the first semester of movement training for beginning performers in theatre, part of a two-year course of study based on the Becque-Todd method of movement development. Emphasis is on a psychophysiological approach to developing new motor habits. The introduction presents the history, background, basic premises on which the course is based, and the techniques and tools used. Each subsequent chapter represents a unit of work on a specific problem, each taking one or more class periods.
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Experimental Determination of L, Ostwald Solubility Solute Descriptor for Illegal Drugs By Gas Chromatography and Analysis By the Abraham Model

Experimental Determination of L, Ostwald Solubility Solute Descriptor for Illegal Drugs By Gas Chromatography and Analysis By the Abraham Model

Date: May 2012
Creator: Wang, Zhouxing
Description: The experiment successfully established the mathematical correlations between the logarithm of retention time of illegal drugs with GC system and the solute descriptor L from the Abraham model. the experiment used the method of Gas Chromatography to analyze the samples of illegal drugs and obtain the retention time of each one. Using the Abraham model to calculate and analyze the sorption coefficient of illegal drugs is an effective way to estimate the drugs. Comparison of the experimental data and calculated data shows that the Abraham linear free energy relationship (LFER) model predicts retention behavior reasonably well for most compounds. It can calculate the solute descriptors of illegal drugs from the retention time of GC system. However, the illegal drugs chosen for this experiment were not all ideal for GC analysis. HPLC is the optimal instrument and will be used for future work. HPLC analysis of the illegal drug compounds will allow for the determination of all the solute descriptors allowing one to predict the illegal drugs behavior in various Abraham biological and medical equations. the results can be applied to predict the properties in biological and medical research which the data is difficult to measure. the Abraham model will predict ...
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Experimental Determination of the Scattering Cross-section of Ogives and Prolate Spheroids at Microwave Frequencies

Experimental Determination of the Scattering Cross-section of Ogives and Prolate Spheroids at Microwave Frequencies

Date: 1956
Creator: Rhoads, Wayne C.
Description: Because of the great difficulty of obtaining exact numerical values of cross-section, and because of the inherent uncertainties in interpreting and evaluating the approximate methods, accurate experimental cross-section data would be extremely useful to the radar engineer. It was with this purpose in mind that the present long-range research program in microwave scattering was undertaken. Of immediate interest were the scattering properties of the prolate spheroid, the ogive (formed by rotating the minor segment of a circle around the chord), and, for comparison, the long cylinder.
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The Experimental Draw-a-Group Projective Technique for Measuring Interpersonal Responsiveness

The Experimental Draw-a-Group Projective Technique for Measuring Interpersonal Responsiveness

Date: August 1965
Creator: Cookerly, John Richard
Description: The purpose of this study is to present an exploratory investigation into the possibility of developing a projective technique for measuring interpersonal responsiveness. The projective technique explored here is a form of drawing analysis based on the drawing of a group made by each subject in a tested population.
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An Experimental Examination of the Effects of Fraud Specialist and Audit Mindsets on Fraud Risk Assessments and on the Development of Fraud-Related Problem Representations

An Experimental Examination of the Effects of Fraud Specialist and Audit Mindsets on Fraud Risk Assessments and on the Development of Fraud-Related Problem Representations

Date: August 2010
Creator: Chui, Lawrence
Description: Fraud risk assessment is an important audit process that has a direct impact on the effectiveness of auditors' fraud detection in an audit. However, prior literature has shown that auditors are generally poor at assessing fraud risk. The Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (PCAOB) suggests that auditors may improve their fraud risk assessment performance by adopting a fraud specialist mindset. A fraud specialist mindset is a special way of thinking about accounting records. While auditors think about the company's recorded transactions in terms of the availability of supporting documentations and the authenticity of the audit trail, fraud specialists think instead of accounting records in terms of the authenticity of the events and activities that are behind the reported transactions. Currently there is no study that has examined the effects of the fraud specialist mindset on auditors' fraud risk assessment performance. In addition, although recent studies have found that fraud specialists are more sensitive than auditors in discerning fraud risk factors in situation where a high level of fraud risk is present, it remains unclear whether the same can be said for situation where the risk of fraud is low. Thus, the purpose of my dissertation is to examine the effects ...
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An Experimental Examination Of The Effects Of Goal Framing And Time Pressure On Auditors’ Professional Skepticism

An Experimental Examination Of The Effects Of Goal Framing And Time Pressure On Auditors’ Professional Skepticism

Date: December 2011
Creator: Robinson, Shani N.
Description: Professional skepticism is a critical component of audit practice and current auditing standards direct auditors to remain skeptical throughout the duration of each audit engagement. Despite the importance and prevalence of an emphasis on professional skepticism throughout auditing standards, evidence indicates that auditors often fail to exercise an appropriate degree of professional skepticism. Prior accounting research suggests that auditors’ professionally skeptical behavior is affected by individual personality traits as well as situational (state) influences, whereby both factors contribute to auditor professional skepticism. Yet, prior research has primarily focused on trait skepticism; and little research to date has investigated the concept of state skepticism. The purpose if this research study is to experimentally investigate the impact of time pressure and trait skepticism on state skepticism, and to test a potential debiasing procedure on the impact of time pressure on state skepticism. In addition, this study examines the influence of both skepticism types on skeptical behavior.This research offers several contributions to accounting literature and practice. First, I contribute to the existing debate regarding the influences of professional skepticism by providing evidence that professional skepticism may be categorized as a temporary state, induced by situational aspects, in addition to being classified as an ...
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An Experimental Investigation into the Interaction Between Modality Preference and Instruction Mode in the Learning of Spelling Words by Upper-Elementary Learning Disabled Students

An Experimental Investigation into the Interaction Between Modality Preference and Instruction Mode in the Learning of Spelling Words by Upper-Elementary Learning Disabled Students

Date: August 1987
Creator: Hill, Gerald D. (Gerald Dean)
Description: This study investigated the effects of selected spelling teaching methods on spelling mastery of upper-elementary, learning disabled students. It also examined the value of assessing learning disabled students' modality preferences for diagnostic/prescriptive purposes.The study's significance is that it sought to (a) determine whether students classified as learning disabled can identify their preferred learning modes; (b) determine whether matching modes of instruction to students' modality reference(s) results in greater achievement; and (c) identify a systematic way of prescribing instruction for learning disabled students.
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An Experimental Investigation of Information Systems Project Escalation: An Examination of Contributory Factors in a Business Environment

An Experimental Investigation of Information Systems Project Escalation: An Examination of Contributory Factors in a Business Environment

Date: August 1997
Creator: Huff, Richard A. (Richard Allen)
Description: The purpose of this research is to continue examining the project management process. The management of projects is complicated. It is the complexity of the process that makes a project so difficult to control. This research examines the effect of particular facets of the project manager's skill set and operating environment on management decisions.
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Experimental Investigation of the Relation Between Intelligence Quotients, English Scores, Reading Scores, and English Marks at N.T.S.T.C.; and a Suggestion for the Use of These Instruments in Predicting Academic Success in English

Experimental Investigation of the Relation Between Intelligence Quotients, English Scores, Reading Scores, and English Marks at N.T.S.T.C.; and a Suggestion for the Use of These Instruments in Predicting Academic Success in English

Date: August 1945
Creator: Phillips, Annie Pearl
Description: "The problem here is to determine the scholastic prediction in English at the college freshman level by means of the correlation coefficients of the following test scores and marks at North Texas State Teachers College..."--1.
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An Experimental Investigation of the Relation Between the Percentage of Possible Gain in Reading Comprehension and Academic Success in Major Fields of Study

An Experimental Investigation of the Relation Between the Percentage of Possible Gain in Reading Comprehension and Academic Success in Major Fields of Study

Date: 1946
Creator: Porter, Thomas Warner
Description: Determination of gains made in reading comprehension and the relationship of these gains to the academic success of 545 college freshmen of North Texas State Teachers College is the main consideration of this study.
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An Experimental Investigation of the Relationship Between Perception of Parental Acceptance and Social Acceptability of Adolescents

An Experimental Investigation of the Relationship Between Perception of Parental Acceptance and Social Acceptability of Adolescents

Date: 1955
Creator: Throp, Thomas Richard
Description: The purpose of this study is twofold. One is that of developing an instrument for determining a child's concept of how he is thought of by his mother and his father; in other words, a method of measuring parental acceptance as it is perceived by the child, himself. The development of this instrument will be discussed in Chapter IV. The second purpose of this study is that of determining whether or not there is any significant relationship between the child's perception of parental acceptance and the social acceptability of the child, as measured by a sociometric instrument.
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An Experimental Investigation of the Relative Effectiveness of Two Methods of Teaching Mechanical Drawing

An Experimental Investigation of the Relative Effectiveness of Two Methods of Teaching Mechanical Drawing

Date: August 1950
Creator: McSpadden, C. B.
Description: The purpose of this study was twofold: First, to analyze two methods of teaching mechanical drawing in the seventh grade by conducting an experiment to determine by which method the greatest amount of achievement was obtained by the students in the ability to visualize, sketch, letter, and understand three-view drawing; and second, to recommend a work plan and certain teaching techniques for teaching mechanical drawing in the seventh grade of the Santa Fe, New Mexico Junior High School, based upon the method by which the greater amount of achievement was indicated in the study.
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An Experimental Investigation of the Value of Music Workbooks in Junior High Music Classes

An Experimental Investigation of the Value of Music Workbooks in Junior High Music Classes

Date: August 1941
Creator: Milam, Lena
Description: This study is an experimental investigation of two groups of junior high school students in an effort to evaluate the advantages of workbooks in their music classes. The comparison was made with two classes composed of thirty-two students each from the two junior high schools in the Beaumont Independent School District. One class used the workbooks in conjunction with the regular singing and appreciation work, but the other class did not use formal workbooks. They discussed the theory and notation of the music in relation to the work they were doing.
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An Experimental Investigation on the Effects of Learning Style and Presentation Methods on Knowledge Acquisition in a University Classroom Environment

An Experimental Investigation on the Effects of Learning Style and Presentation Methods on Knowledge Acquisition in a University Classroom Environment

Date: December 1997
Creator: Ryu, Youngtae
Description: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of four learning styles (accommodator, assimilator, converger, and diverger) and two different presentation methods (traditional and computer-based) on knowledge acquisition in a university classroom.
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An Experimental Investigation on the Effects of Web-Based Instruction/Training on Cognitive and Psychomotor Learning

An Experimental Investigation on the Effects of Web-Based Instruction/Training on Cognitive and Psychomotor Learning

Date: August 2000
Creator: Alzafiri, Fayiz M.
Description: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of web-based instruction (WBI) on cognitive and psychomotor learning. The subjects of the study received two types of instructional methods, WBI (experimental group) and traditional classroom instruction (control group). Each group received 30 minutes of instruction on "Soldering a Circuit Board." The researcher chose this content subject because it involved both cognitive and psychomotor objectives, which suited the purpose of this study. It was hypothesized that there would be no significant difference between the two methods of instruction, and also that there would be no significant interaction effects between methods of instruction and gender. Forty-six subjects from a population of students enrolled in summer classes offered by the Applied Technology, Training and Development (ATTD) program at the University of North Texas voluntarily participated in this study. Random assignment of subjects was applied in this study. A subject matter expert delivered the content for both the experimental and control groups. To measure cognitive variable, a 10 item, multiple-choice test was administered immediately after instruction. To measure the psychomotor variable, a 15-item checklist was utilized by trained judges to evaluate learners’ performances while soldering. The 2 x 2 factorial model with interaction ...
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An Experimental Study in Developing Initiative in Children

An Experimental Study in Developing Initiative in Children

Date: 1942
Creator: Greene, Willie Clara
Description: The problem of this study is to find the causes for lack of initiative in a group of second grade pupils in the Era School, and to discover, from reading books and magazine articles, what techniques are most successful in developing initiative in the children.
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An Experimental Study in Teaching Mathematical Concepts Utilizing Computer-Assisted Instruction in Business Machines

An Experimental Study in Teaching Mathematical Concepts Utilizing Computer-Assisted Instruction in Business Machines

Date: December 1976
Creator: Hughes, Robert J.
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries