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  Partner: UNT Libraries
 Department: Department of Chemistry
 Collection: UNT Theses and Dissertations
Barbituric Acids as Anticonvulsants.  IV.  5-Substituted-Mercapto Derivatives of 5-Phenylbarbituric Acids.

Barbituric Acids as Anticonvulsants. IV. 5-Substituted-Mercapto Derivatives of 5-Phenylbarbituric Acids.

Date: 1951
Creator: Shahan, Howard Wayne
Description: This study involves compounds of the barbituric acid series are well known for their use as anesthetics and sedatives.
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Barbituric Acids. VI. 5-substituted-mercapto Derivatives of 5-ethylbarbituric Acid

Barbituric Acids. VI. 5-substituted-mercapto Derivatives of 5-ethylbarbituric Acid

Date: June 1954
Creator: Jeanes, Cecil Byron
Description: The reaction of 5-bromo-5-ethylbarbituric acid with mercaptan and pyridine in cold ether solution was studied and was found to be satisfactory for the preparation of the compounds reported in this work.
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Barbituric Acids.  VII.  5-alkyl-derivatives of 5-ethoxy-barbituric Acid

Barbituric Acids. VII. 5-alkyl-derivatives of 5-ethoxy-barbituric Acid

Date: January 1955
Creator: Hyde, Harold Wayne
Description: A great deal of research has been devoted in recent years to the search for new drugs for the treatment of epilepsy and related convulsive disorders. This emphasis is occasioned by the fact that no one drug is effective for all patients, and also by the fact that the toxicity of a drug varies considerably from one patient to another. Among the most effective drugs are certain members of the hydantoin and barbituric acid series. For some time there has been in progress in this laboratory an investigation of members of these two series in which a hetro atom attached directly to the hetrocyclic nucleus is introduced into the side chain at position five of these two series.
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Barbituric Acids. VIII. 5-substituted-5-(1-pyrrolidyl)barbituric Acids

Barbituric Acids. VIII. 5-substituted-5-(1-pyrrolidyl)barbituric Acids

Date: 1957
Creator: Compton, Ross Davis
Description: The purpose of this investigation then was the preparation of a series of 5-substituted-5-(1-pyrrolidyl)barbituric acids in which R would consist of alkyl groups ranging in size from methyl to amyl, and other groups such as phenyl and benzyl. These compounds are to be tested elsewhere for hypnotic and anticonvulsant activity.
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Barbituric Acids.  V.  5-substituted-mercapto Derivatives of 5-isoamylbarbituric Acid

Barbituric Acids. V. 5-substituted-mercapto Derivatives of 5-isoamylbarbituric Acid

Date: August 1952
Creator: Peterson, Paul Eugene
Description: Since no mention has been found in the literature of any 5-substituted mercapto-5-alkyl derivatives of barbituric acid, it was thought to be of interest to prepare a series of compounds containing sulfur attached directly to the barbituric acid nucleus. 5-substituted mercapto-5-isoamylbarbituric acids were chosen as representative of barbituric acids in which the alkyl group has a fairly high molecular weight.
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Base Effects on the Thermal Decomposition of Sec-butyllithium Solutions

Base Effects on the Thermal Decomposition of Sec-butyllithium Solutions

Date: June 1966
Creator: Adams, George Michael
Description: The pyrolysis of sec-butyllithium in solution was studied in an attempt to understand the loss of stereo-specificity and the atypical kinetics that have been reported. Additionally, the effect of added lithium alkoxides was studied to determine their effects on the highly reactive sec-butyllithium substrate.
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Biological Applications of a Strongly Luminescent Platinum (Ii) Complex in Reactive Oxygen Species Scavenging and Hypoxia Imaging in Caenorhabditis Elegans

Biological Applications of a Strongly Luminescent Platinum (Ii) Complex in Reactive Oxygen Species Scavenging and Hypoxia Imaging in Caenorhabditis Elegans

Date: December 2015
Creator: Kinyanjui, Sophia Nduta
Description: Phosphorescent transition metal complexes make up an important group of compounds that continues to attract intense research owing to their intrinsic bioimaging applications that arise from bright emissions, relatively long excited state lifetimes, and large stokes shifts. Now for biomaging assay a model organism is required which must meet certain criteria for practical applications. The organism needs to be small, with a high turn-over of progeny (high fecundity), a short lifecycle, and low maintenance and assay costs. Our model organism C. elegans met all the criteria. The ideal phosphor has low toxicity in the model organism. In this work the strongly phosphorescent platinum (II) pyrophosphito-complex was tested for biological applications as a potential in vivo hypoxia sensor. The suitability of the phosphor was derived from its water solubility, bright phosphorescence at room temperature, and long excited state lifetime (~ 10 µs). The applications branched off to include testing of C. elegans survival when treated with the phosphor, which included lifespan and fecundity assays, toxicity assays including the determination of the LC50, and recovery after paraquat poisoning. Quenching experiments were performed using some well knows oxygen derivatives, and the quenching mechanisms were derived from Stern-Volmer plots. Reaction stoichiometries were derived from ...
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Biological Inhibitors

Biological Inhibitors

Date: December 1971
Creator: Sargent, Dale Roger
Description: Four isosteric series of plant growth-regulating compounds were prepared. Using an Avena sativa coleptile assay system, derivatives in series I and IV inhibited segment elongation to a greater degree than did comparable derivatives in series II and III.
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Bis Ammonium Salts of Dialkylaminoalkoxypropionitriles

Bis Ammonium Salts of Dialkylaminoalkoxypropionitriles

Date: August 1957
Creator: Woods, Roy Jack
Description: This paper concerns the preparation of some bis derivatives of dialkylaminoalkoxypropionitirles from trimethylene, hexamethylene, octomethylene, and decamethylene bromides. These compounds are to be tested for curariform activity and anesthetic values by Parke, Davis and Company.
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Bonding Studies in Group IV Substituted n,n-dimethylanilines

Bonding Studies in Group IV Substituted n,n-dimethylanilines

Date: December 1971
Creator: Drews, Michael James
Description: The purpose of the present work is to study the effects of the trimethylsilyl and trimethylgermyl substituents on the N,N-dimethylamino ring system. Both ground and excited state interactions were studied and their magnitudes determined. The experimental data were then used in conjunction with molecular orbital calculations to differentiate among, and determine the importance of, d-p bonding, hyperconjugation or polarization of the trimethylsilyl group on the ground and excited state bonding.
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Bonding Studies on Organolithium Compounds

Bonding Studies on Organolithium Compounds

Date: August 1968
Creator: Peyton, Gary
Description: This study is concerned with the nature of the relatively unusual bonding which occurs in organolithium compounds as a direct result of the oligomerization and possible explanations for that bonding.
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Boron Nitride by Atomic Layer Deposition: A Template for Graphene Growth

Boron Nitride by Atomic Layer Deposition: A Template for Graphene Growth

Date: August 2011
Creator: Zhou, Mi
Description: The growth of single and multilayer BN films on several substrates was investigated. A typical atomic layer deposition (ALD) process was demonstrated on Si(111) substrate with a growth rate of 1.1 Å/cycle which showed good agreement with the literature value and a near stoichiometric B/N ratio. Boron nitride films were also deposited by ALD on Cu poly crystal and Cu(111) single crystal substrates for the first time, and a growth rate of ~1ML/ALD cycle was obtained with a B/N ratio of ~2. The realization of a h-BN/Cu heterojunction was the first step towards a graphene/h-BN/Cu structure which has potential application in gateable interconnects.
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Calcium Silicates: Glass Content and Hydration Behavior

Calcium Silicates: Glass Content and Hydration Behavior

Date: August 1987
Creator: Zgambo, Thomas P. (Thomas Patrick)
Description: Pure, MgO doped and B2C3 doped monocalcium, dicalcium, and tricalcium silicates were prepared with different glass contents. Characterization of the anhydrous materials was carried out using optical microscopy, infrared absorption spectroscopy, and X-ray powder diffraction. The hydration of these compounds was studied as a function of the glass contents. The hydration studies were conducted at 25°C. Water/solid ratios of 0.5, 1, 10, and 16 were used for the various experiments. The hydration behavior was monitored through calorimetry, conductometry, pH measurements, morphological developments by scanning electron microscopy, phase development by X-ray powder diffraction, and percent combined water by thermogravimetry. A highly sensitive ten cell pseudo-adiabatic microcalorimeter was designed and constructed for early hydration studies. Conductometry was found to be of great utility in monitoring the hydration of monocalcium silicate and the borate doped dicalcium silicates.
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Carbon Nanostructure Based Donor-acceptor Systems for Solar Energy Harvesting

Carbon Nanostructure Based Donor-acceptor Systems for Solar Energy Harvesting

Date: December 2013
Creator: Das, Sushanta Kumar
Description: Carbon nanostructure based functional hybrid molecules hold promise in solarenergy harvesting. Research presented in this dissertation systematically investigates building of various donor-acceptor nanohybrid systems utilizing enriched single walled carbon nanotube and graphene with redox and photoactive molecules such as fullerene, porphyrin, and phthalocyanine. Design, synthesis, and characterization of the donor-acceptor hybrid systems have been carefully performed via supramolecular binding strategies. Various spectroscopic studies have provided ample information in terms of establishment of the formation of donor-acceptor hybrids and their extent of interaction in solution and eventual rate of photoinduced electron and/or energy transfer. Electrochemical studies enabled construction of energy level diagram revealing energetic details of the possible different photochemical events supported by computational studies carried out to establish the HOMO-LUMO levels in the donor acceptor systems. Transient absorption studies confirmed formation of charge separated species in the donor-acceptor systems which have been supported by electron mediation experiments. Based on the photoelectrochemical studies, IPCE of 8% was reported for enriched SWCNT(7,6)-ZnP donor-acceptor systems. In summary, the present investigation on the various nanocarbon sensitized donor-acceptor hybrids substantiates tremendous prospect, that could very well become the next generation of materials in building efficient solar energy harvesting devices andphotocatalyst.
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Characterization of Ionic Liquid Solvents Using a Temperature Independent, Ion-Specific Abraham Parameter Model

Characterization of Ionic Liquid Solvents Using a Temperature Independent, Ion-Specific Abraham Parameter Model

Date: December 2014
Creator: Stephens, Timothy W.
Description: Experimental data for the logarithm of the gas-to-ionic liquid partition coefficient (log K) have been compiled from the published literature for over 40 ionic liquids over a wide temperature range. Temperature independent correlations based on the Gibbs free energy equation utilizing known Abraham solvation model parameters have been derived for the prediction of log K for 12 ionic liquids to within a standard deviation of 0.114 log units over a temperature range of over 60 K. Temperature independent log K correlations have also been derived from correlations of molar enthalpies of solvation and molar entropies of solvation, each within standard deviations of 4.044 kJ mol-1 and 5.338 J mol-1 K-1, respectively. In addition, molar enthalpies of solvation and molar entropies of solvation can be predicted from the Abraham coefficients in the temperature independent log K correlations to within similar standard deviations. Temperature independent, ion specific coefficients have been determined for 26 cations and 15 anions for the prediction of log K over a temperature range of at least 60 K to within a standard deviation of 0.159 log units.
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Characterization of Low Barrier Hydrogen Bonds in Enzyme Catalysis: an Ab Initio and DFT Investigation

Characterization of Low Barrier Hydrogen Bonds in Enzyme Catalysis: an Ab Initio and DFT Investigation

Date: August 1999
Creator: Pan, Yongping
Description: Hartree-Fock, Moller-Plesset, and density functional theory calculations have been carried out using 6-31+G(d), 6-31+G(d,p) and 6-31++G(d,p) basis sets to study the properties of low-barrier or short-strong hydrogen bonds (SSHB) and their potential role in enzyme-catalyzed reactions that involve proton abstraction from a weak carbon-acid by a weak base. Formic acid/formate anion, enol/enolate and other complexes have been chosen to simulate a SSHB system. These complexes have been calculated to form very short, very short hydrogen bonds with a very low barrier for proton transfer from the donor to the acceptor. Two important environmental factors including small amount of solvent molecules that could possibly exist at the active site of an enzyme and the polarity around the active site were simulated to study their energetic and geometrical influences to a SSHB. It was found that microsolvation that improves the matching of pK as of the hydrogen bond donor and acceptor involved in the SSHB will always increase the interaction of the hydrogen bond; microsolvation that disrupts the matching of pKas, on the other hand, will lead to a weaker SSHB. Polarity surrounding the SSHB, simulated by SCRF-SCIPCM model, can significantly reduce the strength and stability of a SSHB. The residual strength ...
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Characterization of Novel Solvents and Absorbents for Chemical Separations

Characterization of Novel Solvents and Absorbents for Chemical Separations

Date: May 2011
Creator: Grubbs, Laura Michelle Sprunger
Description: Predictive methods have been employed to characterize chemical separation mediums including solvents and absorbents. These studies included creating Abraham solvation parameter models for room-temperature ionic liquids (RTILs) utilizing novel ion-specific and group contribution methodologies, polydimethyl siloxane (PDMS) utilizing standard methodology, and the micelles cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) and sodium dodecylsulfate (SDS) utilizing a combined experimental setup methodology with indicator variables. These predictive models allows for the characterization of both standard and new chemicals for use in chemical separations including gas chromatography (GC), solid phase microextraction (SPME), and micellar electrokinetic chromatography (MEKC). Gas-to-RTIL and water-to-RTIL predictive models were created with a standard deviation of 0.112 and 0.139 log units, respectively, for the ion-specific model and with a standard deviation of 0.155 and 0.177 log units, respectively, for the group contribution fragment method. Enthalpy of solvation for solutes dissolved into ionic liquids predictive models were created with ion-specific coefficients to within standard deviations of 1.7 kJ/mol. These models allow for the characterization of studied ionic liquids as well as prediction of solute-solvent properties of previously unstudied ionic liquids. Predictive models were created for the logarithm of solute's gas-to-fiber sorption and water-to-fiber sorption coefficient for polydimethyl siloxane for wet and dry conditions. These models ...
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Characterization of Post-Plasma Etch Residues and Plasma Induced Damage Evaluation on Patterned Porous Low-K Dielectrics Using MIR-IR Spectroscopy

Characterization of Post-Plasma Etch Residues and Plasma Induced Damage Evaluation on Patterned Porous Low-K Dielectrics Using MIR-IR Spectroscopy

Date: May 2016
Creator: Rimal, Sirish
Description: As the miniaturization of functional devices in integrated circuit (IC) continues to scale down to sub-nanometer size, the process complexity increases and makes materials characterization difficult. One of our research effort demonstrates the development and application of novel Multiple Internal Reflection Infrared Spectroscopy (MIR-IR) as a sensitive (sub-5 nm) metrology tool to provide precise chemical bonding information that can effectively guide through the development of more efficient process control. In this work, we investigated the chemical bonding structure of thin fluorocarbon polymer films deposited on low-k dielectric nanostructures, using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Complemented by functional group specific chemical derivatization reactions, fluorocarbon film was established to contain fluorinated alkenes and carbonyl moieties embedded in a highly cross-linked, branched fluorocarbon structure and a model bonding structure was proposed for the first time. In addition, plasma induced damage to high aspect ratio trench low-k structures especially on the trench sidewalls was evaluated both qualitatively and quantitatively. Damage from different plasma processing was correlated with Si-OH formation and breakage of Si-CH3 bonds with increase in C=O functionality. In another endeavor, TiN hard mask defect formation after fluorocarbon plasma etch was characterized and investigated. ...
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A Chemical Analysis of Soft Wheat

A Chemical Analysis of Soft Wheat

Date: 1940
Creator: Truitt, Jack
Description: The purpose of this piece of research is to determine the chemical composition of soft winter wheat, and to make a comparative study of it. A study is also made concerning its possibilities as a balanced food.
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A Chemical Analysis of the Blackeyed Pea

A Chemical Analysis of the Blackeyed Pea

Date: 1941
Creator: Davis, Stanley F.
Description: The purpose of this research problem is to determine the chemical composition of the blackeyed pea and to make a comparative study of the results. The value of the blackeyed pea as food, its chemical nature, and possible industrial uses are studied and recorded.
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Chemical Analysis of the Bottom Deposits of Artificial Lakes with Special Emphasis on Lake Dallas

Chemical Analysis of the Bottom Deposits of Artificial Lakes with Special Emphasis on Lake Dallas

Date: 1940
Creator: Patrick, Paul V.
Description: This study is for the purpose of determining the chemical content of typical artificial reservoir bottom deposits.
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A Chemical Analysis of the Important Soils of Dimmit County, Texas

A Chemical Analysis of the Important Soils of Dimmit County, Texas

Date: August 1938
Creator: Meek, William
Description: The purpose of this study is to collect sample soils from uncontaminated horizon (by digging completely through the soil profile or strata) and provide a chemical analysis of the important soils of Dimmit county, Texas.
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The Chemical Analysis of the Mebane Cottonseed Kernel

The Chemical Analysis of the Mebane Cottonseed Kernel

Date: 1941
Creator: Hanna, Alvis Nelson
Description: The purpose of this work is to make a fairly complete chemical analysis of the Mebane 804-50 cottonseed kernel. A brief history of cotton plant and the economic value of its products are also presented.
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A Chemical Analysis of the Peanut

A Chemical Analysis of the Peanut

Date: 1940
Creator: Brown, Carlos L.
Description: The object of this paper is to make an analysis of the mineral and food content of the peanut and to compare them with a balanced food.
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