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  Partner: UNT Libraries
 Department: Department of Physics
Experimental Synchronization of Chaotic Attractors Using Control

Experimental Synchronization of Chaotic Attractors Using Control

Date: December 1994
Creator: Newell, Timothy C. (Timothy Charles)
Description: The focus of this thesis is to theoretically and experimentally investigate two new schemes of synchronizing chaotic attractors using chaotically operating diode resonators. The first method, called synchronization using control, is shown for the first time to experimentally synchronize dynamical systems. This method is an economical scheme which can be viably applied to low dimensional dynamical systems. The other, unidirectional coupling, is a straightforward means of synchronization which can be implemented in fast dynamical systems where timing is critical. Techniques developed in this work are of fundamental importance for future problems regarding high dimensional chaotic dynamical systems or arrays of mutually linked chaotically operating elements.
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Charge State Dependence of M-Shell X-Ray Production in 67Ho by 2-12 MeV Carbon Ions

Charge State Dependence of M-Shell X-Ray Production in 67Ho by 2-12 MeV Carbon Ions

Date: August 1994
Creator: Sun, Hsueh-Li
Description: The charge state dependence of M-shell x-ray production cross sections of 67HO bombarded by 2-12 MeV carbon ions with and without K-vacancies are reported. The experiment was performed using an NEC 9SDH-2 tandem accelerator at the Ion Beam Modification and Analysis Laboratory of the University of North Texas. The high charge state carbon ions were produced by a post-accelerator stripping gas cell. Ultra-clean holmium targets were used in ion-atom collision to generate M-shell x rays at energies from 1.05 to 1.58 keV. The x-ray measurements were made with a windowless Si(Li) x-ray detector that was calibrated using radiative sources, particle induced x-ray emission (PIXE), and the atomic field bremsstrahlung (AFB) techniques.
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Dielectric Relaxation of Aqueous Solutions at Microwave Frequencies for 3[less than or equal to]f[less than or equal to]35 GHz. Using a Loaded Microwave Cavity Operating in the TM010 Mode

Dielectric Relaxation of Aqueous Solutions at Microwave Frequencies for 3[less than or equal to]f[less than or equal to]35 GHz. Using a Loaded Microwave Cavity Operating in the TM010 Mode

Date: August 1994
Creator: Wang, Henry F. S. (Henry Fu-Sen)
Description: The frequency dependence and temperature dependence of the complex dielectric constant of water is of great interest. The temperature dependence of the physical properties of water given in the literature, specific heat, thermal conductivity, electric conductivity, pH, etc. are compared to the a. c. (microwave) and d. c. conductivity of water with a variety of concentration of different substances such as HC1, NaCl, HaS04, etc. When each of these properties is plotted versus inverse absolute temperature, it can be seen that each sample shows "transition temperatures". In this work, Slater's perturbation equations for a resonant microwave cavity were used to analyze the experimental results for the microwave data.
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Short-Period Transient Grating Measurement of Perpendicular Transport in GaAs/AlGaAs Multiple Quantum Wells

Short-Period Transient Grating Measurement of Perpendicular Transport in GaAs/AlGaAs Multiple Quantum Wells

Date: August 1994
Creator: Norwood, David P.
Description: In this thesis the author describes the use of transient grating techniques to study the transport of electrons and holes perpendicular to the layers of a GaAs/AlGaAs multiple quantum well (MQW).
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Diffusion Kinetics and Microstructure of Eutectic and Composite Solder/Copper Joints

Diffusion Kinetics and Microstructure of Eutectic and Composite Solder/Copper Joints

Date: May 1994
Creator: Wu, Yujing
Description: Sn/Pb solders are widely used by the electronics industry to provide both mechanical and electrical interconnections between electronic components and printed circuit boards. Solders with enhanced mechanical properties are required for high reliability for Surface Mount Technology (SMT) applications. One approach to improve the mechanical properties of solder is to add metallic or intermetallic particles to eutectic 63Sn/37Pb solder to form composite solders. Cu6Sn5 and Cu3Sn form and grow at the solder/copper substrate interface. The formation and growth of these intermetallics have been proposed as controlling mechanisms for solderability and reliability of solder/copper joints. The goal of this study was to investigate the diffusion kinetics and microstructures of six types of composite solder/copper joints.
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Nonlinear Dynamics of Semiconductor Device Circuits and Characterization of Deep Energy Levels in HgCdTe by Using Magneto-Optical Spectroscopy

Nonlinear Dynamics of Semiconductor Device Circuits and Characterization of Deep Energy Levels in HgCdTe by Using Magneto-Optical Spectroscopy

Date: May 1994
Creator: Yü, Chi
Description: The nonlinear dynamics of three physical systems has been investigated. Diode resonator systems are experimentally shown to display a period doubling route to chaos, quasiperiodic states, periodic locking states, and Hopf bifurcation to chaos. Particularly, the transition from quasiperiodic states to chaos in line-coupled systems agrees well with the Curry-Yorke model. The SPICE program has been modified to give realistic models for the diode resonator systems.
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Scaling Behaviors and Mechanical Properties of Polymer Gels

Scaling Behaviors and Mechanical Properties of Polymer Gels

Date: May 1994
Creator: Li, Chʻun-fang
Description: Polymer gels undergo a volume phase transition in solvent in response to an infinitesimal environmental change. This remarkable phenomenon has resulted in many potential applications of polymer gels. The understanding of its mechanical properties has both scientific and technological importance. For this purpose, we have developed a novel method for measuring Poisson's ratio, which is one of the most important parameters determining the mechanical property of gels. Using this method, Poisson's ratio in N-isopropyacrylamide (NIPA) and polyacrylamide (PAAM) gels has been studied.
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Transport Processes in Synchrotrons

Transport Processes in Synchrotrons

Date: May 1994
Creator: Cole, Benjamin H. (Benjamin Holland)
Description: This thesis examines the evolution of beams in synchrotrons. Following an introduction to accelerator physics in Chapter 1, in Chapter 2 I describe the Fermilab E778 'diffusion' experiment. Families of sextupoles were powered to drive the 2/5 resonance, and a beam was then kicked to populate a nonlinear region of the transverse phase space. The beam was then observed over periods of approximately 30 minutes for a variety of kick amplitudes and physical apertures. In Chapter 3 comments about the analytic treatment of such systems are discussed, including the assumptions inherent in the conventional treatment. I motivate my use of a simplified model in Chapter 4 after examining common computational methods. Deriving the model from the formalism of traditional accelerator physics, I discuss its implementation on a massively parallel computer, the Intel iPSC/860 hypercube, and examine the performance of this algorithm in detail. Using the simple model to perform the numerical experiment equivalent to E778 is the subject of Chapter 5. I derive the parameters needed for the simple model based upon the physical experiment. Both three dimensional cases and cases with reduced dimensionality are run. From power supply ripple data and an electrical model of the magnet string, I ...
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Angular Dependence of the Stopping Processes and the Yields of Ion-induced Electron Emission from Channeled MEV Protons in <100> Silicon Foils

Angular Dependence of the Stopping Processes and the Yields of Ion-induced Electron Emission from Channeled MEV Protons in <100> Silicon Foils

Date: December 1993
Creator: Zhao, Zhiyong
Description: The present work reports the experimental evidence of anomalous energy loss, energy straggling, and the corresponding ion-induced electron emission yields of channeled protons in silicon.
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Z1 Dependence of Ion-Induced Electron Emission

Z1 Dependence of Ion-Induced Electron Emission

Date: December 1993
Creator: Arrale, Abdikarim M. (Abdikarim Mohamed)
Description: Knowledge of the atomic number (Zt) dependence of ion-induced electron emission yields (Y) can be the basis for a general understanding of ion-atom interaction phenomena and, in particular, for the design of Zrsensitive detectors that could be useful, for example, in the separation of isobars in accelerator mass spectrometry. The Zx dependence of ion-induced electron emission yields has been investigated using heavy ions of identical velocity (v = 2 v0, with v0 as the Bohr velocity) incident in a normal direction on sputter-cleaned carbon foils. Yields measured in this work plotted as a function of the ion's atomic number reveal an oscillatory behavior with pronounced maxima and minima. This nonmonotonic dependence of the yield on Zx will be discussed in the light of existing theories.
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