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  Partner: UNT Libraries
 Degree Discipline: Economics
 Collection: UNT Theses and Dissertations
The Relationship Between Foreign Direct Investment And The Macro Economy

The Relationship Between Foreign Direct Investment And The Macro Economy

Date: December 2011
Creator: Kekec, Ibrahim
Description: In this thesis, I first investigate the relation between the aggregate unemployment rate and foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows and outflows. To study this relationship, I use a panel data set that contains 45 (developed and developing) countries observed from 1987 through 2008, and I employ Arellano and Bonds generalized methods of moments (ABGMM) estimation method for dynamic panel data. My results show that FDI inflows and outflows are not determinants of the aggregate unemployment rate. In addition, in line with macroeconomic theory, the previous level of aggregate unemployment has a positive impact on the current level of aggregate unemployment. Again, as macroeconomic theory suggests, my results show that per capita real gross domestic product (RGDP) has a negative effect on the current level of aggregate unemployment. Second, I study the long-run relationship between exports and per capita gross domestic product (instrumented by total population) using a panel data set of 51 countries from 1970 through 2008. To study this relationship, I employ the dynamic ordinary least squares (DOLS) estimation method. I find that the percentage of exports in nominal gross domestic products (GDP) is sensitive to changes in the populations of host countries and, hence, to the changes in ...
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An Open Economy Model of Pakistan : Relative Effectiveness of Monetary and Fiscal Policy

An Open Economy Model of Pakistan : Relative Effectiveness of Monetary and Fiscal Policy

Date: August 1995
Creator: Hameed, Abid
Description: This thesis examines the relative effectiveness of monetary and fiscal policy in Pakistan by utilizing an open economy framework. There is a great need for research about the effectiveness of macroeconomic policies as the knowledge of the relative importance of monetary and fiscal policy could prove useful to policymakers and help them understand the macroeconomic adjustment processes of these policy measures.
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A Study on U.S. Japanese Foreign Trade

A Study on U.S. Japanese Foreign Trade

Date: August 1995
Creator: Hachem, Daniel R. (Daniel Raymond)
Description: This research presents an in depth discussion and analysis on U.S. Japanese foreign trade. It is divided into two parts. The first hypothesis states that the appreciation of the dollar in the early eighties is positively correlated with the U.S. trade deficit, especially with Japan. The second hypothesis states that Friedrich Von Hayek's Theory of Social Order applies to the development of capitalism in that country. This can also be divided into two parts, a) this generation of Japanese consumes, saves, and invests differently than previous generations, and b) Japanese consumption and investment patterns follow U.S. consumption and investment patterns with a lag.
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Characteristics of Texas Border and Non-Border Banks and a Comparison of their Lending Practices

Characteristics of Texas Border and Non-Border Banks and a Comparison of their Lending Practices

Date: August 1994
Creator: Neal, William R. (William Russell)
Description: This thesis presents a comparison of the loan to deposit ratios of Texas banks along the Mexican border and banks located throughout the rest of the state. Mean characteristics of the two groups (i.e. border and non-border groups) are presented. A multivariate regression model is used to examine the extent to which various operating ratios of the banks and differing economic conditions of the communities in which the banks are located help explain the loan to deposit ratios of the banks involved in this study. The model incorporates data from 1984-1989. No evidence was found to refute the hypothesis that Texas border banks have a lower loan to deposit ratio than their non-border counterparts. The evidence points to a need for developmental capital, supplied by some form of development bank.
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U.S. - China Bilateral Trade 1972 - 1992

U.S. - China Bilateral Trade 1972 - 1992

Date: August 1994
Creator: Zhang, Jianxin
Description: The main task of this thesis is to investigate economic implications of U.S.- China trade. The study period covers from 1972 to 1992. Data are available from International Financial Statistics, Survey of Current Business, Statistical Yearbook of P.R.China. Various hypotheses are employed to explain the basis and gain of trade, the impact of trade on both economies, and the major determinants of bilateral trade flows. This thesis contains five parts: I. Introduction; II. Outlook; III. Theoretical Analysis; IV. Empirical Study; and V. Conclusion. The major findings of this thesis are that both countries have gained advantages from trade and have also faced some unpleasant problems; several widely recognized theories serve as good approaches to understand these issues; the time series distributed lag models are helpful in explaining the determinants of trade flows.
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Price Elasticity, J-Curve, and the Balance of Trade: An Econometric Study of Bangladesh

Price Elasticity, J-Curve, and the Balance of Trade: An Econometric Study of Bangladesh

Date: May 1991
Creator: Ahmed, Mehboob U.
Description: The question for this thesis is whether the static and the dynamic theory of international trade stability holds in reality in Bangladesh.
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An Assessment of Occupational Needs and Training Programs in Saudi Arabia

An Assessment of Occupational Needs and Training Programs in Saudi Arabia

Date: May 1979
Creator: Awwad, Muhammad M. Joma
Description: The purpose of this study was to determine (1) the size of the Saudi Arabian manpower shortage in light of the Second Development Plan, (2) the number of skilled and semi-skilled workers that will be graduated from vocational and technical programs during the plan period, and (3) the factors that explain the major causes of the labor shortage problem. In order to accomplish these objectives, the study has considered two questions: (1) Is there a consistency between the manpower needs of skilled and semi-skilled workers and the vocational and technical training programs' output? (2) What are the major factors that explain the labor shortage in Saudi Arabia?
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A Critical Analysis of the Equity and Efficiency of the Nigerian Personal Income Tax System

A Critical Analysis of the Equity and Efficiency of the Nigerian Personal Income Tax System

Date: December 1978
Creator: Inyang, Efanga
Description: The purpose of this study is to analyze the system of personal income taxation in Nigeria, especially with respect to its administration, equity, and effects on efficient resource usage. There have, in the past, been numerous complaints that the personal income tax in Nigeria does not yield enough revenue for the state governments, primarily because of widespread avoidance and evasion of the tax, especially by persons who do not derive income from wages and salaries. This study examines this problem in light of questions as to how the tax evolved, how important it is to state governments, how efficient and equitable it is, what administrative problems it faces, and what reforms can be implemented to best solve existing problems.
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Economic Developments and Policies in Post-Civil War Nigeria

Economic Developments and Policies in Post-Civil War Nigeria

Date: December 1978
Creator: Umo, Akpan Akpan
Description: The approach of the study is historical and institutional. The thesis compares the performance of the pre-war Nigerian economy to its post-war performance. The study analyzes the role of petroleum production, agriculture, and the banking system as the major generators of growth in the economy. It portrays the political framework of the country, and endeavors to give a clear and concise understanding of the economic and political implications of the war. Development planning policy issues are examined and evaluated to ascertain the degree to which Nigerian planners are fully aware of the nation's development obstacles.
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Oil and the Iranian Economy

Oil and the Iranian Economy

Date: August 1978
Creator: Rassekh, Farhad
Description: This study is concerned with the relationship between the Iranian Oil Industry and Iranian economy. Oil revenues have been the largest source for financing economic development plans and for obtaining foreign exchange. In this paper, the history of the Iranian oil industry is summarized, and five previously implemented developmental plans are analyzed. Additionally, the impact of oil on some economic sectors and its contribution to GNP is examined. The strong correlation between oil reserves and the economy may bring a problem in the future when oil reserves run out. Iranian economists believe that the economy must be industrialized in order to reduce the economy's reliance on oil. This paper recommends that all the economic sectors, particularly agriculture, should receive careful consideration, even though the national goal is to industrialize the economy.
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