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**Partner:**UNT Libraries

**Department:**Department of Mathematics

**Collection:**UNT Theses and Dissertations

### Aspects of Universality in Function Iteration

**Date:**December 1991

**Creator:**Taylor, John (John Allen)

**Description:**This work deals with some aspects of universal topological and metric dynamic behavior of iterated maps of the interval.

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**Permallink:**digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc278799/

### π-regular Rings

**Date:**May 1993

**Creator:**Badawi, Ayman R.

**Description:**The dissertation focuses on the structure of π-regular (regular) rings.

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**Permallink:**digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc279388/

### Sufficient Conditions for Uniqueness of Positive Solutions and Non Existence of Sign Changing Solutions for Elliptic Dirichlet Problems

**Date:**August 1995

**Creator:**Hassanpour, Mehran

**Description:**In this paper we study the uniqueness of positive solutions as well as the non existence of sign changing solutions for Dirichlet problems of the form $$\eqalign{\Delta u + g(\lambda,\ u) &= 0\quad\rm in\ \Omega,\cr u &= 0\quad\rm on\ \partial\Omega,}$$where $\Delta$ is the Laplace operator, $\Omega$ is a region in $\IR\sp{N}$, and $\lambda>0$ is a real parameter. For the particular function $g(\lambda,\ u)=\vert u\vert\sp{p}u+\lambda$, where $p={4\over N-2}$, and $\Omega$ is the unit ball in $\IR\sp{N}$ for $N\ge3$, we show that there are no sign changing solutions for small $\lambda$ and also we show that there are no large sign changing solutions for $\lambda$ in a compact set. We also prove uniqueness of positive solutions for $\lambda$ large when $g(\lambda,\ u)=\lambda f(u)$, where f is an increasing, sublinear, concave function with f(0) $<$ 0, and the exterior boundary of $\Omega$ is convex. In establishing our results we use a number of methods from non-linear functional analysis such as rescaling arguments, methods of order, estimation near the boundary, and moving plane arguments.

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**Permallink:**digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc279227/

### Existence of Many Sign Changing Non Radial Solutions for Semilinear Elliptic Problems on Annular Domains

**Date:**August 1998

**Creator:**Finan, Marcel Basil

**Description:**The aim of this work is the study of the existence and multiplicity of sign changing nonradial solutions to elliptic boundary value problems on annular domains.

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**Permallink:**digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc278251/

### Polish Spaces and Analytic Sets

**Date:**August 1997

**Creator:**Muller, Kimberly (Kimberly Orisja)

**Description:**A Polish space is a separable topological space that can be metrized by means of a complete metric. A subset A of a Polish space X is analytic if there is a Polish space Z and a continuous function f : Z —> X such that f(Z)= A. After proving that each uncountable Polish space contains a non-Borel analytic subset we conclude that there exists a universally measurable non-Borel set.

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**Permallink:**digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc277605/

### Physical Motivation and Methods of Solution of Classical Partial Differential Equations

**Date:**August 1995

**Creator:**Thompson, Jeremy R. (Jeremy Ray)

**Description:**We consider three classical equations that are important examples of parabolic, elliptic, and hyperbolic partial differential equations, namely, the heat equation, the Laplace's equation, and the wave equation. We derive them from physical principles, explore methods of finding solutions, and make observations about their applications.

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**Permallink:**digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc277898/

### On Groups of Positive Type

**Date:**August 1995

**Creator:**Moore, Monty L.

**Description:**We describe groups of positive type and prove that a group G is of positive type if and only if G admits a non-trivial partition. We completely classify groups of type 2, and present examples of other groups of positive type as well as groups of type zero.

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**Permallink:**digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc277804/

### Multifractal Analysis of Parabolic Rational Maps

**Date:**August 1998

**Creator:**Byrne, Jesse William

**Description:**The investigation of the multifractal spectrum of the equilibrium measure for a parabolic rational map with a Lipschitz continuous potential, φ, which satisfies sup φ < P(φ) x∈J(T) is conducted. More specifically, the multifractal spectrum or spectrum of singularities, f(α) is studied.

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**Permallink:**digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc278398/

### A Topological Uniqueness Result for the Special Linear Groups

**Date:**August 1997

**Creator:**Opalecky, Robert Vincent

**Description:**The goal of this paper is to establish the dependency of the topology of a simple Lie group, specifically any of the special linear groups, on its underlying group structure. The intimate relationship between a Lie group's topology and its algebraic structure dictates some necessary topological properties, such as second countability. However, the extent to which a Lie group's topology is an "algebraic phenomenon" is, to date, still not known.

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**Permallink:**digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc278561/

### Using Steepest Descent to Find Energy-Minimizing Maps Satisfying Nonlinear Constraints

**Date:**August 1994

**Creator:**Garza, Javier, 1965-

**Description:**The method of steepest descent is applied to a nonlinearly constrained optimization problem which arises in the study of liquid crystals. Let Ω denote the region bounded by two coaxial cylinders of height 1 with the outer cylinder having radius 1 and the inner having radius ρ. The problem is to find a mapping, u, from Ω into R^3 which agrees with a given function v on the surfaces of the cylinders and minimizes the energy function over the set of functions in the Sobolev space H^(1,2)(Ω; R^3) having norm 1 almost everywhere. In the variational formulation, the norm 1 condition is emulated by a constraint function B. The direction of descent studied here is given by a projected gradient, called a B-gradient, which involves the projection of a Sobolev gradient onto the tangent space for B. A numerical implementation of the algorithm, the results of which agree with the theoretical results and which is independent of any strong properties of the domain, is described. In chapter 2, the Sobolev space setting and a significant projection in the theory of Sobolev gradients are discussed. The variational formulation is introduced in Chapter 3, where the issues of differentiability and existence of ...

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**Permallink:**digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc278362/