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 Country: Philippines
 Collection: World War Two Collection
Oral History Interview with Leigh D. Josephson, May 27, 1986

Oral History Interview with Leigh D. Josephson, May 27, 1986

Access: Use of this item is restricted to the UNT Community.
Date: May 27, 1989
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Josephson, Leigh D.
Description: Interview with executive of Caltex Petroluem Corporation, Leigh D. Josephson, including his personal experiences related to employment with Standard Oil of California, his assignment to Bahrain and transfer to Caltex, the construction of Ras Tanura refinery in Saudi Arabia, and the bombing of the Bapco refinery in Bahrain. Josephson also talks about refinery operations in Bahrain during and after World War II, his various positions and responsibilities with Caltex and Bapco, work in Bahrain and the Philippines, his personal relationship with the Bahraini royal family, and the OPEC and Arab oil embargoes in 1967.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Jean Balch, October 12, 1996

Oral History Interview with Jean Balch, October 12, 1996

Access: Use of this item is restricted to the UNT Community.
Date: October 12, 1996
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Balch, Jean
Description: Interview with Navy veteran Jean Balch. The interview includes Balch's personal experiences about the Pacific theater, being a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II, boot camp, radio, radar, and gunnery school, operations during the Leyte invasion, missions over Luzon, and raids on Japanese installations on Formosa and Saigon, French Indo-China. Additionally, Balch talks about his plane being shot down on a raid to Hong Kong and his capture on January 16, 1945, interrogations and beatings by the Kempei-tai, imprisonment at Ofuna, Honshu, solitary confinement for six months and continued interrogation, beatings by Japanese prison guards, starvation diet, the end of the war and liberation, and his participation in the war crimes trials held by the International Military Tribunal.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Frank H. Bigelow, June 13, 2002

Oral History Interview with Frank H. Bigelow, June 13, 2002

Access: Use of this item is restricted to the UNT Community.
Date: June 13, 2002
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Bigelow, Frank H.
Description: Interview with Navy veteran Frank H. Bigelow, survivor of the siege of Corregidor. The interview includes Bigelow's personal experiences about being a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II, boyhood in North Dakota, various jobs during the Great Depression, and enlisting in the Navy. Additionally, Bigelow speaks about volunteering for duty in the Philippines and his assignment to the submarine tender USS Canopus, pre-war military life in the Philippines, the Japanese bombing of Cavite Navy Yard and the destruction of the Canopus, retreating to Bataan and to Corregidor, the fall of Corregidor, his confinement in the 92nd Garage area, the forced march down Dewey Boulevard in Manila and confinement at Cabanatuan, hell ship to Japan, coal mining for Mitsui Heavy Industries, the amputation of his leg by fellow prisoners after a mining accident, liberation, and the destruction in Nagasaki due to the atomic bomb. The interview includes an appendix with an article titled "A Soldier's Story."
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Harlan W. Crouse, July 2, 2004

Oral History Interview with Harlan W. Crouse, July 2, 2004

Access: Use of this item is restricted to the UNT Community.
Date: July 2, 2004
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Crouse, Harlan W.
Description: Interview with Army veteran Harlan W. Crouse. The interview includes Crouse's personal experiences about combat in the Philippines during World War II, the Japanese surrender in Yokohama Harbor, and being present during the post-war U.S. occupation of Japan.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Herb Elfering, December 6, 2001

Oral History Interview with Herb Elfering, December 6, 2001

Access: Use of this item is restricted to the UNT Community.
Date: December 6, 2001
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Elfering, Herb
Description: Interview with electrical engineer and Army veteran Herb Elfering, The interview includes Elfering's personal experiences with a searchlight/radar battery, 251st Coast Artillery Regiment, at camp Malekole during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. Elfering also gives brief descriptions of his later experiences at Bougainville and Luzon.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Lanson B. Ditto, October 11, 1996

Oral History Interview with Lanson B. Ditto, October 11, 1996

Access: Use of this item is restricted to the UNT Community.
Date: October 11, 1996
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Ditto, Lanson B.
Description: Interview with Lanson B. Ditto, clothier and Navy veteran. The interview includes Ditto's personal experiences about the Pacific, Atlantic, and Mediterranean Theaters during World War II. Ditto talks about his education, enlistment in the Navy V-7 Program, midshipman training, assignment to the USS Langley, pre-war duty in the Philippines, coming of war and combat around the Philippines and Netherlands East Indies, the sinking of the Langley and his transfer to the USS Pecos, the sinking of the Pecos and his rescue by the USS Whipple, various naval battles and assignments, antisubmarine patrols off the Solomons, various escort duties, and his promotion to captain of the O'Toole.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with John J. Clemens, May 13, 2003

Oral History Interview with John J. Clemens, May 13, 2003

Access: Use of this item is restricted to the UNT Community.
Date: May 13, 2003
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Clemens, John J.
Description: Interview with John J. Clemens. The interview includes Clemens' personal experiences about childhood and early adulthood in Houston, Texas, World War II-era service in the U.S. Navy, serving aboard USS Wren in the Pacific Theater, and piloting a ship into Tokyo Bay immediately following the Japanese surrender. Clemens speaks about convoy missions across the Atlantic Ocean, the January 4, 1944 sinking of the USS Turner while moored in New York Harbor and the court of inquiry regarding the sinking, actions in the Aleutian Islands, Attu, Okinawa, and Philippine campaigns and anti-kamikaze warfare while aboard the USS Wren, and the effects that Allied bombing had on Tokyo.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
War in the Pacific: A Chronology January 1, 1941 through September 30, 1945

War in the Pacific: A Chronology January 1, 1941 through September 30, 1945

Date: March 2014
Creator: Hyland, George O., III
Description: Text outlining major events in the Pacific Theater throughout World War II, organized by date. It also includes text for the Instrument of Surrender, appendices containing military and war data, a bibliography, and list of related Web sites.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries
Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. V-E Day + 6 weeks, 183rd week of U.S. participation in the war

Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. V-E Day + 6 weeks, 183rd week of U.S. participation in the war

Date: June 18, 1945
Creator: [United States.] Army Service Forces. Army Information Branch
Description: Front: Text describes Pacific action. Map: Pacific action. Inset maps: Yanks push north on Luzon; Allied troops in New Borneo landings; Japs fall back toward Fr. Indo-China border. Back: Save : don't help delay V-Day! Illustration of fist raised in V for Victory sign with text admonishing no waste of materials.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. V-E Day + 4 weeks, 181st week of U.S. participation in the war

Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. V-E Day + 4 weeks, 181st week of U.S. participation in the war

Date: June 4, 1945
Creator: [United States.] Army Service Forces. Army Information Branch
Description: Front: Text describes action on Okinawa, in Foochow, Tokyo, Mindanao. Maps: Pacific action flares; Okinawa; Foochow; Tokyo; Mindanao. Relief shown by spot heights and hill shading. Back: Paper bullets. Text describes propaganda leaflets as part of psychological warfare. Illustrations and text detail German and Jap Safe-Conduct Surrender Pass instructions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Newsmap for the Armed Forces : U.S. role in world affairs

Newsmap for the Armed Forces : U.S. role in world affairs

Date: December 17, 1945
Creator: [United States.] Army Information Branch
Description: Text describes U.S. role in world affairs and is keyed to map. Map projection is "designed to minimize distortions along the 40th parallel which runs approximately through Tokyo and Washington."
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 246th week of the war, 128th week of U.S. participation

Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 246th week of the war, 128th week of U.S. participation

Date: May 29, 1944
Creator: [United States.] Army Service Forces. Army Information Branch
Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Italy, Pacific, USSR, China, Southeast Asia, Western Europe. Maps: Central Italy showing current offensive areas and the battle line as of 11 May, 1944; Extent of Allied ground force operations. Includes photographs: 20,000 ft. column of smoke rising from Ploesti, Romania; Supply column heads north through Castelforte, Italy; American soldier walks through piles of rubble in the aftermath of heavy shelling; Amphibious "ducks" outside Anzio, laden with supplies for Fifth Army troops; Tanks emerge from the Assam Hills in northern India; Army nurse Lt. Jane Easton of Atlantic City, NJ and nurse Doru Chu of China tend to Corp. George Sammy of Gary, Ind. in China, Lt. La Retta Matthews of Lakeland, FL and Lt. Carolyn Taylor, Douglaston, L.I., N.Y. converse with a fabric shop owner in a Chinese city. Back: New Guinea. Map (continuation of map issued in Newsmap v. 2, no. 37).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 291st week of the war, 173rd week of U.S. participation

Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 291st week of the war, 173rd week of U.S. participation

Date: April 9, 1945
Creator: [United States.] Army Service Forces. Army Information Branch
Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Americans Isolate Ruhr; Vienna Threatened; Ryukyus Invaded. Maps: Eastern Europe, South Pacific, Okinawa. Back: Map of China's southeast coast. Includes inset maps: Shanghai, Wenchow, Foochow, Swatow, Canton, Hong Kong.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 288th week of the war, 170th week of U.S. participation

Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 288th week of the war, 170th week of U.S. participation

Date: March 19, 1945
Creator: [United States.] Army Service Forces. Army Information Branch
Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Americans Cross Rhine; New Philippine Landings; Allies in Mandalay. Maps: Red Army menaces Oder line, Road to Mandalay, Mindanao P.I. Includes distance scale from Linz east to Berlin and from Zehden west to Berlin. Back: Map of the Pacific and the Far East. Inset maps: Ryukyu Retto, Okinawa, Saipan, Iwo-Jima, Paramushiru, Chisima Retto (Kurile Is.).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 287th week of the war, 169th week of U.S. participation

Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 287th week of the war, 169th week of U.S. participation

Date: March 12, 1945
Creator: [United States.] Army Service Forces. Army Information Branch
Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Iwo Battle Bitter; Americans Take Cologne - Soviets Reach Baltic. Maps: Pacific spearheads; The Rhine. Back: Text and photographs highlight the bitter battle on the tiny island of Iwo Jima.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 284th week of the war, 166th week of U.S. participation

Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 284th week of the war, 166th week of U.S. participation

Date: February 19, 1945
Creator: [United States.] Army Service Forces. Army Information Branch
Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Allies press western front Offensive; Manila battle continues - B-29's active; Soviets make new crossings Maps: Western Front, Soviet Salient, U.S. troops continue to clear Manila. Back: Text and illustration and photographs highlight the role of Military Police.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 283rd week of the war, 165th week of U.S. participation

Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 283rd week of the war, 165th week of U.S. participation

Date: February 12, 1945
Creator: [United States.] Army Service Forces. Army Information Branch
Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Allies close on Reich from two sides, Aircraft strike over wide Pacific area, Manila liberation frees prisoners. Maps: [Germany]; [Pacific area]; Manila liberated. Insets: Manila Back: Text and 17 photographs show Japan in 1939.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 282nd week of the war, 164th week of U.S. participation

Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 282nd week of the war, 164th week of U.S. participation

Date: February 5, 1945
Creator: [United States.] Army Service Forces. Army Information Branch
Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Americans drive toward Manila; Allied aircraft active in Pacific; Red Army on road to Berlin; Allies erase German bulge. Maps: Objective Manila; Pacific action; West to Berlin; East to Berlin. Inset map of Berlin. Back: Text and 6 photographs highlight the activities of the Army Postal Service that delivers an average of 40 million piece of mail a week.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 281st week of the war, 163rd week of U.S. participation

Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 281st week of the war, 163rd week of U.S. participation

Date: January 29, 1945
Creator: [United States.] Army Service Forces. Army Information Branch
Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: German Salient Compressed, Red Army in Full Scale Offensive, Tarlac Falls - Pacific Air Action Continues. Maps: European fronts -- South from Lingayen -- Formosa -- South China Sea. Back: Color poster highlights the importance of saving.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 280th week of the war, 162nd week of U.S. participation

Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 280th week of the war, 162nd week of U.S. participation

Date: January 22, 1945
Creator: [United States.] Army Service Forces. Army Information Branch
Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: U.S. aircrafts invade enemy waters, American troops penetrate Luzon, Allies Strike German Perimeter, Red Army on the Move. Maps: U.S. aircrafts invade enemy waters -- Western front salient -- Burma -- American troops penetrate Luzon -- Road to Manila -- Soviet offensive. Back: Color map of Sumatra and Malay states
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 279th week of the war, 161st week of U.S. participation

Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 279th week of the war, 161st week of U.S. participation

Date: January 15, 1945
Creator: [United States.] Army Service Forces. Army Information Branch
Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Allies score multiple gains in Burma; Luzon hammered from air-superforts active; German bulge compressed; new Philippine landings. Maps: Pacific action; [Burma]; steps to Luzon; Luzon invasion; Counter-offensives. Back: Two black and white aerial photographs of Duren, Germany: before and after.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 278th week of the war, 160th week of U.S. participation

Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 278th week of the war, 160th week of U.S. participation

Date: January 8, 1945
Creator: [United States.] Army Service Forces. Army Information Branch
Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Jap-Held Island Hammered from Air, Philippines take Allied Aerial Blows, Allies Blunt German Western Front Drive, Battle Rages Inside Budapest. Maps: Burma, India, China -- Iwo-Jima -- Distance from Japan to Saipan -- Philippine targets -- Belgium region -- Central Europe -- Eastern front. Back: Map of Germany and its approaches.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 277th week of the war, 159th week of U.S. participation

Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 277th week of the war, 159th week of U.S. participation

Date: January 1, 1945
Creator: [United States.] Army Service Forces. Army Information Branch
Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: German offensive gains momentum, "Greatest Japanese Defeat," Soviet forces in action, Fighting bitter on Italian front. Maps: [German offensive] -- Mindoro -- Philippine Islands -- Leyte, Samar battle area -- Czechoslovakia, Hungary border -- Northern Italy near Bologna. Back: 1945 calendar with advice: "Every day be careful what you say or write!"
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 276th week of the war, 158th week of U.S. participation

Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 276th week of the war, 158th week of U.S. participation

Date: December 25, 1944
Creator: [United States.] Army Service Forces. Army Information Branch
Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: 600-mile water jump, Pacific war in the air, Nazis stage offensive, Budapest Under Siege, Eighth Takes Strongpoint. Maps: Mindoro -- Pacific war in the air -- Red Army -- Western action. Inset maps: Philippine Islands -- Budapest. Back: Map of South Burma and Thailand
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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