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 Collection: World War Two Collection
War in the Pacific: A Chronology January 1, 1941 through September 30, 1945
Text outlining major events in the Pacific Theater throughout World War II, organized by date. It also includes text for the Instrument of Surrender, appendices containing military and war data, a bibliography, and list of related Web sites. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc283775/
Oral History Interview with Harlan W. Crouse, July 2, 2004
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Interview with Army veteran Harlan W. Crouse. The interview includes Crouse's personal experiences about combat in the Philippines during World War II, the Japanese surrender in Yokohama Harbor, and being present during the post-war U.S. occupation of Japan. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306824/
Oral History Interview with Douglas R. Crawford, February 25, 2004
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Interview with Air Force veteran Douglas R. "Roy" Crawford. The interview includes Crawford's personal experiences about early family life, joining the U.S. Army Air Forces, training as a bulldozer operator, removing radioactive debris from Hiroshima, training as a radar operator at Edwards Air Force Base, California, and working as the radar tracker when Major Chuck Yeager broke the sound barrier in the Bell X-1 on October 19, 1947. Additionally, Crawford talks about his assignments to Clark Air Force Base, Philippines, and Korea, as a forward air observer, his role as an airborne radar operator during the Bay of Pigs invasion and the Cuban Missile Crisis, his various activities with the NASA Space Program, and clandestine missions with the CIA and Air America over Cambodia during the Vietnam War. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306797/
Oral History Interview with Leroy Ellis Cox, February 5, 2004
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Interview with Leroy Ellis Cox. The interview includes Cox's personal experiences about childhood and early adulthood in Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, and Colorado, World War-II-era Army Air Corps training in armaments and electronics, stateside service in the 303rd Bomb Group of the Eighth Air Force, aviation cadet training, serving as a B-25 instructor pilot, and as a DC-3 tow pilot for the glider program. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306926/
Oral History Interview with John L. Bates, Jr., September 21, 2003
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Interview with attorney and Army veteran John L. Bates Jr. The Interview includes Bates' personal experiences in the China-Burma-India Theater during World War II, Officer Candidate School, being selected for the Counter Intelligence Corps, British Intelligence School, assignment to Kweiyang, China, the end of the war and his transfer to the War Crimes Section as an Assistant Theater Judge Advocate, his assignment to Hankow to investigate the executions of three of Jimmy Doolittle's pilots and to Formosa to investigate war crimes, dealing with Japanese military personnel accused of committing atrocities against Allied POWs on Formosa, and his postwar career in the Army Reserve. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306826/
Oral History Interview with Frank Breyer, September 20, 2003
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Interview with Army veteran Frank Breyer. The interview includes Breyer's personal experiences about the China-Burma-India Theater during World War II, volunteering for the draft, various assignments, his attachment to Merrill's Marauders, medical evacuation to Ledo, combat around Bhamo, Burma, the opening of the Burma Road, transfer to the 612th Artillery and to Kunming, China, for artillery training, teaching artillery tactics to Chinese troops with the Chinese Combat and Training Command, and the resumption of fighting between Chinese Nationalist and Communist forces. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306862/
Oral History Interview with John J. Clemens, May 13, 2003
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Interview with John J. Clemens. The interview includes Clemens' personal experiences about childhood and early adulthood in Houston, Texas, World War II-era service in the U.S. Navy, serving aboard USS Wren in the Pacific Theater, and piloting a ship into Tokyo Bay immediately following the Japanese surrender. Clemens speaks about convoy missions across the Atlantic Ocean, the January 4, 1944 sinking of the USS Turner while moored in New York Harbor and the court of inquiry regarding the sinking, actions in the Aleutian Islands, Attu, Okinawa, and Philippine campaigns and anti-kamikaze warfare while aboard the USS Wren, and the effects that Allied bombing had on Tokyo. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306951/
Oral History Interview with Frank H. Bigelow, June 13, 2002
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Interview with Navy veteran Frank H. Bigelow, survivor of the siege of Corregidor. The interview includes Bigelow's personal experiences about being a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II, boyhood in North Dakota, various jobs during the Great Depression, and enlisting in the Navy. Additionally, Bigelow speaks about volunteering for duty in the Philippines and his assignment to the submarine tender USS Canopus, pre-war military life in the Philippines, the Japanese bombing of Cavite Navy Yard and the destruction of the Canopus, retreating to Bataan and to Corregidor, the fall of Corregidor, his confinement in the 92nd Garage area, the forced march down Dewey Boulevard in Manila and confinement at Cabanatuan, hell ship to Japan, coal mining for Mitsui Heavy Industries, the amputation of his leg by fellow prisoners after a mining accident, liberation, and the destruction in Nagasaki due to the atomic bomb. The interview includes an appendix with an article titled "A Soldier's Story." digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306899/
Oral History Interview with Alan A. Fouts, December 6, 2001
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Interview with Navy veteran Alan A. Fouts. The interview includes Fouts' personal experiences while assigned to the Submarine Base during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, and his subsequent service aboard the submarine USS Pogy in the Pacific Theater during World War II. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306925/
Oral History Interview with Elijah Collins, Jr., December 6, 2001
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Interview with Navy veteran Elijah Collins Jr. The interview includes Collins' personal experiences while aboard the destroyer USS Blue during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. Collins also talks about the Battle of Savo Island and the sinking of the Blue. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306785/
Oral History Interview with Herb Elfering, December 6, 2001
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Interview with electrical engineer and Army veteran Herb Elfering, The interview includes Elfering's personal experiences with a searchlight/radar battery, 251st Coast Artillery Regiment, at camp Malekole during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. Elfering also gives brief descriptions of his later experiences at Bougainville and Luzon. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306842/
Oral History Interview with Richard E. Cole, August 8, 2000
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Interview with Army Air Forces veteran Richard E. Cole. The interview includes Cole's personal experiences about being Jimmy Doolittle's co-pilot during the Tokyo Raid on April 8, 1942, pre-war education, flight training, volunteering for a secret mission and meeting Colonel Doolittle, being assigned as Doolittle's co-pilot, mission training, various B-25 missions against Japanese targets in China and Burma, flying supplies over "The Hump." transferring to the states and volunteering for service in Burma with the 1st Air Commandos to support Wingate's Chindits and Merrill's Marauders, and reunions of Doolittle's Raiders the following war. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306966/
Oral History Interview with William J. Bates, February 7, 2001
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Interview with Navy veteran William J. Bates. The interview includes Bates' personal experiences about the Pacific Theater during World War II, youth and education, the Navy Aviation Cadet Program, flight training, leaving naval aviation and attending Midshipman's School, being assigned to APc-21, operations off the coast of New Guinea with the VII Amphibious Force, providing escort duty for LCTs during assaults along the coast of New Guinea, the sinking of APc-21 by Japanese planes off New Britain Island, recuperating in New Guinea, returning to the States and being assigned to ATR-22, transferring to fleet tug ARA-182 as commanding officer, having convoy duty in the South Pacific, riding out a typhoon, disposing of Navy equipment after the war, and returning to the States. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306956/
Oral History Interview with Richard Donley, February 22, 1997
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Interview with Navy veteran Richard Donley. The interview includes Donley's personal experiences about the Mediterranean Theater during World War II, boot camp, Fleet Torpedo School, encounters with German "F-lighter" armed barges and E-boats, various assignments, and combat against enemy destroyers. Donley also talks about screening operations for the invasions of Sicily and Salerno, operations along the coasts of northern Italy and southern France and the interdiction of German barge traffic, torpedo problems, commando and intelligence operations, returning to the States, his reassignment to the Motor Torpedo Boats Training Center, and transferring to Samar, Philippines. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306840/
Oral History Interview with Jean Balch, October 12, 1996
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Interview with Navy veteran Jean Balch. The interview includes Balch's personal experiences about the Pacific theater, being a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II, boot camp, radio, radar, and gunnery school, operations during the Leyte invasion, missions over Luzon, and raids on Japanese installations on Formosa and Saigon, French Indo-China. Additionally, Balch talks about his plane being shot down on a raid to Hong Kong and his capture on January 16, 1945, interrogations and beatings by the Kempei-tai, imprisonment at Ofuna, Honshu, solitary confinement for six months and continued interrogation, beatings by Japanese prison guards, starvation diet, the end of the war and liberation, and his participation in the war crimes trials held by the International Military Tribunal. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306673/
Oral History Interview with Lanson B. Ditto, October 11, 1996
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Interview with Lanson B. Ditto, clothier and Navy veteran. The interview includes Ditto's personal experiences about the Pacific, Atlantic, and Mediterranean Theaters during World War II. Ditto talks about his education, enlistment in the Navy V-7 Program, midshipman training, assignment to the USS Langley, pre-war duty in the Philippines, coming of war and combat around the Philippines and Netherlands East Indies, the sinking of the Langley and his transfer to the USS Pecos, the sinking of the Pecos and his rescue by the USS Whipple, various naval battles and assignments, antisubmarine patrols off the Solomons, various escort duties, and his promotion to captain of the O'Toole. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306742/
1941: Texas Goes to War
This book is a collection of essays discussing the role of Texans in World War II. It examines both the Texas soldiers fighting in the European and Pacific theaters as well as the Texans on the Homefront. The essays describe both the military and social aspects of the war. Index starts on page 241. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc28326/
Oral History Interview with Leigh D. Josephson, May 27, 1986
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Interview with executive of Caltex Petroluem Corporation, Leigh D. Josephson, including his personal experiences related to employment with Standard Oil of California, his assignment to Bahrain and transfer to Caltex, the construction of Ras Tanura refinery in Saudi Arabia, and the bombing of the Bapco refinery in Bahrain. Josephson also talks about refinery operations in Bahrain during and after World War II, his various positions and responsibilities with Caltex and Bapco, work in Bahrain and the Philippines, his personal relationship with the Bahraini royal family, and the OPEC and Arab oil embargoes in 1967. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc335335/
Consumer rationing in World War Two
An overview of rationing, ration points, ration books, and ration coupons as instituted in the United States during World War II. Includes examples of ration points and stamps. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc3585/
Oral History Interview with Vernon Fuller, July 3, 1974
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Interview with Navy veteran Vernon Fuller. The interview includes Fuller's personal experiences while aboard the repair ship USS Argonne during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc335334/
26 job opportunities in the United States Army Air Forces.
Folded brochure containing panels which can be folded out and used as posters. One side has photographs depicting 26 Army Air Force jobs. Another side has photographs of different types of military airplanes and depicts the jobs associated with flying and maintaining a B-17 airplane. On the reverse side are job descriptions and requirements. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc140/
All the ear-marks of a sneaky Jap! : don't discuss your job!
Black & white cartoon drawing of two men talking. One hushes the other, while pointing upward at a drawing of a human ear centered on a Japanese flag design. In the background is a large ship and a factory. Two flags fly over the factory: One with an "E" on it, and another with "RCA" on it. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc160/
A battery of Britain's giant coastal-defence guns mounted on railway trucks.
Poster is a color drawing of a large military gun mounted on a train truck. The gun is being fired, and similar guns are seen firing in the distance. Small figures of soldiers can be seen covering their ears. The background is a brightly colored yellow and orange sky. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc444/
A British "Blenheim" bomber of the Coastal Command aids a British destroyer in smashing a German submarine.
Poster is a pastel drawing of an aircraft bombing a submarine. A British ship is shown behind the bombed submarine, and other ships can be seen in the distance. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc574/
British bombers have carried out over 1,600 raids on Germany (up to May, 1941)
Color poster is a stylized drawing of aircraft in battle. Four bomber planes are depicted in camouflage. A large explosion is shown at the upper left corner of the picture. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc573/
British tanks hurled Italy out of Abyssinia, and in Libya completely wrecked Axis plans of conquest.
Color illustration of tanks driving across a desert. The ground and sky are depicted in yellow and orange tones. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc572/
Catafighters.
A series of 5 cm. boxes with drawings and captions below in rows of 4 across and 6 down. Drawings are comic book style with text explanations written below each box. The banner at the top has "RN" and "RAF" printed on either side of the title. Poster has red, black, and blue printing on white background. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc401/
China carries on.
Color poster shows a Chinese soldier walking in a determined manner with a rifle in his hands. Behind him, a small Chinese child stands next to a covered corpse. The child wears a white tunic and pants and a green vest and is barefoot. In the background is a pagoda. Near the right edge of the poster are painted four Chinese characters in red. The characters roughly translate as "Unite Against the Enemy and Rebuild Our Nation." digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc579/
China shall have our help! : United China Relief.
Color poster of a Chinese man and woman walking. The woman carries a young child on her back. The man's right arm is in a sling. The man and woman wear plain blue clothing and the child wears a red garment. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc370/
China shall have our help! : United China Relief.
Color poster of a Chinese man and woman walking. The woman carries a young child on her back. The man's right arm is in a sling. The man and woman wear plain blue clothing and the child wears a red garment. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc369/
Choose for victory : try a V dish to-day.
Picture of a restaurant menu with a large orange "V" on it. A large black arrow marked "VICTORY DISH" points to the orange "V". At the bottom of the menu is the phrase, "Go Easy with Bread". The background behind the menu is green. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc539/
[Decline of the Rising Sun]
Black and white cartoon. A figure made of Wickwire Spencer rope uses a part of itself to hang a caricature of a distressed Hideki Tojo, who appears to be partially immersed in the sea. Behind Tojo's head are rays resembling those of a Japanese Rising Sun symbol. A volcano or mountain can be seen in the distant background. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc598/
Desert victory : the actual story of the rout of Rommel by the British Eighth Army : a full-length feature picture.
Movie poster in brown and red tones, promoting the film, "Desert Victory". At the top is a close-up image of a portion of a typed document: "Directive to General Alexander, Commander-in-Chief in the Middle East" and photographs of Bernard Montgomery (left) and Harold Alexander (right) in uniform; along the left side are three photographs of wartime scenes; and at the lower right is an illustration of a battle scene. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc465/
Follow me! : men 18-19, these can be yours-- apply now at any U.S. Army recruiting and induction station.
Black & white photograph on a yellow background. A soldier climbs a hill, his arm raised as if to wave a group onward. At right is an inset titled, "These can be yours". It shows the insignia and monthly base pay for each Army grade (rank). digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc531/
Full speed ahead! : produce for your Navy, victory begins at home!
Color poster of a smaller boat attacking a large ship that flies the Japanese flag. This is a night scene. The ship has spotlights on and there is an explosion near the ship. In lower right corner of the painting there is a light blue rectangle of text superimposed over the painting with the title "U.S. NAVY DISPATCH" and a quote. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc379/
Help him ... help yourself ... : for victory, at least 10% of your pay every payday.
Color poster features black and white photographs, with large arrows containing captions pointing to each photo. The captions explain the benefits of war bonds. One photograph is of a soldier in a combat uniform, holding a rifle. The other photograph is of a man in a work shirt, doing mechanical work. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc522/
Here's a war job for you : railroad workers urgently needed.
Five tracks of locomotives run side by side. One of the trains is transporting army tanks. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc250/
Hit hard! Hit fast! Hit often! : produce for your Navy : victory begins at home!
Image of Admiral W.F. Halsey holding binoculars and looking into the distance. He appears to be on a ship. He wears a leather jacket and a green garrison cap with a Navy pilot wing pin. In the lower right corner of the picture is a yellow box with text, "U.S. NAVY DISPATCH" etc. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc486/
Keep 'em flying.
Black and white poster describes the qualifications and pay for U.S. Army Air Corps positions. In a black & white photograph below the text, a large group of Flying Cadets in flight suits walks toward the viewer. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc513/
Keep punching-- in the battle of production : beat your promise!
Black & white cartoon depicts two boxers in the midst of fighting. The boxer on the left is a stereotypical caricature of a Japanese man. He holds a sword labeled "Remember Pearl Harbor". The boxer on the right represents "You & I", according to a sign behind him. He is Caucasian with dark curly hair. His gloves are labeled, "All-Out Production" and "No Waste" and he punches the Japanese fighter. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc149/
Keep your Red Cross at his side : give!
Image of a soldier in a helmet. Green foliage is seen in the background. A large Red Cross symbol appears in the lower right area of the poster. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc323/
Learn to recognize these vehicles : heavy tanks and self-propelled artillery.
Black & white chart with orange side bar. The chart features black & white drawings of front and profile views of heavy tanks and self-propelled artillery. Included are American, Russian, German, Japanese, and English tanks. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc508/
Make your own declaration of war : buy war bonds.
Poster in black & white and red tones. A soldier stands next to a facsimile of a declaration of war against Japan. He holds his rifle with bayonet with one hand and points at the viewer with the other. The declaration of war is signed by Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Sam Rayburn, and H.A. Wallace. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc139/
Materials are precious!--let's make every piece count!
Cartoon image of the Pacific portion of the earth's globe. In the upper left corner is a smiling Caucasian man in overalls labeled, "You & I" standing in front of a factory. In the foreground, across the ocean, is a caricature of a Japanese soldier (probably Hideki Tojo) running from an artillery shell, over a tropical landscape. Behind him flies a bird saying "D'ya remember Pearl Harbor, kid?!" In the distance is a battleship. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc150/
Metal for victory! : keep it coming.
A series of five black & white photographs and captions depicting of war activities involving metal. Poster has red border. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc476/
Metal makes might! : keep it coming!
Navy and white poster has blue background with text at the top. There are six blue and white pictures in two rows of three depicting metal in use. Each picture has a caption at the bottom and a white border. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc304/
More copper-zinc-lead-- quick!
A soldier holding a rifle talks to a miner holding a drilling tool. The soldier is gesturing behind him toward the ruins of a town, saying, "Give us metal so it won't happen here". digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc319/
"No nation of slaves can match a nation of free men. We're doing more because we want to than they can because they have to!" : produce for victory!
50 men dressed in work clothes stand assembled in vague lines and gaze toward the left as if at a rally. All of the men appear to have light-colored skin and clean-shaven faces. Most are wearing caps or hats. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc157/
An open letter to the unconquerable Czechoslovaks.
A poem praising the Czechoslovakians for defying the Nazis in World War II. Framing the poem is a painting showing the white, red, and blue flag of Czechoslovakia, with a man's face depicted in the left side of the flag in a blue triangle. An image of the double-tailed lion from the Czech heraldic emblem is superimposed over the flag on the right side. A war zone appears along the lower edge below the poem. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc204/
An open letter to the unconquerable Dutch.
A poem praising the Dutch for defying the Nazis in World War II. The poem is framed by a painting of a tattered Dutch flag, in front of which are two hands bound with broken chains. Behind the flag is a Dutch landscape, including windmills and the ocean, depicted as a war zone. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc586/
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