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 Degree Discipline: Physical Education
The Relationship of Anxiety to Performance in Stressful Situations in Slo-Pitch Softball

The Relationship of Anxiety to Performance in Stressful Situations in Slo-Pitch Softball

Date: August 1979
Creator: Rogers, Michael E.
Description: The purposes of the study were to compare (1) the relationship between competitive A-trait and competitive A-state in Slo-Pitch softball and (2) the relationship between A-trait and performance in selected stressful situations in softball. The study also considered the ranking of players by a manager and overall performance. The Sport Competition Anxiety Test and a competitive short form of the State Anxiety Inventory were used to measure A-trait and A-state. Trait anxiety, state anxiety and performance were compared using the Pearson product moment correlation technique. Trait anxiety scores were found to be accurate predictors of pregame state anxiety, but not of performance. The manager's rating was a better predictor of performance than competitive A-trait in selected stress situations.
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The Influence of Psychological Stress and Personality upon Athletic Performance of Intercollegiate Tennis Players

The Influence of Psychological Stress and Personality upon Athletic Performance of Intercollegiate Tennis Players

Date: March 1978
Creator: Reed, Rebecca Lee
Description: This investigation was designed to study coach and self-appraised groupings of intercollegiate tennis players who yield to stress and withstand stress and to determine if personality differences existed between groups. Subjects were 75 intercollegiate tennis players from Texas. A stress inventory and the Cattell Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire were instruments utilized in the study. Data were subjected to hierarchical profile-groupings, three-way analyses of variance, and a correlational analysis. Conclusions of the study were that intercollegiate tennis players and male and female players respond to stress differently; intercollegiate tennis players and male and female players who experience different levels of stress have different personalities; and players and coaches do not evaluate the ability to cope with stress similarly.
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Chronic Alterations in Joint Flexibility Associated with Aerobic Dance Instruction of College Age Females

Chronic Alterations in Joint Flexibility Associated with Aerobic Dance Instruction of College Age Females

Date: August 1978
Creator: Cooper, Melisa Lynne
Description: The purposes of this study were (1) to determine if three selected aerobic dance related conditions would result in chronic alterations of flexibility of college women and (2) to compare flexibility measures of college age females during a semester of aerobic dance instruction. Subjects were sixty-three college women enrolled in aerobic dance, bowling, and archery classes. Eight flexibility measures were obtained during the third and eleventh weeks of the experimental period. Data were analyzed by a factor analysis the Pearson Product Moment Correlation, and eight oneway analyses of covariance. Conclusions of the investigation were (1) a program of aerobic dance alone is not sufficient to promote flexibility, and (2) supplemental flexibility activities of ten minutes duration used with aerobic dance training are beneficial in increasing hip flexion.
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A Comparison of Three Selected Exercises in Building Abdominal Strength and Endurance in Upper Elementary School Girls

A Comparison of Three Selected Exercises in Building Abdominal Strength and Endurance in Upper Elementary School Girls

Date: May 1978
Creator: Hemsell, Joyce
Description: This study compares the effectiveness of three selected exercises (curl-up, conventional hook sit-up and modified hook sit-up) in building abdominal strength and endurance in upper elementary school girls. Ninety-nine subjects were randomly divided into four groups. The study was designed to determine (1) whether an eight week exercise program can increase abdominal strength and endurance; (2) the most effective exercise; (3) if muscle action intensity affects the results. A cable tensiometer measured abdominal strength and a timed sit-up measured abdominal endurance. An analysis of covariance determined significance. Significant gains in abdominal strength and endurance were shown by the conventional hook sit-up. Further study on the relationship between muscle development and maturation in young children is recommended.
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The Establishment of Norms for Two Selected Tennis Skills Tests at North Texas State University

The Establishment of Norms for Two Selected Tennis Skills Tests at North Texas State University

Date: August 1978
Creator: Avery, Cathy Ann
Description: The purposes of this study were 1) to establish validity and reliability for a modified service test, 2) to determine male and female norms for the service test, and 3) to establish norms for the Kemp-Vincent Rally Test. Subjects were 677 students enrolled in beginning and intermediate tennis classes at North Texas State University, Denton, Texas. Data were analyzed by the two-way analysis of variance to establish reliability. Norms were established by converting raw scores to normalized standard T-scores. Conclusions of the investigation were 1) the modified service test is valid and reliable, and 2) there is a need for separate male and female norms when the skill is governed by strength.
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A Comparison of Perceived Exertion Ratings of Aerobic Dance and Treadmill Performances Among College Age Males and Females

A Comparison of Perceived Exertion Ratings of Aerobic Dance and Treadmill Performances Among College Age Males and Females

Date: August 1976
Creator: Walker, Nancy D.
Description: The purposes of the study were to compare ratings of perceived exertion of aerobic dance and treadmill performances under equal work loads and to compare ratings of perceived exertion by males and females in aerobic dance and treadmill work. Subjects were twenty-six college men and women in co-educational conditioning classes. Heart rates were monitored after work bouts and perceived exertion was determined using Borg's RPE scale. Data were analyzed by a two-way analysis of variance with repeated measures. Conclusions of the investigation were: (1) aerobic dance is perceived as less strenuous than the treadmill under equal work loads, and (2) males and females perceive aerobic dance as less strenuous than the treadmill under equal energy bouts.
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Survey of Non-Triple Option and Triple Option Football Formation Success in Class AAAA Texas High Schools from 1968 to 1975

Survey of Non-Triple Option and Triple Option Football Formation Success in Class AAAA Texas High Schools from 1968 to 1975

Date: August 1977
Creator: Poteet, Don
Description: This study was designed to survey the 239 Class AAAA high schools in Texas from 1968 to 1975. The purpose of the study was to determine the difference in the number of wins of non-triple option and triple option teams. A Tukey t test was computed on the data received from the Class AAAA schools to determine if a significant difference existed. Computation of data revealed that in no year was there a significant difference in the number of wins of non-triple option and triple option teams. The conclusion of this investigation is the type of offensive football formation does not significantly affect the prospects of winning or losing games.
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Study of the Programs of Professional Preparation in Physical Education Colleges in India; Comparison of the Programs with the Recommendations Made by a National Conference on Professional Preparation in Health Education, Physical Education and Recreation Education, Washington, D. C., 1962

Study of the Programs of Professional Preparation in Physical Education Colleges in India; Comparison of the Programs with the Recommendations Made by a National Conference on Professional Preparation in Health Education, Physical Education and Recreation Education, Washington, D. C., 1962

Date: May 1977
Creator: Quraishi, Abdul S.
Description: Data were obtained through the syllabi and the questionnaires returned by the head of physical education institutes in India. From a total of thirty-seven questionnaires sent, sixteen were returned representing fourteen different institutions. The programs in India showed some diversity among the institutions regarding the length of time required to complete the courses and minimum qualifications prescribed for admission to the program. The programs did not meet the recommendations of the conference either in length or content. The newer programs more nearly met the recommendations.
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Male Attitudes Toward Sport Participation by Females

Male Attitudes Toward Sport Participation by Females

Date: August 1977
Creator: Hibbard, Jeana E.
Description: This investigation was designed to determine if attitudinal differences toward involvement of females in athletic competitions existed between males when age, education, and sport backgrounds were considered. Subjects were 186 male employees of Air Products and Chemicals, Incorporated and the City of De Soto, Texas, and students at North Texas State University. A fifty-one item attitude inventory developed by the investigator was the instrument utilized in the study. Data were analyzed by a three-way analysis of variance. Conclusions of the study were that males of various ages, educational levels, and sport backgrounds do not differ in their attitudes and possess favorable opinions toward female sport participation, Males with nonactive sport backgrounds were more favorable than males with active-semiactive backgrounds when spectators at female sport events.
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Comparison of the Personalities of Non-Injured and Injured Female Athletes in Intercollegiate Competition

Comparison of the Personalities of Non-Injured and Injured Female Athletes in Intercollegiate Competition

Date: December 1976
Creator: Abadie, Deborah A.
Description: This study was designed to determine if differences exist between the personalities of injured and non-injured athletes, injured and non-injured athletes in individual sports, and injured and non-injured athletes in team sports. Subjects were forty-three female athletes selected from six intercollegiate teams. The test instrument was the Cattell Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire. Data were analyzed by the two-way analysis of variance. Alpha was .05. Conclusions of the investigation were that the personality of injured athletes does not differ from the personality of non-injured athletes, that non-injured athletes in individual sports are more self-assured than non-injured athletes in team sports, and that the personality of athletes in team sports does not differ from the personality of athletes in individual sports.
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A Cinematographic Comparison of Two Long-Hang Kip Techniques on the Horizontal Bar

A Cinematographic Comparison of Two Long-Hang Kip Techniques on the Horizontal Bar

Date: August 1978
Creator: Cox, Pamela S.
Description: This study used cinematography to determine differences in velocity, acceleration, moments of force, and body centers of gravity in four different positions of two techniques of the long-hang kip. Three female gymnasts performed five attempts of each technique: the traditional method, with an arch in the lower back at the end of the forward swing, and approximate shoulder angle of 180 degrees or more; and the newer method, with no arch in the lower back and approximate shoulder angle of 90 degrees or less. Three. USGF-rated judges scored the kips, and due to inability to distinguish between the two techniques, two subjects were eliminated. Major differences occurred in the swing extension, with the newer technique producing more velocity and a higher center of gravity throughout the movement.
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A Comparison of Selected Coachability Traits as Ranked by Male and Female Coaches

A Comparison of Selected Coachability Traits as Ranked by Male and Female Coaches

Date: August 1977
Creator: Dunn, Judy L.
Description: The purpose of the study was to investigate the differences and relationships in male and female coaches assessment of coachability traits. Subjects were twenty-five male and twenty-five female coaches, The testing included a paired comparison of ten coachability traits, Data were analyzed by a Pearson product-moment coefficient of correlation and analysis of variance. The conclusion of this study was that the two groups of subjects are very similar in the selection of coachability traits.
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The Effect of Hypoxic Training Upon the Speed of Sprint Freestyle in High School Competitive Swimming

The Effect of Hypoxic Training Upon the Speed of Sprint Freestyle in High School Competitive Swimming

Date: August 1976
Creator: Young, William Lee
Description: This study investigated possible effects of hypoxic training upon speed of high school sprint freestyle. Thirty-eight subjects, grouped as their two schools, performed identical loads during the ten-week program. The Experimental group used hypoxic techniques for about one-half of each workout. Pretests and posttests conducted for the 50-yard and 100-yard distances yielded highly correlated mean scores, with marked differences between the two groups. Analysis of covariance was used, selecting the .05 level for rejection. The comparison of adjusted group means indicated neither group superior at 50 yards, while the 100-yard F-ratio was significant at the .0047 level favoring hypoxic training. It is recommended that hypoxic techniques be incorporated into existing programs, possibly benefitting other strokes.
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The Effect of Four Different Conditions of Mental Practice on the Performance of Beginning and Intermediate Bowlers

The Effect of Four Different Conditions of Mental Practice on the Performance of Beginning and Intermediate Bowlers

Date: August 1979
Creator: Reading, Rosemary
Description: This study investigated the effects of four different types of mental practice (free imagery, directed visual, directed reading, and directed audio) on the performance of 45 beginning and 40 intermediate college bowlers. The groups bowled six games with two sets of five minutes of mental practice prior to the first frame and the sixth frame of each game. Data were analyzed by a two-way analysis of variance with repeated measures. No significant differences existed between treatment groups at either the beginning or intermediate levels. Conclusions were that no one technique of mental practice was more effective than another in increasing bowling performance.
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A Mechanical Analysis of the Forward Pass

A Mechanical Analysis of the Forward Pass

Date: August 1970
Creator: Heydman, Allan W.
Description: This study was to mechanically analyze the short forward pass and the long forward pass as used in football by a right-handed passer. The study will determine the basic mechanical movements utilized in executing each pass and present a comparative analysis of the two types of forward passes and illustrate the fundamental differences. It also will present a mechanical description of the forward pass that my be used by a quarterback for the purpose of improving his passing ability or by a coach as a teaching resource.
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The Growth and Development of the Physical Education Program for Men in the Colleges and Universities of the United States of America

The Growth and Development of the Physical Education Program for Men in the Colleges and Universities of the United States of America

Date: August 1938
Creator: Tergerson, Charles J.
Description: The purpose of this study was to compile an account of the growth and development of physical education for men in the colleges and universities in the United States. The plan was to organize the historical literature and the material obtained from the investigation in such a way as to make it of value to the institutions of higher learning in the further development of their physical education programs.
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The Educational and Recreational Value of Swimming in Texas as Revealed by the Municipal and Educational Institutions

The Educational and Recreational Value of Swimming in Texas as Revealed by the Municipal and Educational Institutions

Date: August 1938
Creator: Woodall, Earle S.
Description: The purpose of this study was undertaken first, to determine, in so far as possible, the extent of the growing popularity of swimming throughout Texas; second, to discover what provisions were being made to meet the new demands for more adequate facilities and instruction; third, to reveal the extent of swimming participation in the state; fourth, to reveal data showing the extent and kind of swimming facilities in the state; and fifth, to evaluate the data found.
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The Effect of an Eight-Week Training Program upon Leg Strength and Running Speed in Middle-School-Age Boys

The Effect of an Eight-Week Training Program upon Leg Strength and Running Speed in Middle-School-Age Boys

Date: August 1972
Creator: Leach, Edward L.
Description: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of an eight-week weight training program upon leg strength and running speed of middle-school-age boys.
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Relationship Between Heel Length in Ratio to Foot Length and Performance in the Vertical Jump

Relationship Between Heel Length in Ratio to Foot Length and Performance in the Vertical Jump

Date: May 1973
Creator: Grant, Roger H.
Description: Although the vertical jump has long been an accepted and valuable test of explosive strength and physical ability, the major factors affecting performance have not been isolated. This study was designed to investigate vertical-jump performance in relation to certain foot measurements. Two ratios comprised of heel/foot length and arch length/foot length were correlated to vertical-jump performance.
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The Measurement of Body Awareness of Seventh, Eighth, and Nineth-Grade Girls and a Comparison of this Awareness to their Ability to Perform Two Gross Motor Tasks

The Measurement of Body Awareness of Seventh, Eighth, and Nineth-Grade Girls and a Comparison of this Awareness to their Ability to Perform Two Gross Motor Tasks

Date: August 1970
Creator: Leaverton, Sandra Lee
Description: The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship between body awareness and the ability of junior high school girls to perform gross motor tasks, like hitting and kicking.
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Wall Volley Test Performance as a Function of Grip and Wrist Strength

Wall Volley Test Performance as a Function of Grip and Wrist Strength

Date: August 1968
Creator: Williams, Celia Maxine
Description: This study tested the hypothesis that grip and wrist strength affect performance on wall volley tests that were designed to test ability in tennis, badminton, and volleyball.
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The Effects of a Unit in Selected Gymnastic and Tumbling Activities upon the Arm and Shoulder Strength of Eleventh-grade Girls

The Effects of a Unit in Selected Gymnastic and Tumbling Activities upon the Arm and Shoulder Strength of Eleventh-grade Girls

Date: August 1968
Creator: Smoot, Carolyn S.
Description: The purpose of this study is to determine whether or not the arm and shoulder strength of eleventh-grade girls would significantly increase during participation in a gymnastic and selected tumbling unit. The unit included activities on the parallel bars, side horse, balance beam, and specific tumbling activities.
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The Effects of Three Physical Education Activites on Selected Physical Fitness Components

The Effects of Three Physical Education Activites on Selected Physical Fitness Components

Date: June 1970
Creator: Hampton, Gary Wade
Description: This study was designed to investigate the relative effects of selected physical education activities upon four components of physical well-being of college men. This study was intended to determine if changes occur in endurance, flexibility, balance, and agility by groups participating in either apparatus gymnastics, wrestling or swimming.
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A Study of the Effect of a Creative Dance Program on the Physical Fitness Level of Mentally Retarded Subjects at Denton State School Denton,Texas

A Study of the Effect of a Creative Dance Program on the Physical Fitness Level of Mentally Retarded Subjects at Denton State School Denton,Texas

Date: August 1967
Creator: Bradford, Minnie M.
Description: The study was undertaken for the following purposes: 1. To determine the present level of physical fitness of a group of mentally retarded girls at Denton State School. 2. To determine the effect of a creative dance program, devised by the author, on the physical fitness level of a group of mentally retarded girls at Denton State School. 3. To determine the feasibility of the inclusion of creative dance in an overall physical education program for mentally retarded girls.
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