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  Access Rights: Public
  Partner: UNT Libraries
 Collection: Environmental Policy Collection
Low Carbon Technology Plan
The document describes Japan's strategy for transforming into a low carbon society, through the promotion of alternative energy sources and energy efficient technologies. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29340/
Regional Highlights from Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States
This fact sheet describes climate change scenarios in Southwest region of the United States. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29348/
State of the Climate in 2009
This report describes observations of precipitation, temperature, and other climatology metrics from different global regions. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29344/
Streamlining climate change and air pollution reporting: Final Report
The environmental policies currently being negotiated are likely to require Member State (MS) to control and report their emission of greenhouse gases (GHG) and air pollutants (AP) more precisely. While there are likely to be associated costs, it is also likely that the cost of timely and targeted action will be less than the longer term cost of inaction. A number of European Union (EU) legal instruments are used to regulate emissions - several of these are under review. The review not only needs to anticipate future policy needs but also assess the alignment of the various instruments and whether the burden on users can be further minimized. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29349/
Widespread climate-related impacts are occurring now and are expected to increase
This map shows current and projected effects of climate change on various regions of the United States. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29346/
Regional Highlights from Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States
This fact sheet describes climate change scenarios in Great Plains region of the United States. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29343/
Regional Highlights from Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States
This fact sheet describes climate change scenarios in the Great Plains region of the United States. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29345/
State of the Climate in 2008
This report describes observations of precipitation, temperature, and other climatology metrics from different global regions. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29342/
Regional Highlights from Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States
This fact sheet describes climate change scenarios in Midwest region of the United States. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29341/
Regional Highlights from Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States
This fact sheet describes climate change scenarios in the Southeast region of the United States. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29347/
Water Resources and Climate Prediction: Linking Science with Decisions
This brochure summarizes research that focuses on the scientific ability to predict climate on seasonal and year-to-year timescales and the opportunity to incorporate such information into water resource management decisions. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29382/
Human Health and Welfare and Climate Change: Summary and Findings of the U.S. Climate Change Science Program
This brochure summarizes a report of the same title. It describes the likely impacts of climate change on human health, and potential adaptation strategies to limit the risks and damages. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29381/
U.S. Climate Change Science Program Synthesis and Assessment Report 3.4: Abrupt Climate Change Summary and Findings
This brochure identifies four types of abrupt climate change that would pose major risks to global health, security, and the economy. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29380/
Report of the the IPCC Expert Meeting on Emission Estimation of Aerosols Relevant to Climate Change
This report is supporting material prepared for consideration by the IPCC. It was reviewed by participants of the Geneva meeting, but not reviewed through the IPCC formal process. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29364/
IPCC Expert Meeting On Industrial Technology Development, Transfer And Diffusion
This meeting summary report presents the major findings and discussion from the IPCC Expert Meeting on "Industrial Technology Development, Transfer and Diffusion." digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29369/
IPCC Workshop on Describing Scientific Uncertainties in Climate Change to Support Analysis of Risk and of Options
This report summarizes an IPCC workshop which was convened to discuss how to communicate areas of risk and uncertainty in the 4th IPCC Assessment Report. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29366/
Further Work of the IPCC on Emission Scenarios
This report summarizes recommendations for the development and assessment of new emission scenarios for possible use in the IPCC 5th Assessment Report. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29363/
Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission
The objective of the Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission (JNNSM) under the brand 'Solar India' is to establish India as a global leader in solar energy, by creating the policy conditions for its diffusion across the country as quickly as possible. The scope of these guidelines is to select new projects and provide the necessary policy framework for development of projects under the "bundling scheme" for Phase I of the JNNSM. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29365/
Towards New Scenarios for Analysis of Emissions, Climate Change, Impacts, and Response Strategies
This report summarizes the findings and recommendations from the Expert Meeting on New Scenarios, which focuses on the policymaking perspective of climate change, and on climate modeling scenarios for near term and long term. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29362/
Workshop on New Emissions Scenarios Meeting Report
This report summarizes a workshop which investigated the possible roles that the IPCC could play in developing and assessing new emission scenarios. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29367/
Towards an Analytical Capacity in Costing of Abatement Options for Forestry and Agricultural Carbon Sinks
This document is part of Technical Report (ref: EUR 21758 EN) from the Joint Research Centre and presents part of the modelling work conducted by DG JRC/IPTS as a contribution to the DG ENV Communication on post-2012 climate policy analysis (June 2005). The analysis with the POLES and GEM-E3 models show that the costs of abatement policies, both in marginal terms and total terms, can be significantly reduced if emissions trading and project based mechanisms are used. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29360/
IPCC Working Group I Workshop on Climate Sensitivity Workshop Report
This workshop report is a contribution by the IPCC Working Group I for the preparation of the IPCC 4th Assessment Report. The workshop evaluated a range of climate model results in order to improve understanding of climate sensitivity estimates and objectively determine criteria for evaluating results from different climate models. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29368/
Greenhouse Gas Reduction Pathways: In the UNFCCC Process up to 2025
Meeting the EU objective of limiting global average temperature increase to 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels requires a peak in global greenhouse gas emissions within the next two decades. This means that early participation of developing countries in global emission control is needed, even under a significant strengthening of the commitments of Annex I countries under the Kyoto Protocol. The study has shown that it is possible to design a set of consistent rules for the attribution of the long-term emission endowments of the different world regions. The gains from participating in global emission trading and from reduced air pollution damage and/or abatement costs does substantially enhance, from a developing country perspective, the attractiveness of an early participation in a regime based on greenhouse gas reduction pathways, provided that the level and the form of their commitment is well designed so as to minimise economic risks. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29373/
Report of the Joint IPCC WG II & III Expert meeting on the integration of Adaptation, Mitigation and Sustainable Development into the 4th IPCC Assessment Report
This report summarizes a meeting to develop the 4th IPCC Assessment Report. The meeting was attended by international experts in adaptation, mitigation and/or sustainable development. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29371/
The Ozone Layer: Ozone Depletion, Recovery in a Changing Climate, and the "World Avoided"
This brochure describes the role of ozone in the stratosphere, and the effect it has on ultraviolet light, as well as how the Montreal Protocol and subsequent laws have affected ozone-depleting pollutants in the atmosphere. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29377/
Kyoto Protocol Implementation
This report analyze the impacts of linking JI and CDM to the future European Emission Allowance Trading System (ETSy). The result indicate that the volume of credits obtained through JI and CDM projects by the enlarged EU Emission Allowance Trading Scheme, as well as the magnitude of cost savings and allowance price impacts will crucially depend on how much competition there will be from EU Member States and other countries in JI and CDM credits. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29370/
Climate Models: Frequently Asked Questions about computer climate models and their uses, strengths and limitations
This brochure describes methods and technologies for assessing and predicting climate change. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29378/
Allocation and Related Issues for Post-2012 Phases of the EU ETS
This report provides information on major design options related to the allocation of emissions allowances under the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (the EU ETS, or "the Scheme"). The report was developed to assist the European Commission in the context of the review of options for the EU ETS after 2012, during the third and subsequent phases of the Scheme. The report covers topics related to allocation alternatives as well as several other issues. All of the material contained here was developed initially as a set of briefing notes for the Commission in 2007. The topics covered in the report are divided into two major categories: (1) assessment criteria and other general features, including cap-setting; and (2) allocation alternatives and issues specifically related to allocation. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29374/
Climate and Airborne Pollutants
This brochure provides an overview of how air pollutants have an impact on climate change. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29379/
Reanalysis and Attribution: Understanding How and Why Recent Climate Has Varied and Changed
This brochure discusses climate change, and scientific methods of making climate observations. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29376/
IPCC Expert Meeting on Emission Scenarios
This report summarizes the Expert Meeting on Emission Scenarios to help inform the fourth Assessment Report of the IPCC. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29384/
Findings of the U.S. Climate Change Science Program Synthesis and Assessment Report 2.2: The First State of the Carbon Cycle Report: North American Carbon Budget and Implications for the Global Carbon Cycle
This brochure describes sources of carbon emissions in North America, and ways to remove those emissions from the atmosphere. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29383/
The Economic Effects of EU-Wide Industry-Level Emission Trading to Reduce Greenhouse Gases: Results from PRIMES Energy Systems Model
In preparation of the Green Paper on greenhouse gas emissions trading within the European Union, the cost implications of EU-wide emissions trading carbon dioxide were estimated by E3-Lab with their PRIMES energy systems model. According to the report, if each EU member States implemented its target under the Burden sharing agreement individually, the total annual cost for the EU to reach the Kyoto target would be 9.0 billion Pound. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29375/
Establishing the Leakage Rates of Mobile Air Conditioners
The purpose of the study is to - based on field measurements - determine the average annual leakage rate of HFC-134a from MACs in the European Union of a "second generation"1 air conditioner. From November 2002, to January 2003 300 measurements of HFC-134a leakage were carried out on air conditioners of cars up to seven years age. The measurements were carried out on vehicles of all EU relevant makes at 19 garages in Germany (Osnabrück), Portugal (Rio Maior) and Sweden (Helsingborg) reflecting different climatic conditions. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29372/
EPA's Response to the Petitions to Reconsider the Endangerment and Cause or Contribute Findings for Greenhouse Gases under Section 202(a) of the Clean Air Act
This set of volumes is a response by the EPA to ten petitions filed to challenge the determination that climate change is real. The EPA dismisses the petitioners' claims, reiterating the evidence of anthropogenic global climate change. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29356/
Service Contract : EC - DG Environment − CNRS-IEPE: Options for the Operationalisation of the Kyoto Mechanisms - Economic Analysis based on Partial Equilibrium Models
This report presents two series of studies performed before COP-6 and COP-6bis, in order to provide DG Environment with economic analysis of the issues at stake in international climate negotiations. These analysis used the background information provided by the large scale world energy partial equilibrium model POLES. They were also based on an extensive use of the Marginal Abatement Cost Curves produced by the POLES model through the ASPEN-sd software, specifically designed to produce assessment. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29353/
Interactions of the EU ETS with Green And White Certificate Schemes: European Commission Directorate-General Environment
The European Union Emissions Trading Scheme ('EU ETS') began on 1 January 2005. The implementation of the EU ETS has raised interest in market-based approaches to achieving environmental and related public policy goals in the EU, particularly those related to promotion of renewable energy and energy efficiency. Indeed, national and regional markets in tradable green certificates ('TGCs') and (to a lesser extent) tradable white certificates ('TWCs') already exist. Green certificate schemes are established or proposed in a number of Member States (e.g., Belgium, the Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Italy, the Netherlands, Sweden and the UK) and form part of a growing portfolio of measures to achieve the renewable targets outlined in Directive 2001/77/EC. White certificate schemes are considerably less widespread, although schemes have been established in Italy and the UK and further activity may be stimulated by the Commission proposal on energy services (COM(2003)739). Both the renewables Directive and the energy services proposal envisage the possible evolution and harmonisation of these instruments into EU-wide certificate schemes. This study has two major objectives: -1. Analyse interactions among EU ETS and green/white certificate markets. The first major objective is to describe the interactions between green and white certificate programmes and the EU ETS. -2. Assess implications of interactions for the policy objectives of the EU ETS. The second major objective deals with the implications of green/white certificate programmes for the objectives of the EU ETS. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29355/
IPCC Expert Meeting on The Science to Address UNFCCC Article 2 including Key Vulnerabilities
This report contains supporting material to examine the science relating to stabilizing greenhouse gas concentrations at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference. The report was prepared for consideration by the IPCC, but it has not been subjected to formal IPCC review processes. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29352/
Climate Change 2007: Synthesis Report
According to the introduction, this Synthesis Report is based on the assessment carried out by the three Working Groups (WGs) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). It provides an integrated view of climate change as the final part of the IPCC's Fourth Assessment Report (AR4). It discusses the observations of climate change, causes and effects, options for adaptation and mitigation, and remaining uncertainties. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29351/
Analysis of options to move beyond 20% greenhouse gas emission reductions and assessing the risk of carbon leakage
This paper analyze the possible effects of implementing all high end pledges put forward by countries under the Copenhagen Accord. Among other analysis, the report predict that, (if the Copenhagen Accord would be fully implemented), the world could bridge a major part of the required efforts by 2020 in order to keep average global temperature increase below 2ºC. However, the report also argue that most high end targets are conditional on others taking similar action, on a legally binding international agreement or on the need for further international financial or technical support making their degree of implementation uncertain. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29325/
How Healthy is the Upper Trinity River?: Biological and Water Quality Perspectives
This conference report contains discussions and papers from a symposium hosted at Texas Christian University, in Fort Worth, Texas, examining the ecological health of the Upper Trinity River, and the impacts of various human activity, such as agriculture, urbanization, and waste management. The papers cover the effect of water quality on urban rivers, long-term water quality trends in the Trinity River, solutions that may improve water quality in the river, as well as biological, agricultural and waste-water issues. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29406/
Weather and Climate Extremes in a Changing Climate : Frequently Asked Questions
This brochure corresponds with the Weather and Climate Extremes in a Changing Climate Synthesis and Assessment Report by the U.S. Climate Change Science Program. It highlights observed changes and likely projections in North American weather, and how changes in North American weather are likely to have an adverse economic effect. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29327/
Ecoregion: Caribbean
This document is part of a set of educational resources for educators to encourage climate literacy. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29328/
Analysis of options to move beyond 20% greenhouse gas emission reductions and assessing the risk of carbon leakage
This paper responds to the mandate given in the Emissions Trading Directive (EU ETS directive, Article 10b) to the Commission to submit by end of June 2010 an analytical report assessing the situation of energy-intensive sectors that have been determined to be exposed to significant risks of carbon leakage in the light of the international negotiations. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29324/
Climate Change, Wildlife and Wildlands: A Toolkit for Formal and Informal Educators
This is a lesson plan for grade levels 5-8 that guides educators through a lesson about coral reef ecology and how climate change affects the growth of coral reefs. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29329/
Regional Highlights from Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States
This fact sheet draws highlights for Alaska from the Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29326/
Regional Highlights from Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States
This fact sheet describes climate change scenarios in the Great Plains region of the United States. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29335/
EPA's Response to the Petitions to Reconsider the Endangerment and Cause or Contribute Findings for Greenhouse Gases under Section 202(a) of the Clean Air Act
This set of volumes is a response by the EPA to ten petitions filed to challenge the determination that climate change is real. The EPA dismisses the petitioners' claims, reiterating the evidence of anthropogenic global climate change. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29357/
Evaluation of Alternative Initial Allocation Mechanisms in a European Union Greenhouse Gas Emissions Allowance Trading Scheme
This report is intended to provide background to assist Member States and the European Commission ("Commission") in determining the allocation mechanism to use in conjunction with the Commission's proposed emissions trading programme for carbon dioxide ("CO2") and other greenhouse gases ("GHGs"). The Commission in October 2001 adopted a major package of initiatives to combat climate change. This package includes a proposed Directive on GHG emission trading ("proposed Directive") as well as a proposal for the EC to ratify the Kyoto Protocol and a Communication setting out further methods for reducing greenhouse gas emissions beyond the Directive on emissions trading. This report provides descriptions and evaluations of alternative mechanisms for initial allocation of allowances. The report has the following specific objectives: - Provide a typology of alternative initial allocation mechanisms. - Describe the allocation mechanisms that have been used in previous emissions trading programmes. - Develop criteria for evaluating alternative mechanisms. - Evaluate the alternative mechanisms in light of these criteria. - Develop plant-level data that allow one to simulate various initial allocation alternatives and thus shed light on key empirical issues, including feasibility and sector- and plantlevel effects. - Provide an overview of major conclusions and implications. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29350/
EPA's Response to the Petitions to Reconsider the Endangerment and Cause or Contribute Findings for Greenhouse Gases under Section 202(a) of the Clean Air Act
This set of volumes is a response by the EPA to ten petitions filed to challenge the determination that climate change is real. The EPA dismisses the petitioners' claims, reiterating the evidence of anthropogenic global climate change. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc29358/
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