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 Collection: World War Two Collection
War in the Pacific: A Chronology January 1, 1941 through September 30, 1945
Text outlining major events in the Pacific Theater throughout World War II, organized by date. It also includes text for the Instrument of Surrender, appendices containing military and war data, a bibliography, and list of related Web sites. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc283775/
Oral History Interview with Harlan W. Crouse, July 2, 2004
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Interview with Army veteran Harlan W. Crouse. The interview includes Crouse's personal experiences about combat in the Philippines during World War II, the Japanese surrender in Yokohama Harbor, and being present during the post-war U.S. occupation of Japan. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306824/
Oral History Interview with Douglas R. Crawford, February 25, 2004
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Interview with Air Force veteran Douglas R. "Roy" Crawford. The interview includes Crawford's personal experiences about early family life, joining the U.S. Army Air Forces, training as a bulldozer operator, removing radioactive debris from Hiroshima, training as a radar operator at Edwards Air Force Base, California, and working as the radar tracker when Major Chuck Yeager broke the sound barrier in the Bell X-1 on October 19, 1947. Additionally, Crawford talks about his assignments to Clark Air Force Base, Philippines, and Korea, as a forward air observer, his role as an airborne radar operator during the Bay of Pigs invasion and the Cuban Missile Crisis, his various activities with the NASA Space Program, and clandestine missions with the CIA and Air America over Cambodia during the Vietnam War. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306797/
Oral History Interview with Leroy Ellis Cox, February 5, 2004
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Interview with Leroy Ellis Cox. The interview includes Cox's personal experiences about childhood and early adulthood in Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, and Colorado, World War-II-era Army Air Corps training in armaments and electronics, stateside service in the 303rd Bomb Group of the Eighth Air Force, aviation cadet training, serving as a B-25 instructor pilot, and as a DC-3 tow pilot for the glider program. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306926/
Oral History Interview with John L. Bates, Jr., September 21, 2003
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Interview with attorney and Army veteran John L. Bates Jr. The Interview includes Bates' personal experiences in the China-Burma-India Theater during World War II, Officer Candidate School, being selected for the Counter Intelligence Corps, British Intelligence School, assignment to Kweiyang, China, the end of the war and his transfer to the War Crimes Section as an Assistant Theater Judge Advocate, his assignment to Hankow to investigate the executions of three of Jimmy Doolittle's pilots and to Formosa to investigate war crimes, dealing with Japanese military personnel accused of committing atrocities against Allied POWs on Formosa, and his postwar career in the Army Reserve. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306826/
Oral History Interview with Frank Breyer, September 20, 2003
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Interview with Army veteran Frank Breyer. The interview includes Breyer's personal experiences about the China-Burma-India Theater during World War II, volunteering for the draft, various assignments, his attachment to Merrill's Marauders, medical evacuation to Ledo, combat around Bhamo, Burma, the opening of the Burma Road, transfer to the 612th Artillery and to Kunming, China, for artillery training, teaching artillery tactics to Chinese troops with the Chinese Combat and Training Command, and the resumption of fighting between Chinese Nationalist and Communist forces. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306862/
Oral History Interview with John J. Clemens, May 13, 2003
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Interview with John J. Clemens. The interview includes Clemens' personal experiences about childhood and early adulthood in Houston, Texas, World War II-era service in the U.S. Navy, serving aboard USS Wren in the Pacific Theater, and piloting a ship into Tokyo Bay immediately following the Japanese surrender. Clemens speaks about convoy missions across the Atlantic Ocean, the January 4, 1944 sinking of the USS Turner while moored in New York Harbor and the court of inquiry regarding the sinking, actions in the Aleutian Islands, Attu, Okinawa, and Philippine campaigns and anti-kamikaze warfare while aboard the USS Wren, and the effects that Allied bombing had on Tokyo. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306951/
Oral History Interview with Frank H. Bigelow, June 13, 2002
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Interview with Navy veteran Frank H. Bigelow, survivor of the siege of Corregidor. The interview includes Bigelow's personal experiences about being a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II, boyhood in North Dakota, various jobs during the Great Depression, and enlisting in the Navy. Additionally, Bigelow speaks about volunteering for duty in the Philippines and his assignment to the submarine tender USS Canopus, pre-war military life in the Philippines, the Japanese bombing of Cavite Navy Yard and the destruction of the Canopus, retreating to Bataan and to Corregidor, the fall of Corregidor, his confinement in the 92nd Garage area, the forced march down Dewey Boulevard in Manila and confinement at Cabanatuan, hell ship to Japan, coal mining for Mitsui Heavy Industries, the amputation of his leg by fellow prisoners after a mining accident, liberation, and the destruction in Nagasaki due to the atomic bomb. The interview includes an appendix with an article titled "A Soldier's Story." digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306899/
Oral History Interview with Alan A. Fouts, December 6, 2001
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Interview with Navy veteran Alan A. Fouts. The interview includes Fouts' personal experiences while assigned to the Submarine Base during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, and his subsequent service aboard the submarine USS Pogy in the Pacific Theater during World War II. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306925/
Oral History Interview with Elijah Collins, Jr., December 6, 2001
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Interview with Navy veteran Elijah Collins Jr. The interview includes Collins' personal experiences while aboard the destroyer USS Blue during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. Collins also talks about the Battle of Savo Island and the sinking of the Blue. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306785/
Oral History Interview with Herb Elfering, December 6, 2001
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Interview with electrical engineer and Army veteran Herb Elfering, The interview includes Elfering's personal experiences with a searchlight/radar battery, 251st Coast Artillery Regiment, at camp Malekole during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. Elfering also gives brief descriptions of his later experiences at Bougainville and Luzon. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306842/
Oral History Interview with Richard E. Cole, August 8, 2000
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Interview with Army Air Forces veteran Richard E. Cole. The interview includes Cole's personal experiences about being Jimmy Doolittle's co-pilot during the Tokyo Raid on April 8, 1942, pre-war education, flight training, volunteering for a secret mission and meeting Colonel Doolittle, being assigned as Doolittle's co-pilot, mission training, various B-25 missions against Japanese targets in China and Burma, flying supplies over "The Hump." transferring to the states and volunteering for service in Burma with the 1st Air Commandos to support Wingate's Chindits and Merrill's Marauders, and reunions of Doolittle's Raiders the following war. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306966/
Oral History Interview with William J. Bates, February 7, 2001
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Interview with Navy veteran William J. Bates. The interview includes Bates' personal experiences about the Pacific Theater during World War II, youth and education, the Navy Aviation Cadet Program, flight training, leaving naval aviation and attending Midshipman's School, being assigned to APc-21, operations off the coast of New Guinea with the VII Amphibious Force, providing escort duty for LCTs during assaults along the coast of New Guinea, the sinking of APc-21 by Japanese planes off New Britain Island, recuperating in New Guinea, returning to the States and being assigned to ATR-22, transferring to fleet tug ARA-182 as commanding officer, having convoy duty in the South Pacific, riding out a typhoon, disposing of Navy equipment after the war, and returning to the States. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306956/
Oral History Interview with Richard Donley, February 22, 1997
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Interview with Navy veteran Richard Donley. The interview includes Donley's personal experiences about the Mediterranean Theater during World War II, boot camp, Fleet Torpedo School, encounters with German "F-lighter" armed barges and E-boats, various assignments, and combat against enemy destroyers. Donley also talks about screening operations for the invasions of Sicily and Salerno, operations along the coasts of northern Italy and southern France and the interdiction of German barge traffic, torpedo problems, commando and intelligence operations, returning to the States, his reassignment to the Motor Torpedo Boats Training Center, and transferring to Samar, Philippines. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306840/
Oral History Interview with Jean Balch, October 12, 1996
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Interview with Navy veteran Jean Balch. The interview includes Balch's personal experiences about the Pacific theater, being a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II, boot camp, radio, radar, and gunnery school, operations during the Leyte invasion, missions over Luzon, and raids on Japanese installations on Formosa and Saigon, French Indo-China. Additionally, Balch talks about his plane being shot down on a raid to Hong Kong and his capture on January 16, 1945, interrogations and beatings by the Kempei-tai, imprisonment at Ofuna, Honshu, solitary confinement for six months and continued interrogation, beatings by Japanese prison guards, starvation diet, the end of the war and liberation, and his participation in the war crimes trials held by the International Military Tribunal. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306673/
Oral History Interview with Lanson B. Ditto, October 11, 1996
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Interview with Lanson B. Ditto, clothier and Navy veteran. The interview includes Ditto's personal experiences about the Pacific, Atlantic, and Mediterranean Theaters during World War II. Ditto talks about his education, enlistment in the Navy V-7 Program, midshipman training, assignment to the USS Langley, pre-war duty in the Philippines, coming of war and combat around the Philippines and Netherlands East Indies, the sinking of the Langley and his transfer to the USS Pecos, the sinking of the Pecos and his rescue by the USS Whipple, various naval battles and assignments, antisubmarine patrols off the Solomons, various escort duties, and his promotion to captain of the O'Toole. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306742/
1941: Texas Goes to War
This book is a collection of essays discussing the role of Texans in World War II. It examines both the Texas soldiers fighting in the European and Pacific theaters as well as the Texans on the Homefront. The essays describe both the military and social aspects of the war. Index starts on page 241. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc28326/
Oral History Interview with Leigh D. Josephson, May 27, 1986
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Interview with executive of Caltex Petroluem Corporation, Leigh D. Josephson, including his personal experiences related to employment with Standard Oil of California, his assignment to Bahrain and transfer to Caltex, the construction of Ras Tanura refinery in Saudi Arabia, and the bombing of the Bapco refinery in Bahrain. Josephson also talks about refinery operations in Bahrain during and after World War II, his various positions and responsibilities with Caltex and Bapco, work in Bahrain and the Philippines, his personal relationship with the Bahraini royal family, and the OPEC and Arab oil embargoes in 1967. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc335335/
Consumer rationing in World War Two
An overview of rationing, ration points, ration books, and ration coupons as instituted in the United States during World War II. Includes examples of ration points and stamps. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc3585/
Oral History Interview with Vernon Fuller, July 3, 1974
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Interview with Navy veteran Vernon Fuller. The interview includes Fuller's personal experiences while aboard the repair ship USS Argonne during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc335334/
Army ground forces light aviation.
"This manual is a guide for the military personnel of Army Ground Forces units who are concerned with organic light aviation. It describes the training, tactical employment, administration, maintenance, and supply of Army Ground Forces light aviation" (p. 1). The index begins on page 171. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc28312/
Service of the piece, twin 40-MM gun motor carriage M19.
Describes platoon organization, duties, drills, and operation of the equipment required to serve the twin 40-mm gun motor carriage M19. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc9497/
Newsmap : Army Areas
Front: Map shows 6 army areas in the U.S as of 11 June 1946. "A troop information program map: 11 June 1946." Back: Graphic chart of the organization of the war department. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc814/
Newsmap for the Armed Forces : going to school under the amended GI Bill of Rights
Front: Text describes: Education and job training for you -- Who is eligible? -- What kind of training can you get? -- How much training can you get? -- Who pays for your education? -- How do you apply for these benefits? Includes 3 photographs. Back: Memorandum to all officers and EM from Harry Truman, The White House, Washington, August 20, 1945. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc826/
Newsmap for the Armed Forces : UNO progress report
Front: Text describes the first meeting of the United Nations Organization. Maps:Proposed location of UNO corporate office -- Areas discussed at first Security Council meeting. Includes photographs: 1. Where Security Council will meet -- 2. UNO Site Committee -- 3. Secretary-General Trygve Lie -- 4. President Paul-Henri Spaak. Also includes: United Nations Organization [list of member countries]. Back: USAFI H.Q. Madison 3, Wisconsin, USA : for information--see your I and E officer ... Text describes the USAFI education program. Chart lists USAFI locations throughout the world. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc827/
Newsmap for the Armed Forces : U.S. fights world famine
Front: Text describes U.S. efforts to export grain to European countries to counteract starvation. Map: Average diets in European countries, based on the UNRRA Emergency Economic Committee Report of 6 February 1946. Back: For peace and our country - It's our job to : disarm the enemy, destroy his power, protect our country's interests, secure the peace, keep America strong. Text and illustration. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc828/
Newsmap for the Armed Forces : the sea-air navy : 319 warships set for Atlantic and Pacific fleets
Front: Text describes proposed post-war Atlantic and Pacific U.S. fleets. Shows graphic silhouettes of the different types of ships. Includes chart of proposed Navy personnel. Back: Let's not be fooled again... Text includes: Pro-German attitude grows as U.S. troops fraternize -- We talk tough, but we act soft -- Soldier's opinions of Germans rising. Reasons given for post-war occupation of Germany. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc829/
Newsmap for the Armed Forces : Iran, rich land poor land
Front: Text and illustrations highlight one of the kingdom of Iran and its vast, untapped oil reserves. Map: Iran. Photographs: The Shah of Iran, Mohamed Reza Pahlevi; British troops guard an oil refinery at Aradian; Mosque of Suz. Back: Text offers suggestions for making the most of post-war vocational and educational opportunities. Includes 7 photographs. Chart, Postwar Plans of Soldiers, is based on a survey conducted by the Research Branch of the Information-Education Division. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc830/
Newsmap for the Armed Forces : Unity in China
Front: Text highlights the new blueprint for a united democracy in China including Military Agreement, Coalition Government, and Civil Reform. Photographs: Prelude to unity: Gen. Marshall ... Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek and Mme. Chiang -- New freedom for the common man -- "Cease fire" ordered in Chungking: Gen. Chou En-Lai and Gen. Chang Chun Back: Text and illustrations show how the world has grown very small in terms of travel time since the invention of the steamship, the locomotive, and the airplane. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc831/
Newsmap for the Armed Forces : Operation Crossroads
Front: The text and illustrations highlight the issues in the atomic age, that humanity was perhaps at its most fateful crossroads. Photographs: Labor, industry sign wage agreements -- Radar reaches the Moon -- Pacific rendezvous -- Felix Gouin leads France -- Hans goes to the polls. Back: Highlights of 45 years (1901 - 1945) service of the Army Nurse Corps. Includes three photographs: U.S. nurses in Britain in 1918 -- Nurses in evacuation hospital, Sicily, 1943 -- Anzio : first nurses to receive Silver Star. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc832/
Service of the piece, 8-inch gun M1 and 240-MM howitzer M1.
"This manual prescribes the duties to be performed in the service of the piece [8-inch gun M1 and 240-mm howitzer M1] by the personnel normally assigned to one howitzer of gun section of the firing battery and by other firing battery personnel." Covers both the 8-inch gun M1 and the 240-mm howitzer M1. Prescribes duties to be performed in the service of both pieces of artillery. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc11813/
Newsmap for the Armed Forces : Demobilization
Front: Text and illustrations highlight the three phases of the demobilization plan. Back: A message from General Eisenhower (from an address delivered at Ottawa, 10 January 1946). digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc833/
Newsmap for the Armed Forces : UNO, 51 Nations Unite For Peace
Front: The text highlights the founding of the UNO. Map: UNO members, their colonies and territories. Photographs: the opening session of the UNO at Central Hall, London, 10 January, 1945; American delegates to the UNO in conference. Back: Illustration of a sailor and French ships accompany text describing how the French fleet was scuttled at Toulan--destroying the harbor and surrounding installations--to avoid use by the Germans. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc834/
Newsmap for the Armed Forces : End of a myth
Front: The text highlights the methods by which Japan adopted democractic principals after the war ended. Map: a typical Japanese village on Echigo Plain. Photographs: Images of Hirohito dressed in royal robes and Western style clothing Back: The 1946 calendar. Phrase: Soldiers' deposits pay 4% interest : see your personnel officer. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc836/
Newsmap for the Armed Forces : Moscow conference decisions
Front: Text describes 5 Moscow conference decisions. Maps: Moscow conference decisions as reflected on the global map. Includes photograph of Ernest Bevin (Britain), V. M. Molotov (Russia) and James F. Byrnes (U.S.) Back: Reenlistment. List of reasons to reenlist. Charts of income and retirement income for enlisted classes. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc837/
Am I proud! : I'm fighting famine-- by canning food at home.
This is a color poster with a 1/4" inch border. A dark-haired woman with a wide-eyed expression holds three large glass jars of vegetables in her arms. Three more jars can be seen at the lower area of the picture. The woman wears a ruffled apron. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc541/
Back your future with U.S. savings bonds.
Small color poster. A neatly-dressed family (father, mother, young boy and slightly older girl) smiles and looks upward. The boy holds a red toy plane and the girl holds a book. In the foreground, an arm wearing an "Uncle Sam" style sleeve pulls back the corner of a large U.S. flag which appears to be hanging curtain-like over the family. In the background is a desert landscape. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc567/
A message about food from the President of the United States.
A message from President Harry Truman, urging Americans to grow, preserve, and conserve food. This is an all lettered poster, white printing on blue background, with a U.S. seal appearing at the top center. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc542/
Newsmap : Facing Starvation! : Army food conservation program
6 photographs with text: Here's how you can help; eat less bread; take only what you eat; substitute for scarce foods; use less sugar; plant a garden. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc816/
Newsmap : Farm loans
Text describes how the amended GI Bill supports farm loans. Includes 6 photographs. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc823/
Newsmap : Job security
Text describes how the amended GI Bill of Rights helps veterans. Includes 2 photographs. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc825/
Newsmap : The Mediterranean area : a troop information program map
Large map of the Mediterranean area with insets of South Tyrol, Dodecanese Islands, and Venezia Giulia. "Shaded areas indicate disputed territories." Separate, supplemental memorandum gives correction to the boundary line between Greece and Turkey. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc815/
Newsmap : The Middle East
Maps shows Middle East. "A troop information program map." Relief shown by hachures. Table lists countries, capitals, area in sq. miles, and population. Map key indicates oil fields, oil pipe lines, principal railways, principal roads. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc821/
Newsmap : Wherever you are..
Large globe connected by lines to four smaller globes, a manual and a soldier instruct enlisted men and women on how to enroll in grade school, high school or college level courses through the USAFI. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc822/
Newsmap : You can stop the--black market : don't buy or sell on it!
Hand with pointing index finger emphasizes the message that "you" are instrumental in controlling the illegal buying and selling of goods. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc813/
Service of the piece, 155-MM gun M2, truck-drawn and tractor-drawn.
"This manual prescribes the duties to be performed in the service of the piece [155-mm gun M2] by the personnel normally assigned to one gun section of a firing battery." digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc11812/
The United Nations : for peace and world progress.
The top and bottom of the poster are blue. In the top portion is the title; in the middle portion is a chart of the organization of the United Nations; the bottom section has drawings and text explaining some of the UN's goals. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc144/
Newsmap for the Armed Forces : 1945: Year of Victory
Front: Text describes photographs. Photographs: German PWs arriving in States on V-E-Day; January: Yanks on Luzon; February: "Big three" at Yalta; March: across the Rhine at Remagen; April: Franklin Delano Roosevelt dies; May: V-E-Day; June: United Nations; July: Potsdam Conference; August: atomic age begins; September: V-J-Day ends World War II; October: Goering and 23 other high Nazis indicted for war crimes; November: new chief of staff; December: Moscow meeting. Back: If you plan to return to school or college. Text describes how to apply for college credit for Army training. 2 photographs. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc838/
Newsmap for the Armed Forces : Troop deployment
Front: Chart of U.S. troop deployment is keyed to world maps. 3 maps include Asiatic-Pacific, European, American areas of deployment. Back: V-E, V-J, VD : there is an enemy still to be defeated. Text warns of venereal diseases. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc839/
Newsmap for the Armed Forces : U.S. role in world affairs
Text describes U.S. role in world affairs and is keyed to map. Map projection is "designed to minimize distortions along the 40th parallel which runs approximately through Tokyo and Washington." digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc840/
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