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  Partner: UNT Libraries
 Department: Department of Biology
 Country: United States
Actinoplanes Philippinensis: Effect of Carbon Sources on Zoospore Production
Actinomycetes are able to utilize a great variety of carbohydrates, like sugar. The particular kind of sugar and its concentration has decisive effect on the growth of microorganisms. The proper nutritional media aids also in the production of spores. Based on this generalization, that the growth and sporulation of microorganisms are greatly influenced by the nature and the concentration of carbohydrates, an attempt has been made to study Actinoplanes philippinensis with respect to this influence.
The Adaptability and Present Status of Andropogon Ischaemum L. in Denton County, Texas
This investigation has been made with reference to the adaptability of Andropogon ischaemum, King Ranch bluestem, to various soils, various slopes, and various erosion conditions in Denton County.
The Age and Rate of Growth of the Black Crappie, Pomoxis Nigro-Maculatus (Le Sueur), and the White Crappie, Pomoxis Annularis Rafinesque, in the Koon Kreek Klub Lakes, Texas
This study is another phase of the overall research program designed to furnish basic information for the management of East Texas lakes and has as its specific purpose the determination of the age and growth characteristics of two valuable species on these waters. The species to be considered are the black crappie, Pomoxis nigro-maculatus (Le Sueur) and the white crappie, Pomoxis annularis Rafinesque. Both species are highly regarded as food fish and have for many years offered recreational outlets for Texas fishermen.
The Age, Growth, and Food Habits of the Lake Dallas White Bass, Lepibema Chrysops (Rafinesque)
This study was made to secure certain new information concerning the food habits and growth of the white bass, Lepibema chrysops (Rafinesque), which is quite generally considered a good game and good fish.
Age, Growth, and Food Habits of the Largemouthed Black Bass (Micropterus Salmoides) and the Spotted Bass (Micropterus Puctulatus SSP) in North and East Texas Lakes
This study is based on the examinations and analyses of 388 largemouthed black bass (Micropterus salmoides) and 118 spotted black bass (Micropterus puctulatus ssp.) which were collected over a period of three years from 9 lakes in the North-Central and East Texas areas. The results should show the following: (1) the average age of the black bass in each of the nine reservoirs in Texas; (2) the growth rate of the bass in these reservoirs; (3) the feeding habits of the bass in all reservoirs studied; (4) a comparison of the growth rates of the largemouthed and spotted basses; and (5) a comparison of the growth rates of bass from Texas and Oklahoma.
An Analysis and Evaluation of the Elementary Science Curricula in the State Universities and Leading Teachers Colleges in the United States
The purpose of this study is to determine the status of elementary science curricula in the different state universities and the leading teachers colleges in the United States.
An Analysis of Distribution Patterns of Amphibians and Reptiles in Texas
The purpose of this investigation was to analyze the distribution of amphibians and reptiles in Texas by means of the methods of Webb and Hagmeier and Stults. An additional graphical analysis was made, including range and range limits which provides a cross-section of faunal change along selected base lines across the state.
Analysis of Phytoplankton Responses to Water Chemistry Dynamics in a Moderately Eutrophic North Texas Reservoir
Canonical correspondence analysis (CCA) was used to explore relationships between measured environmental variables and in situ phytoplankton communities in a moderately eutrophic North Texas Reservoir.
Annual Lipid Cycles in the Lizard Cnemidophorus Tigris
Annual lipid cycles were determined for adult male and female Cnemidophorus tigris collected near El Paso, Texas during 1970-1971.
Antibacterial Effect of the Oleoresins of One Hundred Common Texas Plants upon Twenty-Five Gram-Negative Mirco-Organisms
This investigation deals with the study of the possible antibiotic effect of oleoresins of one hundred common Texas plants upon twenty-five gram-negative bacterial organisms.
Antibiocity of the Oleoresins of One Hundred Texas Spermatophytes upon Twenty Gram-Positive Bacterial Organisms
This investigation is concerned with the testing, in vitro, of oleoresins from one hundred higher plants common to North and South Central Texas. The plants used were selected in order to obtain a representative collection which might be of value in future research.
Assimilation of Inorganic Nitrogen by Aquatic Actinomycetes
It was the purpose of this investigation to present laboratory data concerning the assimilation of inorganic nitrogen by the aquatic actinomycetes. The strains of aquatic actinomycetes under consideration represented a cross section of those currently under culture at North Texas State University.
The Autecology of Celtis Laevigata in Flood Plain Forests of Denton County, Texas
This thesis describes the present nature of one facet of some of the flood plain forest stands in Denton County, Texas. The specific purpose was to demonstrate the presence or absence of difference between the Celtis laevigata (commonly known as the hackberry, southern hackberry or sugarberry) populations in stands on Denton Creek and Elm Fork of the Trinity River.
Bacterial Survey of Representative Wells of Canyon, Texas, with Special Emphasis on Sanitation
The problem of this thesis consists of a bacterial analysis of twenty-five representative wells within a radius of thirty miles of Canyon, Texas. An attempt has been made to determine the possible presence of the typhoid organism in these wells.
Bacterial Survey of the Sources of Drinking Water of Trinidad, Texas, with Special Reference to Sanitation
A bacterial analysis of the water from thirty-six sources of consumption by the white population of Trinidad, Henderson County, Texas, was made to determine the potability of each of these in regard to infection from typhoid or related organisms.
A Bacteriological Survey of a Freshwater Reservoir
In this study organisms that can be subcultured from lake water, using a prescribed procedure, limit, to an extent, the population, or portions of the population, that can be monitored. In essence, what is taking place is that a set of conditions is set forth and a study is made of the bacteria that will grow under these prescribed conditions.
Bentric Algae of Selected Thermal Springs of Yellowstone National Park
The purpose of this investigation was to characterize the population dynamics of the benthos of selected pristine thermal springs.
A Bio-Chemical Comparative Study of the Plankton in Lake Dallas and Pecan Creek
The purpose of this investigation is to compare the dissolved and suspended organic material in Lake Dallas to that coming into the lake through Pecan Creek.
Biological and Toxicological Responses Resulting from Dechlorination of a Major Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant Discharge to the Trinity River
Federal regulations such as the Clean Water Act (P.L. 92-500), and its amendments, direct the Environment Protection Agency (EPA) to implement programs to control the releases of conventional pollutants and toxics into the waterways of the United States. The EPA began requiring treatment plants to conduct toxicity tests (biomonitoring) of their effluent discharges. To control toxicity caused by chlorination of wastewater discharges, the EPA also began requiring some treatment facilities to dechlorinate their wastewater before discharging. This research was funded by the EPA to document the changes that occurred in the Trinity River from the dechlorination of the effluent from Ft. Worth's Village Creek municipal wastewater treatment plant. The study occurred over a two year period beginning in August 1990. A wide variety of biological field assessments and toxicological assays were used to measure various responses. Seven river stations, covering approximately twenty river miles, and the treatment plant effluent were assessed. Two of the river stations were upstream from the treatment plant and used as reference sites. The remaining five river stations were downstream from the treatment plant, spread out over seventeen river miles. The study evaluated the impact of chlorination prior to dechlorination, which served as a baseline. Responses determined during dechlorination were compared to the baseline data. An overall improvement in species richness and diversity was seen at those river stations which had previously been adversely impacted by chlorine. Aquatic toxicity tests, such as those required to be used by dischargers, were conducted during this study. Periodic toxicity was observed with these tests in the effluent and river samples after dechlorination was initiated. Those tests, along with in situ toxicity assays, proved to be good predictors of biological community responses.
The Biological Elimination of Phenols in the Effluent of a Wood Preserving Plant
The removal of phenols from the waste waters of wood preserving plants has always presented problems. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the possibility of employing a biological system to reduce the phenol content of effluent from these plants.
Biological Indices of Stream Pollution
A thorough biological survey and evaluation is a lengthy and expensive project. The number of technically trained persons required prevent its use by most public agencies. Since public health departments are the groups most frequently concerned with measuring the effects of pollution in streams, a need exists for a simplified method of sanitary survey. Recognizing this need, the Texas Heal Department assigned the writer the problem of devising a method of survey which would require a field party of two and could be conducted entirely from a mobile field laboratory.
Callibaetis Floridanus (Ephemeroptera: Baetidae) Life History and Production in a West Texas Playa
A life history study of Callibaetis floridanus was conducted over the wet cycle of a playa on the Southern High Plains of Texas from June through September 1995.
The Chemical Compounds Produced by Actinomycetes and Their Relation to Tastes and Odors in a Water Supply
The purpose of this problem was to determine the cause of tastes and odors in the Breckenridge water supply and to isolate and culture the organisms responsible for the offensive chemicals.
A Comparison of Predicted and Actual Trophic Status of Lake Ray Roberts, TX Based on Chlorophyll A
Two years before impoundment, the trophic status of Lake Ray Roberts was predicted by applying the total phosphorus input into the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) eutrophication model. Predicted mean summer epilimnetic (MSE) chlorophyll a of Elm Fork arm, Isle duBois arm and Main Body were in the eutrophic category of the OECD model. Observed MSE chlorophyll a two years after impoundment of Elm Fork arm, Isle duBois and Main Body had not reached their predicted means and were at the mesotrophic-eutrophic boundary of the OECD model. Six years after impoundment, observed MSE chlorophyll a for Main Body, was closer to its predicted mean and in the eutrophic category of the OECD model. Six years after impoundment, Elm Fork arm was the most productive area of Lake Ray Roberts. Observed means of chlorophyll a, total phosphates, suspended solids and turbidity were often highest in the Elm Fork arm. Wastewater effluent from Gainesville and Valley View, TX, had an impact on productivity in Elm Fork arm.
A Comparison of the Carbon Dioxide and Oxygen Rate of Change Methods for Measuring Primary Productivity
The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the variability of oxygen and carbon dioxide rate of change methods for measuring primary productivity and respiration in an aquatic environment.
Composition and Distribution of the Vegetation in Farm Pastures in Denton County, Texas
This investigation has for its aim the determination and the evaluation of the vegetational composition in certain farm pastures in Denton County, Texas.
A Correlation of the Vegetation with the Soil Types of Haskell County, Texas
The problem has consisted, first, of a mapping of the soil types present in Haskell County; second, a collection of the existing vegetation of each soil type; third, an identification of the vegetation collected and observed; fourth, and lastly, a comparative study of the vegetation of each soil type in an effort to establish a correlation between the vegetation and the soil type.
The Cultural, Physiological, Morphological and Chemical Characteristics of an Actinomycete from Lake Waco, Texas
The purpose then of this paper has been to expand our knowledge of these aquatic forms by investigating the cultural, physiological, morphological, and chemical characteristics of an actinomycete isolated from the water supply, Lake Waco, of Waco, Texas.
Degradation of Complex Carbon Compounds by Marine Actinomycetes
The purpose of this paper is to present a comparative study of marine bacteria, molds and actinomycetes in regard to their ability to degrade certain pure and mixed complex compounds possibly occurring in the lagoon waste traps of the Texas Gulf Coast. This comparison was made using a differential oxygen uptake as the index of specific compound utilization.
Density, Distribution, Production and Drift of Benthic Fauna in a Reservoir Receiving Thermal Discharges from a Steam Electric Generating Plant
The effects of thermal discharges on the density, distribution, production, and drift of benthic organisms were studied at North Lake reservoir.
The Destruction of Enterobacteriaceae by the Sewage Plants of Decatur, Texas.
The nature of this problem divides itself into two parts, that is, a study of the old sewage plants in operation through the summer of 1947 and a study of the new plant put in operation during the fall of the same year.
Developing Range Condition Classes for the North Grand Prairie of Texas
This paper deals with a study of the ranch lands in Cooke, Wise, Denton, and Montague Counties, which are located in the North Grand Prairie of Texas.
Development and Application of an Assessment Protocol for Watershed Based Biomonitoring
With numerous bioassessment methodologies available, a regional protocol needs to be developed to ensure that results are comparable. A regional assessment protocol was developed that includes collecting five benthic macroinvertebrate samples, identifying organisms to genus, and calculating the following metrics: Number of Taxa, Total Number of Individuals, Simpson's Diversity Index, Shannon's Diversity Index, Percent Contribution of Dominant Taxa, Hilsenhoffs Biotic Index, and Percent Contribution of Dipterans. Once the protocol was developed, it was used to assess the Bayou Chico tributaries and watershed. All three tributaries had been significantly impacted by human activity as had the watershed as a whole. This study indicates that a regional protocol could be developed and is appropriate for biomonitoring at the watershed scale.
Distribution of Phosphates in a Sewage Plant and its Receiving Waters
The purpose of this paper is to detail the distribution and quantity of soluble phosphates in an activated sludge plant, its discharge creek, and receiving reservoir. The resultant analyses and comparison of data should provide some better understanding of the fate of phosphorus in a Southwestern waterway system.
Distribution, Size, Condition, and Food Habits of Selected Fishes in a Reservoir Receiving Heated Effluent from a Power Plant
This study was undertaken in order to provide further insight into the effects of artificial heating on the fisheries of a small reservoir in the Southwest. The following specific objectives were established: (1) to map the reservoir for the distribution of heated water, (2) to determine the distribution of selected species of sports, rough, and forage fish in areas affected by the effluent and in areas not affected, (3) to compare size and condition of selected species of fish from areas affected by the effluent to size and condition of fish from areas not affected, and (4) to compare food habits of channel catfish in areas affected by the effluent to the food habits of channel catfish in areas not affected.
Ecological Distribution of the Herpetofauna of Montague County, Texas
The purpose of this study was to make a preliminary study of the herpetofauna of Montague County in relation to ecological distribution. Also taken into consideration were the zoogeographic relationships of the various species.
An Ecological Study of the Pine Vole, Microtus Pinetorum, in Northeast Texas
This study dealt with the life history and population dynamics of the pine vole, Microtus pinetorum. In the past there has been a void of ecological material concerning this small mammal in the southwestern region of its range. From November, 1969, through February, 1970, a survey was conducted in Marion County and Harrison County, Texas, to determine the most suitable habitat for an ecological study of Microtus pinetorum. A study was then initiated in March, 1970, and continued through March, 1971, on an undisturbed marsh five miles south of Marshall, Harrison County, Texas.
An Ecological Survey of the Herpetofauna of Palo Pinto County, Texas
The purpose of this research was to compile a presence list of reptiles and amphibians that occur in Palo Pinto County, Texas, and to investigate the ecological distributions and zoogeographic affinities of these herpetiles. The study area was chosen primarily because of its location in North Central Texas and its rugged topography, which sets it apart from the surrounding area.
An Ecological Survey of the Reptiles and Amphibians of Wise county, Texas
The purpose of this study was to record the relationships between the reptiles and amphibians of Wise County and the ecological subdivisions of the area. Wise County was chosen because of the heterogenity of the area and because of its proximity to other counties which have been previously and similarly studied.
Edaphic Factors Which Control the Distribution of the Common Mesquite, Prosopis Chilensis (Molina) Stuntz in Denton County, Texas
This paper deals with the distributional outgrowths of Prosopis chilensis (Molina) Stuntz, the common mesquite, in Denton County, Texas.
The Effects of Hexadecanol on the Microbiota of Lake Hefner
It seemed desirable to investigate more fully the effect of hexadecanol on the microbial population of a reservoir. It was the purpose of this investigation to determine the effect of hexadecanol on the micro-biota of Lake Hefner, to ascertain which organisms were stimulated by hexadecanol both in the laboratory and the reservoir, and to investigate the degradation of hexadecanol by microorganisms selected from Lake Hefner.
The Effects of Organic Surface Amendments on Soil Nutrients and Initial Tree Establishment
This study examined the effects of replicating woodland soil surface horizonation on the nutrient status of underlying soils and the initial establishment and growth of trees. A total of 283 container grown trees were planted in a bufferzone around a future landfill site. Control amendments consisted of an 8 cm layer (0.5 m3) of wood chips applied in a circular area of 4.6 m2 around the trees' planting pit. For the treatment, a 2.5 cm layer of composted biosolids (0.15 m3 or 80 Mg/ha) was applied in a circular area of 4.6 m2 around the trees' planting pit followed by an 8 cm layer (0.5 m3) of wood chips. The results indicate that the replication of woodland soil surface attributes using composted biosolids can significantly improve the nutrient status of underlying soil. Some significant effects were seen under control conditions, too. However, the effects on tree establishment and growth parameters were, for the most part, not statistically significant.
Eutrophic Levels of Different Areas of a Reservoir: A Comparative Study
It was the purpose of this investigation to attempt to demonstrate if differences in eutrophic levels existed among selected areas of Garza-Little Elm, and to demonstrate the role that sediments play in affecting eutrophication.
Evaluation in Soil Moisture in Soil and Water Conservation Practices in Denton, Texas
This investigation has attempted to show that soil and water conservation practices do increase the amount of soil moisture in five of Denton County, Texas soils: Denton clay, Durant clay, San Saba clay, Kirvin fine sandy loam, and Tabor fine sandy loam.
Evaluation of a Constructed Wetland to Reduce Toxicity from Diazinon at the Pecan Creek Wastewater Treatment Plant, Denton, TX
The City of Denton Pecan Creek Wastewater Treatment Facility has periodically failed effluent toxicity testing. A Toxicity Identification Evaluation has determined that Diazinon in the effluent is contributing to the observed toxicity. Chlorpyrifos is also implicated as a factor. The City of Denton constructed a half acre experimental wetland to remove Diazinon related toxicity. Results from spiking and microcosm experiments indicate that the wetland can reduce the Diazinon.
An Evaluation of the United States Soil Conservation Service Program of Grassland Recovery on the Land Utilization Project in Wise county, Texas
This investigation was undertaken in order to evaluate the United States Soil Conservation Service program of grassland recovery on the land utilization project in Wise County, Texas.
The Fecundity of the Bluegill (Lepomis Macrochirus) in Certain Small East Texas Reservoirs
A study of reproduction and spawning habits of the bluegill in a particular lake must include adequate samples for each period of the year. This will make it possible to determine the number of eggs in each spawn and the frequency of spawning. The number of spawns and average egg production for various sized fish shows the pattern of activity and makes possible further basic research.
Food Habit Analysis of the Two Species of Texas Crappie
This study is based upon information taken from stomach analysis of 302 black crappie and 561 white crappie; the following data will be presented: 1. Food of adults and fingerlings; 2. Diet variation in relation to food availability; 3. Seasonal variation of feeding habits; 4. Diet variation in relation to size of crappie. Collections were made from ten lakes located in North, East, Central, and South Texas.
Food Habits and Dietary Overlap of Four Species of Rodents from the Mesquite Plains of Texas
The coexistence of Dipodomys ordii and Perognathus hispidus with Peromyscus maniculatus and Reithrodontomys montanus was studied in a grassland association of central Texas. The food habits of these species were compared with information from habitat vegetation analysis in an effort to determine food selectivity and the amount and importance of niche overlap and competition among these rodents.
Geographic Variation in Chromosomes and Morphology of Peromyscus Maniculatus in Texas and Oklahoma
This study was initiated after finding two chromosomal types of Peromyscus maniculatus north and south of the Red River in Texas and Oklahoma. The problem was to explain the chromosomal variations and their implications to the systematics of the grassland subspecies of P. maniculatus in this region.