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Near-term Health Benefits of Greenhouse Gas Reductions: A Proposed Assessment Method and Application in Two Energy Sectors of China
This is a study of projected near-term health benefits associated with greenhouse (GHG) reductions resulting from changes in energy efficiency and structure of energy use in the power and household sectors of China. The work was commissioned by the former Office of Global and Integrated Environmental Health at WHO, in order to explore the scope for modelling in the assessment of such short-term health benefits. China was selected as an appropiate case study for this work, as it fulfilled most of the criteria required, including the fact that it is a large country, with data sets available on air pollution and health, and with information on projected trends in the consumption of fossil fuels digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226706/
Blue Ribbon Advisory Council on Climate Change, Report to Governor Jon M. Huntsman, Jr.
The final report from an advisory panel of 15 scientists and industry experts finding that humans are responsible for climate warming and that Utah is responsible for more greenhouse gas emissions per capita than the rest of the nation. It makes about 70 recommendations for fighting global warming including: developing significant amounts of renewable energy with incentives and tax credits, encouraging the capture and disposal of carbon dioxide, improving efficiency at power plants, implementing an aggressive mass-transit strategy, and preserving open space and agricultural land and protecting forests. The report, however, does not include specific policy recommendations or rules to implement action. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226742/
The Bali Action Plan: Key Issues in The Climate Negotiations: Summary for Policy Makers
To assist policy makers in understanding the complex issues under discussion in the negotiating process, UNDP commissioned a series of background briefing papers on the key issues under the four main "building blocks" of the current international negotiations -- mitigation, adaptation, technology and finance -- as well as land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF). This document contains summaries for policy makers of these briefing papers. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226708/
Understanding the Policy Contexts for Mainstreaming Climate Change in Bhutan and Nepal: A Synthesis
This report is a synthesis of two Adaptation Knowledge Platform studies that sought to understand the policy contexts for addressing climate change adaptation and key conservation issues in Nepal and Bhutan. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226783/
UNDP Climate Change Country Profiles: Benin
These country-level climate data summaries address the climate change information gap for developing countries by making use of existing climate data to generate a series of 52 country-level studies of climate observations and the multi-model projections digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226730/
UNDP Climate Change Country Profiles: Armenia
These country-level climate data summaries address the climate change information gap for developing countries by making use of existing climate data to generate a series of 52 country-level studies of climate observations and the multi-model projections digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226778/
Green Economy in a Blue World
The objective of ‘Green Economy in a Blue World’ is to analyse the challenges and opportunities of a potential transition towards a green economy in key sectors heavily linked to the marine and coastal environment – the blue world. The report will also analyse the necessary policy and institutional adjustments required for a green transition and will highlight several transformative action items that could come out of Rio+20 to accelerate transition to ocean sustainability. The key sectors (chapters) covered include Fisheries, Transport (shipping), Tourism (coastal), Energy, Marine mineral resources, and ocean nutrient pollution. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226793/
Beyond Kyoto, Manitoba's Green Future : Next Steps, 2008 Action on Climate Change
The Report raised concerns about the impacts of climate change on our lakes, forests, northern communities and agricultural regions. At the same time, Manitobans identified many benefits that could come from taking action. Moreover, it also recommended a broader public awareness campaign and the development of regional and national partnerships. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226723/
Executive Order 2010-06 : Governor's Policy on Climate Change
WHEREAS, Arizona was a founding member of the Western Climate Initiative (WCI) in February 2007; WHEREAS, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) finalized regulations mandating GHG reporting, effective on December 29, 2009,...WHEREAS, it is critical that Arizona stay informed of and influence any federal regulation and legislation relating to climate change and capping of GHG emission...NOW, THEREFORE, I, Janice K. Brewer, Governor of the State of Arizona,...hereby order and direct as follows: 4. The Climate Change Oversight Group ("Group") is established and charged with monitoring the continued work of the WCI...11. The Group and this Executive Order shall expire December 31, 2012 digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226777/
National Cycling Promotion Austrian Masterplan for Cycling and Action Programme klima:aktiv mobil
Cycling is an environmentally friendly, economical beneficial and health promoting means of transport, a quick alternative for short trips, space-saving and above all. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226758/
Whales in Hot Water? The Impact of a Changing Climate on Whales, Dolphins and Porpoises: A Call For Action
Warmer ocean temperatures and melting sea ice in the polar regions may jeopardise the ecology of the Arctic and Antarctic feeding grounds of many large whales. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226703/
Arctic Climate Feedbacks: Global Implications Executive Summary
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UNDP Climate Change Country Profiles: Angola
These country-level climate data summaries address the climate change information gap for developing countries by making use of existing climate data to generate a series of 52 country-level studies of climate observations and the multi-model projections digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226769/
California Assembly Bill No. 1493
The "Pavley" bill requires the registry, in consultation with the State Air Resources Board, to adopt procedures and protocols for the reporting and certification of reductions in greenhouse gas emissions from mobile sources for use by the state board in granting the emission reduction credits. This bill requires the state board to develop and adopt, by January 1, 2005, regulations that achieve the maximum feasible reduction of greenhouse gases emitted by passenger vehicles and light-duty trucks. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226744/
Adapting Water Management A Primer on Coping with Climate Change
This primer is intended as a guide to some of the basic issues surrounding water management from a climate change perspective. It includes information on climate change impacts on various freshwater ecosystems as well as precipitation. Also addressed is how the assessment of vulnerability should distinguish between impacts assessment, which attempts to project future biophysical and ecological changes in a deterministic manner, and vulnerability assessment, which attempts to combine an assessment of future suites of change with an assessment of the resilience of ecosystems and management institutions. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226773/
Turning Up the Heat: How Global Warming Threatens Life in the Sea
This new report argues that rising temperatures have impacted the world's oceans to a far greater extent than previously acknowledged. Addressing topics such as sea-level rise, ocean circulation, coral reefs, sea birds and invertebrates, as well as the increasing threats to Salmon, the report predicts a dangerous chain reaction in marine ecosystems if global warming continues unabated. On the positive side, it also argues that decisive actions now to reduce pollution can slow the warming and preserve the world's oceans. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226788/
Gold Climate Solid Wastes Management Guidelines
In 1982, the Regional Office for Europe of the World Health Organization initiated a collection of material for a "Guideline to the design of cold-climate water and waste-water facilities", As a part of the International Water Decade a draft was produced, and it soon became evident that a full description of basic health problems in cold environments should also include the handling of garbage. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226700/
Regional Initiative on Environment and Health: The Third High-Level Officials’ Meeting Report
The Third High-Level Officials Meeting on Environment and Health in Southeast and East Asian countries was held in Bangkok, Thailand on 8 August 2007. The First High-Level Officials Meeting was held in Manila, Philippines in November 2004, where a regional initiative on environment and health was launched, and the Second High-Level Officials Meeting was convened in Bangkok, Thailand in December 2005, where a draft Charter of the Regional Forum on Environment and Health was discussed. This Third Meeting was conducted prior to the First Ministerial Meeting, to review the progress made in national and regional actions since the Second High-Level Meeting, and discuss and endorse the draft Charter and the composition and work plans of the regional Thematic Working Groups (TWGs) on six priorities for submission to the Ministerial Meeting. The agenda and annotated agenda of the meeting are given in Annexes 1 and 2, respectively, and a list of participants is attached as Annex 3. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226775/
National Policies and Their Linkages to Negotiations Over a Future International Climate Change Agreement
Developing country policy makers will need to consider the national policy instruments they will need to contribute to the fight against climate change. As discussions on the international level are underway through the Bali Road Map, a national level discussion can help governments reflect on the types of policies they should use, as well as how to seek internal and external financial resources and how to reflect their views in the negotiations of a future climate change agreement. There is a rich array of policy instruments being used by developing countries to achieve national objectives, such as improving local air pollution and reducing poverty. Most of these policies also reduce emissions of greenhouse gases. These policies, measures and instruments include: regulations and standards, taxes and charges, tradable permits, voluntary agreements, informational instruments, subsidies and incentives, research and development, and trade and development assistance. Depending on the legal frameworks available to countries, these may be implemented nationally, regionally or locally. They may be supplemented with rules, guidelines and other administrative mechanisms to achieve different goals. They may be legally binding or voluntary and they may be fixed or changeable. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226733/
Fighting Corruption in the Water Sector - Methods, Tools and Good Practices
This publication is part of a series of UNDP-sponsored studies that present methods, tools and good practices to map corruption risks, develop strategies and sustain partnerships to address challenges and tackle corruption in the education, health and water sectors. They complement UNDP’s MDG Acceleration Framework (MAF), which has been endorsed by the UN Development Group and enables governments and development partners, within established national processes, to identify and systematically prioritize the bottlenecks to progress toward achieving the MDGs, and then devise strategies to overcome them. The studies bring together UNDP’s efforts to support countries to develop frameworks to accelerate their efforts to meet the MDGs as well as successfully meet the commitments of the UN Convention against corruption. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226741/
Climate Change and Insurance: An Agenda for Action in the United States
This report is the first report of its kind that attempts to overlay a detailed distillation of climate change science with U.S. insurance industry activities around climate change. This report aims to go beyond an investigation of only hurricanes to also address the implications for the U.S. insurance industry of other impacts of climate change including forest fires, floods, and storm surge (although storm surge is not commercially insured, this report describes how government insurance backstops interact intimately with commercial insurance products and with consumer perception of risk). The report finds that U.S. insurers are far ahead of many of their overseas counterparts in assessing current catastrophic (cat) risk through sophisticated cat risk modeling that is based on historical weather events; however, U.S. insurers appear to lag behind their European peers who have begun to conduct studies of climate change and are beginning, though slowly, to incorporate future climate change scenarios into cat risk models, particularly for flooding. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226739/
UNDP Climate Change Country Profiles:Equatorial Guinea
These country-level climate data summaries address the climate change information gap for developing countries by making use of existing climate data to generate a series of 52 country-level studies of climate observations and the multi-model projections digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226765/
UNDP Climate Change Country Profiles:Dominican Republic
These country-level climate data summaries address the climate change information gap for developing countries by making use of existing climate data to generate a series of 52 country-level studies of climate observations and the multi-model projections digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226735/
Florida’s Energy and Climate Change Action Plan: 2007
This report provides findings and recommendations addressing 11 charges, framed by three principal energy challenges facing Florida: stimulate economic development, achieve energy security and address the effects of global climate change. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226764/
General Assembly of North Carolina Session 2005: Session Law 2005-442 Senate Bill 1134
An act to establish the legislative commission on global climate change: to direct the commission to study issues related to global warming, the emerging carbon economy, and whether it is appropriate and desirable for the state to establish a global warming pollutant reduction goal; and, if the commission determines that the establishment of a goal is appropriate and desirable, to authorize the commission to develop a recommended goal. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226794/
Climate Change and Extreme Weather Events
The report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change of 1995 has been taken as a starting point. Since 1995 many new observations and reports have become available. Much of the information on observations and studies on climate change and its impacts can be found through the Internet. Where possible we have made references, such that the reader can easily verify and review our sources. This study addresses three main questions: To what extent can the human influence on the climate system presently be measured? What can we expect for the short term and long-term future? To what extent will measures to reduce net greenhouse gas emissions affect the future climate? digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226705/
Environmental Effects of Ozone Depletion: 1994 Assessment
A change in the composition of the stratosphere becomes relevant to society only if it has noticeable effects. This places the assessment of effects in a pivotal role in the problem of ozone depletion. Decreases in the quantity of total-column ozone, as now observed in many places, tend to cause increased penetration of solar UV-B radiation (290-315 nm) to the Earth's surface. UV-B radiation is the most energetic component of sunlight reaching the surface. It has profound effects on human health, animals, plants, microorganisms, materials and on air quality. Thus any perturbation which leads to an increase in UV-B radiation demands careful consideration of the possible consequences. This is the topic of the present assessment made by the Panel on Environmental Effects of Ozone Depletion. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226717/
Green Economy In Action: Articles and Excerpts that Illustrate Green Economy and Sustainable Development Efforts
The Green Economy is one in which the vital linkages among the economy, society, and environment are taken into account. This selection of articles and excerpts emerged in response to the need to fill the knowledge gap on practical, concrete, and on the ground green economy country experience. It is in this spirit that the articles and excerpts included in this publication have been selected: to provide information and knowledge for policy and decision makers and practitioners on the positive implications of greening some priority sectors, including job creation, resource efficiency, and generally contribution to sustainable development through an extensive review of scientific publications and magazines. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226762/
El Niño and health
El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is a climate event that originates in the Pacific Ocean but has wide-ranging consequences for weather around the world, and is especially associated with droughts and floods. The irregular occurrence of El Niño and La Niña events has implications for public health. On a global scale, the human effect of natural disasters increases during El Niño. The effect of ENSO on cholera risk in Bangladesh, and malaria epidemics in parts of South Asia and South America has been well established. The strongest evidence for an association between ENSO and disease is provided by time-series analysis with data series that include more than one event. Evidence for ENSO's effect on other mosquito-borne and rodent-borne diseases is weaker than that for malaria and cholera. Health planners are used to dealing with spatial risk concepts but have little experience with temporal risk management. ENSO and seasonal climate forecasts might offer the opportunity to target scarce resources for epidemic control and disaster preparedness. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226726/
UNDP Climate Change Country Profiles: Mali
These country-level climate data summaries address the climate change information gap for developing countries by making use of existing climate data to generate a series of 52 country-level studies of climate observations and the multi-model projections digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226792/
Sustainable Development Report 2009
This Sustainable Development Report provides a comprehensive description of the economic, ecological and social challenges that are linked to Bayer's operations and show stakholders the strategies and solutions that are applying to meet them. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226714/
Green and Growing: Building A Green And Prosperous Future For Manitoba Families
Green and Growing is a strategic framework that will continue to be developed and expanded as we go forward. Through this strategic framework, we hope to provide Manitobans, and the world, with a better understanding of the Manitoba government’s overall approach to the environment as well as the health and well-being of our province and its families. Our goal is to build a future that promises to be both green and growing for the benefit of all Manitobans. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226772/
UNDP Climate Change Country Profiles: Trinidad and Tobago
These country-level climate data summaries address the climate change information gap for developing countries by making use of existing climate data to generate a series of 52 country-level studies of climate observations and the multi-model projections digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226779/
Reinventing the City: Three Prerequisites for Greening Urban Infrastructures
This report from the WWF discusses how city infrastructure can be modernized to reduce carbon emissions and increase general environmental sustainability. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226767/
UNDP Climate Change Country Profiles: Vietnam
These country-level climate data summaries address the climate change information gap for developing countries by making use of existing climate data to generate a series of 52 country-level studies of climate observations and the multi-model projections digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226780/
The Global Drylands Imperative: Devolving Resource Rights and the MDGs in Africa
The paper analyzes a sample of existing or in-formulation policy frameworks governing access and security of tenure over major natural assets such as land, forests and wildlife. The fundamental question that runs through the analysis in the paper concerns the extent to which security of resource tenure can mediate the achievement of the MDGs. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226746/
S.F. No. 145, 2nd Engrossment 85th Legislative Session (20072008)
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226761/
UNDP Climate Change Country Profiles: Guinea
These country-level climate data summaries address the climate change information gap for developing countries by making use of existing climate data to generate a series of 52 country-level studies of climate observations and the multi-model projections digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226771/
UNDP Briefing Note on Adaptation to Climate Change: Doing Development Differently
The document outlines UNDP's adaptation services and UNDP-GEF's adaptation portfolio that comprises 21 national, regional and global projects taking place in 45 countries. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226725/
Senate Bill No. 1771
An act to add Chapter 6 (commencing with Section 42800) to Part 4 of Division 26 of the Health and Safety Code, and to add Chapter 8.5 (commencing with Section 25730) to Division 15 of the Public Resources Code, relating to air pollution. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226799/
British Columbia Climate Action for 21st Century
The report fulfills the Greenhouse Gas Reductions Target Act requirements with respect to the progress, action and plans to achieve the emissions reduction targets. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226785/
Senate Bill No. 1368
An act to add Chapter 3 (commencing with Section 8340) to Division 4.1 of the Public Utilities Code, relating to electricity. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226756/
UNDP Climate Change Country Profiles: Jamaica
These country-level climate data summaries address the climate change information gap for developing countries by making use of existing climate data to generate a series of 52 country-level studies of climate observations and the multi-model projections digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226795/
Work Plan – Thematic Working Group (TWG) on Climate Change, Ozone Depletion and Ecosystem Changes
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Vermont Comprehensive Energy Plan 2009 And Update to the 2005 Twenty-Year Electric Plan
This is a Public Review Draft of the State of Vermont’s third Comprehensive Energy Plan (CEP). It is being presented at a time in which combined concerns for energy and the environment are at the center of both state and federal policy attention. As we are completing this Public Review Draft of the Comprehensive Energy Plan, crude oil prices continue to set new peaks and are cresting above $130/barrel. The challenges presented to Vermont consumers who rely heavily on petroleum for transportation, heating, and process energy have never been more acute. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226745/
Climate Change at UNDP: Scaling Up to Meet the Challenge
The paper presents UNDP's strategy to support the efforts of developing countries and vulnerable groups for scaling up mitigation and adaptation action to successfully meet the climate change challenge and achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226747/
UNDP Climate Change Country Profiles: Guyana
These country-level climate data summaries address the climate change information gap for developing countries by making use of existing climate data to generate a series of 52 country-level studies of climate observations and the multi-model projections digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226751/
UNDP Climate Change Country Profiles: Dominica
These country-level climate data summaries address the climate change information gap for developing countries by making use of existing climate data to generate a series of 52 country-level studies of climate observations and the multi-model projections digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226734/
UNDP Climate Change Country Profiles: Chad
These country-level climate data summaries address the climate change information gap for developing countries by making use of existing climate data to generate a series of 52 country-level studies of climate observations and the multi-model projections digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226728/
Montana Greenhouse Gas Inventory and Reference Case Projections 1990-2020
The Center for Climate Strategies (CCS) prepared this report under contract to the Montana Department of Environment Quality (MDEQ). The report contains an inventory and forecast of the state’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from 1990 to 2020. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226750/