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  Partner: UNT Libraries
 Resource Type: Text
 Collection: Environmental Policy Collection
Ozone

Ozone

Date: 2002
Creator: NASA Earth Observatory
Description: The amount and distribution of ozone molecules in the stratosphere varies greatly over the globe. Ozone molecules are transported around the stratosphere much as water clouds are transported in the troposphere. Therefore, scientists observing ozone fluctuations over just one spot could not know whether a change in local ozone levels meant an alteration in global ozone levels, or simply a fluctuation in the concentration over that particular spot. Satellites have given scientists the ability to overcome this problem because they provide a picture of what is happening daily over the entire Earth.
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The ozone hole

The ozone hole

Date: 2003
Creator: British Antactic Survey
Description: Discovery of the hole in the ozone layer showed that human activity can have major, and often unexpected impacts on the planet. The destruction of ozone in the stratosphere high above the planet's surface has been brought about as the result of the widespread use of chemicals which under normal conditions are chemically inert and harmless
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The Ozone Layer: Ozone Depletion, Recovery in a Changing Climate, and the "World Avoided"

The Ozone Layer: Ozone Depletion, Recovery in a Changing Climate, and the "World Avoided"

Date: 2008
Creator: U.S. Global Change Research Program
Description: This brochure describes the role of ozone in the stratosphere, and the effect it has on ultraviolet light, as well as how the Montreal Protocol and subsequent laws have affected ozone-depleting pollutants in the atmosphere.
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Past Global Changes (PAGES) Status Report and Implementation Plan

Past Global Changes (PAGES) Status Report and Implementation Plan

Date: 1998
Creator: Oldfield, Frank
Description: This document summarizes progress made thus far by the Past Global Changes (PAGES) programme element of the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP). The document also outlines the implementation plans for most of the Foci, Activities and Tasks currently within the PAGES remit. The plan first introduces the scope and rationale of PAGES science and explains how PAGES is organized structurally and scientifically to achieve its goals. For all of the palaeosciences relevant to IGBP goals, PAGES has sought to identify and create the organizational structures needed to support continued work and progress. Models intended to predict future environmental changes must, in order to demonstrate their effectiveness, be capable of accurately reproducing conditions known to have occurred in the past. Through the organization of coordinated national and international scientific efforts, PAGES seeks to obtain and interpret a variety of palaeoclimatic records and to provide the data essential for the validation of predictive climate models. PAGES activities include integration and intercomparison of ice, ocean and terrestrial palaeorecords and encourages the creation of consistent analytical and data-base methodologies across the palaeosciences. PAGES has already played a crucial role in the archiving, management and dissemination of palaeodata. This is fully summarized in the recently published ...
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The Path to Carbon Dioxide-Free Power: Switching to Clean Energy in the Utility Sector

The Path to Carbon Dioxide-Free Power: Switching to Clean Energy in the Utility Sector

Date: August 2003
Creator: Bailie, Alison; Bernow, Stephen; Castelli, Brian; O’Connor, Pete; Romm, Joseph & Tellus Institute & The Center for Energy and Climate Solutions April
Description: This report examines the policies and measures needed to accelerate the use of those technologies and dramatically reduce U.S. heat-trapping gas emissions by 2020. The goal is to set the nation on the path to achieving zero-carbon electricity by mid-century.
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Planning Climate and Global Change Research: A Review of the Draft U.S. Climate Change Science Program Strategic Plan

Planning Climate and Global Change Research: A Review of the Draft U.S. Climate Change Science Program Strategic Plan

Date: 2003
Creator: Committee to Review the U.S. Climate Change Science Program Strategic Plan
Description: A draft strategic plan for the Climate Change Science Program (CCSP) was released to the scientific community and the public in November 2002. At the request of the CCSP, the National Academies formed a committee to review this draft strategic plan; the results of this review are reported herein.
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Plausible Biological Cause For Major Climate Events

Plausible Biological Cause For Major Climate Events

Date: August 10, 2001
Creator: Kennedy, Barbara
Description: Scientific news article about Snowball Earth eras. These are times when ice periodically covered the globe, and the era called the Cambrian Explosion, which produced the first fossils of almost all major categories of animals living today.
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Plug-in Electric Vehicles

Plug-in Electric Vehicles

Date: 2010
Creator: Pew Center on Global Climate Change
Description: This map shows states that have laws and regulations that incentivize the use of plug-in electric passenger vehicles. Policies include mandates for states to acquire plug-in electric vehicles for state fleets, access to High Occupancy Vehicle lanes or designated parking for plug-in electric vehicles, and financial incentives to private owners of such vehicles.
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Polar Bears at Risk

Polar Bears at Risk

Date: May 2002
Creator: Norris, Stefan; Norris, Stefan & Eid,Pål Martin
Description: Satisfactory monitoring information has been obtained for most polar bear populations in recent years, however there is concern about hunting in areas without formal quota systems, such as Greenland. A range of toxic pollutants, including heavy metals, radioactivity, and persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are found throughout the Arctic. Of greatest concern are the effects of POPs on polar bears, which include a general weakening of the immune system, reduced reproductive success and physical deformities. The expansion of oil development in the Arctic poses additional threats; for example, disturbances to denning females in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge in Alaska could undermine recruitment of the Beaufort Sea polar bear population.
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Policies to Change the World: Energy Sufficiency - Eight Policies towards the Sustainable Use of Energy

Policies to Change the World: Energy Sufficiency - Eight Policies towards the Sustainable Use of Energy

Date: 2009
Creator: Rohde, Anja & Bee, Hilmar
Description: This booklet discusses how energy sufficiency is the best solution for reducing energy consumption and waste. It presents policies for reducing global energy consumption such as energy auditing, phasing out incandescent light bulbs, combined heat/cooling energy and power, carbon-negative cooking, smart metering, area road pricing, and other measures.
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Policy Issues In Implementing Effective Application Of Weather Services To The Management Of The Nation's Highway System: Position Papers

Policy Issues In Implementing Effective Application Of Weather Services To The Management Of The Nation's Highway System: Position Papers

Date: November 4, 2003
Creator: Atmospheric Policy Program American Meteorological Society
Description: This document contains positions papers of a policy forum for weather and highways developed by the Atmospheric Policy Program American Meteorological Society in coordination with the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) with additional support from the National Science Foundation (NSF). In this document (Panel 3), panelists discuss policy issues affecting the use of weather information in managing the U.S. Highway System.
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Policy Measures to Stimulate Bicycle Use in Germany

Policy Measures to Stimulate Bicycle Use in Germany

Date: 2009
Creator: Lambrecht, Martin
Description: .
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Policy Statements on Data Management for Global Change Research

Policy Statements on Data Management for Global Change Research

Date: July 2, 1991
Creator: Bromley, Allan
Description: This document is the final version of the "Data Management for Global Change Research Policy Statements." The overall purpose of these policy statements is to facilitate full open access to quality data for global change research. They were prepared in consonance with the goal of the U.S. Global Change Research Program and represent the U.S. Government's position on the access to global change research data.
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Polls on the Environment and Global Warming

Polls on the Environment and Global Warming

Date: April 2010
Creator: American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research
Description: This report is a meta-analysis of twenty years of public opinion polls about Americans views on environmental quality, environmental policy, and environmental science.
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Pollution Prevention Act of 1990

Pollution Prevention Act of 1990

Date: 1990
Creator: United States. Congress
Description: The Pollution Prevention Act focused industry, government, and public attention on reducing the amount of pollution through cost-effective changes in production, operation, and raw materials use. Opportunities for source reduction are often not realized because of existing regulations, and the industrial resources required for compliance, focus on treatment and disposal. Source reduction is fundamentally different and more desirable than waste management or pollution control. Pollution prevention also includes other practices that increase efficiency in the use of energy, water, or other natural resources, and protect our resource base through conservation. Practices include recycling, source reduction, and sustainable agriculture.
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Potential Health Effects of Climatic Change: Report of a WHO Task Group

Potential Health Effects of Climatic Change: Report of a WHO Task Group

Date: 1990
Creator: World Health Organization
Description: This report contains the collective view of an international group of experts and does not necessarily represent the decisions or the stated policy of the World Health Organization.
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.Poverty and The Drylands

.Poverty and The Drylands

Date: October 2001
Creator: Dobie, Philip
Description: This paper takes as its initial premise the assumption that there are important and significant populations in the world's drylands who, given the right conditions and incentives, can achieve good livelihoods, accumulate assets to reduce vulnerability and escape from poverty. However, to make a convincing case it is necessary to challenge current wisdom on the distribution and condition of drylands populations, and build more realistic scenarios that decision makers can take seriously. This is a major task, and this paper will only set the challenge and introduce some of the new evidence that is required.
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Power Switch: Impacts of Climate Policy on the Global Power Sector

Power Switch: Impacts of Climate Policy on the Global Power Sector

Date: November 2003
Creator: WWF Climate Change Programme
Description: This report assesses the financial consequences of climate change policy for 14 leading global power companies.
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Powering America Myths vs. Facts in the US Energy and Global Warming Debates

Powering America Myths vs. Facts in the US Energy and Global Warming Debates

Date: May 2001
Creator: Tellus Institute Boston, MA
Description: Powering America Myths vs. Facts in the US Energy and Global Warming Debates A Study for: World Wildlife Fund Tellus Institute Boston, . environmental regulations, and indefinitely postpone our obligation to protect the global climate – no matter the long-term impacts and costs. President. global warming later on. Indeed, had such demand-side efforts been underway sooner our current predicaments could have been avoided or lessened. Globally.. Today, the United States produces less than 12 percent of global oil supplies. Even with strenuous efforts by the Bush Administration.
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Predicting Global Change Impacts on Mountain Hydrology and Ecology: Integrated Catchment Hydrology/Altitudinal Gradient Studies: A workshop report

Predicting Global Change Impacts on Mountain Hydrology and Ecology: Integrated Catchment Hydrology/Altitudinal Gradient Studies: A workshop report

Date: 1997
Creator: Becker, Alfred & Bugmann, Harald
Description: Documentation resulting from an international workshop in Kathmandu, Nepal, 30 March - 2 April 1996. The following themes were addressed by the working groups: 1. "Role of ecology and hydrology for the sustainable development in mountain regions" (the "human dimensions"). 2. "Coupled ecological and hydrological studies along altitudinal gradients in mountain regions", with a sub-group dealing with the "Assessment of the spatial distribution pattern of basic water balance components." 3. "Impacts of global change on the ecology and hydrology in mountain regions", with a sub-group on the "Identification of global change impacts on hydrology and ecology in high mountain areas."
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Preliminary Survey of Air Quality and Related Health Studies Conducted in the Vicinity of Ground Zero

Preliminary Survey of Air Quality and Related Health Studies Conducted in the Vicinity of Ground Zero

Date: December 2002
Creator: National Science and Technology Council (U.S.). Air Quality Research Subcommittee.
Description: This document represents the first survey by the research community of the impact of the collapse of the World Trade Center in New York on air quality and public health in lower Manhattan.
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Present And Near-Term Potential In Applying Weather Information To Improve The Highway System: Position Papers

Present And Near-Term Potential In Applying Weather Information To Improve The Highway System: Position Papers

Date: November 4, 2004
Creator: Atmospheric Policy Program American Meteorological Society
Description: This document contains positions papers of a policy forum for weather and highways developed by the Atmospheric Policy Program American Meteorological Society in coordination with the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) with additional support from the National Science Foundation (NSF). In this document (Panel 1), panelists describe proposals to improve the U.S. Highway System with weather information.
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Prime Minister's Special Representative on Carbon Trading

Prime Minister's Special Representative on Carbon Trading

Date: unknown
Creator: Great Britain. Department of Energy and Climate Change
Description: This document describes the role of a new position in the UK government. The hired official will promote global carbon trading in order to reduce global emissions.
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Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Social Network Approaches to Urban and Regional Carbon Management 5-7 April, 2005, Tsukuba, Japan

Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Social Network Approaches to Urban and Regional Carbon Management 5-7 April, 2005, Tsukuba, Japan

Date: January 15, 2006
Creator: Scholz, Stephen; Canan, Penelope & Yamagata, Yoshiki
Description: This proceedings provides possible answer to the question of what social network analysis can contribute to addressing the problem of climate change. In the workshop, social scientists from Japan, the USA, and Europe reported on social network theory, applications and methodology to envision their use for on-the-ground social change regarding carbon management. The earth has always cycled carbon in the atmosphere (mainly as CO2); in the oceans (surface, intermediate waters, deep waters and marine sediments); in terrestrial ecosystems (vegetation, litter and soil); in rivers and estuaries; and in fossil carbon, which is being remobilized by human activities. However, with the rate of fossil fuel burning feeding industrialization, urbanization and transportation and with large scale land clearing, the naturally balanced carbon cycle is in a non-analogous and dangerous state. The participants agreed that current management of the carbon cycle is piecemeal, careless, inconsistent, profligate and shortsighted. Enabled by past and current networks of power, the world has embraced a carbon culture that has spun out of control in the past 100 years. This issue has often been referred to as a problem of scale in the climate change research community (or frames in the social science community). Climate researchers have focused ...
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