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  Partner: UNT Libraries
 Decade: 1990-1999
Assessment of Clergy Knowledge and Attitudes Toward Near-Death Experiences
Article discussing the results of a questionnaire distributed to clergy from Pennsylvania and Illinois, which showed the respondents had limited knowledge of the near-death experience (NDE) but had a moderately positive attitude toward the subject.
Letters to the Editor
Five letters written to the editor of the Journal of Near-Death Studies on the following topics: "Moses' 'Revelation' on Mount Horeb as a Near-Death Experience," "Review of Melvin Morse's Transformed by the Light," Robert Kastenbaum's response, "Dictionary Definition of 'Kundalini'," and "Near-Death Experiences and Healing."
Near-Death Prophecies of Disaster and the New Age: Are They True?
Article examining long-range data and finding trend reversals in 1987-88: increases in religiosity, service, and United Nations peacekeeping efforts, and decreases in chlorofluorocarbon production, nuclear warhead stockpiles, arms exports, and interest in economic well-being.
Near-Death Verdicality Research in the Hospital Setting: Problems and Promise
Study of near-death verdicality in the hospital setting. The paper describes problems, both anticipated and unanticipated, that were encountered. Based on the successes and failures of this undertaking, recommendations for future research of this type are presented.
Near-Death Utopias: Now or Later?
Article suggesting that researchers look first for indications of ideal social order in near-death narratives, and only later compare them with types of utopias.
Otherworld Personal Future Revelations in Near-Death Experiences
Article describing a new kind of precognitive vision in the near-death experience (NDE): the otherworld personal future revelation (OPFR). Kenneth Ring previously described two kinds: the personal flashforward and the prophetic vision. The OPFR resembles the personal flashforward in that it previews the experiencer's personal future, but differs from the personal flashforward in that it is delivered to the experiencer by another personage in the otherworld rather than appearing in the visual imagery of a life review.
On the Mind/Body Problem: The Theory of Essence
Article exploring the classical mind/body problem using instances of the near-death experience (NDE) as experimental data. Comparison of the details of the NDE with predictions from theoretical cosmology shows strong similarities between the two and further strengthens the case for dualism. A theory of human nature is proposed that incorporates these similarities.
Over My Dead Body There Is an Ideal Utopia: Comments on Kellehear's Paper
Article examining the logical implications and philosophical possibilities of a utopian realm, and coming to three conclusions. First, the realms described by near-death experiencers (NDErs), if taken at face value, are far from utopian. Second, any truly utopian postmortem society is so far removed from our present world as to be morally irrelevant to our own. And third, only an ideational postmortem utopia, of the sort exemplified by Pure Land Buddhist theology, can avoid both the non-utopian nature of NDErs' descriptions and the irrelevance of postmortem utopias.
Parallels Between Near-Death Experience Prophetic Visions and Prophecies from the Bible and Mormon Holy Writ
Article discussing a phenomenon identified by Kenneth Ring where some near-death experiencers (NDErs) were permitted to see a picture of the Earth's future as a "prophetic vision" (PV). A comparison of the events of NDE PVs of the Earth's future and prophecies from the Bible and the Mormons' "Doctrine and Covenants" shows nearly complete agreement.
The Paradox of Jonah: Response to "Solving the Riddle of Frightening Near-Death Experiences"
Article contending that Kenneth Ring's arguments are the same that have been used by skeptics to question the validity of the radiant near-death experience (NDE); that as they have been found inadequate there, so they do not adequately address the meaning or value of the terrifying experience; and that experiences of the depths may be equally productive and as worthy of serious study as are experiences of radiance.
Pediatric Near-Death Experiences
Article reviewing one previously reported and three new pediatric near-death experiences (NDEs), in which the experiencers were interviewed as children, and which suggests that the childhood core NDE as described by Melvin Morse and colleagues may be expanded to include feeling pain-free, seeing a light at the tunnel's end, entering the light, and time alteration.
A Projective Geometry for Separation Experiences
Article presenting a projective geometry for out-of-body "separation experiences," built up out of a series of higher space analogies and resulting diagrams.
Near-Death Experiences Precipitated by Suicide Attempt: Lack of Influence of Psychopathology, Religion, and Expectations
Article studying near-death experiences in persons who would be expected to have a high rate of both psychopathology and coming close to death, by interviewing sixty-one consecutive suicide attempters.
Near-Death Experiences: Perception Is Reality
Article proposing three etiologies responsible for the near-death experience, which are referred to as an altered state of consciousness: physiologic, pharmacologic, and psychologic. It recommends research to determine what developmental factors influence the emotionality of the experience and how in-depth understanding can be used to provide better patient care.
Near-Death Experiences, Shamanism, and the Scientific Method
Article discussing the overlap between shamanism and near-death experiences (NDEs) and suggesting that the study of shamanism would be helpful in more fully understanding this phenomena and beginning the development of an applied methodology. Although it may be difficult to verify subjective accounts of NDEs and shamanic journeys, from a clinical standpoint it may not be necessary to do so in order to develop a technique that passes the test of scientific scrutiny.
Near-Death Experiences and Satisfaction with Life
Article discussing the relationship between near-death experiences (NDEs) and positive changes in attitudes, beliefs, and values that might be expected to enhance the experiencers' satisfaction with life.
Near-Death Experiences in India: They Have Tunnels Too
Article exploring reports of near-death experiences (NDEs) in India. These NDEs were comparable to those reported by Raymond Moody, and included tunnels, dark spaces, and bright lights, contrary to previous reports of Indian cases.
Near-Death Experiences and the Pursuit of the Ideal Society
Article arguing that the society so often mentioned by near-death experiencers is a unique type of utopian society. As stories from utopia, near-death experiences (NDEs) serve an inspirational narratives that help re-evaluate the social world and our place in it.
Near-Death Experiences in Patients Undergoing Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
Two-phase descriptive study purposing to document the frequency of near-death experiences (NDEs) in a nonprobability convenience sample of patients undergoing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), to describe the types of NDE experienced most commonly during CPR, and to describe the types of NDE experienced most commonly during CPR, and to describe views of helpful nursing responses to reports of NDEs.
The Omega Project: An Empirical Study of the NDE-Prone Personality
Article discussing a questionnaire given to near-death experiencers (NDErs) and persons interested in NDEs, assessing the role of psychological factors in influencing susceptibility to NDEs and to measure aftereffects stemming from such events.
A Neurobiological Model for Near-Death Experiences. II: The Problem of Recall of Real Events
Article proposing a scientific approach to explain the fact that some near-death experiencers (NDErs) are able to recollect and verbalize real events occurring in the environment during the experience.
A Comparison of Retrospective Accounts of Childhood Near-Death Experiences with Contemporary Pediatric Near-Death Experience Accounts
Study comparing five childhood near-death experiences (NDEs) reported by adults and another five NDEs reported by minors, in terms of Ring's five NDE stages, Greyson's four NDE components, Moody and Perry's 12 NDE traits, Sabom's 16 general characteristics, and Gallup and Proctor's 10 basic positive experiences.
A Contribution of Frankl's Logotherapy to the Interpretation of Near-Death Experiences
Article discussing Viktor Frankl's logotherapy, which resolves potential conflicting sources of meaning by the application of the Laws of Dimensional Ontology, which validate apparently conflicting viewpoints. The application of these laws to the interpretation of near-death experiences (NDEs) resolves the conflict between the orthodox scientific view of NDEs as hallucination and the experiential view of them as experiences of the afterlife to come.
Death and Renewal in The Velveteen Rabbit: A Sociological Reading
Article providing a sociological interpretation of The Velveteen Rabbit critical of recent materialist and psychoanalytic readings, and arguing that this children's story exemplifies the use of a non-materialistic idea of death to suggest other themes about love and life, and discuss implications for near-death research.
Death of a Gedanken Creature
Paper describing a thought experiment in which a hypothetical creature created by a computer program inhabits a simple universe consisting of itself, food, and predators. As this creature "dies" it "internally" experiences these environmental features independent of their actual presence. More evolved hypothetical creatures generate novel forms of "inner" experiences as they "die." Applying these results to humans suggests an "internal" genesis of near-death experiences.
A Critique of Kellehear's Transcendent Society
Article responding to Allen Kellehear's cultural analysis based on nine Mormon near-death experiences (NDEs) did not reflect the diversity of near-death visions from other cultures. It suggests that these Mormon NDEs were neither as utopian as Kellehear assumed nor representative of contemporary NDE reports, and that a more complete analysis would reveal a variety of NDEs and otherworld visions reflecting the experiencers' sociocultural background.
A Contribution of Tipler's Omega Point Theory to Near-Death Studies
Article presenting Frank Tipler's concepts and arguments, and highlighting the value of his orientation for near-death studies. Tipler's work takes the steam out of scientific rejection of religious, spiritual, or neotic phenomena, and makes it possible to accept these phenomena while maintaining a strictly scientific posture.
Describing the Light: Attribution Theory as an Explanation of the Near-Death Experience
Article exploring near-death experiences and attribution theory, which focuses on how information is used to create causal inferences and answer causal questions. The finding that near-death experiencers (NDErs) rarely describe unknown events, characters, or objects suggests that NDErs make attributions to answer why these experiences occurred. Examining various descriptions of NDEs demonstrates how attribution theory explains individuals' descriptions of their NDEs.
Distressing Near-Death Experiences as Photographic Negatives
Article presenting various interpretative frameworks for painful near-death experiences (NDEs).
Disclosure Habits After Near-Death Experiences: Influences, Obstacles, and Listener Selection
Article describing habits of disclosure regarding near-death experiences (NDEs). Major infludences and obstacles to disclosure are discussed, as well as issues involved in listener selection. Finally, some comments about secrecy emphasize the importance of discerning between appropriate, nourishing choices of secrecy and choices of beneficial disclosure.
Disclosure Needs and Motives After a Near-Death Experience
Article analyzing the communication processes used by 50 near-death experiencers and discussing their disclosure needs and motives, as well as influences and obstacles that affect disclosure habits. The findings suggest that disclosure needs evolve through stages after an experience, and reveal five distinct disclosure motives.
ECT: TNT or TLC? A Near-Death Experience Triggered by Electroconvulsive Therapy
Article reporting an experience in the course of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) that was indistinguishable from a near-death experience (NDE). Aspects of the experience that had been terrifying for the individual were counterbalanced by her immediate and complete recovery from a suicidal depression. Beyond the transpersonal aspects of her NDE-like experience, the ECT triggered a precognitive vision that materialized two years later.
Effect on Emotional Well-Being of Hypnotic Recall of the Near-Death Experience
Article reporting the preliminary finding of overwhelming psychological benefit of hypnotic recall of near-death experiences, and discussing implications for future research.
Endogenous Ketamine-Like Compounds and the NDE: If So, So What?
Article offering commentary on Karl Jansen's ketamine model for the near-death experience, expanding upon and raising additional questions about several issues and hypotheses.
Expanding Grof's Concept of the Perinatal: Deepening the Inquiry into Frightening Near-Death Experiences
Study suggesting that in order to explain the phenomenology of perinatal experience, as described in the work of Stanislav Grof, we must hypothesize that the patient in these instances has expanded beyond the individual subject.
Experiences of Anoxia: Do Reflex Anoxic Seizures Resemble Near-Death Experiences?
Article exploring the role of anoxia in near-death experiences (NDEs) through the use of a questionnaire.
Family Reunions: Visionary Encounters with the Departed in a Modern-Day Psychomanteum
Article describing a modern attempt to recreate the psychomanteum. Like near-death experiences, visionary encounters in this modern psychomanteum are experienced as real and not as hallucinatory, and have profound personal aftereffects. This novel experimental technique may permit the scientific study of phenomena that previously occurred only spontaneously and under uncontrolled circumstances.
Gender and Trauma in the Near-Death Experience: An Epidemiological and Theoretical Analysis
Article exploring the nature of the "fear-death experience" (FDE) by way of an epidemiological analysis, and discussing the FDE as one of several causal theories of the near-death experience (NDE).
God, Tragedy, and the Near-Death Experience: Evaluating Kushner's Perspectives on Theodicy
Article evaluating Harold Kushner's original and reconstructed perspectives on God and the theodicic problem on the basis of research on the near-death experience (NDE) and related phenomena.
Evolution and the Relationship between Brain and Mind States
Article discussing the phylogenetic basis of states of consciousness, and presenting the central theses of monism and dualism, in which near-death experiences (NDEs) enjoy very different ontological statuses.
Extrasensory Perception, Near-Death Experiences, and the Limits of Scientific Knowledge
Article discussing the following issue: If mental state can influence the external world, or if alternate dimensions of reality are accessible only in certain mental states, then important aspects of the universe are unknowable with current scientific tools. Near-death studies suggest that both those conditions may occur. Thus the exploration of NDE-like phenomena requires a radically new scientific paradigm.
Extrasomatic Emotions
Article describing an investigation carried out in Italy on 54 subjects, half of whom had out-of-body experiences (OBEs) in good health, and half of whom had OBEs in a coma or in a state of presumed death. The focus of this research was the emotions subjects reported having felt during their OBEs.
The Ketamine Model of the Near-Death Experience: A Central Role for the N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptor
Article discussing a biological basis for near-death experiences (NDEs). For example, conditions that precipitate NDEs, such as hypoxia, ischemia, hypoglycemia, and temporal lobe epilepsy, have been shown to release a flood of glutamate, overactivating N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors and resulting in neurotoxicity.
Guest Editorial: Lessons From Near-Death Experiences for Humanity
Article summarizing nine lessons consistently gleaned from near-death experiences (NDEs), which may help motivate humanity to live more in accordance with the messages from NDEs.
Guest Editorial: Moses' "Revelation" on Mount Horeb as a Near-Death Experience
Article discussing Moses' revelation on Mount Horeb, which can be explained as a near-death or near-death-like experience. Following his revelation, he reached a higher level of consciousness, which enabled personality changes to occur. From being a simple shepherd of his father-in-law's flock, he turned into a prophet and charismatic leader of his people.
Guest Editorial: Near-Death Experiences: A Speculative Neural Model
Article detailing a personal mystical experience that led the author to the belief that a little known structure in the center of the spinal cord, Reissner's fiber, is identical with the anatomical entity described by kundalini yoga. The author's struggles to understand the meaning of that experience have led him to believe that an understanding of the deeper realities underlying quantum phenomena can be integrated with an understanding of the mysterious realities of near-death and other mystical experiences, and that Reissner's fiber can serve as an empirical basis for a scientific investigation of these phenomena.
Guest Editorial: The Examination of Labels - A Beginning
Article addressing the problem of unclear terminology for the study of anomalies. Researchers have used the term "near-death experience" to describe four different kinds of incidents. To avoid confusion, new labels are needed for experiences that differ in their relationship to death and near-death and their transformative potential.
Guest Editorial: The Luminous Experience and the Scientific Method
Article purporting that an encounter with the Light during a state of altered consciousness is a direct experience of God. The question of scientific proof is discussed.
Guest Editorial: The Near-Death Experience: An Ancient Truth, a Modern Mystery
Article discussing the near-death experience (NDE) as an experience of wholeness, an adventure in consciousness, and a metaphoric encounter with light. It links theoretical physics with the occult, the Primordial Tradition, and various religious belief systems. Where science sees mystery, religion sees metaphoric truth; the NDE as spiritual quest and physical encounter beckons to both disciplines for explanation.
Guest Editorial: Thomas Kuhn Revisited: Near Death Studies and Paradigm Shifts
Article purporting that near-death studies can be viewed within a theoretical framework of "paradigms" and "paradigm shifts" as explicated by Thomas Kuhn. Assuming the validity of Kuhn's model, it hypothesizes that the paradigm of today's "normal science" is shifting to a new paradigm to accommodate data from near-death studies.