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  Partner: UNT Libraries
 Department: Department of Art
“Removing the Danger in a Business Way”: the History and Memory of Quakertown, Denton, Texas
Overall this thesis analyzes a strain of the white supremacist vision in Denton, Texas via a case study of a former middle-class black neighborhood. This former community, Quakertown, was removed by white city officials and leaders in the early 1920s and was replaced with a public city park. Nearly a century later, the story of Quakertown is celebrated in Denton and is remembered through many sites of memory such as a museum, various texts, and several city, county, and state historical markers. Both the history and memory of Quakertown reveal levels of dominating white supremacy in Denton, ranging from harmless to violent. Chapters 2, 3, and 4 focus on the history of Quakertown. I begin chapter 2 by examining as many details as possible that reveal the middle-class nature of the black community and its residents. Several of these details show that Quakertown residents not only possessed plentiful material items, but they also had high levels of societal involvement both within their community as well as around Denton. Despite being a self-sufficient and successful community, Quakertown residents were not immune to the culture of racial fear that existed in Denton, which was common to countless towns and communities across the South during the Jim Crow era. I identify several factors that contributed to this culture of fear on the national level and explore how they were regularly consumed by Denton citizens in the 1910s and 1920s. After establishing Quakertown and the racist society in which it thrived, in chapter 3 I then examine the various sects of what I term the “white coalition,” such as local politicians, prominent citizens, and city clubs and organizations, who came together to construct a reason to remove the black community out of fear because of its proximity to the white women’s college, the College of Industrial Arts. I then look at the steps they took that secured the passage of the bond referendum that would allow them to legally remove the black neighborhood. Chapter 4 largely focuses on the ways in which the white coalition ensured the black community was transferred from Quakertown to its new community on the outskirts of town, Solomon Hill, from 1922-1923. These ways overwhelmingly included outright racial violence or the repeated threat of it. I then briefly describe the quality of Solomon Hill in the years after the relocation. I also summarize how and why the story of Quakertown was lost over time–among both white and black citizens–and conclude with the discovery of a Quakertown artifact in 1989, which initiated the renaissance period of Quakertown’s memory. In chapters 5 and 6 I switch gears and analyze the memory of Quakertown today via sites of memory. I begin by providing a brief historiography of New South memory studies in chapter 5. This review is important before delving into the specifics of the memory of Quakertown, because 1920s Denton was a microcosm of the New South, specifically in terms of race relations and dominating white supremacist ideals. I explore some of the different techniques utilized by memory historians to evaluate how and why the white supremacist vision dominated the southern region during the Jim Crow era; I, in turn, then use those same techniques to reveal how the white supremacist vision in Denton dominated at the same time. In chapter 6 I provide in-depth analysis of the most prominent sites of memory in Denton that, today, are dedicated to the memory of Quakertown. Collective analysis of these sites reveals levels of white exploitation, blatant omissions, and general misuse surrounding the story of the black removal and experience. I conclude my thesis by stressing that although the white vision today is shaped differently than it was during Jim Crow, it nonetheless still exists in Denton today, as evidenced in the treatment of the sites of Quakertown’s memory. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc804840/
An Examination of the Advertising Art Curriculum of North Texas State College in Relation to Preparation for a Career in Advertising Art in Television
"This study is limited to the problems of and demands made upon the advertising artist in relation to the television medium"--1. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc699484/
A Study of Visual Merchandising in Six Texas Department Stores
"This study is limited to the organization and activities of display departments of six leading Texas department stores. It concerns the two main categories of display: window and interior display. Chapter I serves as an introduction to the study; Chapter II review briefly the history of display in the United States; Chapter III presents an analysis of the display departments of six leading Texas department stores; Chapter IV concludes the study with a summary and evaluation of the data presented in Chapter III." -- leaf 3. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc699522/
The Art Museums of Texas and Their Contribution to Public School Education
"...the writer undertook in this studyan evaluation of the seven major art museums of Texas and their contribution to public-school education. Chapter I served as an introduction to the study. Chapter II traced the development of the art museum in American, dating back to the period of colonial settlements in New England. It also presented the history of the art museums in the five key cities of Texas: the Elisabet Ney Museum of Austin, the Dallas Museum of Fine Arts, the Museum of Fine Arts of Houston, the Fort Worth Art Association, the Children's Museum of Forth Worth, the Witte Memorial Museum of San Antonio and the Contemporary Arts Association of Houston. In addition, the general policies and programs of the Texas museums were discussed. Chapter III evaluated the programs of the seven majoy art museums according to the standards set up by the Texas Art Education Association...Chapter IV will present the writer's conclusions and recommendations." -- leaves 35-36. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc663381/
An Evaluation of Publications for the Use of Junior-High-School Art Teachers
The writer, an art teacher of some experience, has felt the need for more easily accessible and more definite and tangible information concerning printed material which could be used by the junior-high-school art teacher in carrying on a program of creative art experiences. This research, "An Evaluation of Art Publications", was made in an attempt to meet this need. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc663338/
An Assessment of Arkansas Middle school/Junior High School Art Programs Using National Art Education Association Standards
The purpose of the study was to make an assessment of Arkansas middle school/junior high art programs using National Art Education Association standards. Data were collected from questionnaires, curriculum guides, and school visitations. Participating in the study were 127 schools enrolling 53,502 students of which 14,755 (28%) were taking art classes. For comparisons, the state was divided into five regions. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc331828/
American Women Artists and the Female Nude Image (1969-1983)
This research surveys ideology and iconology in the presentation of the autobiographical and biographical female nude as envisioned by American women artists in the painting, drawing and printmaking media from 1969 to 1983. Contemporary dialogue by critics, artists and feminists on the definition of feminine content led to the articulation of the undraped nude torso as the central icon of the study. This static icon was pushed through a variety of styles into multi subtleties of iconology. The female nude by women artists is autobiographical even in biography emphasizing self-identification and authenticity. General constraints were placed on the survey the definability or explicit articulation of the female torso as opposed to suggestive imagery, the time frame in which the nude was created, and the chosen media for study. Art historical methodology was employed to descriptively examine image and intent of the nude presentations in references through time as well as visual traditions of symbology. This survey began at the turn of the century for historical background to emphasize the greater proliferation of the nude from 1969 to 1983. There were limitations specifically associated with the earlier time frame (1900-1969)--the lack of art educational opportunities for the female student, the socio-political climate dealing with the acceptability of the nude, and a very general lack of attention from the publishing market towards women artists. Six artists were identified: Lillian Genth, Romaine Brooks, Margarite Zorach, Isobel Bishop, Louise Nevelson and Louise Bourgeois. The coalescence of socio-political circumstances around 1969, allowing for the greater incidence of the female nude occasioned the selection of 1969 as a perimeter of research. Within 19 69-1983 a greater number of artists and a far greater number of works were evident, seventeen in all, including Alice Neel, Marisol, Mary Frank, Nancy Spero, Joan Brown, Sylvia Sleigh, Martha Mayer Erlebacher, Mary Beth Edelson, Joan Seminel, Jillian Denby, Daphne Mumford, Juanita McNeeley, Martha Edelheit, Shirley Gorelick, Janet Culbertson, Anita Steckel, and Pat Steir. The amazing diversification of the work presented is united by the female nude icon which by subtle visual manipulation and compositional placement offers ideology which expands the Twentieth century definition of female. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc331082/
An Interpretation of Various Aspects of Dualism as Found in the Art of Africa and China
The purpose of this study is to endeavor to interpret these various aspects of dualism through an analysis of selected examples of art from two cultural areas, Africa and China. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc278528/
The Black Revolution: A Turning Point in American Negro Art?
The Black Revolution, an American social upheaval of this century, poses numerous questions and challenges to all segments of our culture. For the artists, black and white, there is a dilemma of commitment as regards the acceptance of Black art for its merit without approval of the white artist. The purpose of this investigation was to determine if the Black Revolution would be a turning point in American Negro art. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc163985/
A Technique for Developing Interior Color Schemes Based on the Additive and Subtractive Principles of Color-mixing
As its objective this study develops a modus operandi for the interior designer who must understand and work with both additively and subtractively mixed colors in constructing interior color schemes. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc163947/
Creation of Ceramic Forms Combining Stoneware and Porcelain
The problem under investigation is the creation of ceramic forms using both stoneware and porcelain in the same piece of ware. Sub-problems are to experiment with the best techniques of joining different clay bodies and the creation of aesthetically pleasing pieces which combine the textural beauty and rich glazes of stoneware with the bright glazes and the white and sometimes translucent body of porcelain. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc163951/
Creative Uses of Wood in the Primary Art Curriculum
The purpose of this thesis is to include within the year's art program more creative activities involving a variety of woods ranging in hardness and softness, textured and patterned surfaces, and natural and milled forms. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc163907/
A Study of Two Methods of Teaching the Visual Element Value as Seen in the Creative Works of Children in the Fourth, Fifth, and Sixth Grades
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a method of motivational enrichment that may be applied to a structured art program when teaching the visual element, value, to fourth, fifth, and sixth grade children. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc163909/
An Investigation of Line and Plane Relationships in Two Concepts of Painting
The problem of this investigation is the combining of the spatial concepts of Paul Cezanne and the Analytical Cubists in a single painting. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc163980/
An Investigation of Psychophysical Color Phenomena and their Application to Interior Design
The purpose of this study is to analyze and select those psycho-physical color phenomena adaptable to interior design. Among these are phenomena relating to variations in intensity and purity, visual stimulation, spatial relationships, and psychological factors; this study contains suggestions for possible application of these phenomena to strengthen the quality of interior environments. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc163975/
The Use of Polyester Resin as a Material for Jewelry Making
This study was designed to provide information concerning polyester resin as a material for jewelry making. The secondary purpose was to develop processes which create an artistic form for jewelry sustained by a poetic tone based on the fluid and translucent qualities of the material. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc163934/
An Investigation of the Use of Acrylic Polymer Paints in Printing Photographic Silk Screen Images
This study investigates the adaptability of plastic paints to photographic silk screen materials and methods. The problem was to experiment with and further develop another technique for the artist, the silk screening of photographic images directly onto the painting surface with acrylic polymer paint. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc163990/
The Effectiveness of an Art Educational Film as a Teaching Tool
It is the purpose of this study to test whether or not any learning does occur during the viewing of an art educational film. In order to examine this learning, an art educational film was developed and tested at North Texas State University in Denton, Texas. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc163915/
Cassoni in America: An Investigation of Three Major Themes
This study is an investigation of the subject matter of eighty Italian cassone paintings of the fifteenth century now located in the United States and answers a four-part question: (1) What were the major themes pictured on cassoni panels during the Quattrocento? (2) Were the themes of cassoni in Quattrocento Italy predominantly of a religious or secular nature? (3) If secular subject matter was dominant in cassone painting, was this a reflection of the newly founded tastes of aristocratic, wealthy and middle classes? (4) Did cassoni mirror the way these classes viewed themselves and the place occupied by women in society? digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc163989/
A Study of Recent Commerical Graphic Arts Material and Procedures for Application in College and University Advertising Art Programs
It is the problem of this thesis to study recent commercial graphic arts materials and procedures, and to suggest some creative uses of them for college and university advertising art programs. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc163929/
The Value of Commercial Art as an Area of Instruction in the High School
For several years the author has considered the problem of commercial art instruction in high school. As a graduate art major, high-school art teacher, and free-lance artist in the advertising art field, it has been his opportunity to investigate and evaluate a program which offers more specialized training in commercial art than is now being offered in most of the secondary schools. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc163831/
Glazes for Metals
The purpose of this study was to endeavor to find through experimentation satisfactory glazes for metals which would be available to the amateur craftsman. Attention was given to reasons for the experimental research, to the metals best suited for glazing, and to the development of satisfactory inexpensive glazes. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc163802/
The Use of Fantasy by European Artists from 1250 to 1650 A.D.
The use of fantasy by the artists of the period 1250-1650 A.D. will be discussed under five categories. 1. Fantasy was used by artists in religious paintings, which served as a visual book to be viewed by the people. The artist used fantasy to show or illustrate events or miracles which could not be logically explained. 2. Fantasy was used by the artists to portray Greek and Roman mythological subjects and events. 3. Fantasy was used by the artists to present allegorical figures and ideas. 4. Fantasy was used to illustrated dreams or visions. 5. Finally, fantasy was used to create and present all kinds of fantastic creatures and monsters of the subconscious or dream world. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc163857/
The School Stage as a Laboratory for Teaching Certain Aspects of Color Theory
It is the purpose of this study to present three units for the instruction of certain aspects of color by using the techniques of audio-visual education which utilize the school stage as a laboratory. The study demonstrates how a stage and its apparatus become an audio-visual tool that the teacher may not hope to duplicate in the classroom. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc163886/
Creative Stitchery in the Art Program of the Dallas Independent School District
The purpose of this study is to determine to what extent creative stitchery is used in the art program of the Dallas Independent School District, when it is found to be most valuable, and what limitations it is found to have. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc163877/
The Exhibition as a Medium for Developing Community Awareness to Good Design in Useful Objects Available in Wichita Falls, Texas
Realizing the need on the part of the general public for a better background for selection of useful household objects that combine utility and beauty of line, the author planned an exhibition in an attempt to develop a community awareness to good design in useful objects available in Wichita Falls, Texas. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc163817/
Preparation of the Weatherford, Texas, Elementary Teacher to Teach Art in the Self-Contained Classroom
This paper is concerned with the preparation needed by the elementary classroom teacher to teach art in the self-contained classroom and with improving the program of art education in the elementary schools of the Weatherford Independent School District of Weatherford, Texas. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc163862/
An Analysis of the Integration of Interior and Exterior Space in Houses Designed by Richard Neutra
The purpose of this study of Richard Neutra's houses is three-fold: 1. To analyze the spatial treatment of the interiors. 2. To analyze the spatial treatment of the exteriors. 3. To determine the spatial relationship of the interiors to exteriors and find out how it was achieved. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc163811/
Study of Non-Traditional Resist Materials and Techniques for Pattern Dyeing
Both the challenges and rewards of pattern dyeing motivated an examination of resist materials, the subject of this study. The first part of the problem was to investigate new materials and those not previously used for dye resists. The second part was to test some of the traditional resisting agents in non-traditional ways. The selected materials were evaluated for their effectiveness as dye resists and for their usefulness to the artist-craftsman. They were also compared to traditional techniques to determine any advantages they may or may not have over previous resist materials. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc163898/
Ceramics as a Creative Medium for Sixth and Seventh Grade Pupils
In view of the fact that clay has not been used so extensively or wisely in elementary art education as the generally recognized importance of the material seems to justify, the purpose of this study is to explore the possibilities of clay as a creative medium and to determine which of the many ceramic techniques are most suitable for use by pupils in the upper elementary grade. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc163824/
Paper as a Visual and Tactile Organizational Material for Use on Schoolroom Bulletin Boards
The purpose of this thesis is to show the useful characteristics of a wide variety of papers as applied to the preparation of a tactile and visual organization on a number of wallboards. It is hoped the wide variety of papers and techniques used will be inspirational to other teachers when creatively planning their own designs using paper as their art medium. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc163865/
Standards for Evaluating Paintings by Children in the Primary Grades
Since most adults generally evaluate children's creative expression by adult standards, view it as meaningless, and frequently present children with hackneyed forms of visual "art"--such as stencil patterns, or color books in which the children are encouraged to copy adult drawings--the purpose of this study is to develop legitimate standards which the adult observer may use in judging children's paintings and to explain these standards through analyses of children's paintings selected from Grades I through III. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc163835/
Cement and Artificial Stone Sculpture of Mexico
The intention of this study is not to present the technique as a new one in the realm of sculpture, but rather to investigate the various ways in which cement is being employed in the sculptural form and to point out its prominent use as well as the reasons for its popularity in Mexico. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc163885/
Children's Preferences for Reproductions of Masterpieces in Grades V through VIII of a Dallas Public School
This paper explores what kinds of paintings do children of a particular locale really like and what are some of the reasons for their choices. This information could be of use in planning methods of developing and nurturing aesthetic experiences through more wisely chosen reproductions of masterpieces of paintings. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc163845/
The Development of an Ideal Clay Body for Thrown Ware
The present study of an ideal mixture for thrown ware is an outgrowth of a long-time personal interested developed during undergraduate work at North Texas State University. While a natural earthenware clay proved to be the best all-purpose clay for class use, it was not ideal for throwing. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc163847/
An Investigation of Serial Painting
The purpose of this thesis was to follow a given subject from its inception on a rectangular surface through a series of paintings to a point where the shapes and forms of the original painting culminated in a shaped surface. Each painting except the first one in the series would contain less of the subject than the preceding. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc164002/
New Developments in Interior Design Curricula
The problem with which this study is concerned is that of identifying new developments in interior design education which may have resulted from curriculum reevaluations. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc164013/
The Universal Persistence of the Mandala Motif
This study of the universal persistence of the mandala motif covers the mandala concept, external mandalas, architectural mandalas, and current manifestations. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc163906/
Acrylic Paints with Alkyd Polyester Laminations as a Painting Technique
The reason for this paper is to present a study of the compatibility of alkyd polyesters and acrylic paints in a painting technique incorporating plastic laminations. A number of tests ware conducted in order to discover the basic handling and visual characteristics of polyester in combination with acrylic paints. After the initial experiments, or "test plates," the information derived was applied to a series of demonstration paintings. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc163986/
Existential Influences on the Use of Space by a Contemporary Painter
The aim of this study is to seek to determine the philosophic grounds which prompt this painter in particular to incorporate both two- and three-dimensional space within each painting. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc163923/
Preferences of Selected Consumers Regarding Options for Choosing Colors for Townhouse Interiors
The study attempts to determine 1) whether or not consumers want to choose colors for interior goods; 2) whether they agree as to which interior items are most important for color selection; and, 3) whether they prefer to coordinate interior colors for themselves or choose from pre-coordlnated color schemes. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc164037/
Ultrastructured Elements of the Microcosm as a Stimulus for Painting
This paper is to present a study of ultrastructured elements of the microcosm as a stimulus for painting. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc164053/
Earl Heika, Montana Sculptor : His Life and His Work
The purpose of this paper is to record for all interested persons the available facts concerning the life and works of Earl Heika, Montana artist/sculptor. Heika, who lived most of his life in Great Falls, Montana, depicted Western subjects in his art. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc164065/
A Bibliography of Medieval Art: from its Origins to the Renaissance
The purpose of this study has been to create a simplified yet reliable list of literary works pertinent to medieval art; one that will serve the greatest usefulness to the largest number of students. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc131264/
Ash Glazes and the Effect of Colorants and Firing Conditions
The study being undertaken was to ascertain the effect or effects of different firing conditions and colorants on glazes composed of wood ash from two trees indigenous to Texas. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc131099/
An Audio-Visual Presentation Designed for Motivation of Certain Elementary Art Students
In order to create a motivational device to help students become more aware of their surroundings, an audio-visual project was chosen as the most effective means of reaching intermediate grade children in a low socio-ecomonic area. Developing an effective sett of motivational experiences for enriching learning through seeing in the art education program was the task undertaken in this study. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc131094/
Two Approaches to the Development of a Ninth Grade Art Appreciation Curriculum
This paper is a comparative study of the effectiveness of two methods of teaching a structured introductory art appreciation course for ninth grade students. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc130841/
Textured Collage for Blind Elementary Children
This thesis describes experimental work done in art education with a small group of children that met each Saturday at Dallas Services for the Blind over a two year period. The research used textured collage art projects as the medium of artistic expression for the children. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc130889/
Art Tools and Materials Suitable for Manufacture in the School or Home Laboratory
This thesis discusses the theory that the production of many art tools and materials in the school or home laboratory is feasible, and that it would not only reduce the cost of a school art program but also enrich it. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc130448/
An Art Program for a Latin-American Senior High School
This study is concerned with the development of a basic art program to meet the special needs of the Latin-American senior-high-school student. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc130439/
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