You limited your search to:

  Partner: UNT Libraries
 Resource Type: Article
Editor's Foreword
Guest editorial statement introducing the contents of the special journal issue and providing other relevant notes.
Editor's Foreword
Editorial statement introducing the contents of the journal issue and providing other relevant notes.
Brief Report: Psychotherapeutic Outcomes Reported by Therapists Trained in Induced After-Death Communication
Abstract: Induced after-death communication (IADC) is a new psychotherapeutic procedure based on a variation of eye-movement desensitization and re-processing (EMDR). Psychologist Allan Botkin discovered it accidentally in 1995 while he was conducting therapy with combat veterans suffering from grief and post-traumatic stress disorder. During the course of the IADC treatment, Botkin's patients reported experiencing what they believed to be communications from a deceased person. The psychological healing associated with these experiences seemed remarkable. The following report presents the results of a survey Botkin conducted with other therapists he personally trained to conduct IADC. The results indicate that other IADC therapists achieved successful results nearly identical to those of Botkin and that the results were consistent across trained therapists.
Editor's Foreword
Editorial statement introducing the contents of the journal issue and providing other relevant notes.
Editor's Foreword
Editorial statement introducing the contents of the journal issue and providing other relevant notes.
Resurrection Appearances of Jesus as After-Death Communication: Response to Ken Vincent
Abstract: Jesus' resurrection appearances would in some sense comprise after-death messages. But this designation does not necessarily identify them as the sort of after-death communications (ADCs) that are well-known to readers of the Journal. More generally, to hold that the resurrection appearances were ADCs, at least as Ken Vincent has argued, seems to commit a logical fallacy, so that the form of the argument itself cannot sustain the weight of the conclusion. The most that the argument can indicate is that there are some similarities, not that they are necessarily the same class of events. More specifically, there are at least six crucial considerations that dispute Jesus' resurrection appearances being ADCs in the usual sense of these events.
Editor's Foreword
Editorial statement introducing the contents of the journal issue and providing other relevant notes.
Brief Report: Induced After-Death Communication: An Update
Abstract: Seventy-one clients (50 females, 21 males) who were treated with Induced After-Death Communication (IADC) therapy completed the author-developed Grief Symptom Questionnaire (GSQ) before and after the two-session treatment protocol and at six months post-treatment. Factor analyses revealed three factors - Depression, Anger, and Positive Coping - underlying nine GSQ items. Seventy-nine percent of the sample reported experiencing an IADC during treatment - an experience of communication with a deceased loved one they were grieving. In comparison with pre-treatment, at post-treatment participants reported statistically significant improvements in their grief symptoms, an increase in belief in an afterlife, an improvement in Positive Coping, and decreased Anger and Depression. Implications of the findings and methodological limitations are discussed.
Editor's Foreword
Editorial statement introducing the contents of the journal issue and providing other relevant notes.
Resurrection Appearances of Jesus as After-Death Communication: Rejoinder to Gary Habermas
Abstract: Gary Habermas has chosen to respond to my paper on the resurrection of Jesus as an after-death communication using theological arguments that try to prove the resurrection of Jesus was somehow a religious event unique in all human history. I counter his assertions with data from religious/spiritual experience research and, to a lesser extent, liberal Christian scholars. I restate my conclusion that Paul's first-hand and verified second-hand accounts of the resurrection in I Corinthians 15 are comparable with modern after-death communications; the difference between Jesus and others is not one of kind but of degree. Over the past 150 years, religious experience researchers have successfully applied the tools of science and begun to unlock the mysteries of how humans experience God and afterlife.
Brief Report: A Near-Death Experience with Veridical Perception Described by a Famous Heart Surgeon and Confirmed by his Assistant Surgeon
Abstract: The professional near-death literature contains cases in which near-death experiencers reported that during their experiences (NDEs), they perceived phenomena in the material world that, based on the condition and position of their physical bodies, they should not have been able to perceive, and yet these perceptions were subsequently verified as accurate. Only a few of these cases of apparently non-physical veridical perception during NDEs have been carefully researched. In this article, we report a case described originally by cardiac surgeon Lloyd Rudy in a YouTube Internet video. We describe pour process of following up exhaustively on all avenues of investigation available to us and our conclusion that this case is among the most evidential in which perceptions during an NDE were confirmed as completely accurate by objective observers.
Brief Report: Phenomenology of Near-Death Experiences: An Analysis of a Maori Case Study
Abstract: Near-death experiences (NDEs) have been recorded in the oral and written histories of virtually every culture since antiquity. Based on some of theses accounts, attempts have been made to investigate whether the phenomenology of the NDE is cross-culturally variable or similar. The present article contributes to this literature by analyzing the only known historical account of an NDE reported by a Maori individual. Although this account has been previously analyzed for its association with features typically reported in Western NDE accounts, it has been analyzed for its conformity to prevailing Maori beliefs about the afterlife. The analysis of this single case study suggests the NDE was influenced by cultural beliefs, which supports two converging viewpoint: that NDE phenomenology is universal but expressed in culturally-relative ways and that NDE phenomenology is culture-bound.
Resurrection Appearances of Jesus as After-Death Communication
Abstract: Scientific research into after-death communication began at the end of the 19th century. During this early period, psychical researcher James Hyslop and theologian Rudolph Otto wrote about the resurrection of Jesus as a visionary / spiritual experience -- as opposed to a physical, "bodily" resurrection. More recently, liberal theologians and religious experience researchers have also favored this view. The purpose of this article is to: (a) underscore the fact that the resurrection of Jesus as an after-death communication is solidly based in the only first-hand account of Paul and the verified secondary accounts of Peter and James (I Cor 15:5-8) in the New Testament, and (b) demonstrate that, although a physical resurrection is implied by the Gospel writers because of the empty tomb, the appearance stories of Jesus are more in accord with the phenomenology of modern after-death communications by Jesus, other divine figures, and ordinary people.
Editor's Foreword
Editorial statement introducing the contents of the journal issue and providing other relevant notes.
Response to "Critique of 'A Prospectively Studied Near-Death Experience with Corroborated Out-of-Body Perceptions and Unexplained Healing'"
Abstract: In this article, I respond to a critique by Michael Rush of a 2006 article from this Journal in which I and my co-authors described a case of a near-death experience with veridical components and an inexplicable healing. I address each point from the critique in the order in which it was raised. Overall, I found most of the criticism to have been points I had already addressed in previous publications, and the critique also provided my an opportunity to clarify a few points I had not previously detailed. For me, this professional exchange has served to underscore the difficulty of conducting methodologically sound prospective research on near-death experiences.
Adults' Reports of the Role of Psychotherapy in Integrating Their Childhood Near-Death Experiences: A Preliminary Investigation
Abstract: The Purpose of the exploratory research was to learn if adults who had childhood near-death experiences (NDEs) sometime between pre-birth to age 17 years had psychotherapy and if they believed it helped them achieve psychological integration of their NDEs. Participants completed three instruments: the NDE Scale (Greyson, 1990), the author-developed Childhood NDE and Psychotherapy Questionnaire, and the three Subjective and Psychological Well-Being Scales (Diener & Biswas-Diener, 2008). Of 29 respondents, 23 met the NDE Scale criteria for an NDE. Results for the 15 (67%) who had engaged in psychological integration of NDE's and more positive emotional feelings (r = .77, p < .01) and fewer negative emotions (r = -.84, p < .01). The correlation between psychological integration of NDE and success with a small effect (r = .16, p > .10). The psychotherapy factors identified by participants as successful i helping them process and integrate their NDE's included having a therapist who accepted the NDE as real and validated the experience and who helped the NDEr express thoughts and feelings about, explore the meaning of, and resolve any guilt around the NDE. Results supported the idea that psychological integration of NDEs is related to subjective and psychological wellbeing, and the provided clues about features of psychotherapy that might promote NDE integration. Limitations of the study, implications of results for psychotherapeutic interventions, and suggestions for future research are discussed.
Does N,N-Dimethyltryptamine (DMT) Adequately Explain Near-Death Experiences?
Abstract: Some NDE researchers have suggested that because some users of psychedelic drugs have experiences purportedly similar to near-death experiences (NDEs), neural receptors and neurotransmitters affected by a particular drug may underlie out-of-body experiences and NDEs. One of the most recent psychedelic candidates that allegedly causes NDE-like experiences is N,N-dimethyltryptamine (DMT), a natural substance that the body produces in small amounts. If DMT experiences are phenomenologically similar to NDEs, then it is possible that the human body in extremis may produce larger amounts of DMT that reach psychedelic experience-causing levels in the blood. In this paper, I explore the issue of whether DMT might play a causal role in the production of NDEs. The first section summarizes basic information of about NDEs, focusing on their phenomenological aspects. The second scetion classifies theories of NDEs to place the DMT theory in some context of the history of the debate over the cause of NDEs. The following section discusses DMT's chemical composition, physical effects, and psychological effects. The final section explores whether NDE and DMT experiences have a sufficient degree of phenomenological similarity to justify a causal role for DMT in the production of NDEs and concludes that such similarity is lacking.
Integration of Spiritually Transformative Experiences: Models, Methods, and Research
Abstract: This article represents my presentation at the inaugural 2012 American Center for the Integration of Spiritually Transformative Experiences (ACISTE) Annual Conference; it contains four main sections. The first section focuses on defining the parameters of the contents and includes discussions of what constitutes healthy and unhealthy integration, spiritual emergence and emergency, quantum change, spiritual conversion, and spontaneous awakening experiences. The second section includes four conceptual models utilized to help understand spiritually transformative experiences (STEs): Wilber's, Rummet's, and Wade's developmental models and Assagioli's model of the self. The third section introduces methods I use when working with clients, and the fourth section further provides recent research on topics related to STEs. My goal throughout was to catalyze further discussion regarding what constitutes integration of an STE and how this process relates to current psychospiritual models, therapeutic approaches, and research.
Obituary: Harold A. Widdison
Obituary of Dr. Harold A. Widdison, a researcher in the field of near-death studies for over 30 years. The article discusses Dr. Widdison's background, career, family, and contributions to the study of near-death experiences.
The Nursing Profession and Near-Death Experiences: A Personal and Professional Update
Abstract: This article reviews professional nursing's philosophical and professional mandates that direct nurses to acquire accurate knowledge and skills in order to care competently for near-death experiencers (NDErs). In addition, the article briefly describe the NDE phenomenon and aftereffects, discusses the author's NDEs in the professional context of her status as a nurse, and addresses the challenges NDErs encounters because of a lack of knowledge by nurses about NDEs. It concludes with a review of the current state of nursing education relevant to NDEs, suggestions for and resources available to faculty to create NDE curricula for nursing students, and continuing education opportunities for nurses and other medical professionals.
Reflections of Near-Death Experiences and Deathbed Visions: A Study of Nursing Faculty's Perceptions
Abstract: Nursing faculty across the United States were surveyed about their knowledge, attitudes, and perspectives of near-death experiences (NDEs) and deathbed visions (DBVs) through web-based administration of the Near-Death Phenomena Knowledge and Attitudes Questionnaire (Thornburg, 1988). Of the approximately 550 responses, 13% of respondents indicated that they personally had experiences an NDE, 48% that they have cared for a patient reporting an NDE, and 46% that they have cared for a patient reporting a DBV. Item-level ordinal logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the two attitude components of the survey, revealing a complex set of relationships between attitudes, experience, and other individual-level characteristics. The results underscore the importance of ongoing research into near-death phenomena and inclusion of NDEs and DBVs as content areas in nursing curriculum.
The Role of Spiritually Transformative Experiences in Religious History and the Development of a Scale to Measure Them
Abstract: Spiritual experiences are a potent means by which a person's attitudes and behaviors may changed, usually (but not always) in benevolent ways. This article presents examples from various times and places, many from the annals organized religion. Research into spiritually transformative experiences is reviewed as is a means to measure spiritual content in written or verbal reports: the Casto Spiritually Scoring System. This instrument includes subscales regarding spiritual settings, spiritual objects, spiritual characters, spiritual emotions, spiritual activities, and spiritual experiences. The reliability of the system has been examined and found to be quite high. In addition, the system has been useful clinically when spirituality becomes an issue in counseling or psychotherapy.
The Challenges of Traveling a Psychospiritual Path in Today's Postmodern Western World
Abstract: Although the category "Religious or Spiritual Problem" (Code V62.89) was incorporated into the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for mental health professional in 1994, it has taken until 2012 for a conference or training to take place designed to help therapists and social workers understand how best to address such issues. In this article I describe my personal experience and my professional experience as a psychotherapist with religious and spiritual phenomena. I offer my view of what it means to be spiritual, including the role of worldviews and my conceptualization of a three-stage path of spiritual development.
The Field of Near-Death Studies Through 2011: An Updated Analysis of the Scholarly Periodical Literature
Abstract: Previously in this Journal, Holden and Christian (2005) profiled patterns in the field of near-death studies through an analysis of the scholarly publications from Near-Death Experiences: Index to the Periodical Literature through 2001. In this article, we provide an updated analysis of a similar type through 2011. The body of literature on which we based this analysis included 892 scholarly articles by 629 authors spanning more than a century. We report on patterns related to publication dates and venues, experts and their most cited articles, and most and least published topics in the field - both with regard to current status and in comparison to 2001. We discuss limitations of our analysis and implications of it for the future of scholarship in the field of near-death studies.
After-math: Counting the Aftereffects of Potentially Spiritually Transformative Experiences
Abstract: This article provides a summary of current literature regarding the nature of spiritual development, types of potentially spiritually transformative experiences (pSTEs), and both short- and long-term aftereffects of pSTEs— biological, psychological, spiritual, and social. The author concludes that in the aftermath of pSTEs, experiencers, their intimates and associates, and their healthcare providers should be prepared to experience integration that can be manageable or be deeply challenging and that can be relatively brief or can last for years.
Critique of "A Prospectively Studied Near-Death Experience with Corroborated Out-of-Body Perceptions and Unexplained Healing"
Abstract: An article titled "A Prospectively Studied Near-Death Experience with Corroborated Out-of-Body Perceptions and Unexplained Healing" by Penny Sartori, Paul Badham, and Peter Fenwick was published in the Journal of Near-Death Studies in 2006. The authors concluded that the reported case strengthened "the cumulative experience derived from many other individual cases that suggest that our current models of consciousness must expand in order to provide and adequate explanation of NDEs" (p. 83). However, a closer examination of Sartori et al.'s paper raises significant questions about their methodology and interpretation of their findings. In particular, certain methodological weaknesses and possible interpretation biases undermine the paper's conclusions. This critique addresses both Sartori et al.'s original paper and relevant parts of Sartori's (2008) Ph.D. thesis published subsequently.
''Til Death Do Us Part:' Marital Aftermath of One Spouse's Near-Death Experience
Abstract: Research has revealed that following a near-death experience (NDE) a majority of experiencers (NDEers) change fundamentally in values, religious/spiritual beliefs, and relationship to paranormal phenomena. Much less is known about the relationship between aftereffects of one spouse's NDE and subsequent marital adjustment and stability. In this preliminary retrospective study, we addressed this question quantitatively with supplementary narrative data. Using the framework of John Gottman's (1999) Sound Marital House, we analyzed self-reported adjustment in and stability of the marriages of 26 NDEers before and after a self-identified life-changing event (LCE) unrelated to NDEs. Results indicated a significant reduction in marital meaning (p = .008), adjustment (p = .007), and stability (p = .005) in NDE compared to LCE couples, with a majority of NDE (65%) but only a minority of LCE (35%) couples' marriages ending in divorce. Implications for health professionals are discussed.
State of Apparent Death and Origin of Dreams: A Historical Review of German Literature of the 19th and Early 20th Centuries
Abstract: In this article I review the German literature of the 19th and early 20th centuries that addressed two phenomena: the state of apparent death and the origin of dreams. Because the term near-death experiences (NDEs) did not yet exist, many features of those phenomena as they are currently understood were subsumed under the broad concept of the state of apparent death, whereas early theories of the origin of dreams included spiritual views that have similarities to current views of NDEs.
An Exploratory Study of Recalled Childhood Spiritually Transformative Experiences Among a Specialized Population
Abstract: Fifty-three adult members of the American Center for the Integration of Spiritually Transformative Experiences completed an online author-created survey about their spiritually transformative experiences (STEs) as children. Included among the survey questions were age at STE; STE contents and aftereffects, both beneficial and challenging, both at home and at school; and recommendations for both experiencers and their parents. Results are reported as descriptive statistics with selected narrative responses. Findings of this exploratory study include that, following their STEs, some participants reportedly felt supported by those around them, but most felt isolated and different from their peers and needed acceptance and affirmation from the closest to them. The article concludes with limitations of the study and recommendations for future research.
Rejoinder to "Response to 'Critique of "A Prospectively Studied Near-Death Experience with Corroborated Out-of-Body Perceptions and Unexplained Healing"'"
Michael J. Rush discusses Penny Sartori's response to his critiques of her article "A Prospectively Studied Near-Death Experience with Corroborated Out-of-Body Perceptions and Unexplained Healing."
An Ethnographic Study of Near-Death Experience Impact and Aftereffects and Their Cultural Implications
Abstract: In this paper, I describe the research method and key near-death experience (NDE) aftereffects- and integration-related findings of my dissertation research study (Gordon, 2007), the first published near-death studies research project to use the ethnographic method. I compare my findings with those of a comparable sociological study (Sutherland, 1995), with emphasis on NDE aftereffects and integration issues related to what I identified as a previously unrecognized pattern of unmet, NDE-integration-related health-education and counseling needs. Finally, I explore the cultural implications of near-death and similarly transformative experiences and posit that actualizing the potential social-wellness value of these experiences to those who have had them and to their societies requires research and practice that adequately addresses experiencers' health-education and counseling needs.
On the Term "Peak in Darien" Experience
Abstract: In this article, I propose to replace the term a "Peak in Darien" experience, which seems to be recently gaining ground, with some other term. Two reasons for this proposal are: (a) the term, taken from John Keats's well-known poem "On First Looking into Chapman's Homer," is based on a series of misunderstanding over the years, and (b) using an expression requiring idiosyncratic cultural knowledge irrelevant to the topic may not be the best approach in scientific writing that will be widely read in both Western and non-Western cultures. As a possible substitute, I propose the terms "Encounter with Known Decedent Not Known to Have Died" (EKD) and "Encounter with Unknown Decedent (EUD)" to refer to the relevant cases.
First You Get the Money, Then You Get the Reviews, Then You Get the Internet Comments: A Quantitative Examination of the Relationship Between Critics, Viewers, and Box Office Success
This article examines the relationships between a movie's perceived artistic merit as ranked by critics, a movie's quality as ranked by viewers, a movie's gross box office take, and its release date.
A Defense of Preservation in the Age of MPLP
This article looks at Mark A. Greene and Dennis Meissner's attitudes towards preservation as revealed in their articles on More Product, Less Process (MPLP), the relationship between access and preservation, and the importance of preservation within archives; it also offers strategies for efficient preservation.
Assessment of Cataloging Services in an Academic Library
This article contains survey data on cataloging services as assessed by personnel in the Public Services Division and the Catalog and Metadata Services Department.
Assessment in Fieldwork Courses: What Are We Rating?
This article uses inductive content analysis to assess fieldwork evaluations in library school coursework.
Spotlight on North Texas: Grant Materials
These grant materials were prepared for a project funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities Common Heritage program to digitize, preserve, and provide access to community historical records. The award funded digitization of print and media items related to the motion picture history of Denton County and a lecture highlighting Denton’s film history and materials discovered during the program. For this grant, UNT served as the lead institution and collaborated with the Texas Archive of the Moving Image. The grant materials include a history of Denton County’s involvement in film production and distribution, digitization standards, and a work plan for the project. This proposal was funded for $11,840.
Assessment of Clergy Knowledge and Attitudes Toward Near-Death Experiences
Article discussing the results of a questionnaire distributed to clergy from Pennsylvania and Illinois, which showed the respondents had limited knowledge of the near-death experience (NDE) but had a moderately positive attitude toward the subject.
Near-Death and Out-of-Body Experiences in a Melanesian Society
Abstract: "The texts of three near-death experiences, one vision, and one dream by Melanesian villagers are presented and analyzed with regard to their cultural context. Comparison of these experiences with those reported from North America and India suggests that while they have common features (such as the appearance of apparitions, and visions of paradise), their interpretation is structured by cultural expectations."
Obituary: Raymond G. Bayless
Obituary for Raymond G. Bayless, noted field investigator in the area of survival of death, writer, and landscape painter.
Near-Death Studies and Modern Physics
Article exposing some of the principal problem areas between near-death studies and modern physics, and suggesting a greater collaboration between the two fields. Specific illustrations are given where collaborative effort might be fruitful. The paper also suggests a broader perspective in performing the research, one that places greater emphasis on an otherworldly thrust in future research.
"Near-Death Experiences with Hallucinatory Features" Defended
Article purporting that near-death experience (NDE) reports are sometimes open to multiple interpretations, that different kinds of NDEs should be distinguished according to their diverse physiological mechanisms, and that transformations following NDEs but not other hallucinatory experiences require special explanation if NDEs are hallucinations.
Near-Death Prophecies of Disaster and the New Age: Are They True?
Article examining long-range data and finding trend reversals in 1987-88: increases in religiosity, service, and United Nations peacekeeping efforts, and decreases in chlorofluorocarbon production, nuclear warhead stockpiles, arms exports, and interest in economic well-being.
Near-Death Verdicality Research in the Hospital Setting: Problems and Promise
Study of near-death verdicality in the hospital setting. The paper describes problems, both anticipated and unanticipated, that were encountered. Based on the successes and failures of this undertaking, recommendations for future research of this type are presented.
Near-Death Utopias: Now or Later?
Article suggesting that researchers look first for indications of ideal social order in near-death narratives, and only later compare them with types of utopias.
Obituary: Arvin S. Gibson
Obituary of Arvin S. Gibson, a near-death researcher and frequent contributor to the Journal of Near-Death Studies.
Otherworld Personal Future Revelations in Near-Death Experiences
Article describing a new kind of precognitive vision in the near-death experience (NDE): the otherworld personal future revelation (OPFR). Kenneth Ring previously described two kinds: the personal flashforward and the prophetic vision. The OPFR resembles the personal flashforward in that it previews the experiencer's personal future, but differs from the personal flashforward in that it is delivered to the experiencer by another personage in the otherworld rather than appearing in the visual imagery of a life review.
On the Mind/Body Problem: The Theory of Essence
Article exploring the classical mind/body problem using instances of the near-death experience (NDE) as experimental data. Comparison of the details of the NDE with predictions from theoretical cosmology shows strong similarities between the two and further strengthens the case for dualism. A theory of human nature is proposed that incorporates these similarities.
Over My Dead Body There Is an Ideal Utopia: Comments on Kellehear's Paper
Article examining the logical implications and philosophical possibilities of a utopian realm, and coming to three conclusions. First, the realms described by near-death experiencers (NDErs), if taken at face value, are far from utopian. Second, any truly utopian postmortem society is so far removed from our present world as to be morally irrelevant to our own. And third, only an ideational postmortem utopia, of the sort exemplified by Pure Land Buddhist theology, can avoid both the non-utopian nature of NDErs' descriptions and the irrelevance of postmortem utopias.
Out-of-Body Experiences: All in the Brain?
Article presenting arguments supporting the conclusion that the subtitle claims of an article published in "Nature" were not well-founded and that much research remains to be conducted to unravel the mystery of out-of-body experiences.