Date: April 14, 2011
Creator: Gomez, Brooke; Chng, Chwee-Lye & Vosvick, Mark A.
Description: This paper discusses research on denial, daily hassles, and health distress in HIV positive individuals. Health distress is associated with lower QOL in people living with HIV/AIDS (Rustøen, 2010) and is correlated with anxiety, depression, and general emotional distress (Rotheram-Borus, 2000). Therefore, factors that influence health distress are critical to identify. The authors hypothesize that as denial (a maladaptive form of coping) increases and hassles increases, health distress increase. The authors' study was approved by the IRB and participants were provided informed consent. The authors collected data from 287 HIV+ adults (female 48.6%; age M=41.7, SD=8.4: 54.2% African Americans, 29.5% European Americans, and 11.1% of Latino(a)). The authors conducted a regression analysis to examine the relationship between their independent variables, daily hassles intensity (±= .97; from the Daily Hassles Scale; Kanner, Coyne, Schaefer, & Lazaurs, 1980) and denial coping (±= .89; From the Brief Cope Scale; Carver, 1997) with their dependent variable, health distress (±= .94; From MOS-HIV Scale; Wu, 1996). The authors' analysis revealed daily hassles (2= -.20, t= -6.18, p < .001), denial coping (2= .44, t= -7.18, p < .001), and African American ethnicity (2= -.20, t= -2.17, p < .05) were significant predictors of health distress ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Honors College