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  Partner: UNT Libraries
 Resource Type: Text
 Collection: Environmental Policy Collection
Ozone

Ozone

Date: 2002
Creator: NASA Earth Observatory
Description: The amount and distribution of ozone molecules in the stratosphere varies greatly over the globe. Ozone molecules are transported around the stratosphere much as water clouds are transported in the troposphere. Therefore, scientists observing ozone fluctuations over just one spot could not know whether a change in local ozone levels meant an alteration in global ozone levels, or simply a fluctuation in the concentration over that particular spot. Satellites have given scientists the ability to overcome this problem because they provide a picture of what is happening daily over the entire Earth.
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The ozone hole

The ozone hole

Date: 2003
Creator: British Antactic Survey
Description: Discovery of the hole in the ozone layer showed that human activity can have major, and often unexpected impacts on the planet. The destruction of ozone in the stratosphere high above the planet's surface has been brought about as the result of the widespread use of chemicals which under normal conditions are chemically inert and harmless
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The Ozone Layer: Ozone Depletion, Recovery in a Changing Climate, and the "World Avoided"

The Ozone Layer: Ozone Depletion, Recovery in a Changing Climate, and the "World Avoided"

Date: 2008
Creator: U.S. Global Change Research Program
Description: This brochure describes the role of ozone in the stratosphere, and the effect it has on ultraviolet light, as well as how the Montreal Protocol and subsequent laws have affected ozone-depleting pollutants in the atmosphere.
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Past Global Changes (PAGES) Status Report and Implementation Plan

Past Global Changes (PAGES) Status Report and Implementation Plan

Date: 1998
Creator: Oldfield, Frank
Description: This document summarizes progress made thus far by the Past Global Changes (PAGES) programme element of the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP). The document also outlines the implementation plans for most of the Foci, Activities and Tasks currently within the PAGES remit. The plan first introduces the scope and rationale of PAGES science and explains how PAGES is organized structurally and scientifically to achieve its goals. For all of the palaeosciences relevant to IGBP goals, PAGES has sought to identify and create the organizational structures needed to support continued work and progress. Models intended to predict future environmental changes must, in order to demonstrate their effectiveness, be capable of accurately reproducing conditions known to have occurred in the past. Through the organization of coordinated national and international scientific efforts, PAGES seeks to obtain and interpret a variety of palaeoclimatic records and to provide the data essential for the validation of predictive climate models. PAGES activities include integration and intercomparison of ice, ocean and terrestrial palaeorecords and encourages the creation of consistent analytical and data-base methodologies across the palaeosciences. PAGES has already played a crucial role in the archiving, management and dissemination of palaeodata. This is fully summarized in the recently published ...
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The Path to Carbon Dioxide-Free Power: Switching to Clean Energy in the Utility Sector

The Path to Carbon Dioxide-Free Power: Switching to Clean Energy in the Utility Sector

Date: August 2003
Creator: Bailie, Alison; Bernow, Stephen; Castelli, Brian; O’Connor, Pete; Romm, Joseph & Tellus Institute & The Center for Energy and Climate Solutions April
Description: This report examines the policies and measures needed to accelerate the use of those technologies and dramatically reduce U.S. heat-trapping gas emissions by 2020. The goal is to set the nation on the path to achieving zero-carbon electricity by mid-century.
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Planning Climate and Global Change Research: A Review of the Draft U.S. Climate Change Science Program Strategic Plan

Planning Climate and Global Change Research: A Review of the Draft U.S. Climate Change Science Program Strategic Plan

Date: 2003
Creator: Committee to Review the U.S. Climate Change Science Program Strategic Plan
Description: A draft strategic plan for the Climate Change Science Program (CCSP) was released to the scientific community and the public in November 2002. At the request of the CCSP, the National Academies formed a committee to review this draft strategic plan; the results of this review are reported herein.
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Plausible Biological Cause For Major Climate Events

Plausible Biological Cause For Major Climate Events

Date: August 10, 2001
Creator: Kennedy, Barbara
Description: Scientific news article about Snowball Earth eras. These are times when ice periodically covered the globe, and the era called the Cambrian Explosion, which produced the first fossils of almost all major categories of animals living today.
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Plug-in Electric Vehicles

Plug-in Electric Vehicles

Date: 2010
Creator: Pew Center on Global Climate Change
Description: This map shows states that have laws and regulations that incentivize the use of plug-in electric passenger vehicles. Policies include mandates for states to acquire plug-in electric vehicles for state fleets, access to High Occupancy Vehicle lanes or designated parking for plug-in electric vehicles, and financial incentives to private owners of such vehicles.
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Polar Bears at Risk

Polar Bears at Risk

Date: May 2002
Creator: Norris, Stefan; Norris, Stefan & Eid,Pål Martin
Description: Satisfactory monitoring information has been obtained for most polar bear populations in recent years, however there is concern about hunting in areas without formal quota systems, such as Greenland. A range of toxic pollutants, including heavy metals, radioactivity, and persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are found throughout the Arctic. Of greatest concern are the effects of POPs on polar bears, which include a general weakening of the immune system, reduced reproductive success and physical deformities. The expansion of oil development in the Arctic poses additional threats; for example, disturbances to denning females in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge in Alaska could undermine recruitment of the Beaufort Sea polar bear population.
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Policies to Change the World: Energy Sufficiency - Eight Policies towards the Sustainable Use of Energy

Policies to Change the World: Energy Sufficiency - Eight Policies towards the Sustainable Use of Energy

Date: 2009
Creator: Rohde, Anja & Bee, Hilmar
Description: This booklet discusses how energy sufficiency is the best solution for reducing energy consumption and waste. It presents policies for reducing global energy consumption such as energy auditing, phasing out incandescent light bulbs, combined heat/cooling energy and power, carbon-negative cooking, smart metering, area road pricing, and other measures.
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