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  Partner: UNT Libraries
 Department: Department of Biology
 Collection: UNT Theses and Dissertations
Light Spectra Distributions in Temperate Conifer-Forest Canopy Gaps, Oregon and in Tropical Cloud-Forest Canopy, Venezuela
Light spectra distributions were measured in two different montane forests: temperate and tropical. Spectral light measurements were made in different sized canopy gaps in the conifer forest at H. J. Andrews Experimental Forest in Oregon, USA. Researchers at Oregon State University created these gaps of 20 m, 30 m, and 50 m in diameter. In the tropical cloud forest, spectral light measurements were made in two plots that were permanently established at La Mucuy Parque Nacional in Venezuela, in collaboration with researchers at Universidad de Los Andes. In both studies, spectra and distributions of physiologically active light were analyzed: red, far-red, R/FR ratio, and blue light.
Analysis of Phytoplankton Responses to Water Chemistry Dynamics in a Moderately Eutrophic North Texas Reservoir
Canonical correspondence analysis (CCA) was used to explore relationships between measured environmental variables and in situ phytoplankton communities in a moderately eutrophic North Texas Reservoir.
The Use of Genetic Polymorphisms and Discriminant Analysis in Evaluating Genetic Polymorphisms as a Predictor of Population
Discriminant analysis is a procedure for identifying the relationships between qualitative criterion variables and quantitative predictor variables. Data bases of genetic polymorphisms are currently available that group such polymorphisms by ethnic origin or nationality. Such information could be useful to entities that base financial determinations upon predictions of disease or to medical researchers who wish to target prevention and treatment to population groups. While the use of genetic information to make such determinations is unlawful in states and confidentiality and privacy concerns abound, methods for human “redlining” may occur. Thus, it is necessary to investigate the efficacy of the relationship of certain genetic information to ethnicity to determine if a statistical analysis can provide information concerning such relationship. The use of the statistical technique of discriminant analysis provides a tool for examining such relationship.
Managing Cattail (Typha latifolia) Growth in Wetland Systems
Nutrient availability, water depth, competition, and soil management effects on cattail (Typha latifolia) growth in wetland systems were examined. Soluble reactive phosphorous (SRP), nitrate-nitrogen (NO3-N), and ammonia-nitrogen (NH3-N) removals were tested at a constructed wetland receiving municipal wastewater effluent. Over all, no significant differences in nutrients occurred between diverse planted and cattail areas. T. latifolia seeds, under the canopy of Eleochoris macrostachya, had low seed germination. Established stands of emergent vegetation can prevent cattail colonization and spread. Germination of T. latifolia at various water depths was tested, and depth impacts on cattail seedling growth and survival were ascertained using various moist soil management techniques in three ponds. Water levels at 0cm and >40cm can adversely impact cattail establishment.
A Physiological Age-Grading System for Female Hydrellia pakistanae Deonier (Diptera: Ephydridae)
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Conflicting opinions about the effectiveness of H. pakistanae as a biological control agent for hydrilla prompt researchers to find a method for assessing the fly's success. Developing a physiological age-grading system for the fly using ovarian morphology to detect changes in reproductive activity is useful for evaluating reproductive status of the fly in field populations. Changes in the appearance of follicular relics in ovaries with oviposition provide a reliable method to estimate fecundity. Characteristics of follicular relics were used to develop a system with eight physiological age classes, three nulliparous and five parous. Changes that occur in the fat body were used to assist in classification of nulliparous females or those with low egg counts.
Population Dynammics in Mixed Cultures of Microorganisms
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of substrate levels and different types of substrates on population changes of mixed cultures of Serratia marcescens and Saccharomyces cerevisiae, as compared to pure cultures.
Factors Affecting Pigment Production in Mycobacterium rhodocrous
This study was undertaken in order to isolate and identify the pigment, if possible, and to determine the effect of substrate, substrate concentration, light exposure, and pH on pigment production in this organism.
Antibody Adsorption Used in Identification of Similar Streptomyces Species
This investigation involved the production of specific antisera against known International Streptomyces project strains of Streptomyces.
Metabolism of Methylglyoxal by Scenedesmus Quadricauda
The purpose of this study was to investigate the metabolic pathways of methylglyoxal in S. quadricauda.
Studies on Microorganisms in Jet Aircraft Fuel Systems
Laboratory and field investigations during the past ten years have demonstrated that certain microorganisms can cause deleterious effects in jet fuel tank systems. These investigations have brought about new concepts concerning the mechanisms of utilization of certain constituents in jet fuel tanks by microorganisms. Since the presence of microorganisms is inevitable in fuel systems, research efforts have been directed towards identification and determination of the types of microorganisms which can utilize jet fuel hydrocarbons, fuel additives, polyurethane foam structural materials, and particular hydrocarbons present in the fuel.
Terrestrial Vertebrates of Fannin County, Texas
The purposes of this thesis were (1) to provide some knowledge of the herptiles and mammals of this area, (2) to clarify the distribution of many of these animals in this section of Texas, and (3) to provide additional ecological information about the area.
An Ecological Survey of the Reptiles and Amphibians of Wise county, Texas
The purpose of this study was to record the relationships between the reptiles and amphibians of Wise County and the ecological subdivisions of the area. Wise County was chosen because of the heterogenity of the area and because of its proximity to other counties which have been previously and similarly studied.
Growth Inhibition of Chlorella Pyrenoidosa TX71105 by an Unknown Soil Bacillus
The purpose of this paper is to present data on the nature of mixed cultures of algae and bacteria and to report new evidence of growth inhibition of Chlorella by a bacterial contaminant isolated from a soil environment.
The Effects of Simulated Altitude on the Intestinal Flora of Guinea Pigs
The purpose of this paper is to report the results of studies on the aerobic, mesophilic intestinal flora of guinea pigs subjected to conditions similar to those encountered by man in spacecraft.
Distribution of Phosphates in a Sewage Plant and its Receiving Waters
The purpose of this paper is to detail the distribution and quantity of soluble phosphates in an activated sludge plant, its discharge creek, and receiving reservoir. The resultant analyses and comparison of data should provide some better understanding of the fate of phosphorus in a Southwestern waterway system.
Transferrin Inheritance in the Pigeon, Columba livia
This study investigated transferrin inheritance in homing pigeons (Columba livia), using discontinuous acrylamide gel electrophoresis on rivanol treated serum.
Effects of X-irradiation on Ion Flux in Desheathed Toad Sciatic Nerves
The purpose of this thesis is to determine the effects of x-irradiation on the efflux of potassium, sodium and calcium ions from stimulated and unstimulated desheathed sciatic nerves.
Effects of n-Decenylsuccinic Acid (n-DSA) and It's Monomethyl Ester (m-MDSA) on Water and Ion Flux in Isolated Roots
The purpose of this study was (1) to measure the changes in water flux in isolated roots exposed to n-DSA and its mono-methly ester (m-MDSA) using a photometric technique in the absence of an externally applied suction and (2) to measure the flux of Na and K in similarly treated roots using a flame photometric method.
Growing Earthworms in Artificial Environments
This study is intended to investigate the artificial environment conditions that would favor the most effective propagation of the African night crawler.
The Inheritance of Serum Alkaline Phosphatase in the Pigeon (Columba livia)
The purpose of this work was to determine the manner of inheritance of serum alkaline phosphatase in the racing pigeon, (Columba livia). The evidence indicates that the electrophoretic patterns of serum alkaline phosphatase in the pigeon are inherited as codominant genes.
Parasites of the Cricket Frog, Acris Crepitans, of Denton County, Texas
The purpose of this study was threefold. The literature concerning parasites of A. crepitans was to be brought up to date. Contributions to the general body of knowledge pertaining to the parasitic fauna of host specimens of A. crepitans and specifically those found in Denton County, Texas, were to be made. Finally, specimens found parasitizing host specimens of A. crepitans were to be preserved and classified.
Rectal Temperatures of the Cotton Rat, Sigmodon Hispidus (Rodentia : Cricetidae)
This investigation has been concerned with determining the extent to which a small mammal, the cotton rat, may become acclimated to environmental temperatures, and the influence acclimation has upon a population. The study was also designed to determine if acclimation effects on a population can be seen in individual rats.
A Bacteriological Survey of a Freshwater Reservoir
In this study organisms that can be subcultured from lake water, using a prescribed procedure, limit, to an extent, the population, or portions of the population, that can be monitored. In essence, what is taking place is that a set of conditions is set forth and a study is made of the bacteria that will grow under these prescribed conditions.
The Effects of Hexadecanol on the Microbiota of Lake Hefner
It seemed desirable to investigate more fully the effect of hexadecanol on the microbial population of a reservoir. It was the purpose of this investigation to determine the effect of hexadecanol on the micro-biota of Lake Hefner, to ascertain which organisms were stimulated by hexadecanol both in the laboratory and the reservoir, and to investigate the degradation of hexadecanol by microorganisms selected from Lake Hefner.
Some Physiological Characteristics of Vitreoscilla stercoraria
The purpose of this study was to elucidate some of the physiological characteristics of V. stercoraria with regard to oxygen requirements, growth, nutritional requirements, pH effects on growth and growth factors.
Bacterial Utilization of Volatile Substances Produced by Streptomyces Lavendulae
The purpose of this investigation is to attempt to learn something of the biochemical ecology of volatile substances produced by actinomycetes.
Chronic Acceleration and Osteogenesis
The effect of excess gravity on bone-forming elements of the growing perichondrial shaft of embryonic chicks was investigated through the use of the transmission electron microscope and various cytochemical techniques.
Comparative Ultrastructural Study between Young and Adult forms of Trypanosoma Lewisi
The purpose of this study was to examine the ultrastructure of both young (dividing form) and adult (stationary form) of Trypanosoma lewisi. Changes observed between the two forms of the organism were related directly to data obtained from previous comparative biochemical studies conducted on these forms of Trypanosoma lewisi.
Isolation and Partial Characterization of a Bacterium Which Gives Off Filtrable Cells
The present study was on the isolation of a bacterium capable of producing filtrable forms which passed through the 0.45µ filter membrane and regenerated the parental form; the testing of the true filtrability of the isolate; the relationship between growth of the isolate and appearance of filtrability; partial characterization of the isolate and visualization of the elements that passed through the membrane filter with electron microscopy and shadow casting technique.
Studies of Odor-Producing Actinomycete Response to Selected Geosmin Concentrations
The purpose of this investigation was to explore how geosmin, an odorous compound produced by certain algae and actinomycetes, may affect the growth of a selected, odor producing actinomycete of the genus Streptomyces.
Influence of Sublethal Pesticide Levels of Repiratory Activity of Selected Aquatic Animals
The respiratory activity of three aquatic animals selected from different pollution index classifications is examined in the presence of sublethal concentrations of Dibrom, a commonly used, broad-spectrum, organophosphate insecticide.
Effects of 4-Chloroglutaranilic Acid on Growth and Development of Sunflower Seedlings
The potential growth-regulating compound 4-chloroglutaranilic acid (CGA) was tested in whole-plant bioassay systems which utilized sunflower seedlings (Helianthus annuus, L.). Test systems included the growth of plants in soil , solid inert (Vermiculite) substrate, and hydroponic (Seed-Pak) pouches.
Phosphatides of Atypical Mycobacteria
The purpose of this investigation was to extract, separate, partially characterize and compare the individual phospholipids of the atypical mycobacteria.
Heat Resistance in Vegetative Cells and Cysts of Azotobacter
The purpose of the current study is to determine something of the nature of the heat resistance in Azotobacter, if in fact this is found to exist. An attempt is made to determine the specific physiological state associated with heat resistance as well as to resolve this resistance quantitatively.
Isolation, Purification, and Characterization of Aldolase from Human Heart
Aldolase from human heart has been purified 128-fold to a final specific activity of 11.52 units per mg. The purification procedure employed column chromatography on phosphocellulose.
Observations on the Life History of the Brown Spider, Loxosceles Reclusa Gertsch and Muliak
This research was undertaken primarily to further elucidate the life history of this medically important spider. Special attention was given to rearing experimental spiders under as near-natural environmental conditions as possible.
Pleomorphism in Selected Genera of Algae
It is the purpose of this study to ascertain what environmental factors might cause morphological changes exhibited by certain algae, also to determine if this variation in morphology is vegetative, reproductive, or artifactual in nature, and to show what effects these changes in morpohology might have on classification of the organisms in question.
Some Effects of X-Irradiaion on the Adrenal Response to Hypothalamic Stimulation in Rats
Exactly where in the hypothalamus is the adrenal-pituitary response to X-irradiation "triggered" or initiated? Moreover, does ionizing radiation act directly on specific centers in the brain or does it act indirectly via the production of some humoral agents? Finally, what role does the hypothalamus play in the radiation-syndrome? The purpose of the present study was to attempt to answer these questions by determining the effects of two stressor agents, X-irradiation and electrical stimulation applied either singly or together, on the activity of the adrenal-pituitary axis. The parameters measured were changes in plasma corticosterone, in circulating eosinopihils, and in adrenal gland weight.
Serological Characteristics of Morphologically and Biochemically Similar Streptomyces Species
It is the purpose of this investigation to test for serological characteristics of six Streptomyces species which exhibit identical and/or very closely similar morphological and biochemical characteristics.
The Production of Fragile Cysts by an Aberrant Strain of Azotobacter Chroococcum Isolated from Soil
The purpose of this study is to determine if a strain of Azotobacter chroococcum isolated from the soil in northern Louisiana produces cysts which are as resistant to deleterious agents as those produced by previously reported strains os Azotobacter.
A Screening of Fungi for Metabolites Inhibitory to the Growth of Bloom-Forming Blue-Green Algae
Since many approaches to dealing with algal blooms are inefficient, expensive, or harmful, it was concluded that a biologically-synthesized chemical agent, specifically inhibitory to pre-bloom algal cells, might prove helpful in controlling algal blooms. Fungi were chosen as the biological entities to investigate for such a chemical.
Photoreactivation Studies on Azotobacter vinelandii ATCC 12837
This thesis was written to study photoreactivation in different physiological conditions of the vegetative cell as well as the photoreactivation of the two morphological states of the Azotobacter cell: the vegetative cell and the cyst.
The Autecology of Celtis Laevigata in Flood Plain Forests of Denton County, Texas
This thesis describes the present nature of one facet of some of the flood plain forest stands in Denton County, Texas. The specific purpose was to demonstrate the presence or absence of difference between the Celtis laevigata (commonly known as the hackberry, southern hackberry or sugarberry) populations in stands on Denton Creek and Elm Fork of the Trinity River.
A Study of Malate Dehydrogenase Isoenzymes in the Midge Larva Glyptotendipes barbipes
Two isoenzymes of malate dehydrogenase were isolated and partially purified from the midge larva Glyptotendipes barbipes. Differential centrifugation followed by cellulose acetate and polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis revealed one isoenzyme associated with the mitochondrial fraction and another form found only in the cytoplasm.
Actinoplanes Philippinensis: Effect of Carbon Sources on Zoospore Production
Actinomycetes are able to utilize a great variety of carbohydrates, like sugar. The particular kind of sugar and its concentration has decisive effect on the growth of microorganisms. The proper nutritional media aids also in the production of spores. Based on this generalization, that the growth and sporulation of microorganisms are greatly influenced by the nature and the concentration of carbohydrates, an attempt has been made to study Actinoplanes philippinensis with respect to this influence.
Ultrastructural Changes of Tumor Implants in Mice
The purpose of this investigation was to observe the sequential ultrastructural changes in tumor implants of a well established tumor line in isologous mice.
Factors Affecting Slime Formation in a Spray Irrigation Waste Disposal System
It was the purpose of this investigation to determine (1) what organisms are associated with the formation of this slime layer, (2) if certain chemical factors in the environment either enhance or retard formation of the slime layer, (3) whether or not there are certain chemical factors which are detrimental to slime formation, yet not detrimental to purification, or that perhaps enhance purification, (4) whether or not there are chemical factors which enhance purification of the effluent without preventing slime formation, and (5) what effects the chemical treatments have on the microbial flora of the soil system.
A Study of a Branchiobdellid from Denton County, Texas
In this study, branchiobdellids were collected from crayfish captured from two adjacent sites in Denton County, Texas. Identification of the branchiobdellid, Cambarincola vitrea Ellis, was first made and then work was extended to include several topics of ecological interest.
Purification and Characterization of Ascaris Suum Aldolase : An Initial Phylogenetic Study of Aldolases
An efficient purification procedure of Ascaris suum muscle utilizing ion exchange column chromatography has been developed.
Nitrogen Accretion on a Lacustrine Plain
The purpose of the investigation was to locate the plant population which had the greatest impact on soil nitrogen in a successional sequence from newly deposited alluvia to a mature streamside forest, and to evaluate the pioneer populations in terms of their annual nitrogen contribution.