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 Collection: World War Two Collection
Give us lumber for more PT's.
Color image of war ships at sea. In the foreground is a boat with "PT 34" painted on it, shining a light and speeding forward. In the background, a ship is sinking as explosive flames rise from it. Other ships and flames can be seen in the distance on the left. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc334/
Oral History Interview with Jean Balch, October 12, 1996
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Interview with Navy veteran Jean Balch. The interview includes Balch's personal experiences about the Pacific theater, being a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II, boot camp, radio, radar, and gunnery school, operations during the Leyte invasion, missions over Luzon, and raids on Japanese installations on Formosa and Saigon, French Indo-China. Additionally, Balch talks about his plane being shot down on a raid to Hong Kong and his capture on January 16, 1945, interrogations and beatings by the Kempei-tai, imprisonment at Ofuna, Honshu, solitary confinement for six months and continued interrogation, beatings by Japanese prison guards, starvation diet, the end of the war and liberation, and his participation in the war crimes trials held by the International Military Tribunal. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306673/
Oral History Interview with John L. Bates, Jr., September 21, 2003
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Interview with attorney and Army veteran John L. Bates Jr. The Interview includes Bates' personal experiences in the China-Burma-India Theater during World War II, Officer Candidate School, being selected for the Counter Intelligence Corps, British Intelligence School, assignment to Kweiyang, China, the end of the war and his transfer to the War Crimes Section as an Assistant Theater Judge Advocate, his assignment to Hankow to investigate the executions of three of Jimmy Doolittle's pilots and to Formosa to investigate war crimes, dealing with Japanese military personnel accused of committing atrocities against Allied POWs on Formosa, and his postwar career in the Army Reserve. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306826/
Oral History Interview with William J. Bates, February 7, 2001
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Interview with Navy veteran William J. Bates. The interview includes Bates' personal experiences about the Pacific Theater during World War II, youth and education, the Navy Aviation Cadet Program, flight training, leaving naval aviation and attending Midshipman's School, being assigned to APc-21, operations off the coast of New Guinea with the VII Amphibious Force, providing escort duty for LCTs during assaults along the coast of New Guinea, the sinking of APc-21 by Japanese planes off New Britain Island, recuperating in New Guinea, returning to the States and being assigned to ATR-22, transferring to fleet tug ARA-182 as commanding officer, having convoy duty in the South Pacific, riding out a typhoon, disposing of Navy equipment after the war, and returning to the States. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306956/
Oral History Interview with Frank H. Bigelow, June 13, 2002
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Interview with Navy veteran Frank H. Bigelow, survivor of the siege of Corregidor. The interview includes Bigelow's personal experiences about being a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II, boyhood in North Dakota, various jobs during the Great Depression, and enlisting in the Navy. Additionally, Bigelow speaks about volunteering for duty in the Philippines and his assignment to the submarine tender USS Canopus, pre-war military life in the Philippines, the Japanese bombing of Cavite Navy Yard and the destruction of the Canopus, retreating to Bataan and to Corregidor, the fall of Corregidor, his confinement in the 92nd Garage area, the forced march down Dewey Boulevard in Manila and confinement at Cabanatuan, hell ship to Japan, coal mining for Mitsui Heavy Industries, the amputation of his leg by fellow prisoners after a mining accident, liberation, and the destruction in Nagasaki due to the atomic bomb. The interview includes an appendix with an article titled "A Soldier's Story." digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306899/
Oral History Interview with Frank Breyer, September 20, 2003
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Interview with Army veteran Frank Breyer. The interview includes Breyer's personal experiences about the China-Burma-India Theater during World War II, volunteering for the draft, various assignments, his attachment to Merrill's Marauders, medical evacuation to Ledo, combat around Bhamo, Burma, the opening of the Burma Road, transfer to the 612th Artillery and to Kunming, China, for artillery training, teaching artillery tactics to Chinese troops with the Chinese Combat and Training Command, and the resumption of fighting between Chinese Nationalist and Communist forces. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306862/
Oral History Interview with John J. Clemens, May 13, 2003
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Interview with John J. Clemens. The interview includes Clemens' personal experiences about childhood and early adulthood in Houston, Texas, World War II-era service in the U.S. Navy, serving aboard USS Wren in the Pacific Theater, and piloting a ship into Tokyo Bay immediately following the Japanese surrender. Clemens speaks about convoy missions across the Atlantic Ocean, the January 4, 1944 sinking of the USS Turner while moored in New York Harbor and the court of inquiry regarding the sinking, actions in the Aleutian Islands, Attu, Okinawa, and Philippine campaigns and anti-kamikaze warfare while aboard the USS Wren, and the effects that Allied bombing had on Tokyo. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306951/
Oral History Interview with Richard E. Cole, August 8, 2000
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Interview with Army Air Forces veteran Richard E. Cole. The interview includes Cole's personal experiences about being Jimmy Doolittle's co-pilot during the Tokyo Raid on April 8, 1942, pre-war education, flight training, volunteering for a secret mission and meeting Colonel Doolittle, being assigned as Doolittle's co-pilot, mission training, various B-25 missions against Japanese targets in China and Burma, flying supplies over "The Hump." transferring to the states and volunteering for service in Burma with the 1st Air Commandos to support Wingate's Chindits and Merrill's Marauders, and reunions of Doolittle's Raiders the following war. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306966/
Oral History Interview with Elijah Collins, Jr., December 6, 2001
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Interview with Navy veteran Elijah Collins Jr. The interview includes Collins' personal experiences while aboard the destroyer USS Blue during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. Collins also talks about the Battle of Savo Island and the sinking of the Blue. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306785/
Oral History Interview with Leroy Ellis Cox, February 5, 2004
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Interview with Leroy Ellis Cox. The interview includes Cox's personal experiences about childhood and early adulthood in Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, and Colorado, World War-II-era Army Air Corps training in armaments and electronics, stateside service in the 303rd Bomb Group of the Eighth Air Force, aviation cadet training, serving as a B-25 instructor pilot, and as a DC-3 tow pilot for the glider program. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306926/
Oral History Interview with Douglas R. Crawford, February 25, 2004
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Interview with Air Force veteran Douglas R. "Roy" Crawford. The interview includes Crawford's personal experiences about early family life, joining the U.S. Army Air Forces, training as a bulldozer operator, removing radioactive debris from Hiroshima, training as a radar operator at Edwards Air Force Base, California, and working as the radar tracker when Major Chuck Yeager broke the sound barrier in the Bell X-1 on October 19, 1947. Additionally, Crawford talks about his assignments to Clark Air Force Base, Philippines, and Korea, as a forward air observer, his role as an airborne radar operator during the Bay of Pigs invasion and the Cuban Missile Crisis, his various activities with the NASA Space Program, and clandestine missions with the CIA and Air America over Cambodia during the Vietnam War. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306797/
Oral History Interview with Harlan W. Crouse, July 2, 2004
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Interview with Army veteran Harlan W. Crouse. The interview includes Crouse's personal experiences about combat in the Philippines during World War II, the Japanese surrender in Yokohama Harbor, and being present during the post-war U.S. occupation of Japan. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306824/
Oral History Interview with Lanson B. Ditto, October 11, 1996
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Interview with Lanson B. Ditto, clothier and Navy veteran. The interview includes Ditto's personal experiences about the Pacific, Atlantic, and Mediterranean Theaters during World War II. Ditto talks about his education, enlistment in the Navy V-7 Program, midshipman training, assignment to the USS Langley, pre-war duty in the Philippines, coming of war and combat around the Philippines and Netherlands East Indies, the sinking of the Langley and his transfer to the USS Pecos, the sinking of the Pecos and his rescue by the USS Whipple, various naval battles and assignments, antisubmarine patrols off the Solomons, various escort duties, and his promotion to captain of the O'Toole. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306742/
Oral History Interview with Richard Donley, February 22, 1997
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Interview with Navy veteran Richard Donley. The interview includes Donley's personal experiences about the Mediterranean Theater during World War II, boot camp, Fleet Torpedo School, encounters with German "F-lighter" armed barges and E-boats, various assignments, and combat against enemy destroyers. Donley also talks about screening operations for the invasions of Sicily and Salerno, operations along the coasts of northern Italy and southern France and the interdiction of German barge traffic, torpedo problems, commando and intelligence operations, returning to the States, his reassignment to the Motor Torpedo Boats Training Center, and transferring to Samar, Philippines. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306840/
Oral History Interview with Herb Elfering, December 6, 2001
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Interview with electrical engineer and Army veteran Herb Elfering, The interview includes Elfering's personal experiences with a searchlight/radar battery, 251st Coast Artillery Regiment, at camp Malekole during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. Elfering also gives brief descriptions of his later experiences at Bougainville and Luzon. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306842/
Oral History Interview with Alan A. Fouts, December 6, 2001
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Interview with Navy veteran Alan A. Fouts. The interview includes Fouts' personal experiences while assigned to the Submarine Base during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, and his subsequent service aboard the submarine USS Pogy in the Pacific Theater during World War II. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc306925/
All the ear-marks of a sneaky Jap! : don't discuss your job!
Black & white cartoon drawing of two men talking. One hushes the other, while pointing upward at a drawing of a human ear centered on a Japanese flag design. In the background is a large ship and a factory. Two flags fly over the factory: One with an "E" on it, and another with "RCA" on it. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc160/
Keep punching-- in the battle of production : beat your promise!
Black & white cartoon depicts two boxers in the midst of fighting. The boxer on the left is a stereotypical caricature of a Japanese man. He holds a sword labeled "Remember Pearl Harbor". The boxer on the right represents "You & I", according to a sign behind him. He is Caucasian with dark curly hair. His gloves are labeled, "All-Out Production" and "No Waste" and he punches the Japanese fighter. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc149/
Materials are precious!--let's make every piece count!
Cartoon image of the Pacific portion of the earth's globe. In the upper left corner is a smiling Caucasian man in overalls labeled, "You & I" standing in front of a factory. In the foreground, across the ocean, is a caricature of a Japanese soldier (probably Hideki Tojo) running from an artillery shell, over a tropical landscape. Behind him flies a bird saying "D'ya remember Pearl Harbor, kid?!" In the distance is a battleship. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc150/
The sky's the limit! : keep buying war bonds.
Color poster of a female mechanic and two male mechanics maintaining or building an airplane. Other military airplanes can be seen on the ground in the background. A "6th War Loan" seal in the upper right corner of the poster depicts a bomb about to strike a Japanese flag. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc614/
Become a nurse : your country needs you.
Color poster of a young woman receiving her nursing cap. A male (only the hands and sleeves are shown) is placing it on her head. He wears blue sleeves with a stars-and-stripes motif on the cuffs. The young woman wears a blue cotton uniform with a white collar, cuffs, and pocket handkerchief. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc570/
Our wounded need help! : ten ways you can release nurses for military service.
All lettered poster with red and black text, describing how to conserve health resources and help recruit nurses for military and civilian services. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc493/
Americans suffer when careless talk kills!
Color illustration of an older man in overalls, with his arm around a weeping older woman in a simple dress and apron. The woman holds a "Western Union" telegram and wipes her tears with her apron skirt. On the wall behind them hangs a service flag with a blue star centered on a white background, with a red border. (A blue star signifies a family member who is alive and serving in the war.) digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc613/
[Decline of the Rising Sun]
Black and white cartoon. A figure made of Wickwire Spencer rope uses a part of itself to hang a caricature of a distressed Hideki Tojo, who appears to be partially immersed in the sea. Behind Tojo's head are rays resembling those of a Japanese Rising Sun symbol. A volcano or mountain can be seen in the distant background. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc598/
[Happy days!]
Cartoon drawing. Hitler, Mussolini, and a Japanese character are depicted as apes behind a chain-link fence or cage. A pear tree is seen in the foreground, outside the fence. A dead tree is seen in the background, inside the fence. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc597/
Screening the Axis.
A mesh metal being stands upright holding a metal sieve through which he strains the metal weaponry out of the enemy. Nazi and Japanese soldiers rain down into the sieve. Above and behind them are dark clouds with lightning striking downward toward the sieve. In the far background is a town. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc588/
[Springs with stings]
A figure made of wire and springs pinches the nose of a caricature of Adolf Hitler, whose arms and legs form a swastika. Hitler holds a knife in one hand. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc599/
Springs with stings ... : you can speed victory by salvaging and selling old metal. The steel industry needs scrap!
A black & white drawing on the top half of the poster shows a metal spring figure pinching a cartoon Hitler's nose. Hitler's bare arms and legs form a swastika, and he holds a knife. The lower portion of the poster is text, with a small picture displaying various steel products. Under drawing is text and picture saying what steel is used for. The company's name, address, and logo appear at the bottom. Red text at the bottom explains the purpose of the advertisement and where it appears: Time and Business Week. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc591/
[Wire to the Axis]
A serpent made of metal wears a helmet with a swastika on it. The serpent has long tail, sharp teeth, and a long snout. Smoke billows in background. Metal beams in a "V" formation appear to approach the serpent from the upper left area of the poster. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc587/
[Wire with a kick]
A figure made of wire kicks a swastika-shaped caricature of Hitler. In the background at right is a factory with smokestacks. In the background at left are flames rising from the ocean. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc596/
For freedom's sake : buy war bonds.
Color poster promoting war bonds. In the foreground is an image of the Concord Minute Man statue (a sculpture by Daniel Chester French in Concord, Massachusetts). In the background is a town landscape. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc600/
For freedom's sake : buy war bonds.
Small color poster promoting war bonds. In the foreground is an image of the Concord Minute Man statue (a sculpture by Daniel Chester French in Concord, Massachusetts). In the background is a town landscape. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc601/
An open letter to the unconquerable Dutch.
A poem praising the Dutch for defying the Nazis in World War II. The poem is framed by a painting of a tattered Dutch flag, in front of which are two hands bound with broken chains. Behind the flag is a Dutch landscape, including windmills and the ocean, depicted as a war zone. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc586/
"We, the Americans of today, know our duty to the Americans of yesterday and the Americans of tomorrow. We shall keep the fires of freedom burning." : produce for victory!
A man with stubble, brown eyes, and white hair looks out unsmiling toward the viewer. He wears a cap and stands before a hazy blue background. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc164/
China carries on.
Color poster shows a Chinese soldier walking in a determined manner with a rifle in his hands. Behind him, a small Chinese child stands next to a covered corpse. The child wears a white tunic and pants and a green vest and is barefoot. In the background is a pagoda. Near the right edge of the poster are painted four Chinese characters in red. The characters roughly translate as "Unite Against the Enemy and Rebuild Our Nation." digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc579/
For peace and security : buy bonds.
The Three Wise Men (Three Kings of the Orient) in colorful garments ride camels toward the Christmas Star. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc594/
"Arise Americans" : your country and your liberty are in grave danger -- protect them now by joining the-- United States Navy or the U.S. Naval Reserve.
A sailor in a white uniform uses a wrench on a large weapon or equipment. A blue border with white stars surrounds the top and sides of the picture. The bottom half of the poster is red, with white and blue text. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc612/
Dish it out with the Navy! : Choose now while you can.
Two sailors in white sailor hats prepare to load ammunition into a large weapon which is being fired and is operated by other sailors in helmets. All the sailors wear blue pants and white t-shirts, except for the sailor in the foreground who is shirtless and holding a large artillery shell. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc610/
Fight, let's go! : join the Navy.
A sailor in a Service Dress Blue uniform carries a large white sea bag on his shoulder. He appears to be boarding a ship. Planes fly in the sky above him, some in formation. A large ship can be seen in the background. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc609/
Freshmen! Sophomores! : now you can stay in college and become a naval officer.
Black and white drawing of a naval officer in uniform wearing an officer's cap, looking toward the sky and holding binoculars. In the background, planes are flying, some in formation, and men are firing large artillery guns. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc602/
Let's hit 'em with everything we've got! : don't wait, choose the Navy.
Sailors in helmets and blue shirts, operating large artillery weapons. An explosion is seen in the background. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc607/
Save your cans : help pass the ammunition : prepare your tin cans for war ....
An woman's arm holding a tomato can appears on the bottom right side of the poster. The can image is repeated and runs into the painting. As the cans get smaller, they change into a chain of bullets that a soldier is feeding into his gun. In the background are a large red explosion and an airplane falling from the sky. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc615/
Victory starts here!
A hand punches a time card in a dark blue time clock hanging on a dark blue wall. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc171/
7th War Loan : now--all together.
Small color poster promoting the 7th War Loan. The painting by C. C. Beall is based on a Pulitzer Prize-winning photograph taken by Associated Press photographer, Joe Rosenthal, of the second American flag raising by U.S. Marines on Mount Suribachi, Iwo Jima on February 23, 1945. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc578/
"In the strength of great hope we must shoulder our common load" : buy Victory Bonds.
An image of Franklin D. Roosevelt hovers in the sky above a family standing near a grave site. On the horizon line is a cemetery monument (a cross with a wreath) and a view of the the rising sun. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc585/
Keep 'em flying! : presented by the United States Army Recruiting Service.
An optical illusion. From far away, the image looks like a portrait of Uncle Sam. A close-up view reveals a grouping of images depicting the war effort, including a soldier, a sailor, a pilot, a smelter worker, a scientist, a nurse, a farmer, factories with smokestacks, a battleship, the U.S. Capitol building, and U.S. flags. In the lower left corner is the text of a poem by Jack Childs. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc577/
Next! : 6th War Loan.
Large head of a helmeted soldier grimaces at an aerial image of the island nation of Japan. At left is an inset graphic of a blue bomb falling on the Japanese flag. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc584/
Catafighters.
A series of 5 cm. boxes with drawings and captions below in rows of 4 across and 6 down. Drawings are comic book style with text explanations written below each box. The banner at the top has "RN" and "RAF" printed on either side of the title. Poster has red, black, and blue printing on white background. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc401/
The United Nations fight for freedom.
Poster depicts an etching of the Statue of Liberty on a black background on the left side of the poster. On the right there are pictures of flags of 30 countries. Poster has black background with white text at the top of the page and a white border all around. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc590/
The United Nations fight for freedom.
Poster depicts an etching of the Statue of Liberty on a black background on the left side of the poster. On the right there are pictures of flags of 30 countries. Poster has black background with white text at the top of the page and a white border all around. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc589/
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