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 Department: Department of Physics
Synthesis and Study of Engineered Heterogenous Polymer Gels

Synthesis and Study of Engineered Heterogenous Polymer Gels

Date: August 1998
Creator: Chen, Yuanye
Description: This dissertation studies physical properties and technological applications of engineered heterogenous polymer gels. Such gels are synthesized based on modulation of gel chemical nature in space. The shape memory gels have been developed in this study by using the modulated gel technology. At room temperature, they form a straight line. As the temperature is increased, they spontaneously bend or curl into a predetermined shape such as a letter of the alphabet, a numerical number, a spiral, a square, or a fish. The shape changes are reversible. The heterogenous structures have been also obtained on the gel surface. The central idea is to cover a dehydrated gel surface with a patterned mask, then to sputter-deposit a gold film onto it. After removing the mask, a gold pattern is left on the gel surface. Periodical surface array can serve as gratings to diffract light. The grating constant can be continuously changed by the external environmental stimuli such as temperature and electric field. Several applications of gels with periodic surface arrays as sensors for measuring gel swelling ratio, internal strain under an uniaxial stress, and shear modulus have been demonstrated. The porous NIPA gels have been synthesized by suspension technique. Microstructures of newly ...
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On Delocalization Effects in Multidimensional Lattices

On Delocalization Effects in Multidimensional Lattices

Date: May 1998
Creator: Bystrik, Anna
Description: A cubic lattice with random parameters is reduced to a linear chain by the means of the projection technique. The continued fraction expansion (c.f.e.) approach is herein applied to the density of states. Coefficients of the c.f.e. are obtained numerically by the recursion procedure. Properties of the non-stationary second moments (correlations and dispersions) of their distribution are studied in a connection with the other evidences of transport in a one-dimensional Mori chain. The second moments and the spectral density are computed for the various degrees of disorder in the prototype lattice. The possible directions of the further development are outlined. The physical problem that is addressed in the dissertation is the possibility of the existence of a non-Anderson disorder of a specific type. More precisely, this type of a disorder in the one-dimensional case would result in a positive localization threshold. A specific type of such non-Anderson disorder was obtained by adopting a transformation procedure which assigns to the matrix expressing the physics of the multidimensional crystal a tridiagonal Hamiltonian. This Hamiltonian is then assigned to an equivalent one-dimensional tight-binding model. One of the benefits of this approach is that we are guaranteed to obtain a linear crystal with a ...
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Quantum-Confined CdS Nanoparticles on DNA Templates

Quantum-Confined CdS Nanoparticles on DNA Templates

Date: May 1998
Creator: Rho, Young Gyu
Description: As electronic devices became smaller, interest in quantum-confined semiconductor nanostructures increased. Self-assembled mesoscale semiconductor structures of II-VI nanocrystals are an especially exciting subject because of their controllable band gap and unique photophysical properties. Several preparative methods to synthesize and control the sizes of the individual nanocrystallites and the electronic and optical properties have been intensively studied. Fabrication of patterned nanostructures composed of quantum-confined nanoparticles is the next step toward practical applications. We have developed an innovative method to fabricate diverse nanostructures which relies on the size and a shape of a chosen deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) template.
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Scanning Tunneling Microscopy of Epitaxial Diamond (110) and (111) Films and Field Emission Properties of Diamond Coated Molybdenum Microtips

Scanning Tunneling Microscopy of Epitaxial Diamond (110) and (111) Films and Field Emission Properties of Diamond Coated Molybdenum Microtips

Date: May 1998
Creator: Lim, Seong-Chu
Description: The growth mechanism of chemical vapor deposition (CVD) grown homo-epitaxial diamond (110) and (111) films was studied using ultrahigh vacuum (UHV) scanning tunneling microscopy (STM). In addition, the field emission properties of diamond coated molybdenum microtips were studied as a function of exposure to different gases.
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Studies of Particles and Wave Propagation in Periodic and Quasiperiodic Nonlinear Media

Studies of Particles and Wave Propagation in Periodic and Quasiperiodic Nonlinear Media

Date: May 1995
Creator: Sun, Ning, 1963-
Description: This thesis examines the properties of transmission and transport of light and charged particles in periodic or quasiperiodic systems of solid state and optics, especially the nonlinear and external field effects and the dynamic properties of these systems.
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Accelerator Mass Spectrometry Studies of Highly Charged Molecular Ions

Accelerator Mass Spectrometry Studies of Highly Charged Molecular Ions

Date: December 1994
Creator: Kim, Yong-Dal
Description: The existence of singly, doubly, and triply charged diatomic molecular ions was observed by using an Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (AMS) technique. The mean lifetimes of 3 MeV boron diatomic molecular ions were measured. No isotopic effects on the mean lifetimes of boron diatomic molecules were observed for charge state 3+. Also, the mean lifetime of SiF^3+ was measured.
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Experimental Synchronization of Chaotic Attractors Using Control

Experimental Synchronization of Chaotic Attractors Using Control

Date: December 1994
Creator: Newell, Timothy C. (Timothy Charles)
Description: The focus of this thesis is to theoretically and experimentally investigate two new schemes of synchronizing chaotic attractors using chaotically operating diode resonators. The first method, called synchronization using control, is shown for the first time to experimentally synchronize dynamical systems. This method is an economical scheme which can be viably applied to low dimensional dynamical systems. The other, unidirectional coupling, is a straightforward means of synchronization which can be implemented in fast dynamical systems where timing is critical. Techniques developed in this work are of fundamental importance for future problems regarding high dimensional chaotic dynamical systems or arrays of mutually linked chaotically operating elements.
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Charge State Dependence of M-Shell X-Ray Production in 67Ho by 2-12 MeV Carbon Ions

Charge State Dependence of M-Shell X-Ray Production in 67Ho by 2-12 MeV Carbon Ions

Date: August 1994
Creator: Sun, Hsueh-Li
Description: The charge state dependence of M-shell x-ray production cross sections of 67HO bombarded by 2-12 MeV carbon ions with and without K-vacancies are reported. The experiment was performed using an NEC 9SDH-2 tandem accelerator at the Ion Beam Modification and Analysis Laboratory of the University of North Texas. The high charge state carbon ions were produced by a post-accelerator stripping gas cell. Ultra-clean holmium targets were used in ion-atom collision to generate M-shell x rays at energies from 1.05 to 1.58 keV. The x-ray measurements were made with a windowless Si(Li) x-ray detector that was calibrated using radiative sources, particle induced x-ray emission (PIXE), and the atomic field bremsstrahlung (AFB) techniques.
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Dielectric Relaxation of Aqueous Solutions at Microwave Frequencies for 3[less than or equal to]f[less than or equal to]35 GHz. Using a Loaded Microwave Cavity Operating in the TM010 Mode

Dielectric Relaxation of Aqueous Solutions at Microwave Frequencies for 3[less than or equal to]f[less than or equal to]35 GHz. Using a Loaded Microwave Cavity Operating in the TM010 Mode

Date: August 1994
Creator: Wang, Henry F. S. (Henry Fu-Sen)
Description: The frequency dependence and temperature dependence of the complex dielectric constant of water is of great interest. The temperature dependence of the physical properties of water given in the literature, specific heat, thermal conductivity, electric conductivity, pH, etc. are compared to the a. c. (microwave) and d. c. conductivity of water with a variety of concentration of different substances such as HC1, NaCl, HaS04, etc. When each of these properties is plotted versus inverse absolute temperature, it can be seen that each sample shows "transition temperatures". In this work, Slater's perturbation equations for a resonant microwave cavity were used to analyze the experimental results for the microwave data.
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Short-Period Transient Grating Measurement of Perpendicular Transport in GaAs/AlGaAs Multiple Quantum Wells

Short-Period Transient Grating Measurement of Perpendicular Transport in GaAs/AlGaAs Multiple Quantum Wells

Date: August 1994
Creator: Norwood, David P.
Description: In this thesis the author describes the use of transient grating techniques to study the transport of electrons and holes perpendicular to the layers of a GaAs/AlGaAs multiple quantum well (MQW).
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