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 Collection: Environmental Policy Collection
Mongolia Assessment Report on Climate Change 2009
This report brings together the findings of climate change research in Mongolia to raise awareness of decision makers and the general public so that they can develop appropriate responses to the challenges and threats. The content of the Report includes the following: (i) Observed changes in climate of Mongolia and its future projections; (ii) Potential impacts of climate change on natural and ecological components (ecosystem shifts and landscape changes, permafrost, glacier and snow cover, water resource, natural disaster, desertification, dust and sand storms), and social and economic sectors (animal husbandry, arable farming/agriculture, and forestry) of Mongolia; (iii) Vulnerability and Adaptation to climate change; (iv) Greenhouse gas monitoring and inventories; (v) Greenhouse gas mitigation potentials and options; and (ii) Climate-friendly technology needs. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226749/
UNDP Climate Change Country Profiles: St Lucia
These country-level climate data summaries address the climate change information gap for developing countries by making use of existing climate data to generate a series of 52 country-level studies of climate observations and the multi-model projections digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226743/
UNDP Climate Change Country Profiles: Zambia
These country-level climate data summaries address the climate change information gap for developing countries by making use of existing climate data to generate a series of 52 country-level studies of climate observations and the multi-model projections digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226759/
Climate in Asia and the Pacific: A Synthesis of APN Activities
The synthesis report is part of the APN’s larger aim to contribute, from the science perspective, to the development of policy options for appropriate responses to climate vulnerability and impacts, including adaptation and mitigation, which in turn will contribute to sustainable development. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226715/
U.S. Climate Change Technology Program Strategic Plan
The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has released the Climate Change Technology Program (CCTP) Strategic Plan, which details measures to accelerate the development and reduce the cost of new and advanced technologies that avoid, reduce, or capture and store greenhouse gas emissions. According to the DOE, the CCTP is the technology component of a comprehensive U.S. strategy introduced by President George W. Bush in 2002 to combat climate change that includes measures to slow the growth of greenhouse gas emissions through voluntary, incentive-based, and mandatory partnerships; advance climate change science; spur clean energy technology development and deployment; and promote international collaboration. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226757/
Major Tipping Points in the Earth’s Climate System and Consequences for the Insurance Sector
A 2°C rise in temperature from pre-industrial levels has been widely regarded as a tipping point for planet earth. Major Tipping Points in Earth's Climate System and Consequences for the Insurance Sector argues instead that sudden volatile transformations in earth's climate will occur long before this 2°C threshold is reached. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226687/
The Community Water Initiative Fostering Water Security and Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation
This publication highlights some case studies that illustrate successful projects funded by the Community Water Initiative (CWI), which have helped foster water security in local communities while simultaneously helping them mitigate and adapt to climate change through: (i) Community-based water supply and sanitation services using low-cost systems manageable by communities; (ii) Water resource conservation and sustainable land management to create resilient systems to combat drought and floods; (iii) Providing clean energy for water pumping; and (iv) Capacity building for community-level governance through community water management committees, women’s empowerment, and the establishment of water user fee schemes. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226627/
No Place to Hide:: Effects of Climate Change on Protected Areas
This paper considers the potential impacts of climate change on protected areas (PAs) and actions that can be taken to mitigate them. Recent research suggests that the types of environmental changes predicted in climatic models are now taking place. Studies of many animals and plants that show significant alterations in range or behaviour find that the most consistent explanation for these is climate change. These impacts may necessitate a fundamental rethinking in the approach to protection. Protected areas are rooted in the concept of permanence: protection works best as a conservation tool if the area remains protected for the foreseeable future. But under climate change, species for which a particular protected area was established may no longer survive there. Some protected areas - for instance in coastal, arctic and mountain regions - may disappear altogether in their current form. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226657/
Eutrophication of Lakes and Reservoirs in Warm Climates
. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226693/
Human Health Impacts from Climate Variability and Climate Change in the Hindu Kush-Himalaya Region
This activity report summarizes the main outcomes of the inter-regional workshop on the Human Health Impacts from Climate Variability and Climate Change in the Hindu Kush-Himalaya Region (India 2005). The objectives of the workshop were: to inform government organizations, nongovernmental organizations and other relevant stakeholders about the impacts of climate change; to Identify specific human health risks linked to climate variability and change in the Himalayan mountain regions; to propose strategies for integrating health with relevant sectors; to achieve consensus on a draft framework for national action in the Hindu Kush-Himalayan mountain region. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226611/
3rd African Drought Adaptation Forum report, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 17-19 September 2008
The Third African Drought Adaptation Forum was held in September 2008 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The Forum was organized so that participants could exchange practical experiences, findings and ideas on how to adapt to the increasing threat of drought and climate change in the drylands of Africa. The report contains a summary of sessions and outlines key themes that emerged from the discussions. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226691/
Fueling Transportation Finance: A Primer on the Gas Tax
This report is about a study of the collection, allocation, and use of federal and state taxes on motor fuels the “gas tax”. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226633/
Texas' Global Warming Solutions: A Study for World Wildlife Fund
This report outlined and evaluated a plan through which the United States could reduce its annual carbon-dioxide emissions by about 654 million metric tons of carbon (MtC) by 2010, 36 percent below businesses-usual projections for that year. This brings 2010 emissions to 14 percent below 1990 emissions, thereby exceeding the reductions required under the Kyoto Protocol of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The study also found that these reductions could be obtained with net economic savings, almost 900,000 net additional jobs, and significant decreases in pollutant emissions that damage the environment, and are harmful to human health, especially of children and elderly. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226641/
Global Change Coastal Zone Management Synthesis Report
Change in the coastal zone has always been an integral topic in the APN’s research framework, and that there are serious coastal problems and issues in the Asia-Pacific region that need to be addressed. With this in mind, the 8th APN Inter-Governmental Meeting, held in Hanoi in March 2003, endorsed the initiation of a two-year APN Global Change Coastal Zone Management Synthesis. The APN Coastal Zone Management Synthesis identified research gaps and needs for future coastal zone research in the Asia-Pacific region. Products and outputs of the synthesis are available in electronic and printed formats, the first a Coastal Zone Management Synthesis Report, the second a substantial publication, a book emphasising research gaps and a broad research agenda for the region. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226639/
Vanishing Kingdom: The Melting Realm of the Polar Bear
The Polar Bear – Ursus maritimus – Bear of the Sea. King of the seemingly pristine arctic realm - but subject to the ravages of global warming. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226665/
Greenhouse Gas Emission Baselines and Reduction Potentials from Buildings in South Africa
The report concludes that the operation of non-residential and residential building sectors account for around 23% of total emissions. Of this, non-residential sector accounts for around 10% of total emissions and the urban and rural high-medium income residential sectors account for around 8%. In addition, it is estimated that the manufacture of building materials accounts for around 5% of total emissions. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226635/
Excutive Order 07-02: Washington Climate Change Challenge
. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226605/
Air Contaminant Emission Inventory Reporting Requirements
This chapter applies to all air contaminant sources and to their owners and operators. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226617/
New England's Global Warming Solutions: A Study for World Wild life Fund
This report presents a detailed analysis of the energy impacts, carbon and pollutant emissions reductions, and economic benefits in New England of the national policies and measures analyzed in America’s Global Warming Solutions. That study indicated that the region would reap about one sixth of the net national employment created. As two years have passed since that study was begun, time has been lost for pursuing and implementing the policies and measures evaluated along the same temporal path. Now, achieving such benefits by 2010 would require an even more aggressive set and schedule of policies, or else the benefits would occur somewhat later in time. Nonetheless, these results show that a truly aggressive national policy commitment to the problem of climate change could achieve large near-term carbon emissions reductions along with environmental and economic gains. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226625/
1999 - 2000 Legislature: 1999 Senate Bill 287
An Act making an appropriation for the state land disposal bank program; making an appropriation from the constitutional budget reserve fund under art. IX, sec. 17(c), Constitution of the State of Alaska; and providing for an effective date. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226699/
American Leadership for the Global Climate Crisis
This paper discusses several key areas where U.S. policy should be reshaped, both domestically and internationally, to ensure we lead the world towards a safe, sustainable future. We should: Establish a price for carbon by adopting an ambitious 2020 emissions reduction target. Make investments and adopt policies to stimulate a green economy. Lead the world toward an effective and equitable global climate agreement Support efforts to stop emissions from deforestation and degradation in developing countries. Contribute to global financing mechanisms for climate mitigation and adaptation in the developing world. Ensure that climate change-related impacts are addressed under the Endangered Species Act. Improve science and information to prepare communities and ecosystems for unavoidable climate change. Build public support for sustained action to fight climate change digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226685/
Carbon Forestry Projects in Developing Countries: Legal Issues and Tools
Increasing awareness of the need for action on global warming has produced a search for ways to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and to sequester carbon to offset such emissions. At the present time, nations around the globe are hotly debating whether to put into force the Kyoto Protocol. To comply with such climate controls, industrialized countries will need to develop systems to control their own domestic emissions. Domestic corporations that emit GHGs will be required to limit their emissions and will also very likely be able to gain credit by investing in climate-beneficial projects in other countries. This paper focuses on the legal issues concerned with carbon offset projects involving forestry in developing countries. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226695/
UNDP Climate Change Country Profiles: Mozambique
These country-level climate data summaries address the climate change information gap for developing countries by making use of existing climate data to generate a series of 52 country-level studies of climate observations and the multi-model projections digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226645/
Senate, No. 2351
An Act establishing a vehicle emissions program. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226647/
United Nations Development Programme & Climate Change Adaptation - A Quarterly Update of Activities
The newsletter includes updates on projects, performance indicators, impacts and results, and policy and mainstreaming announcements on UNDP's activities around the world in support of climate change adaptation. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226651/
United Nations Development Programme & Climate Change Adaptation - A Quarterly Update of Activities
The newsletter includes updates on projects, performance indicators, impacts and results, and policy and mainstreaming announcements on UNDP's activities around the world in support of climate change adaptation. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226655/
Guidance on the Cleanup, Temporary or Intermediate Storage, and Transport of Mercury Waste from Healthcare Facilities
The UNDP GEF project involves demonstrating best practices for the management of mercury waste and promoting mercury-free devices. As health facilities phase out mercury devices, proper methods of storage and transport are needed. This document is intended for project countries where national norms and guidelines for cleanup, storage, and transport of mercury waste do not exist at this time. These suggested guidelines should become part of a broader plan for sequestration and phase-out of mercury. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226601/
Adaptation that Accelerates Development
This brochure summarizes how the United Nations Development Programme promotes pro-poor and pro-growth adaptation that encourages sustainable economic development and livelihoods in the face of climate change. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226683/
Feed-in Tariffs as a Policy Instrument for Promoting Renewable Energies and Green Economies in Developing Countries
This report is intended as a resource for policy makers in developing countries to make informed policy decisions about the whether, when and how of FITs and to support nationally appropriate policy measures to scale up renewable energy. The report is also intended to improve the understanding of the potential benefits and challenges for developing countries to design FITs as well as the factors influencing their success, more in depth from the policy and legal foci, whilst also analysing the funding and capacity implications. Throughout the report, FITs are construed as interacting with national energy and non-energy policies in a dynamic manner. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226697/
Assembly Bill No. 32 CHAPTER 488
California Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006. This bill would require Air Resources Board (ARB) to adopt a statewide greenhouse gas emissions limit equivalent to the statewide greenhouse gas emissions levels in 1990 to be achieved by 2020. ARB shall adopt regulations to require the reporting and verification of statewide greenhouse gas emissions and to monitor and enforce compliance with this program. AB 32 directs Climate Action Team established by the Governor to coordinate the efforts set forth under Executive Order S-3-05 to continue its role in coordinating overall climate policy. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226649/
Vermont 25x'25 Initiative: Preliminary Findings and Goals
. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226643/
California Legislature, 2001-2002 Session, Senate Bill No. 527
Bill introduced by the California Senate to revise the functions and duties of the California Climate Action Registry and requires the Registry, in coordination with CEC to adopt third-party verification metrics, developing GHG emissions protocols and qualifying third-party organizations to provide technical assistance and certification of emissions baselines and inventories. SB 527 amended SB 1771 to emphasize third-party verification. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226659/
Species and People: Linked Futures.
A report, with case studies, on the contribution of wildlife conservation to rural livelihoods and the Millennium Development Goals digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226615/
A U.S. Carbon Cycle Science Plan
This reassessment of the U.S. carbon cycle science priorities was initiated by the U.S. Carbon Cycle Interagency Working Group (CCIWG) and Carbon Cycle Science Steering Group (CCSSG) in 2008. This planning process has culminated in the publication of the new U.S. Carbon Cycle Science Plan. The new Plan is intended to provide guidance for U.S. research efforts on the global carbon cycle for the next decade. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226621/
Impact of Climate Change on Life in Africa
Climate change will have significant impacts on biodiversity and food security in Africa. Therefore, substantial reductions of heat-trapping gas emissions in developed countries and adaptation strategies are crucial. For example, biodiversity must be managed to ensure that ensure that conservation is occurring both inside and outside of parks and reserves, and that adequate habitat is preserved to enable species—plants, animals and humans—to migrate. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226663/
Our Changing Planet: The U.S. Climate Change Science Program for Fiscal Year 2012
The document describes a wide range of advances in understanding the underlying processes responsible for climate variability and change, such as advances in understanding of climate change at high latitudes. It also describes progress on understanding the ongoing and projected effects of climate change on nature and society, including the interconnected relationships between climate, forests, and wildfire. The document also describes how observational and predictive capabilities are being improved and used to create tools to support decision making at local, regional, and national scales to cope with environmental variability and change. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226629/
Leading the Way: A Comprehensive Approach to Reducing Greenhouse Gases in Washington State
This report is about how to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in Washington State. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226689/
Action Alert Benefits Chart
Overview of benefits of renewable energy systems. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226653/
.Environmental Guidance Note for Disaster Risk Reduction: Healthy Ecosystems for Human Security and Climate Change Adaptation
This publication was developed to provide guidance on the benefits of and ways to integrate environmental concerns into disaster risk reduction strategies (DRR) at the local and national levels. As recognised and outlined within the Hyogo Framework for Action priority 4, healthy ecosystems and environmental management are considered key actions in DRR. Although the field of disaster risk management has evolved to recognize the need for addressing sustainable development issues for reducing risk, the environmental dimension has not to date received adequate attention and practical guidance. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226679/
UNDP Climate Change Country Profiles: Comoros
These country-level climate data summaries address the climate change information gap for developing countries by making use of existing climate data to generate a series of 52 country-level studies of climate observations and the multi-model projections digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226667/
Farming’s Climate-Smart Future: Placing Agriculture at The Heart of Climate - Change Policy
This publication highlights the ‘cause and effect’ relationship between agriculture and climate change. It observes that a range of practices– ‘climate-smart agriculture’ – could increase food production, help farmers to become more resilient to global warming and reduce emissions of greenhouse gases. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226661/
Administrative Order No. 238
This executive order establishes the Alaska Climate Change Sub-Cabinet to advise the Office of the Governor of Alaska on the preparation and implementation of a climate change strategy for Alaska. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226671/
Resource Kit: Monitoring, Evaluation & Reporting for Sustainable Land Management in LDC & SIDS Countries
This Resource Kit is designed to be used by Project Teams on national MSP projects supported by GEF and UNDP and implemented within the framework of the portfolio project ‘LDC and SIDS Targeted Portfolio Approach for Capacity Development and Mainstreaming Sustainable Land Management Project’. The portfolio project is hereafter referred to as the LDC-SIDS Portfolio Project. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226631/
UNDP Climate Change Country Profiles: Cuba
These country-level climate data summaries address the climate change information gap for developing countries by making use of existing climate data to generate a series of 52 country-level studies of climate observations and the multi-model projections digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226681/
UNDP Climate Change Country Profiles: Grenada
These country-level climate data summaries address the climate change information gap for developing countries by making use of existing climate data to generate a series of 52 country-level studies of climate observations and the multi-model projections digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226613/
Polar Bears at Risk
Satisfactory monitoring information has been obtained for most polar bear populations in recent years, however there is concern about hunting in areas without formal quota systems, such as Greenland. A range of toxic pollutants, including heavy metals, radioactivity, and persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are found throughout the Arctic. Of greatest concern are the effects of POPs on polar bears, which include a general weakening of the immune system, reduced reproductive success and physical deformities. The expansion of oil development in the Arctic poses additional threats; for example, disturbances to denning females in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge in Alaska could undermine recruitment of the Beaufort Sea polar bear population. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226619/
Proposed Early Actions to Mitigate Climate Change in California
This document describes the Air Resources Board (ARB or Board) staff’s analysis and recommendations for discrete early action measures to reduce global warming emissions. These measures will become part of the State’s comprehensive strategy for achieving greenhouse gas (GHG) reductions under Assembly Bill 32, the California Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006 digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226623/
OECD Global Forum on Sustainable Development: Emissions Trading: Concerted Action on Tradeable Emissions Permits Country Forum
The aim of the Forum was to bring representatives from OECD and non-OECD country governments together with representatives from the research community, to identify and discuss key policy issues relating to greenhouse gas emissions trading and other project based mechanisms for GHG emission reduction, such as Joint Implementation and the Clean Development Mechanism. The Forum also aimed to promote dialogue between the various stakeholder groups, and discuss policy needs in the design and implementation of tradeable emissions schemes. Forum participants included representatives from OECD and non-OECD governments, as well as from the research community. Those from industry and other institutions involved with emissions trading, joint implementation and clean development mechanism projects such as the European Commission and the World Bank were also represented. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226677/
Climate Change Transition Team Report
Representatives from 4 state agencies (Agency of Natural Resources, Agency of Transportation, Agency of Agriculture Food & Markets & Department of Public Service), known collectively as the Climate Change Transition Team (CCTT) worked over the past 5 months to review the recommendations in the Governor’s Commission on Climate Change(GCCC) Report (October 2007) and to develop work plans for each recommendation. The resulting report provides these draft work plans and also serves as a current inventory of ongoing activities and programs that either directly or indirectly address the climate change/GHG emission issue. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226603/
Third Biennial Report of the Climate Neutral Working Group
In accordance with the directives outlined in Executive Order #14-03, this Third Biennial Report of the Climate Neutral Working Group (CNWG) provides an update regarding: The state of the science of responding to climate change; Efforts to meet the goals of the Executive Order; Future planned steps and their anticipated impacts, expected challenges, and opportunities; Opportunities to initiate a statewide voluntary greenhouse gas emissions registry; The feasibility of a carbon emissions cap and trading program. Also summarized within this report are a number of related ongoing efforts within state government that will facilitate an expanded and coordinated campaign to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Recommended actions for continued GHG emissions reductions are presented in this report to be considered for implementation during 2009 – 2010 by Vermont State Government. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc226607/