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 Collection: World War Two Collection
Oral History Interview with Douglas R. Crawford, February 25, 2004

Oral History Interview with Douglas R. Crawford, February 25, 2004

Access: Use of this item is restricted to the UNT Community.
Date: February 25, 2004
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Crawford, Douglas R.
Description: Interview with Air Force veteran Douglas R. "Roy" Crawford. The interview includes Crawford's personal experiences about early family life, joining the U.S. Army Air Forces, training as a bulldozer operator, removing radioactive debris from Hiroshima, training as a radar operator at Edwards Air Force Base, California, and working as the radar tracker when Major Chuck Yeager broke the sound barrier in the Bell X-1 on October 19, 1947. Additionally, Crawford talks about his assignments to Clark Air Force Base, Philippines, and Korea, as a forward air observer, his role as an airborne radar operator during the Bay of Pigs invasion and the Cuban Missile Crisis, his various activities with the NASA Space Program, and clandestine missions with the CIA and Air America over Cambodia during the Vietnam War.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Harlan W. Crouse, July 2, 2004

Oral History Interview with Harlan W. Crouse, July 2, 2004

Access: Use of this item is restricted to the UNT Community.
Date: July 2, 2004
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Crouse, Harlan W.
Description: Interview with Army veteran Harlan W. Crouse. The interview includes Crouse's personal experiences about combat in the Philippines during World War II, the Japanese surrender in Yokohama Harbor, and being present during the post-war U.S. occupation of Japan.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Lanson B. Ditto, October 11, 1996

Oral History Interview with Lanson B. Ditto, October 11, 1996

Access: Use of this item is restricted to the UNT Community.
Date: October 11, 1996
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Ditto, Lanson B.
Description: Interview with Lanson B. Ditto, clothier and Navy veteran. The interview includes Ditto's personal experiences about the Pacific, Atlantic, and Mediterranean Theaters during World War II. Ditto talks about his education, enlistment in the Navy V-7 Program, midshipman training, assignment to the USS Langley, pre-war duty in the Philippines, coming of war and combat around the Philippines and Netherlands East Indies, the sinking of the Langley and his transfer to the USS Pecos, the sinking of the Pecos and his rescue by the USS Whipple, various naval battles and assignments, antisubmarine patrols off the Solomons, various escort duties, and his promotion to captain of the O'Toole.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Richard Donley, February 22, 1997

Oral History Interview with Richard Donley, February 22, 1997

Access: Use of this item is restricted to the UNT Community.
Date: February 22, 1997
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Donley, Richard
Description: Interview with Navy veteran Richard Donley. The interview includes Donley's personal experiences about the Mediterranean Theater during World War II, boot camp, Fleet Torpedo School, encounters with German "F-lighter" armed barges and E-boats, various assignments, and combat against enemy destroyers. Donley also talks about screening operations for the invasions of Sicily and Salerno, operations along the coasts of northern Italy and southern France and the interdiction of German barge traffic, torpedo problems, commando and intelligence operations, returning to the States, his reassignment to the Motor Torpedo Boats Training Center, and transferring to Samar, Philippines.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Herb Elfering, December 6, 2001

Oral History Interview with Herb Elfering, December 6, 2001

Access: Use of this item is restricted to the UNT Community.
Date: December 6, 2001
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Elfering, Herb
Description: Interview with electrical engineer and Army veteran Herb Elfering, The interview includes Elfering's personal experiences with a searchlight/radar battery, 251st Coast Artillery Regiment, at camp Malekole during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. Elfering also gives brief descriptions of his later experiences at Bougainville and Luzon.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Alan A. Fouts, December 6, 2001

Oral History Interview with Alan A. Fouts, December 6, 2001

Access: Use of this item is restricted to the UNT Community.
Date: December 6, 2001
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Fouts, Alan A.
Description: Interview with Navy veteran Alan A. Fouts. The interview includes Fouts' personal experiences while assigned to the Submarine Base during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, and his subsequent service aboard the submarine USS Pogy in the Pacific Theater during World War II.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
All the ear-marks of a sneaky Jap! : don't discuss your job!

All the ear-marks of a sneaky Jap! : don't discuss your job!

Date: unknown
Creator: Alexander.
Description: Black & white cartoon drawing of two men talking. One hushes the other, while pointing upward at a drawing of a human ear centered on a Japanese flag design. In the background is a large ship and a factory. Two flags fly over the factory: One with an "E" on it, and another with "RCA" on it.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Keep punching--  in the battle of production : beat your promise!

Keep punching-- in the battle of production : beat your promise!

Date: unknown
Creator: Alexander.
Description: Black & white cartoon depicts two boxers in the midst of fighting. The boxer on the left is a stereotypical caricature of a Japanese man. He holds a sword labeled "Remember Pearl Harbor". The boxer on the right represents "You & I", according to a sign behind him. He is Caucasian with dark curly hair. His gloves are labeled, "All-Out Production" and "No Waste" and he punches the Japanese fighter.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Materials are precious!--let's make every piece count!

Materials are precious!--let's make every piece count!

Date: unknown
Creator: Alexander.
Description: Cartoon image of the Pacific portion of the earth's globe. In the upper left corner is a smiling Caucasian man in overalls labeled, "You & I" standing in front of a factory. In the foreground, across the ocean, is a caricature of a Japanese soldier (probably Hideki Tojo) running from an artillery shell, over a tropical landscape. Behind him flies a bird saying "D'ya remember Pearl Harbor, kid?!" In the distance is a battleship.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The sky's the limit! : keep buying war bonds.

The sky's the limit! : keep buying war bonds.

Date: 1944
Creator: Allen, Courtney, 1896-1969.
Description: Color poster of a female mechanic and two male mechanics maintaining or building an airplane. Other military airplanes can be seen on the ground in the background. A "6th War Loan" seal in the upper right corner of the poster depicts a bomb about to strike a Japanese flag.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Become a nurse : your country needs you.

Become a nurse : your country needs you.

Date: 1942
Creator: American Nurses Association. Nursing Information Bureau.
Description: Color poster of a young woman receiving her nursing cap. A male (only the hands and sleeves are shown) is placing it on her head. He wears blue sleeves with a stars-and-stripes motif on the cuffs. The young woman wears a blue cotton uniform with a white collar, cuffs, and pocket handkerchief.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Our wounded need help! : ten ways you can release nurses for military service.

Our wounded need help! : ten ways you can release nurses for military service.

Date: unknown
Creator: American Red Cross.
Description: All lettered poster with red and black text, describing how to conserve health resources and help recruit nurses for military and civilian services.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Americans suffer when careless talk kills!

Americans suffer when careless talk kills!

Date: 1943
Creator: Anderson, Harry Martin
Description: Color illustration of an older man in overalls, with his arm around a weeping older woman in a simple dress and apron. The woman holds a "Western Union" telegram and wipes her tears with her apron skirt. On the wall behind them hangs a service flag with a blue star centered on a white background, with a red border. (A blue star signifies a family member who is alive and serving in the war.)
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
[Decline of the Rising Sun]

[Decline of the Rising Sun]

Date: unknown
Creator: Artzybasheff, Boris, 1899-1965.
Description: Black and white cartoon. A figure made of Wickwire Spencer rope uses a part of itself to hang a caricature of a distressed Hideki Tojo, who appears to be partially immersed in the sea. Behind Tojo's head are rays resembling those of a Japanese Rising Sun symbol. A volcano or mountain can be seen in the distant background.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
[Happy days!]

[Happy days!]

Date: 1942
Creator: Artzybasheff, Boris, 1899-1965.
Description: Cartoon drawing. Hitler, Mussolini, and a Japanese character are depicted as apes behind a chain-link fence or cage. A pear tree is seen in the foreground, outside the fence. A dead tree is seen in the background, inside the fence.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Screening the Axis.

Screening the Axis.

Date: 1942
Creator: Artzybasheff, Boris, 1899-1965.
Description: A mesh metal being stands upright holding a metal sieve through which he strains the metal weaponry out of the enemy. Nazi and Japanese soldiers rain down into the sieve. Above and behind them are dark clouds with lightning striking downward toward the sieve. In the far background is a town.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
[Springs with stings]

[Springs with stings]

Date: 1942
Creator: Artzybasheff, Boris, 1899-1965.
Description: A figure made of wire and springs pinches the nose of a caricature of Adolf Hitler, whose arms and legs form a swastika. Hitler holds a knife in one hand.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Springs with stings ... : you can speed victory by salvaging and selling old metal. The steel industry needs scrap!

Springs with stings ... : you can speed victory by salvaging and selling old metal. The steel industry needs scrap!

Date: 1942
Creator: Artzybasheff, Boris, 1899-1965.
Description: A black & white drawing on the top half of the poster shows a metal spring figure pinching a cartoon Hitler's nose. Hitler's bare arms and legs form a swastika, and he holds a knife. The lower portion of the poster is text, with a small picture displaying various steel products. Under drawing is text and picture saying what steel is used for. The company's name, address, and logo appear at the bottom. Red text at the bottom explains the purpose of the advertisement and where it appears: Time and Business Week.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
[Wire to the Axis]

[Wire to the Axis]

Date: unknown
Creator: Artzybasheff, Boris, 1899-1965.
Description: A serpent made of metal wears a helmet with a swastika on it. The serpent has long tail, sharp teeth, and a long snout. Smoke billows in background. Metal beams in a "V" formation appear to approach the serpent from the upper left area of the poster.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
[Wire with a kick]

[Wire with a kick]

Date: 1942
Creator: Artzybasheff, Boris, 1899-1965.
Description: A figure made of wire kicks a swastika-shaped caricature of Hitler. In the background at right is a factory with smokestacks. In the background at left are flames rising from the ocean.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
For freedom's sake : buy war bonds.

For freedom's sake : buy war bonds.

Date: 1943
Creator: Atherton, John, 1900-1952.
Description: Small color poster promoting war bonds. In the foreground is an image of the Concord Minute Man statue (a sculpture by Daniel Chester French in Concord, Massachusetts). In the background is a town landscape.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
For freedom's sake : buy war bonds.

For freedom's sake : buy war bonds.

Date: 1943
Creator: Atherton, John, 1900-1952.
Description: Color poster promoting war bonds. In the foreground is an image of the Concord Minute Man statue (a sculpture by Daniel Chester French in Concord, Massachusetts). In the background is a town landscape.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An open letter to the unconquerable Dutch.

An open letter to the unconquerable Dutch.

Date: unknown
Creator: Atherton, John, 1900-1952. & Auslander, Joseph, 1897-1965.
Description: A poem praising the Dutch for defying the Nazis in World War II. The poem is framed by a painting of a tattered Dutch flag, in front of which are two hands bound with broken chains. Behind the flag is a Dutch landscape, including windmills and the ocean, depicted as a war zone.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"We, the Americans of today, know our duty to the Americans of yesterday and the Americans of tomorrow. We shall keep the fires of freedom burning." : produce for victory!

"We, the Americans of today, know our duty to the Americans of yesterday and the Americans of tomorrow. We shall keep the fires of freedom burning." : produce for victory!

Date: 1942
Creator: Aulik, Keith J.
Description: A man with stubble, brown eyes, and white hair looks out unsmiling toward the viewer. He wears a cap and stands before a hazy blue background.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department