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 Collection: Environmental Policy Collection
Mitigation Technology Challenges: Considerations for National Policy Makers to Address Climate Change

Mitigation Technology Challenges: Considerations for National Policy Makers to Address Climate Change

Date: August 2008
Creator: Chidiak, Martina & Tirpak, Dennis
Description: This report summarizes the scope of the technology challenge needed to address climate change; the mitigation options and likely global costs; the trends in financing sustainable energy investments; and the status and issues relating to a selective set of technologies likely to be of particular interest to developing countries.
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Technical description of the IIASA model cluster

Technical description of the IIASA model cluster

Date: August 2008
Creator: Gusti, Mykoln; Havlik, Peter & Oberstelner, Michael
Description: A footnote on page one explains that this paper was commissioned by the United Kingdom Office of Climate Change as background work to its report 'Climate Change: Financing Global Forests' (also known as the Eliasch Review) with marginal abatement cost curves (MACCs) used to calculate opportunity costs of reducing forest emissions.
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Uses and Limitations of Observations, Data, Forecasts, and Other Projections in Decision Support for Selected Sectors and Regions

Uses and Limitations of Observations, Data, Forecasts, and Other Projections in Decision Support for Selected Sectors and Regions

Date: August 2008
Creator: U.S. Climate Change Science Program and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research
Description: This Synthesis and Assessment Product (SAP), Uses and Limitations of Observations, Data, Forecasts, and Other Projections in Decision Support for Selected Sectors and Regions. This is part of a series of 21 SAPs produced by the CCSP aimed at providing current assessments of climate change science to inform public debate, policy, and operational decisions. This SAP focuses on the use of climate observations, data, forecasts, and other projections in decision support.
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Estimating the cost of building capacity in rainforest nations to allow them to participate in a global REDD mechanism

Estimating the cost of building capacity in rainforest nations to allow them to participate in a global REDD mechanism

Date: August 15, 2008
Creator: Hoare, Alison; Legge, Thomas; Nussbaum, Ruth & Saunders, Jade
Description: This report provides an estimation of the funds that will be needed to build carbon sink capacity in 25 rain forest nations to enable them to participate in the Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation mechanism, an instrument proposed under the UN Convention on Climate Change that rewards countries for avoiding the removal or degradation of forests. This paper was commissioned by the Office of Climate Change as background work to its report "Climate Change: Financing Global Forests" (the Eliasch Review).
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3rd African Drought Adaptation Forum report, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 17-19 September 2008

3rd African Drought Adaptation Forum report, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 17-19 September 2008

Date: September 2008
Creator: UNDP Drylands Development Centre; United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction & Economic Commission for Africa
Description: The Third African Drought Adaptation Forum was held in September 2008 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The Forum was organized so that participants could exchange practical experiences, findings and ideas on how to adapt to the increasing threat of drought and climate change in the drylands of Africa. The report contains a summary of sessions and outlines key themes that emerged from the discussions.
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Analyses of the Effects of Global Change on Human Health and Welfare and Human Systems

Analyses of the Effects of Global Change on Human Health and Welfare and Human Systems

Date: September 2008
Creator: U.S. Climate Change Science Program and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research
Description: This document is part of the Synthesis and Assessment Products (SAP) described in the U.S. Climate Change Science Program (CCSP) Strategic Plan. This report is meant to synthesize and communicate the current state of understanding about the characteristics and implications of uncertainty related to climate change and variability to an audience of policymakers, decision makers, and members of the media and general public with an interest in developing a fundamental understanding of the issue.
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The Bali Action Plan: Key Issues in The Climate Negotiations: Summary for Policy Makers

The Bali Action Plan: Key Issues in The Climate Negotiations: Summary for Policy Makers

Date: September 2008
Creator: Carpenter, Chad
Description: To assist policy makers in understanding the complex issues under discussion in the negotiating process, UNDP commissioned a series of background briefing papers on the key issues under the four main "building blocks" of the current international negotiations -- mitigation, adaptation, technology and finance -- as well as land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF). This document contains summaries for policy makers of these briefing papers.
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Carbon/Efficiency Labelling & Bio-Blending for Optimising Benefits of Biodiesel & Additive Use

Carbon/Efficiency Labelling & Bio-Blending for Optimising Benefits of Biodiesel & Additive Use

Date: September 2008
Creator: Janssen, Rainer & Rutz, Dominik
Description: The Carbon Labelling project implemented several labelling measures in Europe focused on transportation products and services with low CO2 emissions. The project promoted biodiesel, low-viscosity lubricants and ‘low carbon’ freight services. This first European carbon labelling initiative supported the discussion about measures for the greenhouse gas reduction (GHG) targets of the European Union and the role of biofuels to mitigate GHG emissions. Carbon life cycle numbers were calculated with GHG models from leading European research institutes. The identified carbon reduction numbers were used for pilot labelling initiatives via the label “CO2Star” developed by a professional advertising agency. The label and consumer information websites provided information to consumers about environmental and economic benefits of the labelled biofuels, lubricants and freight services. For instance, the German fuel distributor Q1 implemented a carbon labelling pilot programme for biodiesel (B 100) and lubricants at its fuel stations, while Dutch horticulture freight companies implemented the carbon label to promote "low carbon" freight services.
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Climate Change at UNDP: Scaling Up to Meet the Challenge

Climate Change at UNDP: Scaling Up to Meet the Challenge

Date: July 2010
Creator: United Nations Development Programme
Description: The paper presents UNDP's strategy to support the efforts of developing countries and vulnerable groups for scaling up mitigation and adaptation action to successfully meet the climate change challenge and achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
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Climate Change Transition Team Report

Climate Change Transition Team Report

Date: September 2008
Creator: The Governor’s Commission on Climate Change
Description: Representatives from 4 state agencies (Agency of Natural Resources, Agency of Transportation, Agency of Agriculture Food & Markets & Department of Public Service), known collectively as the Climate Change Transition Team (CCTT) worked over the past 5 months to review the recommendations in the Governor’s Commission on Climate Change(GCCC) Report (October 2007) and to develop work plans for each recommendation. The resulting report provides these draft work plans and also serves as a current inventory of ongoing activities and programs that either directly or indirectly address the climate change/GHG emission issue.
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Climate Projections Based on Emissions Scenarios for Long-Lived and Short-Lived Radiatively Active Gases and Aerosols

Climate Projections Based on Emissions Scenarios for Long-Lived and Short-Lived Radiatively Active Gases and Aerosols

Date: September 2008
Creator: U.S. Climate Change Science Program and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research
Description: This report focuses on the Climate Projections Based on Emissions Scenarios. The influence of greenhouse gases and particle pollution on our present and future climate has been widely examined. While both long-lived (e.g., carbon dioxide) and short-lived (e.g., soot) gases and particles affect the climate, other projections of future climate, such as the IPCC reports focus largely on the long-lived gases. This U.S. Climate Change Science Program Synthesis and Assessment Product provides a different emphasis. The authors examine the effect of long-lived greenhouse gases on the global climate based on updated emissions scenarios produced by another CCSP Synthesis and Assessment Product (SAP 2.1a). In these scenarios, atmospheric concentrations of the long-lived greenhouse gases leveled off, or stabilized, at predetermined levels by the end of the twenty-first century (unlike in the IPCC scenarios). However, the projected future temperature changes fall within the same range as those projected for the latest IPCC report. The authors confirm the robust future warming signature and other associated changes in the climate.
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Draft Report of the 29th Session of the IPCC

Draft Report of the 29th Session of the IPCC

Date: September 2008
Creator: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
Description: The focus of this meeting was on the future of the IPCC, in particular the scoping of the 5th Assessment Report. The Panel was also invited to consider the outcome of the Scoping Meeting for a possible Special Report on "Extreme events and disasters: managing the risks", and of the Expert Meeting on "Alternative common metrics to calculate the CO2 equivalence of anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks of greenhouse gases".
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Green Jobs: Towards Decent Work in a Sustainable, Low-Carbon World

Green Jobs: Towards Decent Work in a Sustainable, Low-Carbon World

Date: September 2008
Creator: Renner, Michael; Sweeney, Sean; Kubit, Jill & Mastny, Lisa
Description: This report is about the impact of the green economy on the global job market.
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Our Planet : Living Legacy - The future of forests

Our Planet : Living Legacy - The future of forests

Date: September 2008
Creator: Lean, Geoffrey
Description: Our Planet is a periodical magazine published by the United Nations Environment Programme. This issue is devoted to forestry, deforestation, and the sustainable use of forest products.
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The United States National Report on Systematic Observations for Climate for 2008: National Activities with Respect to the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) Implementation Plan

The United States National Report on Systematic Observations for Climate for 2008: National Activities with Respect to the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) Implementation Plan

Date: September 2008
Creator: U.S. Climate Change Science Program's (CCSP) Observations Working Group
Description: Long-term, high-accuracy, stable environmental observations are essential to define the state of the global integrated Earth system, its history and its future variability and change. Observations for climate include: (1) operational weather observations, when appropriate care has been exercised to establish high accuracy; (2) limited-duration observations collected as part of research investigations to elucidate chemical, dynamical, biological, or radiative processes that contribute to maintaining climate patterns or to their variability; (3) high accuracy, high precision observations to document decadal-to-centennial changes; and (4) observations of climate proxies, collected to extend the instrumental climate record to remote regions and back in time to provide information on climate change at millennial and longer time scales. This report was requested by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in order to serve as input to see how progress has been made with respect to the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) Implementation Plan developed in 2004 In accordance with the UNFCCC guidelines, the sections of the report delineate specific U.S. climate monitoring activities in several distinct yet integrated areas as follows: (1) common issues; (2) non-satellite atmospheric observations; (3) non-satellite oceanic observations; (4) non-satellite terrestrial observations; (5) satellite global atmospheric, oceanic, and terrestrial ...
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.China’s Policies and Actions for Addressing Climate Change

.China’s Policies and Actions for Addressing Climate Change

Date: October 1, 2008
Creator: Information Office of the State Council of the People’s Republic of China
Description: .China has formulated and implemented its national climate change programme, and adopted a series of policies and measures in this regard. China addresses climate change in the context of implementing sustainable development strategy, combined with its accelerated steps to build a resource-conserving and environmental-friendly society and an innovation-oriented country.
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Fueling sustainable development: The energy productivity solution

Fueling sustainable development: The energy productivity solution

Date: October 2008
Creator: McKinsey Global Institute
Description: The booklet describes the mounting policy and business concerns surrounding the supply of energy and argues that the most cost-effective way to address these concerns is through improving energy productivity and adopting existing energy-efficient technologies that pay for themselves in future energy savings. The document supports the role of public policy in encouraging consumers and businesses to capture the benefits of higher energy productivity.
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Strategic Environmental Assessment and Adaptation to Climate Change

Strategic Environmental Assessment and Adaptation to Climate Change

Date: October 2008
Creator: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Description: This is one in a series of Advisory Notes that supplement the OECD/DAC Good Practice Guidance on Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) (OECD/DAC 2006). The focus of this Advisory Note is to show how Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) approaches can help mainstream adaptation to climate change into strategic planning. It is used to integrate considerations related to climate change into national development or sectoral management planning or policymaking processes.
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Trends in Emissions of Ozone-Depleting Substances, Ozone Layer Recovery, and Implications for Ultraviolet Radiation Exposure

Trends in Emissions of Ozone-Depleting Substances, Ozone Layer Recovery, and Implications for Ultraviolet Radiation Exposure

Date: November 2008
Creator: US Climate Change Science Program and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research.
Description: This Synthesis and Assessment Product (SAP 2.4) focuses on the Climate models. Depletion of the stratospheric ozone layer by human-produced ozone-depleting substances has been recognized as a global environmental issue for more than three decades, and the international effort to address the issue via the United Nations Montreal Protocol marked its 20-year anniversary in 2007. Scientific understanding underpinned the Protocol at its inception and ever since. As scientific knowledge advanced and evolved, the Protocol evolved through amendment and adjustment. Policy-relevant science has documented the rise, and now the beginning decline, of the atmospheric abundances of many ozone-depleting substances in response to actions taken by the nations of the world. Projections are for a return of ozone-depleting chemicals (compounds containing chlorine and bromine) to their "pre-ozone-depletion" (pre-1980) levels by the middle of this century for the midlatitudes; the polar regions are expected to follow suit within 20 years after that. Since the 1980s, global ozone sustained a depletion of about 5 percent in the midlatitudes of both the Northern Hemisphere and Southern Hemisphere, where most of the Earth's population resides; it is now showing signs of turning the corner towards increasing ozone. The large seasonal depletions in the polar regions are ...
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Abrupt Climate Change: Final Report

Abrupt Climate Change: Final Report

Date: December 2008
Creator: US Climate Change Science Program and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research
Description: This document is part of the Synthesis and Assessment Products (SAP) described in the U.S. Climate Change Science Program (CCSP) Strategic Plan. This report is meant to reduce uncertainty in projections of how the Earth's climate and related systems may change in the future. It provides scientific information for supporting the decision-making audience and the expert scientific and stakeholder community.
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Our Planet : Renewable Energy - Generating power, jobs and development

Our Planet : Renewable Energy - Generating power, jobs and development

Date: December 2008
Creator: Lean, Geoffrey
Description: Our Planet is a periodical magazine published by the United Nations Environment Programme. This issue is devoted the use of renewable energy in climate strategy and economic growth.
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Strengthening International Environmental Governance and Civil Society Leadership in Asia and the Pacific

Strengthening International Environmental Governance and Civil Society Leadership in Asia and the Pacific

Date: December 2008
Creator: Prasad, Deo K.; Quinn, Meaghan & Prasad, Sahil
Description: This paper describes international environmental governance and tries to engage leaders in prioritizing environmental issues and challenges.
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Scientific Collections: Mission-Critical Infrastructure for Federal Science Agencies

Scientific Collections: Mission-Critical Infrastructure for Federal Science Agencies

Date: December 23, 2008
Creator: National Science and Technology Council (U.S.). Committee on Science, Interagency Working Group on Scientific Collections.
Description: This report describes the nature and state of federally-held scientific collections which exist for scientific study to provide insight about historical trends in biodiversity, climate, and ecosystems.
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2009 Annual Report of the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme

2009 Annual Report of the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme

Date: 2009
Creator: The Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme
Description: The year 2009 was an eventful period for the Pacific region, with challenges and accomplishments that will be forever etched in our Pacific history.
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