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  Partner: UNT Libraries
 Collection: Environmental Policy Collection
Memorandum for the Heads of Executive Departments and Agencies
This memorandum charges the Interagency Ocean Policy Task Force with developing a national policy that ensures protection of oceans as well as a framework for effective coastal and marine spatial planning. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31123/
Progress report of the Interagency Climate Change Adaptation Task Force
This report describes work by the Interagency Climate Change Task Force. The group's goals include forming recommendations for a national strategy for climate change adaptation, improving the resilience and adaptive capacity of the federal government towards climate change, and improving public understanding of specific climate change vulnerabilities. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31121/
Impact of Climate Range on the Desert Pupfish
This activity is a resource for teachers of grades 5-8 to conduct a lesson on the impact of climate change on a specific species. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31127/
Amendments to 1987 Treaty on Fisheries with Pacific Island States : message from the President of the United States transmitting amendments to the 1987 Treaty on Fisheries Between the Governments of Certain Pacific Island States and the Government of the United States of America, with annexes and agreed statements, done at Port Moresby, April 2, 1987 (The "Treaty"), done at Koror, Palau, March 30, 1999, and at Kiritimati, Kiribati, March 24, 2002 : also transmitted, related amendments to the treaty annexes, and the memorandum of understanding
This treaty further develops relationships between the United States and Pacific nations in the areas of fisheries management and conservation. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31105/
Agreement with Russian Federation concerning polar bear population : message from the President of the United States transmitting Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Russian Federation on the Conservation and Management of the Alaska-Chukotka Polar Bear Population, done at Washington on October 16, 2000.
This treaty is an agreement between the United States and Russia to work towards a legal and scientific frame work for the conservation and management of polar bears . digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31102/
Protocol amending the 1916 Convention for the Protection of Migratory Birds : message from the President of the United States transmitting a protocol between the United States and Canada amending the 1916 Convention for the Protection of Migratory birds in Canada and the United States, with related exchange of notes, signed at Washington on December 14, 1995
This treaty is an amendment between the United States and Canada to the statute making it unlawful to pursue, hunt, take, capture, kill or sell certain birds. The statute does not discriminate between live or dead birds and also grants full protection to any bird parts including feathers, eggs and nests. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31097/
Protocol with Mexico amending Convention for Protection of Migratory Birds and Game Mammals : message from the President of the United States transmitting a protocol between the government of the United States of America and the government of the United Mexican States amending the Convention for Protection of Migratory Birds and Game Mammals, signed at Mexico City on May 5, 1997
This treaty between the United States and Mexico deals with hunting ducks and collecting duck eggs by indigenous people in North America. This treaty amends the Convention for the Protection of Migratory Birds in Canada and the United States. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31098/
South Pacific Regional Environment Programme Agreement : message from the President of the United States transmitting agreement establishing the South Pacific Regional Environment Programme, done at Apia on June 16, 1993
The South Pacific Regional Environment Programme is to promote cooperation in the South Pacific islands region and to provide assistance in order to protect and improve the environment and to ensure sustainable development. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31099/
Convention for the Protection of Plants : message from the President of the United States transmitting the International Convention for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants of December 2, 1961, as revised at Geneva on November 10, 1972, on October 23, 1978, and on March 19, 1991, and signed by the United States on October 25, 1991
This treaty takes action to control the introduction and spread of pests of plants and plant products. The treaty protects natural as well as cultivated plants, so it has implications for agriculture as well as biodiversity. While the IPPC's primary focus is on plants and plant products moving in international trade, the convention also covers research materials, biological control organisms, and anything else that can act as a vector for the spread of plant pests including containers, soil, vehicles, and machinery. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31096/
Interim Report of the Interagency Ocean Policy Task Force
This report discusses the direction of a national policy to protect oceans, coasts, and the Great Lakes while coordinating with national security and foreign policy interests. The priorities include ecosystem restoration, water quality, resiliency to climate change and acidification, and improved environmental observation systems. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31145/
The National Environmental Policy Act: A Study of Its Effectiveness After Twenty-five Years
This report provides a detailed perspective on how the National Environmental Policy Act has affected federal agency decision making. The report summarizes how the Act has been implemented, how federal agency performance aligns with the intent of NEPA's framers, reactions from the public, NEPA stakeholders, and federal decision makers, and future challenges with ensuring the Act's continued effectiveness. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31142/
A Citizen's Guide to the NEPA: Having Your Voice Heard
This introductory guide to the National Environmental Policy Act describes the NEPA process and provides information on how citizens can get involved. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31141/
Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE)
This map shows states using property-assessed clean energy (PACE) programs to finance renewable energy and energy efficiency projects. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31147/
Modernizing NEPA Implementation
This report presents recommendations to change the NEPA implementation process, based on the review of an appointed task force. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31140/
Plug-in Electric Vehicles
This map shows states that have laws and regulations that incentivize the use of plug-in electric passenger vehicles. Policies include mandates for states to acquire plug-in electric vehicles for state fleets, access to High Occupancy Vehicle lanes or designated parking for plug-in electric vehicles, and financial incentives to private owners of such vehicles. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31148/
Inter-American Convention on Sea Turtles : message from the President of the United States transmitting Inter-American Convention for the Protection and Conservation of Sea Turtles, with annexes, done at Caracas December 1, 1996, (The "Convention"), which was signed by the United States, subject to ratification on December 13, 1996
This treaty provides the legal framework for member countries in the Americas and the Caribbean to take actions for the benefit of sea turtles digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31100/
1996 protocol to Convention on Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes : message from the President of the United States transmitting 1996 protocol to the Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter (the "London Convention"), done in London on November 7, 1996 ; the protocol was signed by the United States on March 31, 2008 [i.e. 1998], and was entered into force on March 24, 2006
This treaty strengthens protection of marine environments from dumping of waste. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31108/
Agreement amending treaty with Canada concerning Pacific Coast albacore tuna vessels and port privileges : message from the President of the United States transmitting agreement amending treaty between the government of the United States of America and the government of Canada on Pacific Coast albacore tuna vessels and port privileges done at Washington, D.C., May 26, 1981 (The "Treaty"), effected by an exchange of diplomatic notes at Washington on July 17, 2002, and August 13, 2002 (The "Agreement")
This document amends a treaty between the United States and Canada to manage tuna fishing. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31104/
Land-based sources protocol to Cartagena Convention : message from the President of the United States transmitting protocol concerning pollution from land-based sources and activities ("the Protocol") to the Convention for the Protection and Development of the Marine Environment of the Wider Caribbean Region, with annexes, done at Oranjestad, Aruba, on October 6, 1999, and signed by the United States on that same date
This treaty sets out general legal obligations to protect the marine environment of the Gulf of Mexico, Straits of Florida, Caribbean Sea, and immediately adjacent areas of the Atlantic Ocean-collectively known as the Wider Caribbean Region. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31109/
Agreement with Canada on Pacific hake/whiting : message from the President of the United States transmitting agreement between the government of the United States of America and the government of Canada on Pacific hake/whiting (the "agreement"), done at Seattle, November 21, 2003
This treaty establishes agreed percentage shares of the trans-boundary stock of Pacific hake, also known as Pacific whiting. It also creates a process through which U.S. and Canadian scientists and fisheries managers will recommend the total catch of Pacific hake each year. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31106/
Protocol amending 1949 Convention of Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission : message from the President of the United States transmitting protocol to amend the 1949 Convention on the Establishment of an Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission, done at Guayaquil, June 11, 1999, and signed by the United States, subject to ratification, in Guayaquil, Ecuador, on the same date
This treaty allows organizations that are not governments of states to join the Inter-American Tropical Tuna Convention, and be subject to its conservation and management protocols. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31103/
International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) : message from the President of the United States transmitting International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC), adopted at the Conference of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations at Rome on November 17, 1997.
This treaty updates a previous international agreement aimed at promoting international cooperation to control and prevent the spread of harmful plant pests. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31101/
Convention concerning migratory fish stock in the Pacific Ocean : message from the President of the United States transmitting Convention on the Conservation and Management of the Highly Migratory Fish Stocks in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean, with annexes ("WCPF Convention"), which was adopted at Honolulu on September 5, 2000, by the Multilateral High Level Conference on the Highly Migratory Fish Stocks in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean
This treaty governs mechanisms designed to ensure long-term conservation and sustainable use of certain species of fish, including tuna, swordfish, and marlin. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31107/
Common Ground: Solutions for reducing the human, economic and conservation costs of human wildlife conflict
This report deals with the conflicts between wildlife and human development. Three cases studies are included, in Namibia, Nepal and Indonesia, respectively. Each location has different problems and contexts, but in all three countries, human lives and economic livelihoods are at stake, as well as the loss of habitat of threatened species. The authors advocate a species conservation approach based on land use planning integrated with human needs in order continue sustainable development. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc32900/
Global Carbon Finance: A quantitative modelling framework to explore scenarios of the Global Deal on Climate Change
According to the abstract, the purpose of this paper is to provide a quantitative research methodology for analyzing the costs of dealing with climate change. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc13705/
Feed-In Tariffs - Boosting Energy for our Future: A guide to one of the world's best environmental policies
This brochure explains Feed-In Tariff (FIT) laws. The big challenge for the renewable energy industry has been to make the cost of clean energy competitive with heavily-subsidized conventional energy. Householders or energy companies who want to install wind turbines or solar panels are faced with lengthy pay-back times and are forced to make a choice based on ethics rather than economics. The Feed-In Tariff (FIT) has proven to be the most effective policy instrument in overcoming these barriers. This simple, low-cost mechanism has turned several European countries into world leaders in the renewables sector. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc13702/
Technical description of the IIASA model cluster
A footnote on page one explains that this paper was commissioned by the United Kingdom Office of Climate Change as background work to its report 'Climate Change: Financing Global Forests' (also known as the Eliasch Review) with marginal abatement cost curves (MACCs) used to calculate opportunity costs of reducing forest emissions. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc13707/
FITness Testing: Exploring the myths and misconceptions about feed-in tariff policies
The booklet argues that in spite of the recent surge in renewable electricity markets, the United States will need to dramatically increase the amount of installed renewable energy in order to improve energy security, create new jobs, and address the growing risks of climate change. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc13701/
Climate Change: Financing Global Forests
According to the Office of Climate Change press release, the Eliasch Review aims to provide an analysis of international financing to reduce forest loss and its associated impacts on climate change. The focus related to the international efforts to achieve a new global climate change agreement in Copenhagen in 2009. The Eliasch Review focuses on the financing required to produce significant reductions in forest carbon emissions. It also examines how mechanisms to address forest loss can reduce poverty while preserving ecosystem biodiversity and water services. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc13704/
Valuing the climate change impacts of tropical deforestation
According to a footnote, this paper was commissioned by the [United Kingdom] Office of Climate Change as background work to its report 'Climate Change: Financing Global Forests' (otherwise known as the Eliasch Review). This paper discusses research valuing the impacts of tropical deforestation, and the effects of deforestation on global greenhouse gas emissions. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc13709/
Global Technology Project Report
This report discusses the financial barriers to making reductions in carbon emissions, as well as policies for dealing with those barriers. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc13706/
Eliasch Report: Carbon absorption and storage
This report provides details about carbon sequestration in the wood and soils of different types of forest (tropical, boreal, temperate) and states the policy implications that apply to the energy and forestry sectors. The report includes recommendations for the relationship between carbon sequestration and sustainable forestry. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc13703/
Creating Impact - Feed-In Tariff Laws: Making clean energy a reality for all
The brochure describes evidence from fifty governments that Feed-In Tariff (FIT) policy speeds the transition to clean energy production and use. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc13700/
A first cost benefit analysis of action to reduce deforestation
This paper assesses the validity of the claim that curbing deforestation is a highly cost-effective way of reducing greenhouse gas emissions. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc13708/
Estimating the cost of building capacity in rainforest nations to allow them to participate in a global REDD mechanism
This report provides an estimation of the funds that will be needed to build carbon sink capacity in 25 rain forest nations to enable them to participate in the Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation mechanism, an instrument proposed under the UN Convention on Climate Change that rewards countries for avoiding the removal or degradation of forests. This paper was commissioned by the Office of Climate Change as background work to its report "Climate Change: Financing Global Forests" (the Eliasch Review). digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc13689/
Cultivating the Future: Food in the Age of Climate Change
The brochure promotes government incentives for farmers to lower agricultural greenhouse gas emissions and expand carbon sinks by sequestering carbon through organic farming and reduced tillage; reducing nitrous oxide emissions through minimal use of nitrogen fertilizer, capturing methane emissions from anaerobic manure handling facilities; reducing the use of fossil fuels on farms; increasing the generation of electricity from wind, solar and small-scale hydro; expanding the use of practices like hedges, shelterbelts, and forested riparian zones; expanding local food supply for local consumption; and supporting the use of sustainable biochar derived from farm and urban organic wastes. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc13686/
Air Pollution Control Act
This law was passed by the Republic of China (Taiwan) to control air pollution and protect the environment and human health. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc13687/
Basic Environment Act
This law, passed by the government of the Republic of China (Taiwan), sets environmental policy for Taiwan and stipulates that economic and technological development will emphasize environmental protection based on long-term national interests, and that development must be sustainable in the interest of future national security and quality of life. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc13688/
Eliasch Review: Forest Management Impacts on Ecosystem Services
According the executive summary, "this report provides an overview of the different forest management models on carbon and non-carbon environmental ecosystem services, with a primary focus of tropical forest types." digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc13685/
Analytical Audit: Sectoral Annex
The document is primarily a series of Venn diagrams demonstrating an analysis of carbon data and carbon policies in the United Kingdom According to a footnote, this paper is based on analysis prepared by the Office of Climate Change to facilitate discussion within government departments. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc13731/
Stern Review: The Economics of Climate Change
The Review's executive summary states that "the Review first examines the evidence on the economic impacts of climate change itself, and explores the economics of stabilizing greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. The second half of the Review considers the complex policy challenges involved in managing the transition to a low-carbon economy and in ensuring that societies can adapt to the consequences of climate change that can no longer be avoided". The report's main conclusion is that the benefits of strong, early action on climate change considerably outweigh the costs. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc13733/
Updating Carbon Density and Opportunity Cost Parameters in Deforesting Regions in the GCOMAP Model
This paper explores the economics of carbon density and carbon pricing in forestry and in deforested areas. According to a footnote, this paper was commissioned by the [United Kingdom] Office of Climate Change as background work to its report 'Climate Change: Financing Global Forests' (the Eliasch Review). digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc13711/
Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
The Kyoto Protocol is an international agreement linked to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The major feature of the Kyoto Protocol is that it sets binding targets for 37 industrialized countries and the European community for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Recognizing that developed countries are principally responsible for the current high levels of GHG emissions in the atmosphere as a result of more than 150 years of industrial activity, the Protocol places a heavier burden on developed nations under the principle of "common but differentiated responsibilities." digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc13714/
Renewable Energy: Sustainable Development in Africa
Fact sheet on World Future Council's activities in Africa with the goal of promoting the use of renewable energy technologies that promote economic development and quality of life through basic needs and access to education and health care. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc13719/
Initial Science Plan of the Monsoon Asia Integrated Regional Study
This Initial Science Plan identifies key environmental changes that affect the people and societies of the regions of Asia affected by monsoons. The plan pinpoints people and environments which are most vulnerable to monsoon damage. The plan ends with a reflection on important scientific issues and lists a number of future actions for the Monsoon Asia Integrated Regional Study. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc13716/
Kew-Eliasch Review Consultation: Report to the Office of Climate Change
This paper discusses the research tools used to create baseline data for carbon offset mechanisms. The paper explains vegetation survey methodologies with examples of their application in a variety of contexts. These range from rapid studies using remote sensing imagery, to full multiphase survey methods. The paper gives specific examples of how these methods are used to monitor deforestation and forest regeneration. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc13713/
Mapping vulnerability of tropical forest to conversion, and resulting potential CO2 emissions: A rapid assessment for the Eliasch Review
This report is a rapid assessment analysis undertaken to inform the UK's Eliasch Review on the role of international finance mechanisms to preserve global forests in tackling climate change. The results should be used with an understanding of the caveats specified at the end of the report. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc13725/
Shaping our future: Creating the World Future Council
This book describes the mission of the World Future Council, which came into existence shortly after publication. Many values are shared across cultures and those values need to be represented by a common voice. The World Future Council was launched to fill that role, and seeks to be an ethically powerful global voice that appeals and responds to basic human values. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc13722/
Renewable Energy: Accelerating the Switch
Fact sheet on the public policy and decision-support activities of the World Future Council, with the aim of promoting the use of renewable energy. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc13720/
Analytical Audit: Full Report
This report presents an analytical audit on issues, progress and priorities in climate change by auditing current knowledge and policy choices to advise on progress and evidence; consolidating the existing analysis on UK and international climate change issues and our existing and projected emissions; presenting a balanced view of the trade-offs that Ministers face, based upon a consistent overview; and identifying priorities that Ministers may want to explore further. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc13728/