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- Correlates of Vitality in HIV+ Adults: Perceived Social Support and Life Regard
- This presentation discusses research on vitality in HIV+ adults. The authors hypothesized that HIV+ adults with higher levels of social support and life regard will correspondingly report higher levels of vitality. A linear regression analysis supported the authors' hypothesis that social support (t = 2.1, β = 0.21, p - .05), and life regard (t = 5.7, β = 0.04, p = .001) were significantly associated with vitality, accounting for 40% of the variance in the authors' model (Adj. R2 = 0.40, F(5, 57) = 9.33, p = .001)
- Perceived Stress as a Mediator Between Self-Efficacy and Depression in HIV positive Individuals
- This presentation discusses research on perceived stress as a mediator between self-efficacy and depression in human immunodeficiency virus positive (HIV+) individuals. In persons living with HIV, treatment has shifted towards chronic illness management since the introduction of highly active retroviral therapy. Coping with life threatening illness is stressful. Stress occurs when environmental stressors (e.g., HIV+ stigma) overwhelm an individual's ability to handle them effectively. HIV+ individuals' inability to cope with stress is associated with increased depression, and worse treatment outcome (Remien et al., 2006). Self-efficacy is perceived feeling of control over a taxing situation. Behaviorally, HIV+ self-efficacious individuals adaptively manage stress (Colodro, Godoy-Izquierdo, & Godoy, 2010). Stress uses resources needed to deal with depression; managing stress may reduce psychological impairment (Scott-Sheldon, Fielder, & Kalichman, 2008). The authors hypothesize that higher self-efficacy is associated with decreased depression, and that stress mediates this relationship. Future longitudinal studies focusing on self-efficacious stress interventions may reduce depression in HIV+ individuals.
- Perceived Stress in Lesbians and Gay Men: Harassment, Self-Esteem and Social Support
- This presentation discusses research on perceived stress in lesbians and gay men. Perceived stress negatively can lead to both physical and mental health factors that can greatly affect one's quality of life. Advancements in the study of lesbians and gay men (LG) have increased in the last few decades, but few have addressed variables predicting perceived stress. The compounding factors of a minority identity (both sexual and ethnic), discrimination/harassment, low self-esteem, and insufficient social support can influence how LG perceive stress. The author's findings support their hypotheses that discrimination was significantly associated with stress and higher self-esteem and perhaps social support in LG communities provides some insulation against stress. Additionally, the authors' findings suggest that younger gay and lesbian African Americans also perceive life as stressful.