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  Partner: UNT Oral History Program
 Collection: World War Two Collection
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Oral History Interview with Jean Balch, October 12, 1996

Oral History Interview with Jean Balch, October 12, 1996

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Date: October 12, 1996
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Balch, Jean
Description: Interview with Navy veteran Jean Balch. The interview includes Balch's personal experiences about the Pacific theater, being a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II, boot camp, radio, radar, and gunnery school, operations during the Leyte invasion, missions over Luzon, and raids on Japanese installations on Formosa and Saigon, French Indo-China. Additionally, Balch talks about his plane being shot down on a raid to Hong Kong and his capture on January 16, 1945, interrogations and beatings by the Kempei-tai, imprisonment at Ofuna, Honshu, solitary confinement for six months and continued interrogation, beatings by Japanese prison guards, starvation diet, the end of the war and liberation, and his participation in the war crimes trials held by the International Military Tribunal.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Frank H. Bigelow, June 13, 2002

Oral History Interview with Frank H. Bigelow, June 13, 2002

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Date: June 13, 2002
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Bigelow, Frank H.
Description: Interview with Navy veteran Frank H. Bigelow, survivor of the siege of Corregidor. The interview includes Bigelow's personal experiences about being a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II, boyhood in North Dakota, various jobs during the Great Depression, and enlisting in the Navy. Additionally, Bigelow speaks about volunteering for duty in the Philippines and his assignment to the submarine tender USS Canopus, pre-war military life in the Philippines, the Japanese bombing of Cavite Navy Yard and the destruction of the Canopus, retreating to Bataan and to Corregidor, the fall of Corregidor, his confinement in the 92nd Garage area, the forced march down Dewey Boulevard in Manila and confinement at Cabanatuan, hell ship to Japan, coal mining for Mitsui Heavy Industries, the amputation of his leg by fellow prisoners after a mining accident, liberation, and the destruction in Nagasaki due to the atomic bomb. The interview includes an appendix with an article titled "A Soldier's Story."
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Harlan W. Crouse, July 2, 2004

Oral History Interview with Harlan W. Crouse, July 2, 2004

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Date: July 2, 2004
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Crouse, Harlan W.
Description: Interview with Army veteran Harlan W. Crouse. The interview includes Crouse's personal experiences about combat in the Philippines during World War II, the Japanese surrender in Yokohama Harbor, and being present during the post-war U.S. occupation of Japan.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Herb Elfering, December 6, 2001

Oral History Interview with Herb Elfering, December 6, 2001

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Date: December 6, 2001
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Elfering, Herb
Description: Interview with electrical engineer and Army veteran Herb Elfering, The interview includes Elfering's personal experiences with a searchlight/radar battery, 251st Coast Artillery Regiment, at camp Malekole during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. Elfering also gives brief descriptions of his later experiences at Bougainville and Luzon.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Frank Breyer, September 20, 2003

Oral History Interview with Frank Breyer, September 20, 2003

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Date: September 20, 2003
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Breyer, Frank
Description: Interview with Army veteran Frank Breyer. The interview includes Breyer's personal experiences about the China-Burma-India Theater during World War II, volunteering for the draft, various assignments, his attachment to Merrill's Marauders, medical evacuation to Ledo, combat around Bhamo, Burma, the opening of the Burma Road, transfer to the 612th Artillery and to Kunming, China, for artillery training, teaching artillery tactics to Chinese troops with the Chinese Combat and Training Command, and the resumption of fighting between Chinese Nationalist and Communist forces.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with John L. Bates, Jr., September 21, 2003

Oral History Interview with John L. Bates, Jr., September 21, 2003

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Date: September 21, 2003
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Bates, John L., Jr.
Description: Interview with attorney and Army veteran John L. Bates Jr. The Interview includes Bates' personal experiences in the China-Burma-India Theater during World War II, Officer Candidate School, being selected for the Counter Intelligence Corps, British Intelligence School, assignment to Kweiyang, China, the end of the war and his transfer to the War Crimes Section as an Assistant Theater Judge Advocate, his assignment to Hankow to investigate the executions of three of Jimmy Doolittle's pilots and to Formosa to investigate war crimes, dealing with Japanese military personnel accused of committing atrocities against Allied POWs on Formosa, and his postwar career in the Army Reserve.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Richard Donley, February 22, 1997

Oral History Interview with Richard Donley, February 22, 1997

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Date: February 22, 1997
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Donley, Richard
Description: Interview with Navy veteran Richard Donley. The interview includes Donley's personal experiences about the Mediterranean Theater during World War II, boot camp, Fleet Torpedo School, encounters with German "F-lighter" armed barges and E-boats, various assignments, and combat against enemy destroyers. Donley also talks about screening operations for the invasions of Sicily and Salerno, operations along the coasts of northern Italy and southern France and the interdiction of German barge traffic, torpedo problems, commando and intelligence operations, returning to the States, his reassignment to the Motor Torpedo Boats Training Center, and transferring to Samar, Philippines.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Elijah Collins, Jr., December 6, 2001

Oral History Interview with Elijah Collins, Jr., December 6, 2001

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Date: December 6, 2001
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Collins, Elijah, Jr.
Description: Interview with Navy veteran Elijah Collins Jr. The interview includes Collins' personal experiences while aboard the destroyer USS Blue during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. Collins also talks about the Battle of Savo Island and the sinking of the Blue.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Douglas R. Crawford, February 25, 2004

Oral History Interview with Douglas R. Crawford, February 25, 2004

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Date: February 25, 2004
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Crawford, Douglas R.
Description: Interview with Air Force veteran Douglas R. "Roy" Crawford. The interview includes Crawford's personal experiences about early family life, joining the U.S. Army Air Forces, training as a bulldozer operator, removing radioactive debris from Hiroshima, training as a radar operator at Edwards Air Force Base, California, and working as the radar tracker when Major Chuck Yeager broke the sound barrier in the Bell X-1 on October 19, 1947. Additionally, Crawford talks about his assignments to Clark Air Force Base, Philippines, and Korea, as a forward air observer, his role as an airborne radar operator during the Bay of Pigs invasion and the Cuban Missile Crisis, his various activities with the NASA Space Program, and clandestine missions with the CIA and Air America over Cambodia during the Vietnam War.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
Oral History Interview with Lanson B. Ditto, October 11, 1996

Oral History Interview with Lanson B. Ditto, October 11, 1996

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Date: October 11, 1996
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Ditto, Lanson B.
Description: Interview with Lanson B. Ditto, clothier and Navy veteran. The interview includes Ditto's personal experiences about the Pacific, Atlantic, and Mediterranean Theaters during World War II. Ditto talks about his education, enlistment in the Navy V-7 Program, midshipman training, assignment to the USS Langley, pre-war duty in the Philippines, coming of war and combat around the Philippines and Netherlands East Indies, the sinking of the Langley and his transfer to the USS Pecos, the sinking of the Pecos and his rescue by the USS Whipple, various naval battles and assignments, antisubmarine patrols off the Solomons, various escort duties, and his promotion to captain of the O'Toole.
Contributing Partner: UNT Oral History Program
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