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  Partner: UNT Libraries
 Department: College of Education
 Degree Level: Master's
Physical activity and its association with selected dietary behaviors

Physical activity and its association with selected dietary behaviors

Date: August 2001
Creator: Cartwright, Amanda R.
Description: This study examined the association between level of physical activity and changes in dietary behaviors of 3,945 employees after a 10-week work-site physical activity program. Fifty-seven percent of the participants met the CDC/ACSM standard for physical activity sufficient for a health benefit. Physical activity was not significantly related to increased fruit and vegetable consumption, decreased dietary fat and calorie intake, and participants acquiring new nutrition skills. Physical activity was negatively associated with increased food label awareness. Participants who exercised sufficient for a health benefit were less likely to increase their food label awareness. Physical activity and dietary behaviors are generally not associated. Interventions to improve these behaviors should be behavior-specific.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Influence of Physically Active Leisure Participation on Obesity in Youth with Spina Bifida

Influence of Physically Active Leisure Participation on Obesity in Youth with Spina Bifida

Date: December 2004
Creator: McCabe, Erin
Description: Childhood obesity and resulting secondary complications in youth with disabilities are occurring in epidemic proportions, due in part to a trend of physical inactivity. The purpose of this study is to report the prevalence of overweight, the leisure time activity patterns, and the association between frequency of physically active leisure participation and body mass index for age, in a sample of 50 youth with spina bifida, ages 4.5 to 17.9 years. Results indicate that 52% of the sample are classified as at risk of overweight or overweight; 36% were male and 16% were female. The top five leisure time activities and team sport participation are identified. Subjects who did not use a wheelchair for ambulation participated significantly more in physically active leisure than subjects who used a wheelchair. Future research and rationale for physically active leisure as an intervention for youth with spina bifida are discussed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Parents' beliefs and knowledge regarding child development and appropriate early childhood classroom practices

Parents' beliefs and knowledge regarding child development and appropriate early childhood classroom practices

Access: Use of this item is restricted to the UNT Community.
Date: May 2000
Creator: Hughes, Tina M.
Description: The intent of this study was to assess low-income parents knowledge and beliefs regarding child development and appropriate classroom practice and to compare their responses with those obtained from a previous survey of upper-income parents (Grebe, 1998). This study group (N=21) consisted of parents or guardians with children in a federally subsidized child-care center. Results indicated a high level of knowledge regarding developmentally appropriate practice and child development. Overall, there were no significant differences in the knowledge between the two income-levels, however, responses to several questions revealed slight differences in beliefs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Effects of Praise and Reproof on Digit-symbol Learning at the Elementary School Level

Effects of Praise and Reproof on Digit-symbol Learning at the Elementary School Level

Date: June 1966
Creator: Fox, Roger Maurice
Description: The principle problem of the present research was to determine the relative effects of two major variables, nature of verbal reinforcement and achievement history, upon the performance of elementary school children on a relatively simple learning task.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Identification of highly gifted 5- and 6-year-old children: Measures to predict academic achievement.

Identification of highly gifted 5- and 6-year-old children: Measures to predict academic achievement.

Access: Use of this item is restricted to the UNT Community.
Date: May 2010
Creator: Runyon, Lisa
Description: Studies indicate the educational needs of highly gifted students are best met through accelerated learning. It is difficult to recognize very young children that are suited for an accelerated curriculum because younger students frequently lack school records or portfolios used to identify gifted students. This study examined the accuracy of cognitive ability and achievement tests in predicting academic achievement by the end of second grade, correlating test results and final grade averages collected from sixteen children ages five to six who entered a public school program for high-ability learners in kindergarten. A multiple regression analysis indicated the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence produced the highest mean IQ score and a strong correlation with reading achievement. The Wechsler Individual Achievement Test contributed in small part to the prediction of academic achievement. The Naglieri Nonverbal Ability Test and the Kaufman Brief Intelligence Test-Second Edition had negative correlations with final grade averages, indicating they are not predictors of academic achievement for these students.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
The Relationship of Chinese Malaysian Maternal Child Rearing Practices and Preschool Children's Empathy

The Relationship of Chinese Malaysian Maternal Child Rearing Practices and Preschool Children's Empathy

Date: December 1994
Creator: Lee, Yit-Fong
Description: The purpose of the study was to examine the relationship between Malaysian maternal child-rearing practices and preschool children's empathic behavior. This study additionally investigated the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and child-rearing practices, as well as explored whether gender differences exist in preschool children's empathy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries